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THE YEAR BOOK 



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ic National Council of 
Women of Canada 



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[Incorporated 1914) 



■ IG 
1N35 



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1913/19 
c. 1 
I ROB A 



U^IH -1911) 



lAINK of HA, 




„Or TO »^ TAKEN F/.OM THM OA^U^.^r 



i^ortoicf) Pinion jFire 
Sns^urance ^ocietp, Eimiteb 

i^lortoicf), €nglanb 

Fire Insurance Accident Insurance 

Automobile Insurance 

Plate Glass Insurance 

Head Office for Canada : 
12-14 WELLINGTON ST. EAST, TORONTO 



John B. Laidlaw 



Manager for Canada 



Throughout Canada the Demand for 

HOOTON 
Milk Chocolate Tulips 

AND 

Milk Chocolate Nut Bars 

IS GROWING DAILY 
There's a Mighty Good Reason For It ! 



HOOTON CHOCOLATE CO., LIMITED 
72-76 Duchess St., Toronto, Can. 




Presented to the 

LIBRARY of the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 

by 

NCWC 



THE YEAR BOOK 

OF 

The National Council of 
Women of Canada 

(Incorporated 1914) 



PRICE 50 CENTS 




PUBLISHED BY BRYANT PRESS 
131 Jarvia Street, Toronto 



Secrets of Beauty 




^ 



\ In matters pertain- 

ing to Madam's toilet 
we are past masters. 
The BallantineTreat- 
ments embody the 
i?est methods and 
employ the prepara- 
tions and appliances 
of the verv best cos- 
// metics. 

Distinctly difterent from any others obtainable in 
this country, the Ballantine Treatments cannot be 
equalled for rapid and permanent results. 

SOME OF OUR TREATMENTS: 

ELECTROLYSIS— Removal of Hair on Face. Warts and Moles. 

INST.ANT.ANEOUS BLEACH— For Sun, Tan and Freckles. 

ASTRINGENT .^\ASK— For Large Pores and Oily Skins. • 

W RINKLE TREATMENT— For Deep Lines. 

ACME TREATMENT— For Pimples and Blackheads 

TIRED EYE TREATMENTS 

HOT OIL AND PRISMATIC RAY— For the Scalp 

Face Creams for every condition. Face Powders. Talcum and 

Food Powders. Hair Tonics and Lotions for home treatments. 

SWITCHES, TRANSFORMATION, PIN WAVES, ETC. 

OF THE FINEST QUALITY. 

Mail Order!, Promptly and Carefully Filled. Write /or 1 rxjormation. 

MISS C. T. BALLANTINE 

Sun Life BIdg., Corner Main and James Sts. 
HAMILTON, ONTARIO 



Index to Contents 



PAGES 

Address of Welcome 23-24 

Address, President's Annual 25-27 

Agi-iculture for Women. (Report) 45-49 

Amendment to the Criminal Code. (Resolution) 99 

Annual Financial Report 34-35 

Annual Meeting, Invitation for 1918-19 1,32 

Annual Meeting, Preliminary Meeting 22 

Annual Meeting, Proceedings 23-132 

Annual Patrons 223-24 

Assessment Acts. (Resolution and Discussion) 103-04 

Associate Members 224 

Attendance at Annual Meeting ; , 216-19 

Auditors gg 

Baby Welfare Exhibit, Empire. (Committee) . 131 

Budget for 1918-19 .'.■.'.■■ 73 

Canadian National Exhibition. (Resolution and Special Committee) . 116 

Care of Mentally Deficient. (Report) 50-53 

Care of Mentally Deficient. (Resolution) 100 

Child Welfare, Remarks by Miss Power 117-18 

Child Welfare. (Resolution) [ ' US 

Citizenship. (Report) ' '' 53-59 

Classification of Prisoners. (Resolution) 127-28 

Committees, Standing and Special 5-18 

Community Music. (Resolution) . . . . 101 

Conservation of Xatural Resources (Report) 59-61 

Conservation of Natural Resources. (Resolution) 100-01 

Conservation of Wool. (Resolution) 118-19 

Constitution Committee. (Personnel) 124-25 

Constitution of The National Council of Women 283-85 

Constitution Recommended for Local Councils 297-98 

Constitution, Report on. (Discussion) 122-24 

Constitution. (Resolution) '...'.. ^124 

Conveners of Standing Committees 4-5 

Co-ordination of Social Activities. (Resolution) , . 129 

Corresponding Secretary's Report 27-33 

Council Aid and Fees. " (Resolution) ^ ^ ^ 131-32 

Credentials Committee. (Report) 105-06 

Delegates and Officers at Annual Meeting 216-19 

Education — National Conference on. (Resolution) . ~ 120 

Education. (Report) 61-66 

Elected Vice-Presidents, Number of. (Resolution) 120 

Empire Baby Welfare Exhibit. (Committee) .[......... 131 

Employments and Professions for Women. (Report) '....... 88-91 

Equal Moral Standard and Prevention of Traffic in Women. (Report). 66-68 

Equal Moral Standard. (Recommendation) 67-8 

Equal Moral Standard. (Resolution) [[ 99 

Executive Committee | | 1_5 

Exhibition, Canadian National. (Resolution and Special Committee) 116 

Federal Department of Public Health. (Resolution) 128 

Federal District, Ottawa. (Resolution) II5 

Federal Franchise to \^'omen. (Resolution) 104 

Federated Associations. (Reports) [[ 135-215 



PAQB8 

Kees and Council Aid. (Resolution) 131-32 

Fees, Slembprship 224 

Finaiu-e ( Hopoit ) 68-73 

Finaiu'iid Statement 3&-37 

Fine and Applied Arts. (Report) •• 74-77 

Fine and Applied Arts. (Resolution) 101 

Footwear Reform. (Resolution) 119 

Foreign Population, Education of. (Resolution) 101 

Health, I'ulilie. (Report) 91-94 

■ lUinorarv," Council use of term. (Resolution) 122 

Household ICcononiics. (Report) 78-79 

Housing .\ccommodation for Girls. (Resolution) 127-28 

hnmijixants of enemy alien birth, etc. (Resolution) 127 

hnmigration. (Reports) 79-81 

lmmi(iration. (Resolution) 101 

International Coimcil of Women — Canadian Life Patrons 226 

International Council of Women — Greece 119 

International Council of Women, Representatives to Standing 

Committees 19 

I.O.D.E. (Discu-ssion and Resolutions) , 121-22 

Labor Unions and Trades in Relation to Women and Children. 

(Report) 11 1-1-1 

Laws for Better Protection of \\omcn and Children. (Report) 81-86 

Laws : Necessity of Organization to Protect Women, etc 129 

" I,c(ial Status of Women and Children " Publication of. (Resolution) . 102 

Liceii.-^iiis; Hotels, etc. (Resolution) 115 

Life .Members 221-23 

Life Patrons 220-21 

Life Patrons, Canadian — International Council of Women 226 

I .ocal t 'o\mcils 227-81 

Local Councils — Constitution recommended for 297-98 

Local Councils. (Reports) 135-186 

Membership Fees 224 

.Membership Li.st 220-81 

Mentally Deficient, Care of. (Report) 50-53 

National Defense Co-ordinating Committee. (Resolution) 101 

Nationally or Provincially Organized Societies in Federation 22,5-226 

Nationally or Provincially Organized Societies. (Reports) 187-215 

Nationally Organized .Societies. (Resolution) 122 

New .Affiliations, Status of. (Discussion and Resolution) 104-05 

Nurses, Shortage of Trained in Canada. (.Address) l()(i-ll() 

Nurses, Shortage of Trained in Canada. (Resolution) 126 

Nursing, Discontinuance of .'Standing Committee. (Discussion) 128 

Nursing. Discontinuance of Standing Conunittee. (Resolution) 101 

Nursing Profession, .\n .Vppeal to Young Women. (Resolution) . . . Ill 

Nursing. (Reports) 86-88 

Objectionable Printed Matter, Suppres-sion of. (Report) 95-99 

OfTicers and Conveners of Committees 1-5 

( )flicers and Delegates at Annual Meeting 216-219 

( Intario l-:ilgibility Hill. (Resolution) 102-03 

( )nlaiio Municipal .\ct. Amendment of. (Resolution) 103 

D.sborne, Prof., National Conference on Education. (Remarks and 

RcMihition; 120 

Ottawa as Federal District. (Resolution) 115 

PlaygroundH, Recreations and Social Centres, Supervised. (Report) . 94-95 

Preliminary Meeting, Annual Meeting 22 

President's Annual .\ddress 25-27 

I'rtvenlion of Traflic in Women and Equal Moral Standard. (Report) 66-68 



PAGES 

Prisoners, Classification of. (Resolution) 127-28 

Proceedings, Annual Meeting 23-132 

Professions and Employments for Women. (Report) 88-91 

Provincial Organization. (Resolution and Discussion) 125-26 

Provincial Vice-Presidents' Reports 38-45 

Public Health, Federal Department of. (Resolution) 128 

Public Health. (Report) 91-94 

Recommendations arising out of Reports of Standing Committees, 99-101,129 

Reports. See Specific Subject 

Resolutions Committee 38 

Resolutions Committee. (Report) 126-28 

Resolutions. See Specific Subject 

Schedule of Fees 224 

Shortage of Trained Niu-ses in Canada. (Address) 106-110 

Shortage of Nurses. (Resolutions) 126 

Sir Arthur Cun-ie, Soldiers and Nursing Sisters. (Resolution) 128 

Soldiers' Dependents and Soldiers' Pensions. (Special Committee). . 119 

Soldiers' Pensions and Soldiers' Dependents. (Special Committee) . . 119 

Solicitor, Honorary 18 

Special Committee on Reports. (Report) 38 

Special Committees 18 

Standing Committees 5-18 

Standing Committees, Conveners of 4-5 

Standing Orders Recommended for Local Councils 299-304 

Standing Orders — The National Council of Women of Canada 287-95 

Supervised Playgrounds, Recreations and Social Centres. (Report).. 94-96 

Supervised Playgrounds. (Resolution) 129 

Suppression of Objectionable Printed Matter. (Report) 95-99 

Tabulated Statement, Treasurer's 36-37 

Taxation, Standing Committee. (Resolution) 126 

Thanks. (Resolution) 132 

Trades and Labour tjnions in Relation to Women and Children. 

(Report) 111-14 

Trained Nurses, Shortage. (Resolution) 126 

Trained Nurses, Shortage in Canada. (Address) 106-10 

Trained Nursing. (Resolution) 129 

Treasurer's Report 34-35 

Treasurer's Tabulated Statement 36-37 

V.A.D's. (Discussion and Resolution) .' 116-17 

V.A.D's. (Special Report) 86-88 

Welcome, Address of 23-24 

Woman Patrols. (Resolution) 114 

Woman's Century as Publishing House of N.C.W. (Resolution) .... 130 

Woman's Century, Offer of stock to N.C.W. (Resolution) 130 

Wool, Conservation of. (Resolution) 118-19 





HELP 

OUR 

FIGHTING 

MEN 



Canadian women must back our fighting men up to the limit, 
overlooking nothing that will help to keep them cheery and fit. 

Arc we writing over as often as we might:' Are we sending over 
parcels whenever we can? 

One of the little reminders, easy to send and always certain of a 
welcome, is a Gillette Safety Razor, or a few packages of Gillette 
Blades. Such a gift brings to the trenches one of the comforts 
of home 

The Gillette is most necessary right in the firing line, and il 
your boy hasn't one he is handicapped. 

Gillette Safety Razors, including the two new Military Seus. 
a)st five dollars at any good jeweler, druggist or hardware dealer s. 
Blades cost 50c. and $1.00 a box. 

GILLETTE SAFETY RAZOR CO. 

OF CANADA, LIMITED 
Office and Factory : 65-73 St. Alexander St . Montreal 



Officers and Committees 

1918-19 



Executive Committee 

HONORARY PRESIDENT 
Her Excellency the Duchess of Devonshire 
Government House, Ottawa, Ont. 

PRESIDENT 

Mrs. W. E. Sanford, "Wesanford," Hamilton, Ont. 

ADVISORY PRESIDENT 
The Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair, Haddo House, Aberdeen, Scotland 

HONORARY VICE-PRESIDENTS 

(Wife of the Prime Minister and wife of the Leader of the Opposition) 

Lady Borden Wurtembui'g St. . . : Ottawa, Ont. 

Lady Laurier 335 Laurier Ave. E Ottawa, Ont. 

(Wives of the Lieutenant-Governors) 

Lady Hendrie Government House Toronto, Ont. 

Lady LeBlanc " Spencerwood " Quebec, Que. 

Mrs. MacC. Grant Government House Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. William Pugsley Government House Rothesay, N.B. 

Lady Aikins Government House Winnipeg, Man. 

Lady Barnard Government House Victoria, B.C. 

Lady Lake Govermnent House Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. R. G. Brett Government House Edmonton, Alta. 

Mrs. George Black Government House Dawson, Y.T. 

ELECTED VICE-PRESIDENTS 

Lady Taylor 9 Debary Apts., Wardlaw Ave., Winnipeg, Man. 

Prof. Carrie M. Derick, M.A. .85 Crescent St Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. F. T. Frost "Elmcroft" Smith's Falls, Ont. 

Lady Gibson " Ravenscliff e " Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. Willoughby Cummings, D.C.L.. .78 Pleasant Blvd.. Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs.' William Dennis 45 Cobourg St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Ai-thur Murphy 8703-112th St Edmonton, Alta. 

(Elected by Resolution) 

Mrs. F. H. Torrington 12 Pembroke St Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. H. P. Plumptre, . , St. James' Cathedral Rectory. .Toronto, Ont. 

PROVINCIAL VICE-PRESIDENTS 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards Macleod, Alta. 

Mrs. R. S. Day 1606 Rockland Ave Victoria, B.C. 



o THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

,,,,.„ . Virden, Man. 

Mrs. 11. W. Dayton • • • • ' 

Mr^. D. MoLcllan 148 Germain St St. John, N .B. 

... --. T- /^ ■ » „i New Glasgow, N.b. 

Miss C. E. Carmichael ^ ' 

Mrs. J. J. Carrick Queen's Hotel Toronto Ont. 

Mnio. Haoul Damlurand 548 Sherbrooke St. West.. .Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. Walter C. M.irray Saskatoon, bask. 

EX-OFFICIO VICE-PRESIDENTS 

(a) Presidents of Local Councils 

Mrs. S. E. Clement 1406 Lome Ave Brandon Man. > 

Mrs W. C. Livingston. .90 Brant Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs Charles E. Fenkel.. 1708-13th Ave. West Calgary, Alta^ 

Mrs P. H. Soanes Aurora, Ont (Chapleau L.C.) 

Mrs.M.Bready °""P^"V t r ^ 

Mis.s C. E. Carmichael. .New Glasgow, N.S (E;vst Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. K. Forbes Reid . . . . lUol-SSth Ave Edmonton, Alta. 

Mrs. W. H. La-sh 75 Blair Road Gait, Ont. ^ 

Mrs. William Dennis. . . .45 Cobourg St Halifax, N.b. ' 

Mrs. Samuel Lvle 35 Glenfern Ave Hamilton, Ont.J 

Mrs. John Macgillivrav..96 Albert St Kingston, Ont.V 

Mrs. G. W. Robinson. . .423 Eighth St. South Lethbridge, Alta.l 

Mrs. H. A. Boomer 393 William St London, Ont.' 

Mis.s A. Muir Macleod, Alta.- 

Mrs. H. W. Bellamy ... 277 Fifth St Medicine Hat, .^Ita. j 

Miss Elciinor Tatley. . . .850 Oxenden Ave Montreal, Que.f 

Mrs. Angus A. Graham. . Moose Jaw College Moose Jaw, bask./ 

Mrs. Godfrey Smith. , . .319 Queen's Ave New Westminster,;B.C. 

Mrs. Adam Shortt 5 Marlborough Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. H. J. Beatty Pembroke, Ont. 

Mrs. Robert Harstone. . . 565 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. W. R. Lees Puncher Creek, Alta. 

Mrs. tieorge E. Clarke Ponoka, Alta. 

Mrs. T. B. Miller P°rtage la Pra.ne, Man. 

Mrs. M. K. Steeves 25-23rd St. East Pnncc Albert Sask. 

Mrs. J. R. Peverett 2178 Angus St Regina, Sask.\ 

.Mrs. D. H. McAndp»w.../.\..-..\>>'...-A.H);i\Ao(:N'-^^'="f'"'''''''**"*- ^ 

Mrs. A. Malcomlsdn. . . .Bellevue Terra^. ...•'. St. Catharines, Ont. 

Mrs. E. Atherton Smith 47 Carleton St St. John, N.B.^ 

Mrs, D. J. Hughes St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. T. W. .\i.shct 273 Christina St. N Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. WalterC. Murray Saskatoon, Sask.V 

Miss Gertrude B. Way Sault Ste. Mane, Ont. 

Mrs. J. W. Cameron Strathroy, Ont. 

Mrs. Alire M. Cameron Sydney, N.S. 

Miss E. J. Tavlor Box 223, New Liskeard, Ont. (Timiskammg L.C.) 



WOMEN OF CANADA 3 

Mrs. A. M. Huestis 10 Horaewood Place Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. T. S. Famcomb Trenton, Ont. 

Mrs. John Stanfield Truro, N.S. 

Mrs. W. H. GriflSi^. .... 1194 Thurlow St Vancouver, B.C/ 

Mrs. MacKelvie.t^J^.^tA^^-^-t. ■^. Vernon, B.C. 

Miss S. R. Crease 1201 Fort St Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. H. H. Coulter Virden, Man. 

Mrs. E. P. Hunter Welland, Ont. 

Mrs. T. N. Andrew Port Arthur, Ont (West Algoma, L.C.>/- 

Miss E. A. Primrose. . . .Pictou, N.S (West Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. M. O. Nelson Wetaskiwin, Alta. 

Mrs. R. F. McWilliams. .209 Devon Court Winnipeg, Man. 

Mrs. William D. Ross Yarmouth, N.S.I 

(6) Presidents or Representatives of Nationally or Provincially Organized 
Societies in Federation 
Miss Elizabeth Flaws Wellesley Hospital Toronto, Ont. 

President — Canadian Association of Nursing EdiUMtion, The. 
Lady Pellatt "Casa Loma" ; Toronto, Ont. 

President — Canadian Girl Guides, The Dominion Council of. 
Miss Jean I. Gunn Toronto General Hospital Toronto, Ont. 

President — Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, The. 
Dr. Margaret Gordon 726 Spadina Ave Toronto, Ont. 

President — Canadian Suffrage Association. 
Mrs. Arthur Murphy 8703-1 12th St Edmonton, Alta. 

President — Canadian Women's Press Club, The. 

President — Girls' Friendly Society in Canada, The. 
Mrs. H. W. Dayton Virden, Man. 

President — Home Economic Societies of Manitoba. 
Mrs. L. A. Gurnett 102 Kingswood Rd Toronto, Ont. 

Representative — Independent Order of Foresters — Companion Courts. 
Miss A. M. Brown 446 Jarvis St Toronto, Ont. 

President — King's Daughters, Canadian Branch. 
Mrs. J. S. Wood Oakville, Ma.n.k.<\ 

President — Manitoba Grain Growers' Association, Women's Section. • J~— 
Dr. Margaret Gordon 726 Spadina Ave Toronto, Ont. 

President — Medical Alumnoe of University of Toronto. 
Mrs. L. A. Hamilton 30 St. Joseph St Toronto, Ont. 

President — National Equal Franchise Union. 
Mrs. A. B. Ormsby "Orms-Cliff " Mimico Beach, Ont. 

President — Ontmio Woman Citizens' Association. 
Mrs. J. A. MacDonald ... .87 Spadina Rd Toronto, Ont. 

President — Ontaiio Women's Liberal Association. 
Dr. Margaret Gordon 726 Spadina Ave Toronto, Ont. 

President — Peace and Arbitration Association. 



4 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

Mrs. II. A. Lavcll 22 Barrie St Kingston, Ont. 

riT.siilont— Queen's Unit'crsity AluniTUS Association. 
Mrs. Jolin McNauRlitan ■ • ■ -Harris, Sask. 

President— .sVisA-fl/f/ificait Grain Growers' Association, 
The — Women's Section. 
Mrs. Hector Prenter 33 Ricliinond St. W Toronto, Ont. 

President— .Single Tax Association of Ontario, The. 
Mrs. W. H. Parlby -^'''^' -^'**' 

President- ('"('(erf Farm Women of Alberta. 
Mrs. J. Charlotte Hanington, 578 Somerset St Ottawa, Ont. 

Cliiof Supt. — Victorian Order of Xurses. 

Mfe. J,^*iTirCainOTon ... 96 Admiral Rd Toronto, Ont. 

^Jv/^Of"*" President— iromcn's Art Association of Canada. 

Miss M. Mclsaac Dept. of Agriculture Edmonton, Alta. 

Director — Women's Institutes of Alberta. 
Mrs. G. A. Brodie Newmarket, Ont. 

Representative — Women's Institutes of Ontario. 
Lady Falconer 69 St. George St feK^^^' °"*' 

President — Young Women's Christian Association. \^^jSR/*^ 

TREASURER 
Mrs. George Watt 65 Dufferin Ave Brantford. Ont. 

RKCORDIXG SECRETARY 
Lady Falconer 69 St. George St Toronta^Ont. 



CORRESPONDING SECRETARY 
Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn. ... 108 Heath St. W Toronto, Ont. 

COWTSNERS OF STANDING COMMITTEES 
Mrs. L. A. Hamilton 30 St. ,Josci)h St., Toronto, Ont. 

Agriculture for Women — 
Mrs. S. Stead 18 (Juini)ool Rd., Halifax, N.S. 

Care of MentalUj Deficient — 
Dr. AuBUsta Stowe GuUen 461 Spadina Ave., Toronto, Ont. 

Citizenship — 
Mrs. lUlph Smith Vancouver, B.C. 

Consennlion of Natural Resources — 
Prof. Carrie M. Deriek, M.A 85 Crescent St., Montreal, Que. 

Education — • 
Dr. Margaret Patterson 07 Walmer Rd., Toronto, Ont. 

K(jual .Moral .Standard and Prevention of Traffic in Women — 
The Treasurer, Mrs. George Watt 65 Dufferin Ave., Brantford, Ont. 

Finance — 
Mrs. 3r 8. Dignam 2s 1 St . George St., Toronto, Ont. 

Fine and Applied Arts — ~^ 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



Mrs. E. P. Newhall 827 Third Ave. W.,. Calgary, Alta. 

Household Economics — 
Mrs. "Vincent Massev 6 Range Rd., Ottawa, Ont. 

Immigration — /_'-f 



International — 
Mrs. O. C. Edwards Macleod, Alta. 

Laws for the Better Protection of Women and Children — 
Mrs. Charles Robson 266 Cathedal Ave., Winnipeg, Man. 

Organization of Woman Labor — 
Mrs. J. P. MacLaren 95 Wurtemburg St., Ottawa, Ont. 

Peace and Arbitration — ""* 

The Corresponding Secretary, :Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn, 108 Heath St. W., 

Press — Toronto, Ont. 

Miss E. L. Jones 122 Carleton St., Winnipeg, Man. 

Professions and Employments for Women — 
Mrs. Ninian C. Smillie "Quintacera," Rockcliffe, Ottawa, Ont. 

Public Health — 
Mrs. T. R. Deacon 251 Furby St., Winnipeg, Man. 

Supervised Playgrounds, Recreations and Social Centre — 
Mrs. J. H. Liddell 4005 Dorchester St., Westmount, Que. 

Suppression of Objectionable Printed Matter — 
Mrs. E. M. Murray The Chronicle and Echo. Halifax, N.S. 

Taxation — 

Sub-Executive Committee 

The President, Elected Vice-Presidents, Secretaries, and Treasurer. 

Standing Committees 

AGRICULTURE FOR WOMEN 

Mrs. L. A. Hamilton (Convener) 30 St. Joseph St. . .Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. H. Thornton Rural Route Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. J. J. Hurley 26 Lome Crescent Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. Hunt Chapleau, Ont. 

Miss Jennie Fraser New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou, L.C.) 

Miss Margarets. Brown. 36 Kent St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Adam Inch Mountain Top Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss W. Gordon Queen's University Kingston, Ont. 

Miss Carling 677 Carling St London, Ont. 

Mrs. J. H. Hodges Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. L. E. Girser 1144 Chestnut St Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. P. Warren Box 1094 New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. P. Whelen 260 Somerset St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. J. D. McKenzie Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Dr. Grace Armstrong . . . 2269 Lome St Regina, Sask. 



tj THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Mrs. H. B. Peck East St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. R. A. Penhale Edgeware Rd St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. F. Kewley Mandaumin, Out (Sarnia, L.C.) 

Mrs. A. F. Lenou 335 Sixth Ave. N Saskatoon, Sask. 

Mrs, R. P. Rogers Cobalt, Ont ) 

Mrs. .\. Burwash Haileybury, Ont - Timiskaming (L.C.) 

Mrs. John Sharp New Liskeard, Ont i 

Mrs. Dunnington Grubb ,36 Elgin Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. Caspell 344 Fourteenth Ave. W. , , .Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. V. Machlauchlan. . .Tillicum Women's Institute , Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. Edgar J. Vickery Yarmouth, N.S. . 

Mrs. A. Tooth Elie, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. S. V. Haight Keelcr, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. L. A. Hamilton. , . .30 St, Joseph St,, Toronto, Ont. (N.E.F.U.) 
Mi-s. L. A. Hamilton , , , .30 St. Joseph St., Toronto, Ont. (Y.W.C.A.) 

CARE OF MENTALLY DEFICIENT 

Mrs. S. Stead (Convener) 18 Quinpool Rd Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. H. S. Sharp 1414 Victoria Ave Brandon, Man 

Miss J. McPherson 187 Chatham St Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Vice Chapleau, Ont, 

Mrs. S. Stead 18 Quinpool Rd Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Robert Evans 86 Homewood Ave Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. J. F. Macdonald. , , 175 Stuart St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. J. H. Rivers Lethbridge, Alta. 

Miss M. A. Moore 195 Elmwood Ave London, Ont. 

Mrs. J. A. Carbert 227 First St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Prof. Carrie M. Derick, 85 Crescent St Montreal, Que. 

Miss Cowie 1154 Grafton Ave Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. R. Galbraith 1029 Fourth Ave New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. J. P. MacLaren , . , ,95 Wurtemburg St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. Gerard Pembroke, Ont. 

Miss Lundy 236 Burnham St Peterborough, Ont. 

Miss Lottie Ormond Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. T. J. Bennett 2200 Angus St Regina, Sask. 

Dr. Ward Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. David McLellan , . .148 Germain St St. John, N.B. 

Mr.s. F. M. Griffin 46 Stanley St St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs, F. Towers 231 College Ave Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. E. H.C.Stevenson, Lucy Terrace S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. A. M. Hue-stis 10 Homewood Place Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. W. H. Steeves 354 Fourteenth Ave., W , , .Vancouver, B.C. 

Miss Bertha Winn Fairfield Rd Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. John Gi.rrity Garrity Block, Fort William. \ ^^^ Akoma (L C ) 

Mrs. H. A. \ alentine... ,2.38 Elgin St., Port Arthur J 



WOMEN OF CANADA ' 

Miss Maria Moses Yarmouth, N.S. 

Mrs. E. Elliot Lotonka, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. C. E. Flatt Tantallon, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) . 

Miss Lane 332 Bloor St. W., Toronto, Ont. (Y.W.C.A.) 

CITIZENSHIP 

Dr. Augusta Stowe Gullen, (Convener), 461 Spadina Ave., Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. R. A. Clement 208 Louise Ave Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. S. W. Secord 199 Brant Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. R. J. Deachman. . .3809 Fourth St. W Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. Buncombe Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. E. Mitchell Dauphin, Man. 

Mrs. J. A. Clarke 317 Barrington St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Harry Carpenter.. .30 Hess St. S Hamilton, Ont 

Mrs. S. Calorn 13 King St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. Worth 5270 Eighth Ave Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Mrs. Walter Lyman Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. T. A. Peacock 1063 Chestnut St , 

Mrs. WUliam Allan 315 Fairford St. W l^oose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. A. H. Ferguson 123 Agnes St New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. J. C. Sears Mackenzie Apts Ottawa, Ont. 

Dr. Jessie Birnie 501 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. Tooth Elie P.O., Man (Portage la Prairie L.C.) 

Mrs. D. C. McLellan. . . .42 Twentieth St. E Prince Albert, Sask. 

Mrs. W. M. Omand 2234 Angus St Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. M. Devine Renfrew, Ont. 

Miss Grace Murphy .... Main St St. John, N.B. 

Miss Margaret Coyne . . .95 Metcalfe St St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. F. Kittermaster 184 London Rd Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. R. G. Pratt 923 Queen St. E S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Miss Constance Boulton . 62 Stibbard Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. F. Jowitt Dundas St Trenton, Ont. 

Mrs. C. Gotten 1 135-Thirteenth Ave. W. . . .Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Gordon Grant Victoria Club Victoria, B. C. 

Mrs. L. L. Peltier Peltier Block, Ft. William. . | 

Mrs. F. Urry 98 Rockwood Ave. S., West Algoma (L.C.i 

Port Arthur, Ont. I 

Mrs. A. J. Fuller Yarmouth, N.S. 

Dr. Margaret Gordon. . .726 Spadina Ave., Toronto(C.S.A.) 

Dr. Margaret Gordon. . .726 Spadina Ave., Toronto(P. & A. Soc.) 

Mrs. W. H. Becker 361 Perth Ave., Toronto... .(N.E.F.IJ.) 

Mrs. H. G. Thornton (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. S. V. Haight Keeler, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. G. A. Walton 15 Forest Hill Rd., Toronto. (Y.W.C.A.) 



u THK NATIONAL COUNCIL OK 

CONSEHV.VTIDN OV NATURAL RESOURCES 

Mrs. Ralph Smith. M.L.A. (Convener) Vancouver B.C. 

Mrs. A. Shewan 1335 Victoria Ave Brandon Rhm 

Miss L Carlvle Box 187 Brantford, Out. 

■ , „ . " Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. Hunt ■ ■ ■ .■: ^ „ 

Mrs. E. M. Murray 151 Barrington St Hahfax, N^S 

Mn<. Petrie 322 Queen St. S Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. J, MacpiUivrav ... .96 Albert St Kingston Ont. 

Mrs ^Vill:■lms "Bishopstowe," St. James St. London, Ont. 

Mrs'. L. e' tUrser 1144 Chestnut St Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. n. L. Edmonds. . . .443 Fifth St New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. Jean Muldrew Canada Food Board Ottawa, Ont 

Mrs R. H. Parsons 104 Duro St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs W. J. Boyd 2854 Angus St Regma, bask. 



Miss Tingey . 



.Leinster St St. John, N.B. 



Mrs. J. D. Lamont. ... .71 Elm St St^ Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs, Arthur Smith 397 John St S.S. Mane^ Ont. 

Mrs. L. A. Gurnett 102 Kingswood Road Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. 

Mrs! TrLcv^ .".'.'. ."•.; .....'. Yarmouth, N.S. 



,1 MrLc'in . ..... .3690 Cartier Ave Vancouver, B.C. 

MoMicking Allendale Apts Victoria, B.C. 



Mrs. J.'s.'wood ... . . . OakviUe, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. Erma Stocking . . . Dclisle, Sask (Sask. U.G.G.A.) 

EDUCATION 

Prof Carrie M. Derick, (Convener) . .85 Crescent St. Montreal, Que. 

Mrs \. White 539 Third St Brandon, Man. 

Miss Marv Colter 46 Wellington St Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. Matheson Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. E. H. Walker Dauphin. Man. 

Mrs. G. E. Forbes Scotsburn, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Miss Kate MacKintosh Halifax, N.S 

Miss Bennctto Picton St. School Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss E. Henstridge 31 Pembroke St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. W. L. Hamilton Lethbridge, Alta. 

Mrs. Ciahan 344 Harvard St London, Ont. 

Miss Fra.ser Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Mi.s.s Amy Norris Montreal, (Jue. 

Mrs. J. \V. Sifton 1032 Main St. N Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. C. D. Pcelc Albert Crescent New Westminster, B.C. 

Mis.s M. E. Cowan 97 Stanley Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Mi.ss Burritt Pembroke, Ont. 

Miss Jessie Craig Port^S^ '^^ Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. C.eorge Dorey 1109 First Ave. E Prince Albert, Sask. 

Mi.ss Marsters Kcgina Collegiate Regina, Sask. 



WOMEN OF CANADA » 

Miss Jessie Lawson Des Monts St. West St. John, N.B. 

Miss Ella Bowes Alma College St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. Elgin Wood 221 College Ave Sarnia, Ont.^ 

Mrs. John A. Mather. . .327 Saskatchewan Crescent. Saskatoon, Sask. 

Mrs. A. R. Johnson 8 Herrick St S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Miss Helen Grant Mac- 

donald 109 Bedford Road Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. A. Pattee Dundas St Trenton, Ont. 

Mrs. E. T. Hodge U60 Barclay St Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. M. Jenkins Fernwood Rd Victoria. B.C. 

Mrs. Jacob M. Sherk.... 1417 Moodie St., ~) 

Fort William, Ont . ^ (West Algoma L.C.) 
Mrs. W. D. B. Turville.. 454 Arthur St., Port Arthur. ) 

Mrs. MacGregor Arden, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. G. Hollis Shaunavon, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Miss J. Macdonald St. Margaret's College, 

Toronto, Ont (Y.W.C.A.) 

EQUAL MORAL STANDARD AND PREVENTION OF 
TRAFFIC IN WOMEN 

Dr. Margaret Patterson (Convener) . .97 Walmer Road. .Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. E. G. Daniels 612 Twelfth St Brandon, Man. 

Dr. Christine Irwin 38 Nelson St Brantford, Oat. 

Mrs. W. Cassels 231 Third Ave., N.E Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. McMuUen Schreiber, Ont (Chapleau L.C.) 

Mrs. Sylvester New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. W. R. HoweV 98o4-89th Ave Edmonton, Alta. 

Mrs. Pentz 1076 Barrington St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Nicholls 3 East Ave. S Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. J. Wright 7 Mack St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. H. A. Boomer 393 William St London, Ont. 

Mrs. Warwick Chipman Montreal, Que. 

Miss Laughton 406 Fairford St. E Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. Barnard 1118 Hamilton St New Westmmster, B.C. 

Mrs. J. J. McNulty 236 Lisgar St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs A. Stevenson 193 Aylmer St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. H. L. Wever Po^age la Praine, Man. 

Mrs. Sinton 1810 Albert St Regma, Sask. 

Mrs. W. H. Kearney Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. John BuUock Germain St St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. W. J. Barber 214 Cromwell St Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. H. J. HoUinrake. . . 135 McGregor Ave S.S. Mane, Ont. 

Mrs. J. N. Wood 88 Kendal Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. J. O. Perry 30 Twelfth Ave. E Vancouver, B.C. 



10 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Mrs. Williscroft Orniond St Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. T. Smiiles Fort William, Ont ^ rw -t 41 T P 1 

Mrs. Andrew Boyd. .. .368 Wiley St., Pt. Arthur. Ont. / ^^ Aigoma i^.i^.j 

Mrs. A. J. Fuller Yarmouth, N.S. 

Mrs. Wilson Dugald, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. C. E. Flatt Tantallon, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Miss Una Saunders. . . . .332BloorSt. W., Toronto. . . (V.W.C.A.) 



FINANCE 

Treasurer (Convener), Mrs. George Watt, 65 Dufferin Ave., Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. A. P. .leffery 538 Victoria Ave Brandon. Man.' 

Miss Hollinrakc 42 A\cllington St Brantford, Ont./ 

Mrs. F. H. Brown 315 Si.xth Ave. N Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. A. Leigh Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. J. B. Mclntyre Dauphin, Man. 

Miss Sophie Grant Temperance St., New Glas- 
gow, N. S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. D. Boyaner 10236-119th St Edmonton, Alta. 

Gait, Ont. 

Mrs. W. N. Stems Dartsmouth, N.S (Halifax L.C.) 

Mrs. W. H. Ballard 196 George St Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss H. L. Chown 479 Princess St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. W. S. Ball 916 7th Ave Lethbridge, Alta. 

Mrs. R. M. Graham. ... 14 Kensington St London, Ont. 

Mrs. C. ColliiLson Macleod, Alta. 

Mrs. John Hu.ston 270 Second St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

M.-s. A. K. Fisk 231 IVIilton St Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. F. G. Nickerson. . . 110 Oxford St. W Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. J. O. Bryson 702 Sixth Ave New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. W. S. Odell 67 Powell Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. John Graham Pembroke, Ont. 

Miss Nina Davidson. . . 563 Aylmer St Peterborough, Ont. 

Pincher Creek, Alta. 

Mrs. N, Graham Puiioka. .Mta. 

Mrs. E. T. Moore Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. Wm. Stanley 26th St. E Prince Albert, Sask. 

Mr8. W. E. Lord Red Deer, Alta. 

Mrs. A. W. Hardy Royal George Apts Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. C. 1. Barr ' Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. McSloy 64 Church St St. Catharines, Ont. 

Miss Alice Estey 15 Peters St St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. D. J. Meadows St. Thom.as, Ont. 

Mrs. H. E. LeSueur Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. J. H. Holmes Saskatoon, Sask. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 11 

Mrs. W. E. Stirling 352 Albert St S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. (Dr.) Brandreth Strathroy, Ont. 

Mrs. E. M. Boyd Esplanade Sydney, N.S. 

Mrs. A. N. Davis Cobalt, Ont (Timiskaming L.C.) 

Mrs. T. Runciman 40 Elgin Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. A. Sprague Spring St Trenton, Ont. 

Mrs. M. K. Langille . . .Box 374 Truro, N.S. 

Mrs. F.W.'Brydone- Jack. 1436 Eleventh Ave. W. . . .Vancouver, B.C. 

Mre. J. F. Galhraith Vernon, B.C. 

Mrs. Winiam Grant . . . .307 Bay St Victoria, B.C. 

Virden, Man. 

Miss M. Fortner Welland, Ont. 

Mrs. G. McEdwards .... 547 Syndicate Ave., 1 

Fort William, Ont \ (West Algoma L.C.) 

Mrs. J. Manning 271 Wolseley St., Pt. Arthur J 

(West Pictou L.C.) 

Miss L. Knight Weta.skiwin, Alta. 

Mrs. A. A. Perry Winnipeg, Man 

Mrs. E. R. Parker .Yarmouth, N.S. 

[In cases where there has been no special appointment to the Finance 
Committee, the treasurere of the various Local Councils have been con- 
sidered ex-officio members of the same.] 



FINE AND APPLIED ARTS 

Mrs.-^S*. Dignam (Convener), 284 St. George St Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. K. Campbell 709 Lome Ave Brandon, Man.| 

Miss Edna Bowers 91 Brant Ave.i Brantford, Ont. 

Miss Eliza Ritchie "Winwich". Halifax, N.S. » 

Mrs. W. Symington " Lakeside," Burhngton.Ont. (Hamilton L.C.) • 

Mrs. M. Strange King St Kingston, Ont. , 

Mrs. C. Thaxter Shaw .' Montreal, Que. 

Miss Hayward 1057 Third St. N.W Moose Jaw, Man., 

Mrs. Little 521 Fifth St New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. Brown 2530 Sixteenth Ave Regina,.Sask. I 

Mrs. A. W. Estey Brunswick Place St. John, N.B. » 

Mrs. G. Gilpin 138 Thirteenth St. W.» North Vancouver, B.C. 

Miss Irene Scott 420 X. Harold St., 1,ttt i»i t r^ \ 

Fort William, Ont.... / (West Algoma L.C). 

Miss Belle Dobie 16 Regent St., Port Arthur. ■ I ^^r th T P ^ 

Miss Clara A. Caie Milton Yarmouth Co., N.S. J ^^*™0"'^'^ ^"-^ • 

Mrs. Sloane Roland, Man (Man.W.G.G.A.) • 

Miss Erma Stocking. . . .Delisle Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 



12 THE NATIONAL COONCIL OF 

HOUSEHOLD ECONOMICS 
Mrs E P. Newhall (Convener) . .827 Third Ave. W. .Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. H. Laullaw 410 Twelfth St Brandon, Man. 

Miss McNallv Brantford, Ont. 

Mre. D. Donaldson 10948-89th Ave Edmonton, Alta. 

Mrs. E. M. Murrav 151 Barrington St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. Harrv Carpenter. . .30 Hess St. S Hanulton, Ont. 

Mrs. S Campbell 220 Albert St Kmgston, Ont. 

Mrs. U. H. David.son Lethbndge, Alta. 

Mrs. \V A. Tanner 428 St. George St London, Ont. 

Mrs. W Johnson 546 Belfast St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Miss Isobel Shaw 873 Fifth St. N.W Moose Jaw, Man. 

Mrs. J. R. Tillev 115 Eighth St New Westmmster, B.C. 

Miss Beattv . . ." Pembroke, Ont. 

Miss McVannell 569 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. R. O. Allison Pincher Creek, Alta. 

Mrs. Kenneth Gair Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. C. Eraser 1320 Fifteenth Ave Regina, S;isk. 

Mrs. W. C. Carruth Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. J. W. V. Lawlor Biookville, N.B (St. John L.C.) 

Mrs. Raymond Arcliibald.531 Eleventh St Saskatoon, Sask. 

Mrs. D. J. McLachlan.. .912 Broughton St Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Schofield Bishops Close Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. B. O. .Allen Fort William, Ont \ ^^^.^^^ AlgomaL.C.) 

Mrs. WiUiam McBrady. .Port .\rthur, Ont J 

Mrs. Forrester Otterburne, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. Ida McXeal Expanse, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

IMMIGRATION 

Mrs. Vincent Massey (Convener) . .6 Range Road. .Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. C. S. Maharg 428 SLxth St Brandon, Man. 

Miss Knowles Sec. Y.W.C.A Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. W. D. Spence Marlborough Apts Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. Buncombe Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. Morris New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. E. T. Bishop 9807-lllth .St Edmonton, Alta. 

Mrs. Egan 83 Morris St Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. J. Orr Callagham . . 224 James St. S Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. H. A. Lavell 22 Barrie St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. Whiddington Lethbridge, Alta. 

Mrs. Jerdon c/o Mrs. Waller, Huron Col. London, Ont. 

Mrs. T. A. Peacock 1063 Chestnut St Moose Jaw, Man. 

Mrs. Margaret Patchell. .45 Columbia St. E New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. Adam Shortt 5 Marlborough Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Miss Winnifred Parker. .Y.W.C.A Peterborough, Ont. 



WOMEN OP CANADA ^^ 

Mrs. J. D. McKenzie Portage la Prairie Man. 

„, „ ,, Prince Albert, Sask. 

Mrs. W. S. Moore ■• \ . ' 

Miss Fonnan 1848 Toronto St Regma, Sa^k. 

Mrs J A Bell 215 Vidal St. N barma, Ont. 

Mrs' M. Robertson Standard Trusts Building.. .Saskatoon, Sask. 

Mrs. William Hull 361 Wilson St S.S. Mane^ Ont. 

Mrs. L. A. Hamilton. . . .30 St. Joseph St Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. A. C. Bruce 2611 Maple St Vancouver, B.C. 

Miss S. R. Crease 1201 Fort St Victoria, B.C. 

Miss Mabel Hannah.... 704 McTavish St.. 

Fort William, Ont. . . I ^^^-^^^ Algoma L.C.) 
Miss Margaret SmeUie . . 216 X. Court St., 

Port Arthur, Ont. . . ; 

Miss Amy J. Roe 290VaughanSt., Winnipeg.. (Man, ^.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. W. H. Frith Birmingham, Sask ^,^:"!,^;;^,^-^-^-^ 

Mrs. N. W. Rowell 134 Crescent Rd., Toronto . . (\ .^^ -CA.) 

IXTERX.A.TIONAL COMMITTEE 
The President Mrs. W. E. Sanford, (Convener) " Wesanford" Hamilton, Ont. 
Mrs. Willoughby Cummings. . .78 Pleasant Blvd. ..Toronto Ont. 

Prof Carrie M. Derick, M.A., 85 Crescent St Montreal Que. 

Mrs. Vincent Massey . . .6 Range Road Ottawa, Ont^ 

Dr. Margaret Patterson. 97 Walmer Road Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs George Watt 65 Dufferin Ave Brantford, Ont. 

M : SJanC. SmiUie. ."Quintacera,- RockcMe Park^Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards Macleod, Alta. 

Mrs. J. P. MacLaren. . . .95 Wurtemburg St Ottawa, Ont^ 

Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn . 108 Heath St. W Toronto, On . 

Dr. Augusta Stowe Gullen, 461 Spadina Ave Toronto, Ont^ 

Miss A. Ws. .^ . . 122 Carleton St ■^^-^^,,. 

Miss C. E. Carmichael t^ %^ 

Mrs. E. A. Smith 47 Cai'leton St St. John, N^R 

Mrs.WaltecC. Mvirray .Saskatoon, Sa.k.^^ 



LAWS FOR BETTER PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards (Convener) ^I'^'^l^od, Alta. 

Mrs. R. B. Cummings. . .430 Thirteenth St ^'""f^' ^"'': 

Mrs. A. Shultis .44 William St., ^TI"'^,?:*' 



Mrs. Harold Riley: : : : : :Hounsfield Heights ga^a^. 

Z. SerD. Gainer. .11142:90th Ave: : : : : ^^^^'f ^■ 

Miss Jean Falconer Council House ^'^'^H^n Ont 

Mrs. Urquhart 63 Homewood Ave ^"-^tT'ont 

Mrs. Constantine 154 Earl St Kingston, Ont. 



14 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Mrs. R. E. Skeith Lethbridge, Alta 

Mrs. Ilaiuiltoii Byers. . .351 Ninth St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Miss Kleanor Tatley . . . .S50 Oxonden Ave Montreal, Que. 

Miss Cathcart 18 Main St. N Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Miss J. Forrester 517 St. George St New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. Hambleton 174 Gladstone Ave Ottawa, Out. 

Mrs. Cruick.shank 339 Downey St Peterborougli, Ont. 

Mrs. Kenneth Gair Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Miss A. Wilna Moore Prince .\lbert, Sask. 

Mrs. Stapleford Regina College Regiua, Sask. 

Mrs. D. McKillop Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. H. Lawrence Germain St St. John, N.B. 

MLss Gunn Y.W.C.A St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. Alan Sproatt 303 Fifth Ave. N Saskatoon, Sask. 

Mrs. C. V. Plmnmer. . . .971 Queen St. East S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. W. R. Lang ,55 Woodlawn Ave., W Toronto, Ont. 

Judge McGill 1623 Haro St Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Spofford North Pembroke St Victoria, B. C. 

Dr. Stowe GuUen 4(il Spadina .\ve., Toronto.. (C.S. A.) 

Dr. Stowe Gullen 461 Spadina Ave., Toronto. . (P it A. .Soc.) 

Mrs. W. H. Lang 55 Woodlawn Ave. W., 

Toronto, Ont.. .(N.E.F.U.) 

Mrs. J. B. Parker Gilbert Plains, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. S. V. Haight Keeler, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. W. R. Lang 55 Woodlawn Ave. W., 

Toronto, Ont. . . (Y.W.C.A.) 

PEACE A.\D .\UBITR.\TIOX 

Mrs. J. P. MacLaren (Convener), 95 Wurtemburg St. .Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. H. P. Whidden. . . .402 Sixteenth St Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. E. D. Smith "Helderleigh," Winona, Ont (Hamilton L.C.) 

Mrs. O. L. Riches 803B Third St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Mrs. Whitelaw New Westminster, B.C 

Mrs. J. B. Simpson 173 Percy St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. Tooth Ehe, Man (Portage la Prairie L.C.) 

Mrs. T. D. Brown 2153 Mclntyre St Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. W. F. Hathcway St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. Thoma.s Harold .... 1245-8th Ave. W Vancouver, B.C. 

Dr. .Margaret Gordon ... 726 Spadina Ave., Toronto . . (C.S. A.) 
Dr. Margaret Gordon. . .726 Spadina .\ve., Toronto. .(P. & A.) 

Mrs. Martin Minitonas, .Man (W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. John McNaughtan Harris, Sask (W.G.G.A.) 



WOMEN OF CANADA 15 



PRESS 



Correspondiag Secretary, Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (Convener), 

108 Heath St. W, Toronto, Ont. 

Miss E. T. Raymond. . . .77 Peel St Brantford, Ont. 

Miss Agnes Walters 1748 Seventh St. W Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. J. R. MacGregor. . .New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. S. Stead 18 Quinpool Road Halifax, N.S. 

Miss Reynalds "The Spectator" Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. R. M. Graham. . . . U Kensington St London, Ont. 

Mrs. McAi-thur 412 Fom-th St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Miss I. Pearl Leslie Summit Circle Westmount, Que. 

Mrs. William Allan 315 Fau-ford St. W Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. T. H. Smith Smith Block New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. J. G. MacPhail ... .38 Somerset St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. F. C. Xeal 314 Rubidge St Peterborough, Ont. 

Miss Margaret Millar Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. James Wilson 460-Nineteenth St. E Prince Albert, Sask. 

Miss Irene Moore Leader Publishing Co . .Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. D. McKiUop Renfrew, Ont. 

Miss Amelia J. Haley St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. L. A. Green 177 Pim St S.S. Mane, Ont. 

Mrs. M. L. Irvine 10 Aberdeen Club, Bain Ave.Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. J. C. Kemp 23 Broadway W Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. J. D. Gordon Woodlands Rd Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. Howell .Boissevain, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. John McNaughtan. Harris, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

PROFESSIONS AND EMPLOYMENTS FOR WOMEN 
Miss E. L. Jones (Convener) . .122 Carleton St. .. .Winnipeg, Man. 

Mrs. J. R. Little 524 Twelfth St Brandon, Man. 

Miss Evelyn Buck 70 DufEerin Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. S. Houlton Sandringham Apts Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. Boyd Chapleau, Ont. 

Miss Jennie A. Fraser. . .New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Dr. EUza Ritchie " Winwich' ' Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs W. E. Sanford "Wesanford" Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss Mowat 180 Johnston St Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. Smart 541B Sixth Ave Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Mrs. J. A. Tobin c/o Mrs. J. R. Kelly, 

238 Athabasca W . . . Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Miss Cotsworth Y.W.C.A New Westminster, B.C. 

MissE. Inglis 46 MacLaren St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs R. P. Boucher 226 Brock St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. J. D. McKenzie Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. W. W. Andrews. . .2152 Angus St Regina, Sask. 



16 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Mrs. E. A. tJri'gg Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. Flewclling St. John, X.B. 

Mrs. Edgar T. Read 150 McGregor Ave S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mis.s M. Davidson 2 Spadina Road Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. Parkinson Caroline Court Vancouver, B.C. 

Miss Marlaf t Y.W.C.A Victoria, B.C. 

Miss A. J. Roe 290 Vaughan St., Winnipeg.. (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. D. J. Christie Bladworth, Sask (Sask .W.G.G.A.) 

PUBLIC HEALTH 
Mrs. Ninian Sniillie, (Convener) "Quintacera,"Rockcliffe Park, Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. J. S. Clark 514 Louise Ave Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. S. A. Jones 56 Palmerston Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. C. R. Edwards. . . .604 Sixth Ave., W Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. Matheson Chapleau, Ont. 

Mrs. Frost Dauphin, Man. 

Mrs. (Dr.) Stramberg. . .Trenton, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. Mader Morris St Halifax, X.S. 

Mrs. Robert Evans 86 Homewood Ave Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss J. McCallum 187 University Ave Kingston, Ont. 

Mrs. T. C. Duncan 516 Waterloo St London, Ont. 

Miss Ford General Hospital Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Mrs. J. .\. Henderson Montreal, Que. 

Mi.s.s I.aughton 406 Fairford St. E Moose Jaw. Sask. 

Miss Randall Fifteenth Ave New Westminster, B.C. 

Mrs. W. C. Hughson — 71 Bronson Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. James Lockhart Pembroke, Ont. 

Mrs. J. B. Mann 304 King St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mi.ss H. Boyes Pincher Creek, Alta. 

Miss Mary Garland Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. G. H. Jones 2831 Victoria Ave Regina, Sa.s;k. 

Mrs. X. C. Scott Douglas Ave St. John, X.B. 

Mrs. E. A. Horton "Lynhurst" St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. James Symington . . 264 Brock St. N Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. Booth Cobalt, Ont 1 

Mrs. Lome Campbell. . .Haileybury, Ont }■ (Timiskaming L.C.) 

Mrs. A. A. Cole New Liskeard, Ont J 

Mrs. Gordon Sims 523 Wellington St. E S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. A. M. Huestis 10 Homewood Place Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. Morton Murdoff . . .Dundas St Trenton, Ont. 

Mrs. S. D. Scott 395 Fourteenth Ave. W Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Dundas Todd Camsew St Victoria, B.C; 

Mrs. George Graham 400 S. .Archibald St., \ 

Fort WilHam, Ont...[ „. 
Mrs. T. S. T. SmeUie....216 N. Court St., T (VV est Algoma L.C.) 

Port Arthur, Ont. . . ) 



WOMEN OF CANADA 17 

Mrs. William Webster Yarmouth, N.S. 

Dr. Margaret Gordon. . . 726 Spadina Ave., Toronto. . (C.S.A.) 
Dr. Augusta Stowe Gull- 
en 461 Spadina Ave., Toronto. .(P. & A. Assoc.) 

Mrs. E. C. Wiencke Stoney Mountain, Man. . . . (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. C. E. Flatt Tantallon, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

SUPERVISED PLAYGROUNDS, RECREATIONS, AND 
SOCIAL CENTRES 

Mrs. T. R. Deacon (Convener) 251 Furby St Winnipeg, Man. 

Mrs. D. Creighton 334 Second St Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. Mostyn CutcUffe. . .93 Dufferin Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. Erk Wallace Calgary, Alta. 

Mrs. .1. B. McInt}Te Dauphin, Man. 

Miss Alizette McKenzie.New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. Sexton Spring Garden Road Halifax, N.S. 

Mrs. A. Woolverton .... Bay St. S Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss E. Wilder 207 Nelson St .Kingston, Ont. 

Miss Best Tenth St Medicine Hat.jAlta. 

Mrs. H. A. Danforth 23 Stadacona St. W Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. J. W. Garrett 35 Aylmer Ave Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. A. Mowatt 773 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

Miss Frances Ormond Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Miss Stevens 2225 Mclntyre St Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. A. W. Easton Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. W. Good Carmathen St St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. Thomas Higgins. . .Box 387, Sault Road S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. A. F. Perry 1165 Robson St Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Graves 1915 Stanley Ave Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. S. G. Cole N Marks St., Fort WilUam . \ .,,. , . , ., ^ ^ 

Mrs. F. S. Knight 20 Crown St., Port .\rthur. . . / ^^^^^ AlgomaL.C.) 

Mrs. S. A. Crowell Milton, Yar. Co., N.S (Yarmouth L.C.) 

Miss E. Graham Roland, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. Alexander Wallace, Guernsey, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

SUPPRESSION OF OBJECTIONABLE PRINTED MATTER 

Mrs. J. H. LiddeU (Convener) 4005 Dorchester St. .Westmount, Que. 

Mrs. J. R. Little 524 Twelfth St Brandon, Man. 

Mrs. S. G. Read 14 Dufferin Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Mrs. J. L. Rowe 1813 Seventh St Calgary, Alta- 

Mrs. McMuUen Schreiber, Ont (Chapleau L.C.) 

Mrs. Martin Dauphin, Man. 

Mrs. R. P. P. Fraser New Glasgow, N.S (East Pictou L.C.) 

Mrs. E. Pentz 1076 Barrington St Hahfax, N. S. 

Mrs. Montague Post Office Hamilton, Ont. 



Ig THK NATIONAL COUNCIL OV 

Misa C. Lovick 154 University Ave Kingston, Oat. 

Mrs. J. F. Simpson Lethbridge, Alta. 

Mrs. H. A. Boomer 393 William St London, Ont. 

Mrs. .1. Emery 63.5 Eighth St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Miss Harold 10.57 Third St., X.W Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Mrs. Timlick 814 Kifth Ave New Westmin.ster, B.C. 

Mi.vs M. M. Scott 183 Waverley St Ottawa, Ont. 

Mrs. Canniff 437 Downie St Peterborough, Ont. 

Mrs. H. L. Weyer Portage la Prairie, Man. 

Mrs. Reekie 2817 Victoria Ave Regina, Sask. 

Mrs. J. A. K. Walker .Renfrew, Ont. 

Mrs. W. E. Raymond . . .Germain St St. John, N.B. 

Mrs. D. Meadows 58 Rosebery Place St. Thomas, Ont. 

Mrs. J. McGibbon 1 SO Front St. S Sarnia, Ont. 

Mrs. H. S. Hull 4 Trelawn Road S.S. Marie, Ont. 

Mrs. Hcnrotin Haileybury, Ont (Timiskaming L.C.) 

Mrs. J.N. Wood 88 Kendal Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. Northrop 1432 Comox St Vancouver, B.C. 

Mrs. Livingstone Y.W.C.A Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. William Young. ... 115 N. John St., Ft. WilHam. ] 

Mrs. George Dent 292 N. Cumberland St., f (West Algoiua L.C.) 

Port Arthur, Ont. . . J 

Mrs. L. R. Killam Yarmouth, N.S. 

Mrs. Barrett Bagot, Man (Man. W.G.G.A.) 

Mrs. C. E. Flatt Tantallon, Sask (Sask. W.G.G.A.) 

Miss Una Saunders 332 BloorSt. W., Toronto. . . (Y.W.C.A.) 

Publication Committee 

The President, Secretaries, and Treasurer, also President and Business M'g'r. 

of \\'oiiian's Century, Ltd. 

Special Committees 
Canailuin National Exhibition — 
Classification of Prisoners — 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards (Convener) Maclcoil, Alta. 

Connlitidion — 

Mrs. R. F. McWilliams (Convener). .209 Devon Court, Winnipeg, Man. 
Empire liaby Welfare Exhibit — 

Mrs. Niniaii Smillie (Convener), "Quintacera", UcukclilTe, Ottawa, Ont. 
SoUliiTs' DK}>rnitents and HoUiiers' Pensions — 

Mrs. f.forL'it W.ilt iCoiivener) 65 DulTerin Ave., Brantl'ord, Ont. 

Honorary Solicitor 

.John A. Paterson, K.C. 

Kerr, David.s<)n. Paterson & McFarland, Barristers, 

Excelsior Life Building, Toronto, Ont. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 19 

REPRESENTATIVES TO THE STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE 

INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN 
Prof. Carrie M. Derick, M.A 85 Crescent St., Montreal, Que. 

Education — 
Mrs. Vincent Massey 6 Range Rd., Ottawa, Ont. 

Emigration and Immigration — 
Dr. Margaret Patterson 97 Walmer Rd., Toronto, Ont. 

Equal Moral Standard and Traffic in Women — 
The Treasirrer, Mrs. George Watt 65 Dufferin Ave., Brantford, Ont. 

Finance — 
Mrs. Ninian C. Smillie "Quintacera," Rockcliffe Park, Ottawa, Ont. 

Health — 
Mrs. O. C. Edwards Macleod, Alta. 

Legal Position of Women — 
Mrs. J. P. MacLaren 95 Wurtemburg St., Ottawa, Ont. 

Peace and Arbitration — 
The Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn, 

Press— 108 Heath St. W., Toronto, Ont. 

Dr. Augusta StoweGuUen 461 Spadina Ave., Toronto, Ont. 

Suffrage and Right of Citizenship — 
Miss E. L. Jones 122 Carleton St., Winnipeg, Man. 

Trades, Professions and Employments for Women — 



PROCEEDINGS 

OF THE 

TWENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL MEETING 

OF 

The National Council of Women 
of Canada 

HELD IN 
Y.M.C.A., BRANTFORD. ONT. 
June I I th to June 15th, 1918 



22 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



Preliminary Meeting of Special Committee on Reports 

C Personnel : Sub-Executive Committee, Provincial Vice- 
Presidents, and Conveners of Standing Committees.) 

TUESDAY, JUNE iith, 1918. 

Reports of Provincial Vice-Presidents. 

Reports of Conveners of Standing Committees. 

The Report of this Special Committee to the Annual 
Meeting will be found on page 38 of Proceedings. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 23 



PROCEEDINGS 



WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12th, 2.30 P.M. 
First Session. 

The meeting opened with silent prayer. The roll was called 
and 96 officers and delegates responded. (For list of officers 
and delegates at Annual Meeting, see pages 216-219.) 

The address of welcome was given by Mrs. W. C. Living- 
ston, President of Brantford Local Council. 

ADDRESS OF WELCOME 
Madam President, Officers and Members op The N.\tional Council 
OF Women : 

On behalf of the Brantford Local Counoil I extend to you heartiest greet- 
ings. We feel it is not only an honor, but a privilege, to be associated with 
the women who have done so much to raise the standard of womanhood, not 
only in our own land, but throughout the world. In welcoming you to our small 
city, you may think we have usurped the name of the "Ambitious City" in 
inviting such an august body of women to Brantford. 

As the "Telephone City" we are world famous. It was here the tele- 
phone invention was first received. Sometimes, in our busy moments, we 
may not look upon it as an unmixed blessing with its persistent ring, ring, ring, 
but in our hours of greatest need it is surely a ministering angel. 

The splendid record that our men have made in enlistment and service 
at the Front has filled us with a pride nothing else can ever do. Though 
many have fallen where the poppies grow, their spirit acts as an incentive to 
spur us on to do our utmost. 

The women's work has been one of steady, faithful, unceasing effort, 
gladly given, from a thankful heart. When we know of the cruel fate which 
has befallen our sisters in France, in Belgium, and in Serbia, no service should 
be too much for us to give. 

Long years ago a few radical women realized that women were endowed 
with brain power which could be used for the betterment of humanity, and 
during the long years they have endeavored to impress upon the lords of 
creation that they were capable of using the franchise, but it took a world's 
war to open their eyes, and out of the gratitude of their hearts for the magni- 
ficent work the women have done in connection with the war, the franchise 
has come to us as gently and quietly as a summer breeze. . May the women 



24 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

of Canadii wield this niiphty l)<)»or for tlie advancement and progress of our 
Country. We all have a vision of this dear land of ours— "God's Country," 
as our boys call it— rearing its head among the nations of the earth, a strong, 
vigorous," high-minded youth, whose influence for good will make itself felt, 
even as our young Canadian manhood hjis made itself felt in the fields of 
France and Flanders. Hrantford has realized her responsibility as an integral 
part of tlic larger Council, and has tried proportionately to uphold her part 
during these vears of stress and change. 

This year, for the first time, woman has been given the franchise, after 
all the long years of patient waiting she has become a power force in the affairs 
of the nation. It rests with her whether that power will be wielded for good 

or evil. 

We have now but one game to play, and that is the war game. We must 
put forth our united effort to stay the hands of our brave men in the field, in 
the hosi.ital, and in the reconstruction work for our crippled and wounded 
soldiers. .Vs our army looks to its supreme commander. General Foch, and 
believes that only through unity can success and victory be obtained, so do 
we, as Local Councils, look to our leaders for direction and organization in 

these crucial times. 

How nobly the women of Canada have risen to meet the demands made 
upon their time, sympathy and endurance, often with breaking hearts ! 
They have put their own personal griefs into the background and, with a 
pride that is imperishable, have gone forth to undertake the work that cannot 
stay. The call of our Empire is too insistent to indulge in personal grief. 

' We greet particularly those delegates who have travelled so many miles 
to attend this Annual Convention, thereby evincing their deep interest in 
the affairs of the National Council. 

Conservation and speed are the two vital questions facing us to-day. 
Conservation means so much, and will be the mighty factor in winning this 
war. Yet, I believe very few of us have really grasped the scope of this "Con- 
servation" in its deepest meaning. It must be the duty of the National 
Council to lead the way, through her many affiliated societies, and make 
Canadian women measure up in some small way to our brave men who have 
given themselves for the cause of democracy, even unto death. We, as cus- 
todians of the world's granary, must cheerfully give of our abundance to 
supply the needs of our allies. Conservation of time means much to you in 
this meeting, and I will be a real leader by making my address to you very 
brief. 

We regret that your visit to IJrantford must be under the present war 
conditions, but hope it will not be entirely devoid of pleasure. Your presence 
will inspire us to mightier efforts and cement us more strongly in the common 
bond of service for the Empire. 

Lady Gibson replied, expressing on behalf of the delegates 
ai)prcciation of the cordial welcome that had been so heartily 
extended to all. 



25 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



Following is the presidential address by Mrs. F. H. Tor- 
rington : 

PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS 

Officers, Members and Friends of The National Council op Women : 
On the occasion of this, our 25th Annual Meeting. I feel that we are to 
be congratulated in finding ourselves recipients of the gracious cordiality which 
has been extended to us by the Brantford Local Council of Women. It is 
the first time we have met in The Telephone City, and I am sure we shall 
carry home with us pleasant memories of its beauty, prosperity and hospitality. 
In order that members of the Council may be free to lend their services 
to the Cxovernment in the effort to register in one day the human power of 
our vast Dominion, the length of this Annual Meeting has been much cur- 

"" ""V shall therefore be brief in bringing to your attention a few of the great 
changes affecting the women of Canada which have taken place during the 
six years of my Presidencv, and in endeavoring to leave with you some mes- 
sage, expressive of the convictions gathered from the observation and ex- 
perience of years. . j t i 
The principle of national enfranchisement of women has been adopted, 
although as vet only partially applied. As the privilege of government is 
now in large measure ours, so, too, is the accompanying responsibility ot 
Government. A vote is a small weapon of great power. We have sought 
it • let us see to it that it becomes, in our hands, the defender of every righteous 
cause Upon good citizenship is dependent the future of our race. Good 
citizenship includes knowledge of conditions as they are and unselfish effort 
to better them wherever betterment is possible. Good citizenship means 
lovino- one's neighbor as one's self, than which there is no higher law. lo 
care for the well-being of the public body, the public mind and the pubhc 
soul is the duty of good citizenship. 

The Council, in its earnest appeals to the Government for a Department 
of Public Health, shows its appreciation of the value of a sound public body. 
The war has opened the eyes of the nation to the value of the child, and our 
oft-repeated plea for Child Welfare has now many supporters. We rejoice 
to note the recent formation of The Canadian Association of Mental Hygiene, 
but, at the same time, we recall that, in efforts on behalf of the feeble-minded, 
The National Council of Women are pioneers. When the attention of the 
various Provinces was first drawn by the Council to the menace of the feeble- 
minded, the answer received from two Provinces was : "We have no feeble- 
minded in our Province ! " This cannot be said to-day. Continue persistent 
in vour endeavor to have these afflicted ones properly cared for, but segregated, 
in order that the fountain of life may not be polluted at its source. 

The recent call upon Ontario from her sister Province, Alberta, for help 
in the education of her complex population, reminds us of the vital importance 
of education to satisfactory assimilation of the foreign element already in 



26 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

our miilst, ami no doubt dostinetl to coiiie in yet preiiter force .-il'ter the \v;ir. 
"Not to l)e ministered unto, hut to minister" was the ideal set by the Great 
Teaelipr. and whether conditions l)e attractive or otherwise (so long as they 
be rejisonably safe), a call to the service of impressins u|ion the youthful 
alien in Canada the highest standards and ideals of Britisli democracy, of 
stamping upon him the hallmark of good British citizenship is, I maintain, 
as direct a call from King and Country as is that of fighting those who have 
not yet learned that brute force is not and never will be the ruling power upon 
earth. As the traditions of a i)eople can only be rightly taught in the lan- 
guage of that i)eoi)le, I would have you urge that English be taught in every 
school in Canada, and also that the present system of education be extended 
to include the teaching of French, the language of our friend and allj'. Self- 
Siicrificeis the watchword of success, and it is the spirit with which we w'ork 
that niaketh for righteousness. All educational effort, to be successful, must 
be based upon sympathy. Not through prejudice and bitterness, but through 
open-mindcdness and sympathy shall we win the loyalty of the stranger 
who has chosen to make his home amongst us. 

I have not yet touched upon the health of the public soul, upon which 
health of mind and body are both dependent. The Anglo-Saxon, as a rule, 
pays too little heed to the joyousness of life, more particularly of child life. 
Hap|)iness is essential to the world's well-being. Through music may we 
not only minister to a mind diseased, but, better still, anticipate and prevent 
disca.se. The love of music is God's own gift, but unfortimately this birth- 
right of song is not nationally developed. I would plead that the study of 
music be not only optional but compulsory in every jjublic school, — indeed, 
in every school in the land. Plato said centuries ago : 'Music is the finest 
education that a state can give its children." It is the one language under- 
stood by all the world. Our neighbors to the south are devoting more and 
more time to the study of music in the schools, also to eomnumity singing. 

It is recorded in the report of the Royal Commission on Tech- 
nical Education, of which Dr. Robertson of Ottawa was Chairman, that the 
best education wa.s found in those schools which gave most attention to the 
study of music. 

Prohibition has been adopted as a war measure of human conservation 
by one country after another since this colossal conflict began, and if it is to 
continue also as a pence, measure of conservation when the war is over, then 
ample provision must be made for indulgence of man's .social instinct. There 
iinist be more music— people's choruses and people's concerts within the reach 
of iieople's pockets. Let the art galleries also be thrown open to the public, 
that the inspiration of the beautiful may more and more enter into their lives. 

On all these points— national health, education and moral uplift— in 
relation to our native-born and to the stranger within our gates, success can 
best be attaine.l through united effort on the part of the women of Canada. 

The Women's War Conference held in Ottawa this sjjring, was deeply 
impressive in the spirit of unity which prevail<-il, .■ind one of the most hoiicful 



27 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



resolutions passed was a pledge fo>- the closest possMe co-operation h. v^^w 
of "an ever-gi-owing conviction that unity is an essential factor m the ^''I'^ng 
n th^wr" The great possibilities of our national life, no less than of the 
waf canonly be attled' through singleness of purpose, breadth of outlook 
war, can "^ > ^,^^^ „.^ ^^ j^^ ^^^ to ^j^ake a new 

:l:rtit:yeTof 'oui. dead ma., be the symbols of a happier dawn 

'" "xTe'^tar'work of our Federated .Associations, as shown in their reports^ 
is conv ncing proof of the earnestness of our members m assuming their shaie 
rthe burden of this unprecedented struggle. In spite of the weariness and 
IdLe Tne'table to four long years of war, there is no flagging of energy oi 

°^ ^IrS: t^ ll^r l'ir:2™r as yo. Presijn. I avail 
n^yself o? the opportumty to assm-e you that my association with The Na lona 
Council of Women has been one of the happiest experiences of m> life, and 
must always remain among its most che.ished "^^mories 

You have as an organization, given me your loyal suppoit and .> i"Pay^> 
and I a^^i dleplv appreciative of this no less than of the unfailing courtesj 

responsibilitv of office. 

A letter of regret was read from Her Excellex^cy, the Duchess 
of Devottshire, Hoitorary President of the Cot^ncth Regrets 
were received also from the following Honorary ^--P-^^'iff f^; 
Lady Laurier, Lady Aikins, Mrs. Grant, Lady Hetadne, Lad 
LeBlanc, Lady Lake ; and a cable of greeting from Lad^ 

^^""'MrT^Arthur Murphy, President of Canadian Women's 
Press Club, added to her regrets words of appreciation of the 
far-reaching influence of the Council during the regime of Mrs. 
Torrington, the retiring President. 

Moved by Dr. Stowe Gullen. Toronto, seconded by Mrs. 
H. A. Boomer, London, that the Secretary cable greetings 
to Lady Aberdeen. 

The following were appointed to act as tellers : Mrs. Johii 
Stanfleld, Truro, Mrs. J. D. Lamont, St. Thomas, Mrs. T. D. 
Brown, Regina. 

REPORT OF THE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY 
To attempt a full report of the work which has been carried on during 
the list year by the manv Federated Associations of The National Council 
o Women would be to court failure at the outset. Fortunately, the work is 



28 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

too ext<?iisive iind its influence too far-reacliing to admit of detailed repetition. 
You will be deeply interested, however, in reading the reports of Federatetl 
Assoeiations whicli arc in your hands. They contain a reconl of work which 
would be truly astonishing were it not for the fact that we have long since 
ceased to be astonished at the energy, ability and sacrifice of our Canadian 
women. 

It is gratifying to report affiliation since the last annual meeting of eight 
new Local Councils iSt. Thomas, Sault Ste. Marie, Stratliroy, Trenton, St. 
Catharines, Welland, Cialt, \'irden), and of five Provincially Organized Societies 
(Women's Institutes of Alberta, United Farm Women of Alberta, Home 
Economics Societies of Manitoba, Women Grain Growers of Manitoba, Ontario 
^^oman Citizens' Association), making an aggregate of 51 Councils and 25 
Nationally or Provincially Organized Societies. 

Your Secretary has made rcjieated efforts to get in touch with every 
Council and Society in federation. A certain amount of correspondence, in 
many cases sufficient to prove the greatest activity, has been carried on with 
all Councils except IngersoU, Olds and Sudbury, from which no word has 
been received. Pembroke has written only since the Ottawa Executive ; 
Ponoka sent a list of officers last August and has not been heard from since ; 
North Bay explained that it had "gone to sleep" as a Council for the duration 
of the war, and the correspondence from Sydney, N.S., consists only of nomin- 
ations. 

Acknowledgments of resolutions to the Government and its various de- 
partments have been almost invariably interested and sympathetic. 

The Prime Minister, Sir Robert Borden, acknowledged receipt of our 
letter of July 7th, containing series of resolutions and statements voicing the 
opimons of the National Council expressed at the annual meeting in Winnipeg. 

Replies were received from the Provincial Governments of Alberta, 
Manitoba, Ontario and Saskatchewan, re resolution of The National Council 
of Women regarding alterations in the Election Law relating to quaiification 
of foreign women; also from the Departments of Education of Alberta, British 
Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia. Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan, 
re instruction on Sex Hygiene, to be given in training schools for teachers by 
fpiahfiefl i)hysicians. In eases, prior to the Ottawa Executive, where replies 
contame.1 information of a definite nature, many of these have been com- 
municated to the members of the Federated Associations through the columns 
of Woman's Century. 

A most interesting statement (December 2Ist) was received from the 
Ue,,artment of the Postmaster-General, in which were set forth the insuper- 
able obstacles to adoption by our Government of a method similar to that 
employed by the United States of sui.plying used magazines to our soldiers 



over»ea«. 



Several rer>lie« to resolutions sent from the Ottawa Executive were too 
lengthy to be mcluded in Council columns of Wmnon's CenUmj and could 
not well be condensed. Of these I wouM make particular reference to a 



oq 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



detailed replv from the Secretary of the Canada Food Board to our Resokition 
„ Cold Storage, in which explanation was given of what has already been 
done tlirough Regvdations and Orders-in-Councils to check the evils of hoard- 
ing and waste, and setting forth the undesirabiUty of creating an army of 
inspectors, who, in addition to being removed from productive occupation, 
would have to be added to the Government pay roll 

We regret to learn that one of the recent suggested amendments of the 
Criminal Code, which covered our request re false registering as man and 
wife in hotels or rooming houses, has been thro.v-n out by the benate^ 

Our resolution re quack advertising brought from the M.mster of Justice 
the assurance that he would look into the state of the law m regard to use of 
His Majesty's mails for advertising of quack medicines ; and from the office 
of the ittornev-General for Ontario the statement that a copy of our letter 
had been forwarded to the Superintendent of Provincial Pohce, and that 
Crown Attorneys of the various Counties had been advised. 

The Minister of Justice promised investigation of the state of the law 
as regards trap-shooting of Uve pigeons. . 

Our resolution re revision of certain sections of the Criminal Code and 
recommendation that such amendnrents as have referenc^es to ques ions m 
which distinctions based upon sex are made may not be decided until after 
Tonference with representatives of The National Council of Women included 
n the reply (April 9th) the suggestion that the Mimster would endeavor to 
receive a delegation from the Council, should they desire an immediate intev- 

"'"'Effort was made to secure suitable representation, ^'^^^^^^f^^ 
and absence from home, those whom it was thought were best fitted to discus 
the matter were not available. At a later date, foUowmg publication of 
Bm 69 'An let to Amend the Criminal Code," a wire was sent to Mrs. 
Adam Shortt, asking her, m a proposed interview with the Mmister of Justice, 
fo reT^i^sent The National Council of Women on those pomts m regard to 
wh c'r trLcutive had already expressed itself. Mrs. Short., herself was 
labie to represent the Council, but the Ottawa local conveners of the 
comn^ttees on Citizenship and Equal Moral Standard went with representa- 
tives of Ihe Ontario Woman Citizens' Association and were given a syn.pa- 

thetic hearing. . 

The resolution forwarded to the Prime Mimster, respecting employinen 
of female labor in ship-binlding, was commended to the M.mster of Naval 

Service. „ t^ i.- 

Having forwarded to the Government from the Ottawa Executive a 

resolutrr. Titles, Decorations, or Orders, similar m import to he Richard- 

n rendment to'the Nickle Resolution, the recent prolonged ; eW in ^h 

House on this subject, no less than the conclusion of the whole mattei, must 

"ave been of unusual interest to every member of the Executive Committee. 

While regretting that no Government action was taken toward arrangmg . 
tor a national day oFintercession and prayer during the great enemy offensive 



30 THE NATIONAL COrXCII. OF 

of last Manli, vet the prompt and sympathetic responses of the Federated 
Associsitious to the appeal of the Xatioiial Executive that each arrange locally 
for such a day, was conchisive proof that the women of Canada increasingly 
realize that "more things are wrought by prayer than the world dreams of." 
Re commandeering of vacant lands for productive jmrposes, wc are in- 
debted to Mr. .\braham of the Canada Food Board for a detailed statement 
of precisely what steps had been taken by each Province in this regard. On- 
tario had already enacted favorable legislation, as had also Saskatchewan. 
Following the suggestion that any assistance the Covincil could render in pro- 
moting Provincial legislation would lie appreciated, copies of the Uesolution 
were forwarded to the Premiers of all other Provinces. British Coknnbia has 
since passed a Bill conscripting vacant land for food iiroduction. 

In reply to a request from the Canada Food Board for the co-operation 
of the Council in the "Soldiers of the Soil" campaign, a carefully prepared 
letter w:us forwarded to the Chairman of the Board, expressing sympathy in 
the object, but mging that the greatest care be taken to protect the boys 
against over-strain, either from too hea\'j' work or too long hours, to see that 
they lived in camps or groups under proper supervision, and to guard against 
any reduction in the school term — in short, that the boys be safeguarded 
physically, morally and "educationally." The Board expressed appreciation 
of our very jjractical suggestions and stated that they had forwarded a copy 
of our letter to the Y.M.C..\., who were in charge of the work of supervision. 
A copy of this letter w;is sent also from the Council to Dr. Riddell, Ontario 
Superintendent of Trades and Labor, who promised to bring the matter to 
the attention of the Labor Connnittec. Desiring to obtain more definite in- 
formation as to details of what was really being done, your Secretary had a 
long conversation with Dr. Hitldell, from whom she gathered that the points 
urged in our letter are not sufficiently safeguarded ; not, be it understood, 
through any indifference on the part of those handling the problem, but 
through the difficulty of devising a plan whereby satisfaction would be given 
to all parties, and the aim of the Campaign, increased production, be quickly 
att.iined. Dr. Ridilell would welcome definite constructive suggestions from 
The National Council of \\'omen. 

Still another emergency resolution was forwarded to the Ontario Govern- 
ment, asking that some arrangement be made, as a war measure, whereby 
teachers may lend their services in provinces other than Ontario without 
having to sacrifice Ontario certificates, etc. This was felt to be of particular 
importance, in view of the very large number of schools in ^^'cstern Canada 
that had been obliged to close their doors for lack, not of pupils, but of teachers . 

In F'ebruarj' a telegram wiw received from Victoria Local Council, asking 
that, in view of the conference of Provincial Premiers then in session, wc forward 
a resolution sisking the Oovernment to take charge of vacant farms belonging 
to soldiers at the front, when so desired by owners or frientls in charge, and 
to put relumed men to work them under control of a good inspector ; further. 



31 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



ti.„ nf ., f.irm be taken as a part course in agriculture and 
Toronto, was consulted, "e onsideiea re-education for 



sion. 



The Sub-Executive Committee was authorized by the Annual Meeting 
ihe ^UD £..\teuiix Fairbau-n received 

will report for her Committee during this meeting. 

Tvote of Federated Associations on the Winnipeg resolution '-Recreation 

against the resolu ion eight urts favo J ^^^^^,^,^,,^ ,,d others did 

:::::::: "^^^Z:::^:^^^^ been refen-ed to federated Associations 
b.theK^lutioi.Comr.tt^^^ 

Last August the >ationai&ei ML e ^.:^^^x Service posters, these 

to take charge of the distribution "^ \00;0.°°^^^^^^^^^ ,,d other public 

""L„ ,. De.,,,,...,. ...;, . ;T;rxr.rcr-"r'.;^.; 

Couucib and m.tio„«lh Orjam^.O am „,, ,„, „„i 

,„ .he work of c„„»,-a„on „.l ■»™>«^ ' ° f ~, ,,„ ,„„„ ,;„ ,„ ,i,„. 
and Bener.1 liiiM ol work ..iBtCTtod Ule...um ».« . 



32 TIIK NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

forwardeti to the various Federated Association.s by request of the Food Con- 
troller and, later, of the Canada Food Board. In adiiition to this, your Secre- 
tary, in indivitlual letters, made constant appeals for preater activity. Re- 
sponses have been nuinerons and encouraging. Unfortunately, owing to the 
fact that the Women's Auxiliary of the Organization of Resources Committee 
of Dntario had already l)een formed in order to act in the interest of Food 
liesources in Ontario, the National Council was asked to discontinue further 
eflort in Ontario. We were requested to continue our efforts as heretofore 
in Provinces other than Ontario. With an organization such as ours, held 
together by its many links, this was most difficult of accomplishment. It 
seems a jiity that some means of co-operation between the Women's Auxiliary 
and the National Council could not have been discovered by the Food Board 
which would have avoided the necessity of discontinuing work of so great 
importance already successfully undertaken by our Councils, work which 
brought a message of congratulation from Lord Rhondda himself. 

On rcfiuest , brief reports were prepared by Mrs. h.X. Hamilton, convener of 
the Committee on Agiiculture for Women, on "The Rabbit," and "The 
Guinea Fowl," and the keeping of hens and bees, with particular reference 
to their care and their value as a food resoiu-ce. 

A long and carefully prepared report containing suggestions in conserva- 
tion and substitutes was compiled by Mrs. E. P. Xewhall, convener of the com- 
mittee on Household Economics. This contains also many valuable recipes. 

The National Council was represented at the Canadian Conference of 
Social Welfare in Ottawa, Sejitember, 1917, by several Council representatives, 
and at the Public Health Conference, also held in Ottawa during the same 
month, by Mrs. Ninian Smillie. 

The Business Committee of the \ictory War Loan made use of our list 
of members and asked if they might count upon us for co-operation. They 
were a.ssured of our cordial support. Several of our number were later made 
members of the Honorary War Loan Committee. 

On April Htth, a delegation from The National Council of Women waited 
upon the CJoverninent at Ottawa to urge the establishment of a Federal De- 
partment of Public Health. Particular stress was laid upon the menace of 
the fecbU-mindctl and the crying need of co-ordination in dealing not only 
with the problem of feeble-mindedness, but also with the present aiiiialling con- 
ditions in regard to venereal diseases. Child Welfare received the considera- 
tion due ,so important a branch of Public Health, and the imperative need of 
adequate immigration regulations was dwelt upon. In connection with these 
points the need of co-ordination of Provincial measures through a Federal 
Department was repeatedly emphasized. The delegation received a sj-m- 
pathetic hearing from the Committee of the War Cabinet, and were encour- 
aged to hope that satisfactory action would be taken in the near future. 

Four Local Councils (Hamilton, London, St. Thomas, and Edmonton) 
sent in resolutions for di.scussion at this annual meeting, urging action in 
regard to venereal disea.ses and the feeble-minded. In view of the fact that 



WOMEN OF CANADA 33 

a Department of Public Health would include these particular branches, it 
was felt that to follow so soon with a special appeal for what was a part only 
of our larger request would be unwise. These Councils were therefore asked 
to withdraw their resolutions, at least until the Government should have been 
given reasonable time in which to take action. 

It was with great satisfaction that the Coimcil heard of the appointment 
of a woman on the Canada Registration Board, more particularly so as the 
honor of being the one chosen bj^ the Govermnent fell upon one of our own 
most gifted members, Mrs. H. P. Plumptre. 

Following announcement of June 22nd as Registration Day, and in view 
of the fact that The National Council of Women had offered its services to 
the Govermnent and m-ged by resolution that all Federated Associations hold 
themselves in readiness to serve, it was felt that the Executive Committee 
should be consulted as to desirability of curtaihng length of the annual meet- 
ing. A vote was taken and of those replying, either in writing or by wire, 
none objected to curtailment, the great majority favoral it, wliile several 
strongly advocated postponement. 

Registration offers one more opportunity of National Service which, we 
feel assured, will receive the hearty co-operation of all Council members. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

IDA A. FAIRBAIRN. 



34 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



Treasurer's Report 

The Treasurer, Mrs. George Watt, presented the following 
report : 

ANNVAL REPORT OF THE XATIOXAL COUXCTL OF WO.MEX OF 
CAXADA FOR THE YEAR EXDIXG APRIL 30th, 191S. 

RECEIPTS 

April 30th, 1917, Balance : 

Rest Fund S 31 86 

Extension Fund 361 49 



S 393 35 



Aifiliation Fees 5 480 00 

Assessed CouncU Aid l."27 90 

Year Books 33 25 

Advertisements ^^^ ^^ 

Annual Patrons 310 00 

Sundries : 

.\ssociate Members S4() 00 

Petty Cash returned by Mrs. \V. Cummings. 25 00 

Sale of CouncU Pins 13 25 

Sale of Council Literature 1 Oa 

Donation '. 35 78 

Donation from Montreal 15 30 

Interest on Rest Fund 95 

131 33 

Interest on Extension Fund 1 80 



3,642 78 



§4,036 13 



.\udited and found correct. 

K. V. BUXXELL & CO., 
Per E. M. HrFFMAX. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 



35 



EXPENDITURES 

April 30th, 191(5, Deficit, General Fund $ 27 12 

Correspouding Secretary's Expenses : 

Office Supplies • • 5 55 32 

Postage 91 81 

Rent and Salary : 

Mrs. Willoughbv Cummings, April 22nd to 

July 26th, 1917 S263 99 

Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn, July 26th to April 

26th, 191S 750 00 

1,013 99 

1,161 12 

Recording Secretary's Expenses 11 70 

Treasvn-er's Expenses ■15 43 

Piinting and Stationery : 

Agendas $21 50 

Stationery 118 18 

Ballot Papers 3 75 

Revised Constitution 8 00 

Achievements and Catechism, per Mrs. Cummings. ... 30 75 

Year Book 846 00 

Postage and Express 131 90 

Advertising Contracts 12 50 

Commission for Advertising Agent 295 55 

1,468 13 

Travelling Expenses 459 46 

Sundries : 

Incorporation Act and Envelopes S 75 

Cartage 10 00 

Telegrams, Telephones and Cables 105 35 

Petty Cash to Corresponding Secretary 25 00 

Spray for Dr. Torrington 12 00 

Expenses— Dr. Ritcliie England and Prof. Derick on 

special Committee to Ottawa 15 30 

''Canada Gazette" -1 00 

Casefor Books 10 00 

Life Patron Plate and Cards 33 25 

Debit Interest 17 75 

British ^^'omen's Institute Fee 2 60 

236 00 

April 30th, 1918 : 

Balance Extension Fund S363 29 

Balance Rest Fund 32 81 

Balance General Fund 231 07 

627 17 

$4,036 13 
MARGARET C. WATT, Treasurer. 



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38 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



On motion of Mrs. F. T. Frost, seconded by Mrs. A. M- 
Huestis. Messrs. K. V. Bunnell & Co. were re-appomted 
Honorary Auditors for the year 1918-19. 

On motion of Recording Secretary, seconded by Dr. Mar- 
garet Johnston, a Resolutions Committee was appomted by 
the chair to deal with all Emergency Resolutions. Members 
of the Committee were Mrs. S. Stead, Halitax. Mrs. H. P. 
Plumptre, Toronto, Miss E. Tatley, Montreal. 

Report of Special Committee on Reports 
Lady Falconer, Toronto, reported as follows for the Special 
Committee on Reports : 

Reports were received from the Provincial \-ice-Presidents 
of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario 
and Saskatchewan, each bringing its own note of advance 
and showing that a virile life is coursing through the Local 

Councils. 

Reports of Standing Committees were comprehensive and 
of intense interest and, with slight changes and additions, 

were approved. u at 

Moved bv the Recording Secretary, seconded by Mrs. K. M. 
Graham, and carried, that these reports be accepted and 
printed in the Year Book without re-reading. 

Reports of Provincial Vice-Presidents 

ALBERTA 
Henrietta Mum Edwards, Macleod, Pronncidl Vice-President 

With the exception of the Edmonton Council, all the Local Councils 
have been visited since the last Annual Meeting of the National Council. 
The Weta.ski«in Local Council has done excellent work, the City Council 
co-operating in a most sympathetic manner with its efforts for the welfare of 
the town. The work of the Sanitation Committee was particularly admirable. 

Ab Provincial \'ice-I>resident of the National Council, the woik of dis- 
tributing in Alberta the National Service Hangers sent out by The National 
.Service Board was undertaken by me. The Local Councils in the different 
cities appointed Committees to have them hung in suitable places. The 
work was efficiently carried out. 

A meeting of the Provincial Law Committee was calle<l in February for 
the election of officers and other business. At this meeting a delegation was 



■WOMEN OF CANADA 39 

appointed to present to the Legislature, then in session, the proposed legisla- 
tion which had been submitted to the Local Councils. The report of this 
delegation is included in the report of the Standing Committee on Laws. At 
the February meeting of the Provincial Law Committee it was decided to 
lay before the Local Councils a plan to widen the scope of the Committee 
so as to be able to take into consideration other provincial questions. It was 
also decided to ask the Council to endorse a suggestion of an annual provincial 
conference. A conference of delegates from some of the Local Councils was 
held the same day as that of the meeting of the Law Committee. 

No new Councils have been formed during the past year in Alberta, as 
it was thought best to have the financial obligations of the Local Councils to 
the National settled before organizing new Councils, but preparatory work 
has been done in several towns. 

The pressure of war work in which most of the Council members are 
actively engaged has liindered any very progressive or initial Council work 
during the past year in most of the smaller Councils. 

On my return from the Women's Conference at Ottawa, as representative 
of the National Council in Alberta, I visited eight towns, addressing the 
women of these towns on the work of the Conference. In every case I was 
m-ged to return in the near future and keep the women in touch with the 
war problems of Canada. 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 

Maude M. Welsh, Vancouver, Pronncial Vice-President 

It is with regret that I am not able to report any expansion of Council 
work for British Columbia, war conditions being such that it has not been 
found expedient to try to organize new Councils till after the war. 

I have corresponded with prominent women workers in different localities 
and the answer invariably comes, "Wait till we are not so much pledged with 
the demands of the war." A very keen interest has, however, been general 
in the already existing foirr Councils in every line of work and they are making 
themselves increasingly appreciated in their different locahties. 

The Councils as a whole, and their Societies, have devoted a very large 
share of their time and energy to War Work — Red Cross, Daughters of Em- 
pire, Food Consei-vation, Returned Soldiers' Clubs, Casualty Units, and 
various other phases of this kind of work, notwithstanding which the co- 
ordinate work of each Council has not been neglected. 

The Local Council reports will cover the work as carried on by the local 
organizations, but mention must be made of some of the outstanding endeavors 
of the Province, when the Provincial Committee of Conservation was in the 
formation. The Provincial Vice-President was invited to represent the 
Province, whereupon I requested that each Local President be appointed on 
the same Committee. We have been persistent in interviewing the Legisla- 



40 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

ture regarding Mothers' pensions, also in regard to a mininmin Nvage for 
women, which is soon to be put into force. 

In British Cohimbia we realize that the formation of a Provincial Com- 
mittee would be beneficial to the work. It is also felt that a fund should be 
provided for financing at least a portion of the expenses of a Council repre- 
sentative. The distances are great in our province and travelling expenses 
are heavy and for that reason the work is somewhat handicapped. I trust 
that my successor in office will be able to accompUsh more than I have done 
and find herself equipped with the necessary assistance for her work. 

MANITOBA 
Rebecca D.ayton, Virdex, Provincial Vice-Premlent 

The work accomplished thi-ough the efforts of the Local Councils of 
Manitoba during the past year is an inspiration and education to the women 
of the whole province, and many who did not understand their value 
are beginning to take an interest, and are realizing the boon they may be in 
co-ordinating the work of women's organizations and promoting a spirit of 
co-operation. This is partly brought about by the publicity given through 
"Woman's Century," which many prairie women are now taking. All should 
do so. 

Sentiment leading to the establishment of Union Government was largely 
due to the work of our Local Councils and federated societies. At first the 
men's meetings simply fell apart, strong party division showed itself every- 
where, bvit through the persistent efforts and influence of the Local Councils 
a better understanding was brought about. Public meetings were held in 
many jjlaces by which both men and women were educated. In Virden, 
where the men's " Win the War ' ' meeting resulted only in division, the women's 
meeting held afterward had a most beneficial influence. The speakers were 
from Winnipeg and Brandon Local Councils and I have no doubt they did 
much to influence the vote in Virden. 

The educational campaign for food consor\'ation has been greatly aided 
by the Local Councils and federated societies. 

Winnipeg Council often leads the way in work valuable to the whole 
Province. 

Brandon, which for many years has done such good work, is especially 
8ucce.ssful in promoting a splendid spirit of co-operation among its women. 
Its work for a Child Welfare Station is paving the way for others to be estab- 
lished in the Province. It is also planning for supervised play. Recreation 
under suitable conditions is undoubtedly the best antidote for many troubles 
that beset our young people. 

At my request members of the Brandon Council attended a criminal 
trial in that city, in which the school children from another town were in- 
volved. They brought in valuable recommendations, which ai)pear in their 
report. 



4-1 

WOMEN OF CANADA ^'■ 



The reports of all are most interesting reading, especially of the new Councils 
of Portage la Prairie and Dauphin, which have only been in existence a httle 
over a vear. Dauphin's record of patriotic work is exceptional. It is also 
working for a Child Welfare Station which will include medical inspection of 

its schools. I ■ I, T 

Portage la Prairie has established a branch of McGiU library, which 1 
had the pleasure of visiting recently. I found it very attractively placed in 
a nicely-heated room donated for the purpose. 

Their early deliverv By-law, which provides that persons ordering after 
five o'clock must carry "their owm parcels, thus preventing young boj's, who 
do most of the delivering, from being out late— an especial hardship in winter- 
should be in force everywhere. 

The Dower Act, passed at the last session of the Mamtoba Legislature 
throu>rh the influence of women's organizations, and of which Mr. Stephen 
Clement of Brandon was the father, will be a gi-eat boon to the women of the 
Province and to those who may hereafter come to it. 

We have had manv cases of serious hardsliip when the husband disposed 
of the home without the consent of the wife and left her without any support. 
This Law provides, among other things, that the husband cannot sell the 
home, or homestead (320 acres) without his wife's consent. 

The Home Economic Societies, which federated with the National Council 
this year, are at present putting on a provincial-wide campaign to the end 
thateverv part of the Province may be organized, so that if necessity 
should arise, the women might be called on in a very short time. 

Speakers are being sent out to bring home the great necessity ot food 
conser%'ation, also to speak on the fuel question and explain the new Dower 
Law and laws affecting women and children. 

Through our efforts district nurses are being established ever>'^vhere. 
This means that mothers may have prenatal advice, that the child from time 
of birth to school age will have skilled care and that every school will be 

medicallv inspected. „ ■, ^, r a 

I am verv pleased to be able to report the new Council recently formed 
in Virden This town was to have been organized at the same time as Portage 
la Prairie, but the time did not seem quite opportune. However, the need 
has been keenlv felt lately and last month, with the assistance of Mrs. Charles 
Robson, the organization of a Council was completed. Its avowed object is 
to prevent overlapping and further the war work in that district and to strive 
for definite teaching of life's truths to our children and also for better recrea- 
tional facilities. .u ^ »u ~ „t 
Your representative feels that we need more funds in order that the great 
value of the Councils may be brought home to the people. 



NEW BRUNSWICK 
(No report received.) 



42 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

XO\'A SCOTIA 

Caroline E. Carmichael, New Glasgow, Provincial Vice-President 

War work again formed a barrier to the organization of new Local Coun- 
cils in Nova Scotia this year, but our record of accomjilislLients along war 
lines amongst the women of our Province is a high one. 

A\\ sL\ Local Councils have been more or less active and are fast gaining 
in the appreciation of the powers that be. 

The sunmions from headquarters to distribute the Government National 
Service Posters was readily responded to, and the Victory Loan Scheme was 
also ably assisted by our membere. 

The appalling disaster that befell Halifax, our Cajntal, in December, 
gave the women of oiu' Province an excei^tional opportunity of expressing 
their practical sympathy in a wonderful manner. While every town and 
hamlet lent its unstinted aid, I feel that to Truro mvist be accorded the first 
place, for to few places has it fallen to the uninitiated to see such sights as the 
women of that town witnessed. In the absence of nurses and doctors, who 
had gone to the scene of action, and led mostly by the President of the Local 
Council, those women nursed and fed and clothed and dressed the awful 
wounds of hundreds of the victims sent to them from the WTeckage. 

Another line of work done by our women has been in connection with 
the Food Pledge cards which they have lent a helping hand in distributing, 
and they are now holding themselves in readiness, in line with the rest of the 
women of Canada, to do their [jart in the work of registration so soon to be 
put into force. 



ONTARIO 
II. Sophie Sanfokd, Hamilton, Provincial Vice-President 

It is a pleasure to be able to report the formation of seven Local Councils 
in Ontario since my appointment as its Provincial Vice-President in June, 
1917. These are in the following places : Sault Ste. Marie, Trenton, Strath- 
roy, St. Thomas, Gait, Welland, and St. Catharines, making the total number 
of Ix)cal Councils in Ontario nineteen. To these will be added shortly, it is 
expected, three others, for the formation of Councils in Kitchener, Brockville, 
and Stratford is now under way. 

In the month of July, 1917, the help of the Councils was asked for by 
the National Ser\'ice Board of the Dominion Government in their campaign 
on behalf of thrift and food conservation. A committee of the Council was 
formo<l of members residing in Ottawa, appointed by the National President, 
and the work wjis, by this Committee, delegated to the Provincial Vice- 
Presidents in order to secure the co-operation of the Local Councils, and of 
the workers in other centres where there are not Local Councils. 

I invited Mrs. Willoughby Cunmiings to join me in this undertaking and 
together we vLsited and held successful meetings in Whitby, Cobourg, Belle- 



43 

WOMEN OP CANADA 



visiting Gait, Woodstoclc Bra^ I , ^^^^ ^^^^^.^^^ .^ Kitchener, 

S^ttrr sf Mal^i- inTd:Ution to t.ie places where the new Councils 

"^^ m7i "atherings the amis, ideals and work of the National Council 
were a so luiwlt f orth, and the advantage of the formation of a Local ^-^^ 

("■r-nnpil hpforp their various local societies. 

In every placl visited the hearty co-operation of the women was secued 
in eveiy pij- Motionil Service Board in the factories, 

among the Registration workers. 



QUEBEC 

(No report received.) 



SASKATCHEWAN 
Christina Murhay, Saskatoon, Provincial Vice-President 
AS Vice-President for^ske.^™I;^ett.a^^^^^ 

Lr^: wS?^=:::tr ^ -^ Batt^Jd . considering the 



44 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

matter :iii(l will probably organize this summer. I am also hoping to organize 
some of the small towns, where it is possible to include existing societies in the 
surrounding districts. This would help to bring about the necessary inter- 
change of opinions and ideas between country and town women. Some of 
the towns approached do not seem to have a very clear idea of w'hat a Local 
Council means, and reply that they already have societies enough. My 
feeling is that there is much to be done in preparing for the formation of Local 
Councils, and that the literature now provided for the purpose is quite in- 
adequate. The leaflets cannot do more than give a very slight idea of the 
extent of National Council work, but I find that if the women of a town are 
interested at all, the sending of one or two Year Books is a great incentive. 
My supply of the.se. however, is very limited. 

All of the Saskatchewan Councils have had good and most jirogressive 
years, and, in addition to the ordinary work, have been very active in the 
various war interests, such as food conservation and greater production and, 
at the pre.sent time, registration. We hope also to have a systematic study 
of the Laws for Women and Children taken up by each Council. A resolution 
concerning the preparation of a pamphlet on "Home Nursing and the Care 
and Feeding of Infants," presented by Regina, has been sent to each Council 
and approved. 

My appointment to the Provincial Food Control Committee and the 
Provincial Social Service Committee and the invitation to the Women's 
Conference at Ottawa are, I believe, direct recognition of the work of the 
National Council. 

Since the last meeting of the National Council an Act Concerning 
Mothers' Pensions has been jmssed and become law, and the Juvenile Court 
Act ha.s come into effect. The Home for Dplin(iuent Girls has not yet been 
established, but we believe that the Government is giving this matter serious 
consideration and that, as soon as the war is over, some action is to be taken. 
In all of these questions the Local Councils have taken an active part. 

It is a matter of regret that so far I have not been able to visit Prince 
Albert, but I hope to do so during the summer. While on my way from 
Swift Current I had the privilege of meeting the Executives of the Moose 
Jaw and Regina Councils and of holding interesting discussions with each 
upon the desired changes in the constitution. These changes have also been 
discuKsed at Saskatoon and it is felt that much of the effect of the work of 
the Local Councils is lost because of a lack of Provincial co-ordination, and 
we believe that the form proposed for a Provincial Council is the only way 
out of the difficulty. For example, the women of this Province are facing 
the fact that the domestic help problem is an exceedingly serious one, more 
especially for the women on farms. What body, then, could better discuss 
and try U> find a .solution than a Council representing every woman's activity, 
town and country alike. And this is only one of the manv iiuestions now con- 
stantly arising. And surely the work of the National Standing Committees 
might be ma<ie much more effective through corresponding Provincial Com- 



45 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



mrttees. Therefore we are hoping that the necessary change, ma be bough 

about at this annual meeting, for in th.s way -°"*^^V7:i;" 1^ ' be £ 
into closer touch and a true spirit of co-operation w,ll undoubted^ be the 

result. 

Reports of Conveners of Standing Committees 

AGRICULTURE FOR WOMEN 
Constance E. Hamilton, Toroxto, Conmner 
In January your Convener wrote to all members of her Committee, 
urging necS of production, and asking them to stimulate nUerestm 
uth'tW gardens, in the keeping of hens and, for suburban places, m the 
keepng of pigs. It was also suggested that in places large enough sheep 
sWd be kept and that guinea fowls and rabbits or ^.a-s -igh wel be pro- 
duced for food. At the request of the Secretary of the N.CA\ ., your Con 
vener wrote several short articles for use by the Food Controller. 

"""^T^'o^tnds the programme of a children's flower and vegetable show 
to be held in September ; information re gardening m the Rural Science 
Training School, which meets in July and August, to give the teacher specific 
injiructfon in the Art of Gardening, since growing of flowers and vegetables 
is now considered a regular part of school work. 

"^""^Zudon sends a most interesting report of development. The Woman's 
Gardening Association is aheady hard at work to make its second season a 
success Two hundred and fifty members are pledged to do their bit towards 
tS the soil in community and private gardens. One hundred of the club 
members are girls under fifteen years of age. The total membership is an 
Screase of one hundred over last year, and the society expects a valuable 
Xr rom its work in the way of food production. The aim of the Associ- 
^Z. is two-fold-to increase production and to encourage gardeumg among 
tmen and girls. Besides the large number of private gardens belonging t^ 
members of the club, sixteen community gardens are under cultivation^ 
Las" year there were only six. As all this land was previously unused, t^he 
usefuln' ss of this plan of gardening can readily be understood. The regula- 
tions include a condition that a part of each crop shall be used as a donation 
to natrioHc work, but some of the workers are offering their entn-e production. 
ItTe^ ted that m the summer the Association will have a cart at the 
llZZ which the proceeds of the gardens, which go to patriotic funds, 
wdl be sold There is a plan for making the cart attractive by havmg youth- 
fTu vendoi in French peasant costume, but the details of this part of the 
work are yet undecided. Later in the season the Association will institute a 
JerLs of lectures on canning and drying, and an exhibit such as last years 
will be prepared for the Western Fair. 



46 THE NATIONAL COCNCU. OF 

Ottawa. — The Local Council is not undertaking the conservation work 
this year. So many other organizations are interested that it was not found 
ncccssar}'. 

Xew Liskeard reports excellent work done by Girl Guides and the 
" Do Your Bit " girls in growing potatoes and other vegetables. The Guides 
also did weeding and fruit picking. They offered their services in the hay 
field to farmers, but this was declined. The girls of the Continuation School 
al.so di<i excellent work in potato growing, whilst some of the girls gave up 
their school work to stay and work on the Home Farm at no small sacrifice. 
One girl of thirteen, with the help of a younger sister, did nearly all the field 
work of the farm last season, which included handling of horses on the mower, 
her father not being well enough, in order to save the crops ; another girl 
undertook the housekeeping in the home in town for a family of five brothers 
and sisters, while she freed her mother to go out to the farm to look after the 
needs of the fanner and hired help there. Still another managed a small 
apiarj- by investing her own savings, and later on went out to farm and as- 
sisted in anj-thing or everytliing that needed doing there. .Another, whose 
father is at the Front, did ahnost every kind of work on the home farm. 
Girls of the Continuation School of New Liskeard are certainly ser\-ing their 
countrj' well. 

Brantford reports a vjust improvement on last year, as every woman 
who has an inch of ground is tilling it. The Convener at Brantford urged 
cultivation tliroughout the country by soldiers' wives and mothers with a 
ver>- gratifying response. Some women have large plots under cultivation 
and the giiLs are signing up splendidly for farm work and fruit picking, other 
women are keeping bees and poultry. The number of women engaged in 
various forms of cultivation and poult rj--keeping, etc., is estimated at three 
hundred for Brant County. Brantford has a community garden, which is 
creating great interest and enthusiasm ; the piece of land used had been 
lying idle for some years and is now a beauty spot. 

Torotiio.— While in normal times a certain number of women have 
always been employed on fruit farms during the berry season, organized 
female help on mixe.1 farms and for food production on truck farms is entirely 
due to war contlitions and is still in the experimental stage. The year lOl's 
murks the l>eginning of a new era in Canadian agriculture and perhaps in 
horticulture also. The profound and far-reaching good accruing from a 
patriotic desire on the part of our women to aid in feeding our overseas armies 
ahould not be allowed to lapse when peace is once more the established order 
of affairs. Women and girls hitherto uninterested in rural life will probably 
retain plcjisurable memories of theh- brief taste of outdoor labor and should 
opportunities occur later on to return to the land thev may be more wilhng 
to consider it than heret<jfore. 

The .sciisf.n is not yet sufficiently advanced to give definite results of this 
new experiment, but a few figures provided by the Government Employment 
Bureau in Toronto will serve to show, to some slight extent, how the women 



47 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



1 J *„ tUo "C-sU " In viewing these figures it 
in this vicinity have [-P^-Y^hlv auite a munber ol women have obtained 
must be remembered hat probably q^'f ^ ".^"^°^^ .^^ to advertisements 
work on farms privately, either through ^"^■^ds or m ans-e ^^^^^^^t 

in the press, and therefore their names would not appear on 

Bureau books. ,„< for-? 

Up to June 1st, lyio 

Number of applicants for work, about 3,000 

Number notified to report later when season 

commences (chiefly fruit picking and canmng) 1,000 

Number placed on mixed farms ^ 

Number to attend to poultry ^^ 

Number placed on truck farms 

camiing frmt and vegetables. The jlj™^^'* ^^ f^, has not been 

supply. E. D. Smith o ^^ mona, asked ^00=^^' ^ t^^^ ^^^^ .^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

able to obtam quite that '^"'f <''~;j,^^:;^„^,^,';',:„,eries have also applied for 
day minimum for piece work, iwo otnei 

g"'ls- . T „f tv,;= vpqv Miss Winifred Harvey got 

T,.,m.No: Early m J«~y ot "> " >'" * ';,"J.„„„„y S.lurda, 

of $4.00 per week was made for ^^^^^ /^" ^^ f .^„ ^^^ instruction. These 

applied. . „+^.t while none of the women placed on the 

It is clear from the ^ "'^^S""^^. ^^.'^ ^^J" '^'^^fl necessarj- for skilled work, 

farms have had an adequate agricultuial trammg nee doubtless 

Inly a negligible number have --^^^^ J,— t:L„,. Since women 
largely due to lack "[^^^'^.^^X^ouiA appear that there is an 
are only used ^-^^^^^;^:Tio'vCon.n, run on the lines of the 
urgent need of ^ Hoitmjtuia ^^^^-^.^^^.^ in addition to gardemng. 



^ THK XATIONAL rOUNTIL OF 

Before the enforcement of conscription in England, women were boin-. trained 
as nipully !... the numerous colleges coul.l turn them out for work hi n'uhlic 
and ,,nvate gardens. The Ix.ndon parks were nearly entirely run bv skilled 
tmncl wo„,en gardeners. And at the present tin.e almost 'the only skilled 
labor avadable for the upkeep of the nu.nerous beautiful country esixto. .re 
men oyer .n.htary age and trained wo.nen. (Jardeni.ig „> England' is looked 
upon a-s a national .usset not to be completely abolished in war times Canada 
Ls pi^haps the only country of >mportance which has no school of horticulture 
for as won.en. f ,t was a des,rabil>t>- in peace times it is now a crying need 
1 his Ks worthy of the immediate attention of the National Council 

.\part from pruate and public pleasure grounds, there is a need for women 
to lu-lp ,n the yanous horticultm-al industries. For while these may be re 
garde<l by some as non-essential, they are needed to help retain our trade 
ba^e. Eyery industry lost to Canada at the present time is a natll^^ 

with"^'" ^f' '^""'' "^ '^'•^""P*""' 'ho largest cut-flower florists in existence 
«.th an extens.ye export trade, is emplo^uig 30 girls and would be willing to 
employ more if they were ayailable. The wages paid are from 19 to 25 cents 
per hour. .Seyeral of the ornamental nurseries are also employing womJ, 
for weeding, pruning and pricking out .seedlings. " *^ °"'™ 

The Cioyernment Employment Bureau has had no less than 3l)() roouests 
for girls to help in the farm houses with the house vyork, but so far no gW 
haye been found to take up this employment. There is no halo , glor^' o 
the girl who yolunteer. to help out an oyerworked farmer's wife "e t hi 
Sing \Z''r\ "V'T''-'-^- ^" ''''^ '"«^"™'->- °f 'he farm as b ^^ 

imporun, '"" "^"'"^^ '^hould be taken up un,„e,ia,el,. I, i.s most 

Ma.mtob.\ 

mittoe is doing very- active work ..,,,1 . 1 V ' h<s Com- 

one of the most effective ways of t,.,».hin„ \"-\';"" ""^"'- I' 'N I bc-lieve, 



WOMEN OF CANADA 49 

same time, be training for future service the young womanhood and manhood 
of our community and our country. The following may be noted as th? pur- 
poses of that organization : To develop individual efficiency and integrity, 
to show that agriculture is a profession and just as honorable and as profit- 
able as other professions ; to create a greater interest in better farming 
methods, in better homes and better livestock. Great interest has been 
taken in this movement and, where the parents and teachers have been genu- 
inely interested in the work, the best results have been attained. This year 
special emphasis has been placed on the production contests with the result 
that we are receiving a large number of entries for them. The entries to 
date are pig raising, calf raising, chicken raising, grain growing, gardening, 
cookery, canning, elimination of noxious weeds, dairy, wood work, essays ; 
total, S2.5 entries. This total merely includes the outside work of the Club. 
Dauphin. — The War Committee of Dauphin, of which the President of 
the Local Council is a member, have formed a Food Production Committee, 
who are looking after all the vacant lots in the town with the idea of having 
every available acre producing some crop. A prize is to be given and the 
children are cultivating several vacant lots, buying their own seed, working 
their own lot and turning what proceeds are made into the Red Cross. Bee 
keeping and poultry raising are well established in the district and are carried 
on largely by the women. 

SASK.4.TCHEWAN 

Moose Jaw has been active in getting the need of production before the 
public. As the men of the city were also working along the same lines, the 
women joined with them under the name of "The Gardeners' Club." Very 
much more garden work has been done in the City this spring than ever before, 
and so far the outlook is good. 

British Columbia 

Vancouver reports home gardens successfully carried on in school dis- 
tricts, with the hearty co-operation of school teachers, who acted as inspectors. 
Prizes were given and improvement was very marked over the previous year. 

Your Convener would like to point out that this report is very partial 
and that in view of recent developments it would in future be futile to attempt 
a report of the accomplishments in agriculture amongst women and children, 
all of which are now gathered in government reports. It would seem, there- 
fore, advisable in future merely to be vigilant as to work which may be stimu- 
lated and encouraged among women, and that the Committee should hold 
together till such time after the war when, as we suppose, many of those 
women now serving on the land in Great Britain may seek a home and out- 
door career in this Dominion. This Council, in the opinion of your Con- 
vener, should bear in mind the help and sympathy they will need, and should 
endeavor in every way to urge the Government so to prepare for them that 
they shall receive a fair treatment upon equal terms with the men agricultiu'ists 
who may also be our immigrants in the hoped-for days of peace. 



5Q THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

CARE OF MENTALLY DEFICIENT 
M. K. Stead, Halifax, Convener 

Even- year shows a slightly increased interest over a wider area and a 
consequently larger correspondence in matters pertaining to the work of this 
Committee, but the serious menace of feeble-mindedness is not yet compre- 
hended in some communities ; and in the feeble-minded child of to-day it is 
not always easy to foresee the colony of defectives that may result in fifty 

years' time. 

We have received several interesting letters of enquiry asking for litera- 
ture and advice and help in starting a campaign for the proper care of the 
feeble-minded. 

Regixa hiis established a home for feeble-minded girls, and now there 
is a movement on foot to similarly provide for boys. (A word of warning 
might be offered here as to the lUsastrous policy of housing and educating 
feeble-minded boys and girls together, or feeble-minded adults.) 

The home in Hegina in which the Social Service Comicil have interested 
themselves, accommodates thirty-one. It is financed by and is under the 
supervision of the Provincial Government of Saskatoon. 

After ten years of agitation for a permanent home for the feeble-minded, 
West Algoma has a definite promise from Judge I>eniiox to "personally see 
that the matter is taken up squarely with the Government." 

Hamilton, too, is expecting some provision to be made shortly. This 
was actuaUy an-anged for in 1914, but "winning the war" has pushed aside, 
rightly or wrongly, some badly needed reforms. 

Our Hamilton Committee emjAasizes the need of women voters making 
themselves familiar with the character of all men nominated for public office 
and of assuring themselves, so far as is possible, of a representative in sym- 
pathy with the reforms that we are struggling to secure. 

LoxnoN, Ont., has not been able to get any definite progressive action, 
although it fully recognizes the necessity for segi-egation of the feeble-minded. 

PETERBonouGH is Waiting for the Government to take the initiative, 
but generally we women have had to make the first move in all such reforms. 

CiiAPLEAU is singularly free from the defect of feeble-minded, and the 
few ca.ses that have occurred there have been taken care of by the Town 
CounciL 

Sauxia, too, is fortunate enough to have found no acute problem in this 
direction. 

In Kingston our Council has been active in educating public opinion 
by lectures and by distribution of valuable informative literature, and in 
hoping soon to have special chi-sses in the public schools. "War conditions 
make it more imperative that the feeble-minded should be looked after, and 
it should be done NOW, rather than after the war." 

In Saclt Ste. Marie the Local Council is agitating "for a temporary 
place of shelter for mental defectives, instead of their being sent to gaol and 



WOMEN OF CANADA 51 

classed with criminals, pending their removal to the asylum ; in some cases 
the detention in gaol has lasted several months." This is a great injustice 
and should be a matter for protest whenever it occurs. 

In Toronto Mr. Justice Hodgins, the Royal Commissioner, is receiving 
evidence now and doubtless Government action will ensue. 

A Canadian National Committee on Mental Hygiene has recently been 
formed, as was announced at the annual meeting of the Toronto Branch of 
the Provincial Association for the Care of the Feeble-Minded, on Monday 
last, Jime 3rd, 1918. Of this Association, Mrs. Huestis, Convener of the 
Association's Policy and Vocation Committee, wTites : "A large step has 
been taken nationally in the creation of this National Association. Pro- 
vincially the appointment of I^Ir. Justice Hodgins was also another out- 
standing step." 

From Teuro, N.S., attention is again drawn to the difficulty of managing 
feeble-minded girls in the same house as girls of normal calibre, and the 
Religious of the Monastery of the Good Shepherd tell us how much easier 
it is to teach a young child who is mentally defective than it is to teach the 
feeble-minded adult who is sent to them as a penitent. Not only are the 
fingers of the child more pliable and trainable, but the habits are not as con- 
firmed or so hard to replace. 

Halifax has two items to report : First, the city has recently set aside a 
special ward in the City Home for imbecile chikh'en, with two nurses in charge • 
thishasbeendonelargelythi'ough the influence of Mr. Blois, Superintendent of 
Neglected Childi-en in Nova Scotia. Halifax Local Coimcil has furnished the 
nurses' rooms and added something of comfort to their not always pleasant task. 
Second, the I.O.D.E collected a sum of money for sufferers from the December 
explosion and placed it in the hands of the HaUfax Loeal Municipal Chapter. 
With this fund it was decided to start a home for feeble-minded children, 
commencing with those only who had been hurt in that disaster. A house 
has been taken on the outskuis of the town and will shortly be ready to 
shelter and train twelve little girls. "Miss Potts, the lady in charge, is 
bright and progressive, and comes armed with an experience gained in such 
centres as Vinelands and Waverley, Mass. She has seen basketry weaving, 
furniture repah-ing, cobbling, carpentry (Sloyd), lavmdrjdng, cooking, sewing, 
knitting by macliine, poultry raising, gardening and farming all successfully 
taught and carried on by feeble-minded people under proper supervision. 
So that, failing in an education in the three R's, there is still hope for the 
feeble-minded child, if he or she is segregated and properly trained. Miss 
Potts gives, for the information of those who have not yet tried them, the 
following reasons why feeble-minded chikhen should be placed in au-^iliary 
classes, or junior manual training classes, as she prefers to call them : 

"That each individual may be studied and the child's physical and 
mental capacities ' placed ' ; so that some at least, although unable to advance 
in academic work, may develop into good industrial workers. A child of too 
low a grade to get benefit from special teaching needs institutional care, but 



52 THE NATIONAL COUNCn, OP 

the dull, stupid, backward, neurotic, sub-normal, epileptic, incorrigible, 
partially blind or deaf, should have work given him to suit his capacity, and 
the removal of such children from normal classes is an advantage to teacher 
and pupils. If possible, the heredity of each child should be studied, and the 
<lata obtained and tabulated, so that co-operation may exist between the 
various agencies likely to care for the defective child in the future." 

In Moxtkeal's splendid report we are reminded that the National 
Council has been hammering at this subject (the segregation of the feeble- 
minded) since 1894 ; in 1899 our National Committee asked the Dominion 
Government to make an inveistigation, but this request resulted in no action. 
In 1904 Montreal took the first steps, through Prof. Carrie Derick, to interest 
our National Council and the Montreal school authorities in special classes 
for backward children. 

A School of Social .Service will be o|5ened shortly at McCJill University, 
where modern methods of dealing with defectives will surely be discus.sed. 
Times are changing : in 1912 Prof. Derick failed to obtain permission from 
the Child Welfare E.xhibition to organize a section upon "Genetics," but 
many illustrated lectures on such subjects have been given lately, and the 
I>ublic has been educated to some extent to the menace of feeble-minded, 
yet our request for a Koyal Commission in 191.5 was not unanimously agreed 
to. Delegations have waited upon the Dominion and Pnnincial Govern- 
ments from time to time, pointing out the inevitable connection between 
feoble-mindedness and delinquency and crime, and urging the necessity of 
permanent segregation of the feeble-minded and tlie ultimate economy of 
such a policy. 

In connection with the Baby Welfare Exhibit in 1918, Montreal h:is been 
fortunate in having the help of Prof. Derick and Miss Cole, who was organizer 
of the Social Service Department of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Johns 
Hopkins Hospital. Miss Cole is undertaking a special study of a certain 
family and from this investigation it is hoped that the Legislatiu-e may be 
convinced of the necessity for immediate action, and on Ajiril 19th, 1918, a 
delegation was appointed by the National Council requesting the Dominion 
Government to establish a Department of Public Health, with sections de- 
voted to Child Welfare, Vital Statistics, Venereal Diseases and Mental Hy- 
giene. Thus delegation was sympathetically received by members of the 
Privy Council. 

A pitiful case was reported to us from Ontario : .V feeble-minded woman 
(parentage of a low type) married and afterwards her husband "had her 
arrested for insanity and then he disapiieared ; the woman was released from 
jail and is now to become a mother." We quote this verbatim from the 
letter received. Is it po.ssible that a woman may be arrested and jailed who 
is pregnant and insane ? We tried to get the Court record of this case — the 
reason given for her arrest, and for her release, and what had happened before 
and since her term in prison. We failed in this, although we have received 
a fair history of the woman and her family, .\rguing from this case, your 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



53 



Committee would strongly recommend that our National Council should 
urge the formation of Women's Courts all over Canada, or, if that is too sweep- 
ing a reform, that the Dominion Government may make compulsory the 
attendance of a woman official, preferably a medical psychologist, at the 
time of every woman's trial. We have already in Canada three women 
Judges — Mrs. Murphy, of Edmonton ; Mrs. Jamieson, of Calgary ; and 
Mrs. MacGill, of Vancouver — and we trust that the time may soon come when 
all women criminals may be tried by "their peers." Our Toronto representa- 
tive says : "A physician should be attached to all Courts, one who is versed 
in mental hygiene." With such an official present, a woman, such as in the 
case cited, could not have been jailed. Montreal goes further, and says : 
"There is a necessity for psychopathic clinics in connection with schools, 
hospitals, philanthropic institutions, juvenile courts, reformatories and jails." 
[Note. — Will Local Councils take note of Montreal's plan of work. An 
expert investigation of one case will make a stronger appeal to the authorities 
than general statistics and many citations of average cases.] 



CITIZENSHIP 
Augusta Stowe Gullen, Toronto, Convener 

It is once more my privilege to present the Annual Report for Citizenship. 

Even in a world of war it is impossible to suppress the joy that sufTragists 
naturally experience at the phenomenal advance in Canada (and indeed 
in the world) during this past year. 

The efficient service given this cause by men and women reformers has 
at last kindled a flame which is enveloping a world, and an epoch in human 
history has begun in which women are to take their natural and rightly ap- 
pointed place in human rtlationships and human affairs. 

Last fall, in order to form a basis for work, the following questions were 
sent to the members of my committee : 

(a) What is the function of government? 

(b) What are the principles of liberalism? 

(c) What are the principles of conservatism? 

((f) Ascertain the basis of voting for women in the Provinces where those 
privileges are attained. 

(e) Work vigorously to induce women (with a vote) to register and exer- 
cise that vote. 

(/) Assist women to gain the suffrage in those Provinces %vhere that privi- 
lege is still withheld. 

(g) What determines the nationality of a child ? If illegitimate, does 
it take father's or mother's nationality ? 

(h) Who is the legal guardian of the child, if born in wedlock ? 



{4 THE NATIONAL CODNCIL OF 

Our present system of election with a plvirality vote results in nearly 
half the voters having no representative. Legislatures should represent 
the whole dijss of society in order to rightly constitute a democracy. 

I'roixirtional representation is recommended as a remedy, ^^■hat do 
you think? 

If in your city or province there are questions of greater imi)ortance, 

you are at liberty to choose. 

No thinking person doubts the complete success of suffrage for Canadian 
women. Our nation has discovered how much it needs the co-operation 
and actual work of women in war, as well as in peace ; and it is safe to pi edict 
that never again will women be relegated to the' unequal economic, legal 
and political position that women occupied before the war. Canadians may 
point with i)ride to ^lanitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan, British Columbia 
and Ontario, as hokling on high the torch light, while the " Dominion Franchise 
^\■a^ Time Act" gives Dominion franchise to all women who have fathers, 
husbands, brothers or sons who are on active service, or who have jjcrformed 
the supreme sacrifice. 

At first the "Dominion Franchise Act," which extended the vote only to 
mothers, wives, daughters, widows and sisters, who had relations at the front; 
or whose relatives had died or been honorably discharged from service was 
not appealing to the majority of suffragists, especially in British Columbia, 
Manitoba, Ontario and .\lberta. 

It was thought that the women of Canada were being defrauded of their 
just rights and surely the same interpretation should be given as exists in 
our criminal code — where men and women stand on an equal basis. 

However, the preparations for, and the election in December, convinced 
many that the "Military Service Act," like the shield, possessed its golden 
as well as silver side. 

Among the supporters and workers were women who were not cognizant 
of the underlying principles of this great reform. Women, who formerly 
were mainly attracted by social or financial allurements— and the still further 
humorous spectacle of our anti-suffrage friends making speeches on the neces- 
sity and imi>ortancc of women voting; while other anti-suffragists took women 
to the polls, and acted as scrutineers at the different ijolling subdivisions— 
these facts were the last convincing straw. 

In British Columbia the women have special cause for rejoicing— for the 
possession of the municipal vote includes the privilege of being able to run for 
any and all of the civic positions within the power of the City to bestow. 

The Charters of the Cities have been amended so that now women are 
on an equal plane with men and eligible to stand for mayor or alderman. 

Women residing in municipalities, not having a si)ecial charter, may 
now quaUfy as voters on the same terms as men and may run as mayor, alder- 
man, reeve or councillor. 

The government was petitioned to pass an 'Kqual Guardianship Law" 
and aUo to defer the bye-elections until such time as women should be able 



WOMEN OF CANADA 55 

to exercise their newly acquired franchise. The first request was granted in 
full and the second was granted with the exception of the election of a new 
attorney-general, who went in by acclamation. 

The suffrage societies made vigorous protests by letter and telegrams to 
Ottawa and by delegation to the local member against the passage of the "War 
Times Election Act" in so far as it related to the enfranchisement of women. 

Another epochal event was the election to the legislature of Mrs. Ralph 
Smith, siu'ely a most historic and memorable occun-ence, and one of which all 
women are greatly proud. Being women nothing that concerns the status 
of women is a matter of indifference. 

On April the 6th, 19 IS, on the recommendation of Mrs. Ralph Smith, 
M.P.P., the Hon. J. W. De B. Ferris (Labor Minister) introduced into the 
British Columbia Legislative an "Act" to fix the minimum wage for women. 

The "Bill," because it involved expenditure, had to be brought down as 
a government measure, but was piloted through the house by Mrs. Smith, 
M.P.P. 

This "Bill" provides for the appointment of a minimum wage board, 
composed of three members, the Deputy Minister of Labor and two others. 
No salary to be paid to any member of the board. Its duty will be to ascertain 
the wages paid to women in the various occupations, trades and industries 
in the province. 

The board can hold public investigations at which the question of the 
adequacy of wages paid to women will be considered. If, after investigation, 
the board finds that in any occupation, the wages paid to employees are in- 
adequate, it may call a conference of equal numbers of employers and em- 
ployees in the trade or industry in question, together with representatives of 
the pubUc, and at the request of the board it shall be the duty of the conference 
to recommend an estimate of the minimum wage proper to supply the necessary 
cost of living. 

The "Act" is not to apply to farm laborers, fruit pickers, or domestic 
servants, or their employers. 

A woman is judge of the Juvenile Court and two Vancouver women 
were appointed by the Government as censors of moving pictures, one as 
inspector of the fruit pickers, another as superintendent of Girls' Industrial 
School and another on the Board of Governors of the University of British 
Columbia. 

The "Industrial School Act" was amended so that girls up to the age 
of 18 years might be admitted to that institution where formally the age 
limit was 16. 

Girls in public schools are now examined by a woman physic'an instead 
of a man. 

Recently the Government appointed the president of the Vancouver 
Local Council to the Board of Directors of the Vancouver General Hospital. 
The Government also passed an act creating a department for the care of 
children who are dependent, delinquent or defective, and the question of 



56 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

mothers' pensions is before the Provincial House, and the Women's Federal 
Franchise Bill has passefl its third reading. 

Vaneoiiver women are trnly aetive factors in the life of the province and 
a definite political power . 

From .\lberta the word is also inspiring. Two women were elected to 
the lepislatine. Mrs. L. M. jSIcKenny (non partisan member) and Miss 
Roberta MacAdams. one of the soldiers' representatives. The tables are 
surely turninR. May we hope that the outlook of Miss Mae.\dams will be 
sufficiently I)road antl universal to truly represent men's viewpoint ; and that. 
her thought and legislative action will conespond. 

In Quebec the bill introduced to give Provincial Franchise to women 
was finally defeated. It is lamentable but unfortunately true that in no Pro- 
vince are the laws so inimical to women as in Quebec. After marriage the 
husband has complete control of his wife's earnings or private property. 
Another most unjust law is that of "succession." If a hu.sband dies in- 
testate any lelative of his within the twelfth degi-ee has a better right to his 
estate tlian his own wife. The Perodeau Bill passed this last year has 
fortunately effected some changes for the better and now the wife succeeds 
to her husband, and the husband to his wife when the deceased leaves no issue 
and has no father or mother living and is without collateral relations up to 
nephews and nieces in the first degree inclusively. 

t;24b — If the deceased leave a consort capable of inheriting and issue, 
the surviving consort takes one-thiril, the child (or children) the other two- 
thirds. 

If the dece;i.se<l dies leaving no issue, but a consort capable of inheriting 
and a father or mother (or either of them), and collateral relations up to 
nephews and nieces in fu-st degree inclusively, the surviving consort takes one- 
third, parents or parent one-third, and collaterals one-third, but if in same case 
no collateral relations surviving consort takes one-half and parent or parents 
one-half. Same if there is no parent living but collateral relations, consort 
gets one-half and the collaterals other half. 

624c — If there be issue, or a father or mother, or both, or collateral 
relations, the wife in order to be able to succeed her husband, must abandon 
all her rights in any coinininiity of property existing between herself and 
<lece!L«ed imiier her marriage contract or by law, including dower and proceeds 
of insurance [lolicies. The same applies also to the husband. 

Po.ssibly the improved status of women in the other Provinces may be 
due to the re-actionary attitude of the men of Quebec. No one can state 
how much influence their illiberality may have had upon the creating of the 
Dominion Franchi.se Act. 

In the speech from the throne in Halifax, Nova Scotia, FeVmrary 21st, 
1018, at the opening of the Provincial Parliament, it was anno\mced that a 
bill to give women the same voting privileges as men was to be introduced. 

This Ciovernment measure is expected to pass both houses. The women 
of Yarmouth, N.S., report that in aildition to their patriotic work, they have 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



57 



instituted mothers' meetings where women whose opportunities for develop- 
ment have been Umited are instructed in industry, economy, hygiene and 
child training all preparatory to citizenship. 

A house to house canvass was made in the interest of Women's Franchise, 
and the Government was petitioned as to changes in the criminal code, es- 
pecially concerning age of consent and guardianship of children ; while at the 
Federal election the women exercised their vote intelligently and etfectively. 

We rejoice to state that the Nova Scotia Franchise Bill carried ; and 
the women of that Province possess the right to sit in Parliament and to 
exercise all the rights of Provincial Franchise on exactly the same basis as men. 
This Bill did not secure Municipal Franchise in towns and cities. That can 
only be obtained through changes in the charters of such municipalities. 
The women of Xova Scotia are making efforts to persuade the Government of 
the cities and municipalities to amend their charters. 

In Manitoba since political advantages have been extended to women 
there have been persistent efforts made to change existing laws. 

The women's section of the "Manitoba Grain Growers Association" 
report the estabhshment of a public library and a returned Soldiers' Associa- 
tion; the usual patriotic work for our soldiers; and additionally the convening 
of meetings for the study of agriculture, and all topics relating to Municipal, 
Provincial, and Federal affairs. 

The "Manitoba Dower Rights" discloses another most unjust piece of 
legislature. 

"Dower Rights" were abolished in Manitoba in 1885 owing to the fact 
that so many settlers had married Indian women. 

Secondarily, white women were also victims of this iniquitous legislation, 
husbands frequently willing away from wife and children all their property. 

Recently Stephen A. Clement, of Brandon, introduced in the Provincial 
house a "Dower Bill" which provides that a husband may not will away 
more than two-thirds of his total estate, real and personal, from his wife. 

Port Arthur and Fort Wilham report that the unceasing patriotic work 
established and maintained by women, their capability in facing war prob- 
lems, the efficient service given by them on boards and councils, have fully 
established their worth and demonstrated their intrinsic value as citizens. 

At last, a national conscience has been awakened and there is manifested 
a gi-eater regard for the personal character of candidates — party politics 
exercise less control, honesty and integrity more. 

During the federal campaign the women organized made a thorough 
canvass of the women voters. Meetings were held to arouse interest, and 
instruct voters, and the women responded by registering and polling their 
vote ; family and national life has been strengthened by a new sympathy, 
and a new influence of high resolve. 

In Ontario the women worked faithfully and contmuously to secure the 
names of women entitled to vote. 



58 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

Women convened meetings in drawing rooms and halls, organized elec- 
tion districts, appointing district captains and in every way assisting to 
secure the women's vote. 

\\omen speakers endeavored to interest their audiences in the importance 
of voting, as well as instructing in the method of voting, and results justified 
the labor expended. 

It was a wonderful campaign, which ended in an equally great victory 
for the Union candidates and continuance of the war to its legitimate con- 
clusion, demonstrating inevitably to all classes that no country can fight 
without the active co-operation of its women citizens. 

At present the administration of the law is almost wholly in the hands 
of men, while the mass of women, who need its protection most, are un- 
informed or inarticulate. 

Some of the members of this committee have been endeavoring to dissem- 
inate knowledge concerning the inequalities in the laws. 

Our property laws though better than in the other Provinces are very 
inadequate and unfau'. Fortunately women have control of their own earn- 
ings and their own property. 

The age consent is 14 years \'et the law considers no young woman old 
enough to manage her property under 21 years. Evidence that men have 
more regard for property, than for honor and virtue ! 

In the custo<ly of the children the right of the father is absolute. He 
can dictate the education and religious training or declare in his will that the 
child may be taken out of the mother's care. WTien the child is illegitimate, 
however, the mother's right is supreme. 

While the moral duty of a father to maintain and educate his children 
has been constantly recognized by the courts, neither they nor courts of 
equity have any direct means of enforcing this duty. 

'1 here is no common law duty on the part of a father to support his 
children. 

Some may query why i)resimiabl\' good husliands and fathers allow these 
iniquitous laws to defame the statutes — they, like ourselves, are woefully 
ignorant, and all our knowledge and much perseverance will be required to 
effect the necessary legislation. 

During the session a Bill was introduced into the Provincial House 
for the piu-pose of making women eligible for election to City Councils and 
for members of the Ontario Legislature. This Bill was defeated. 

The next most important step in women's |)olitical evolution in Canada 
was the convening of a war council of women at Ottawa on February the 28th. 

This conference was called by the Ooveniment and the women represent- 
ed the rountrj- geographically, industrially ami professionally. -V unique 
occasion and one which will be productive of lasting good ! March 21st, 1918, 
Sir Robert Borden introduced a bill to give women franchise on the same 
terms on wliich it is now extended to men, which has now become law. 

An interesting point in connection with the bill is that if a woman is 
married to an alien enemy she is disfranchised. Thus a woman who was 



WOMEN OF CANADA 59 



formerly a British subject would not have the vote if she became the wife of 
a German, Austrian, Turk, Bulgarian or any other enemy alien. 

The Bill provides that every female person shall be entitled to vote at 
a Dominion election who {a) is a British subject, (b) is of the fuU age of twenty- 
one vears and upwards, (c) has resided in the constituency in which she 
seeks to vote for a period of at least three months immediately precedmg 
the date of the issue of the WTit for an election in such constituency and 
(d) is not disqualified on account of race, blood or original nationality, to vote 
at elections for members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province in which 
the constituency is situated, in which such female person seeks to vote. 
Barred if marries enemy alien. 

For the purpose of the Bill a female person is deemed to be a British 
subject if she were born a British subject, is unmarried and has not become 
the subject of any foreign power, or if she herself has been personally 
naturalized a British subject. She is further deemed a British subject if, 
previouslv an alien, she married a British subject; or if, notwithstanding 
marriage to an alien, she was at the time of such marriage a British subject 
by birth and had not herself sworn allegiance to any foreign power. This 
does not, however, apply to the wife of any enemy ahen. 

There is a Bill for Provincial suffrage before the New Brunswick House, 
which has been discussed, but at moment of writing it seems that the members 
for that Province are awaiting action by the Dominion. 

The Executive of the National Council asked this Committee to report 
upon a resolution submitted by "The Reading Camp Association" re the 
establishment of Night Schools, increasing the stringency of naturalization 
laws, and enforcing more rigidly the laws of sanitation in these camps. 

A copy of this resolution was mailed to the different members and their 
opinion soUcited for or against. 

Consensus of opinion was in the affirmative. 

It is perhaps impossible to presage what the future may hold for men and 
women voters. One fact is certain, some day peace will ensue and there wiU 
be a new world to be re-builded and a civilization to be re-constructed on a 
firmer foundation. 

Woman's unselfish, magnificent sacrifice in the cause of freedom, work- 
ing and standing side by side with her brothers, whose citizenship she shares, 
is abundantly qualified. So reasoning from the kno^ii to the unknov^m there 
need be no fears as to the ultimate service to mankind of the woman voter. 



CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES 
Annie G. Macgillivrat, Kingston, Convener 
I feel that I have only a meagre report to offer compared with the im- 
portance of the subject, and yet, on the other hand, a Committee has seldom 
assumed such proportions as the Conservation Committee in Canada to-day. 
Apart entirelv from the action of the Government, every woman who signed 



(JO THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

the pledgp-cimls issued by the Food Controller has become a member of it 
in one very important aspect, viz., the conservation of food. 

hninediately upon receivinp the names of the members of my Committee, 
I wrote to them, asking for their co-operation, and suggesting, among other 
things, that they should lend a hand in the educational campaign just then 
instituted by Mr. Hanna. I received replies from only four, two of whom 
hastened to resign, not a very encouraging start for a new Convener. Hamil- 
ton, however, reported that a Committee had been formed to meet the food 
conservation problem, tlie leading members of which were members of the 
Ix)eal Council of Women. 

At the beginning of the month I again wrote to all the members and, 
acting upon a suggestion of Mrs. Hamilton's, I asked them a number of 
questions. This mode of jirocedure met with more encouraging results. 

In reply to one of my questions, St. John, N.B., Ottawa, London, and 
Peterboro all reported that, in their opinion, the Pledge-Card campaign had 
been educative. In New Westminster it was only beginning. In Kingston 
it was quite successful, although personally I regret that the Order-in-Council 
forbidding the use of food-stuffs for the manufacture of potable liquors and 
the regulation of the profits of packers and cold-storage men had not been 
in force before this campaign was launched. These were two of the great 
stuml)ling blocks in our way and there was absolutely no answer to them. 
There was only one centre heard from where, in the opinion of the local 
Convener of this Committee, the campaign was a waste of time and money. 
St. John, Halifax, Winnipeg, Ottawa, and Peterboro, all report that 
demonstrations in canning and bread-making have been given, with good 
results. In Kingston, while there was no actual demonstrating, some hundreds 
of canning Vjuiletins were distributed among those who had grown vegetables 
and, as in all other places, an immense amount of home canning was done. 
In this connection, I feel that I must draw jnuticular attention to the work 
done by London and Hamilton. In London the public school children, under 
the supervision of the teachers, canned 2,000 jars of fruit for the Military 
Hospitals in that City, and in Hamilton, fruit-canning kitchens were con- 
ducted by the Red Cross Conservation Committee, as a result of which many 
thousands of quarts have been shipped overseas to the Red Cross Hospitals. 
In most of the places mentioned, practical talks have been given on food 
values and economy in the household, although some object that it is impo.ssible 
to reach the class of people who need them most. I was esjiecially struck 
with the need for this sort of work when I heard Mrs. Muldrew, of the Canada 
Food Board, speak of the waste caused by not knowing how to i5ro\ide pro- 
perly balanced meals, e.g., by an over-use of the expensive protein-producing 
foods, and 1 may add that this ignorance is not confined to the poorer classes. 
I also asked how many of these places had Household Leagues or any 
corrcspniiding organization. Ottawa and New Westminster reported that 
they hail had Household Leagues, but that they had become ineffective, while 
Winnipeg, on the other band, reported that its \\'omen's Civic League had 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



61 



been successful in keeping down the price of bread and milk for some time. 
The success of such an organization depends, I suppose, as in other enter- 
prises, on the persistence of the effort . 

You will see that, in view of the fact that the Government has practically 
taken control of all our resources, this Committee considers the conservation 
of food to be the chief business of women at present. Victory rests with the 
kitchen, and the humblest housewife may be a real worker in the National 

service. 

But now that spring has come again, every woman m Canada should be 
not only a saver, but a producer. We had in Kingston, last winter, two 
addresses before the Women's Canadian Club, one by the Hon. Mr. Hanna 
and the other by the journalist farmer, Peter McArthur. Both these men 
dwelt insistently on the need for increased production. The world's supply 
of food is so short that, with poor crops this year, a famine would be not only 
possible, but probable, even in this land of plenty. Wonders were done all 
over Canada during last summer. Ottawa, for instance, reports that their 
Committee gave out 2,640 packages of seeds and that the estimated returns 
in that city from greater production amounted to 826,400. Here again 
London deserves special mention with its Women's Gardening Association. 
In this connection, too, I must mention the boys' and girls' clubs in Manitoba, 
with a membership of 20,000. There are pig clubs, corn clubs, poultry clubs, 
etc., and not only do these boys and girls add to the food supply of the country, 
but they learn to become useful citizens. This Committee would urge on 
every woman to do a httle more production work than she did last year and 
she will be repaid in more ways than one. Gardening is like the quality of 
mercy, it is twice blest. It is also like buying Victory Bonds, a patriotic 
duty and an extremely good investment. 

" In conclusion I wish to say one word about a matter closely connected 
with the conservation of food, that is, the conservation of the child. In our 
anxiety about our sons who are three thousand miles away, we are apt some- 
times to forget the children who are always with us. In all our economies, 
then, let us remember the needs of the growing child, the precious citizen of 
to-morrow. 

EDUCATION 
Carrie M. Derick, Montreal, Convener 

In the midst of the present stress and sorrow hope lies in the great awaken- 
ing of the people to the need of new ideals and of better preparation for new 

duties. ■ J r -I 

The country is beginning to realize that after the war a period of social 
disturbances and readjustments will bring peculiar difficulties. Personal 
relationships, work, national and international questions will necessarily be 
viewed in a new light and will demand of every individual great sacrifices for 
the common good. The highest patriotism, therefore, demands that the 



62 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

National Council consider, without delay, the problems of reconstruction ; 
tlic building U]) of a new and better civilization upon the ruins of the old. 
No service to the country, even in this emergency, can be greater than securing 
better training for the boys and girls, who must create a world in which peace 
and justice can be maintained among the peoples. 

Your Convener, therefore, believes that the Education Committees of 
the Local Coimcils should add to their numbers, whenever possible, highly 
trained women of broad views who will be wiUing to devote themselves to 
the study of educational thought in every country and be prepared to pro- 
nounce upon the merits of local and national movements, regarding them in 
relation to the world-wide tendencies with which they must eventually be 
correlated. 'i"he Council cannot afford to delay in learning what is funda- 
mental atid in refusing to accept educational makeshifts. For, unless the 
countrj' is to be left far behind by her .\llies and profit little by heroic sacri- 
fices, the adaijtation of Canada's educational systems to the new duties which 
await the nation is an immediate necessity. 

Admirable Red Cross work, generous contributions to patriotic organiza- 
tions, excellent training of Voluntary Aid Detachment, lectures and demon- 
strations in connection with food conservation, and encouraging pupils in 
public schools to write patriotic essays have been reported by several Local 
Councils. Desirable and praiseworthy as these things are, they leave un- 
touched great problems with which educational committees should be dealing. 

Patriotic boys antl girls from every part of the countrj- have been en- 
couraged to leave school early in the session in order to work U]5on farms. 
'I'his may be necessary. But it is fau- to question the wisdom of curtailing 
the school-training of those who must become leaders. Would not the 
organization of other resources, the provision by the Government of expensive 
machinery for co-operative use on large tracts of land and the transference 
of men and women from non-essential to essential occupations make the 
Kacrifice of youth uncalled for ? If the result of the National Registration 
alxml to take place shows these things to be impossible, the National Council 
can, at least, insist upon boys and girls being safeguarded, as suggested at 
the last meeting of the Executive Committee. 

That the requests then made were not imreasonable is indicated by the 
regulations for schoolboy labor issued by the Ministry of National Service in 
England. These state : that the boys must be employed in squads of from 
four to sixty under their own officers or masters ; that the smaller groups 
are to be billeted in empty houses, schools or farm buildings, although the 
larger may Uvc under canvas ; that the minimum age for work is fixed at 
sixteen ; that the hours maj' varj- from six hours daily for heavy work, like 
lifting potatoes, to ten hours when engaged in lighter work ; and that the 
minimmn wage be four pence an hour. 

In the L'nited States everj' boy between sixteen and twenty is a potential 
member of the "Boys' Working Reserve" to increase agricultural production. 
But, before being set to actual work, a boy must be prepared either in some 
existing institution or in a new "intensive training camp." 



WOMEN OF CANADA "3 



The experiences of the war have taught Great Britain to lengthen, not 
to shorten, school courses. The Education Bill introduced by Mr. Fisher, 
the English Minister of Education, includes the provisions recommended by 
him and reported by your Convener last spring. "The Bill asserts the 
principle of the rights of youth," and has won the general approval of educa- 
tionists and of organized workers. Departmental Committees appointed by 
the British Government to enquire into the position of certain branches of 
industry, generally demand even higher standards, for example, the raising 
of the ordinary school age to sixteen years. A certain amount of study, 
during the day, in continuation schools would follow. Mr. Fisher's Bill aims 
at developing individuality and providing the greatest possible number of 
outlets for the talents of boys and girls alike. It is estimated that the annual 
cost of raising the school age will be £1,000,000, of the continuation schools 
£8 750 000 and of the nursery schools £900,000. There is no demur as to 
expenses, notwithstanding the heavy financial burdens which the country is 

carrying. . , 

The Scottish Education Bill demands even more and carries compulsory 
education through continuation schools up to eighteen years of age. 

In February, 1917, "The Smith-Hughes Act" was approved by President 
Wilson. It is of especial interest to Canada because each State, like each 
Province of the Dominion, has complete control of the education of its children. 
Nevertheless, this Act provides for Federal promotion of vocational education ; 
for co-operation with the States in the preparation of teachers of vocational 
subjects ; for the appropriation of money and the regulation of its expenditure 
in vocational training. Each State benefiting by Federal assistance must 
appropriate an equal amount from its own funds for this purpose. Therefore, 
the United States has spent $3,720,000 on vocational education m 1917-18. 
It proposes increasing the sum annually until, in 1925, $14,734,000 will be 
devoted to this work every year. Such vocational traimng will benefit both 
• boys and girls and will be based upon a well-balanced general education. 
How greatly the admirable local efforts to promote technical education, re- 
ported by London, Vancouver, and Kingston, would be strengthened by co- 
ordination and assistance such as this ! 

Amateurs are not greatly desired in important work. Great Britain and 
the United States have learned from war condition to provide longer rather 
than shorter courses for their children. It seems, therefore, regrettable that 
an important body like the Women's Section of the Saskatchewan Gram 
Growers' Association should resolve, at its last convention, that "the Depart- 
ment of Education be asked to release girls from their studies m the same 
manner as they are doing with the boys." At the same time, the members 
displayed a great desire to improve the schools by resolutions requesting 
medical inspection, the supervision of children by teachers during the noon 
hour, and scholarships for the higher education of poor children.j 

Canada has not, however, been standing still. In Alberta the amended 
"School Attendance Act" is so effective that the attendance has increased 



64 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

l)y IS per oont. in two years, althougli tlicri' has been no appreciable increase 
in population throuRh immigration. Manitoba in 1910 and Saskatchewan in 
I'.IIT passed School Attendance Acts. Ontario is advocating the compulsory 
attendance at continuation schools of children from 14 to 16 years of age. 

The present situation is encouraging in the Province of Quebec, where 
there is still no compulsory education. Last October, the Provincial Associ- 
ation of Protestant Teachers memorialized the Premier, Sir Lomcr Gouin 
and the Protestant Committee of the Council of Public Instruction, asking for 
a School .\ttendance .\ct. The latter warmly endorsed the request. The 
.Association then ai^pointed a special committee to study the question and 
carry on the jiropaganda. The Convener of the Education Committee of 
the .Montreal Local Council is an efficient member of that Committee. No 
opportunity hits been lost of putting the matter before the public by means 
of the press, by addresses, meetings and an effective booth at the Baby Wel- 
fare Exhibit. For many years the Montreal Local Council of Women has 
tried to secure compulsory education and has petitioned the Government 
upon several occasions to pas.s the necessary legislation. Last winter, by 
request, it forwarded copies of resolutions and a petition to the Secretary of 
the Protestant Committee in order that they might again be laid before the 
House, when Mr. Bouchard of St. Hyacinth, in a debate in the Provincial 
Assembly, introduced the need of a School Attendance .\ct. 

.V few of the Roman Catholic School Boards have asked the Pi-ovincial 
Legislature for such an .\et. The French newspapers are considering the 
matter. Mr. Bouchard is, at present, holding a series of meetings throughout 
the Province, speaking in favor of a School Attendance .\ct and of vmiformity 
of text-books. There has been a remarkably rapiil change in pulilic sentiment 
and attainment seems nearer than one dared hope, even three months ago. 

The greatest lack, at present, is undoubtedly a supply of able, cultivated 
teachers. The many callings now^ open to women is making it increasingly 
difficult to obtain them. Industry, commercial establishments, nursing and ' 
other professions offer attractive positions and higher remuneration than 
the teaching profession. Toronto and Winniiieg have recently increased the 
salaries of their teachers, .\lbcrta, which a few weeks ago sent an agent to 
eastern cities to obtain one thousand teachers, is offering in rural schools a 
minimum salary almost !»s large ius the maximum in the Montreal public 
schools. The Montreal As.sociation of Protestant Woman Teachers is now 
conducting a publicity campaign to secure increased salaries. Even devas- 
tated, impoverished France has recently appropriated 21,780,435 francs in 
order to supplement the jiay of the teachers. 

In Great Britain, Mr. Fisher is asking for large additional grants so that 
the best men and women may be induced to give their lives to teaching. It 
may be noted, by the way, that both the National I'nion of Teachers and 
the .Assistant Masters Association, in England, have been considering the 
advi.sability of afliliating with the Labor Party. The organized workers, 
as a whole, are in favor of well-paid teachers for the .Vational schools and of a 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



65 



similar type of education for all classes, realizing that differentiation would 
operate to the disadvantage of the poor. 

In every country the aim is clearly to produce a higher type of citizenship 
and to utilize for the public benefit energy and talent hitherto misdirected 
or wasted. In Canada, such agencies as the Parent-Teachers Society of Sarnia, 
the Mothers' Clubs of London and Ottawa, the night classes for home nursing 
in Ottawa, the Welfare Centres, and Child Welfare Exhibits in many cities, 
the Reading Camp Association, the libraries, the Y.W.C.A. and the Y.M.C.A. 
are playing important parts in raising standards and developing the sense of 
responsibility In Winnipeg the Women's Press Club has made an interesting 
experiment which will doubtless be fruitful, by entertaining women teachers 
in charge of foreign schools in German, Ruthenian and Polish districts through- 
out Manitoba. At Lethbridge the Local Council and School Board have co- 
operated in organizing night classes for non-English workers. In the West, 
especially there is a great desire to make the schools social centres for immi- 
grants, where their higher possibilities may be developed and enrich the 

communitv life. 

Suffra-^ists have undoubtedly a special duty to perform m preparing 
women for'' the exercise of their new political rights. But the educational 
committees of the Local Councils could do few better things than orgamze 
non-partizan groups of women for the study of the history and constitution 
of the country and for the discussion of social and economic questions which 
must be the concern of all intelligent and conscientious voters. 

Women are coming into their own in every land from India, where Miss 
Holmes has been appointed a member of the Science Faculty and four women 
students have passed the intermediate examination of the Punjab University, 
to the Province of Quebec, where women have been at last admitted to the 
study of medicine at McGill University. 1 his spring three of tire four women 
in the freshmen class passed with honors in the aggregate of subjects, one 
taking the first, another the third place in the year. 

sLial welfare work and a more liberal public opinion will soon create a 
great demand for women doctors. Rural school inspection, such as has been 
recently secured in Alberta, will require the services of many. 1 alented g nls 
should, therefore, have their attention turned towards the possibilities of the 
medical profession as well as of nursing. tu„ Mnntvonl 

Women still occupv too few admmistrative positions. Ihe Montual 
Local Council is continuing its efforts to secure legislation permitting wonrien 
to act as members of school boards. Last October a delega ion from the 
Council w'Teceived by the Provmcial Association of School Boards and 
obtained the latter's endorsation of the movement. Such administrators 
are greatly needed now to emphasize the need of developing the general 
intelfigence of girls, as well as boys. There has been and s ill is a dangerous 
tendency to tWnk ^f girls in terms of wifehood and motherhood only and to 
introduce training in domestic arts at too early a stage. 

Reaction is taking place, however. One indication on y need be mcn- 
^ioned The Workers' Educational Association of England is strongly op- 



66 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

posing specialization before tlie age of sixteen and is asking for cliildren a 
general preparation for life and not premature vocational training. 

Public ser\'ice will be the keynote of the future, but service which shall 
be rendered by free men and women, enabled by broad education to choose 
the tasks for which they are by nature best adapted. Thus will be achieved 
"variety set in a framework of national organization." 



EQT'AL MORAL STANDARD 
M.VRc.ARET Patter.son, TORONTO, Convener 

The past year has been one of great activity on the part of the Local 
Committees all over Canada and very great advancement has been made. 
The work hiis, however, been done in co-operation with so many organizations 
that one scarcely knows what to report as the special work of this. A\'e do 
feel that we have done the pioneer work and it is a great comfort to have help 
and co-operation in securing the reforms for which we have worked so long. 

The statistics collected have shown the prevalence of venereal disease 
and the cause is now being enquired into by all bodies interested in public 
good and national well-being. Much satisfaction is derived from the change 
that has taken place in regard to social conditions and the interest that has 
displaced apathy in prevention work. Representatives of the law, public 
health, and ministerial associations are all sjM'ntling much time in consulting 
and co-operating with us in formulating plans for combating the evil influ- 
ences that for too long have been ignored. 

Reforms of the criminal code were asked for from so many sources that 
we felt confident of success and when the Hon. C. J. Doherty, Minister of 
Justice, agreed to all of the following and the House of Connnons had passed 
the same, we were amazed when the Senate disregarded the wish of the people, 
as expressed by their elected representatives. 

(a) Raising the age of consent of girls from fourteen to sixteen. 

(b) Raising the age in Ciises of seduction from sixteen to eighteen. 

(cj Giving protection against seduction by employer to all female em- 
ploj'ees of previous chaste character under twenty-one. 

(d) Making it an offense for a man and woman to register falsely as 
husband and wife in a hotel or lodging house. 

The only amendment thej' did not reject was making it an offence under 
the Code, "To contribute to the delinquency of a child." This law is a very 
useful weapon to have and through it many cases of adultery can be pun- 
ished. \\1iilc punitive measures are necessary, we have always felt that pre- 
ventative measures were the more important anil welcome the many agencies 
now at work on these lines. The Patrol Movement and Protective Officers 
are all doing good work, but we feel how much more could be accomplished 
if our (lovemment would create a national organization on the lines of the 
"Training Camjjs' Activities Commission in the United States" so that all 
the effort would be co-ordinated and directed. 



WOMEN OF CANADA "' 



The public is at last aroused to the need of education both on the medical 
and the moral side and much good literature along both these lines is now 
available. We hope that we may have a Federal Department of Health m 
the near future, which would mean much in regulating venereal disease. ^ ow 
that the need is realized and the light is being let in, we know conditions will 
improve Wien children receive the instruction which it is their bir bright 
to have they will be safeguarded by a knowledge of the truth and will have 
a reverent outlook on life that will prove a stronghold against temptation 
As a guide to those seeking literature, we commend the books of Dr. >^ afield 
S Hall They are cheap, simple and scientifically true and adapted to all 
ages. Any one wishing to secure these books may obtain from the convener 
the names of those shops handling the same. 

"The Mother's Reply" (for children). 
"An Open Letter to Parents" (for children). 
"The Daughter's Daughter" (for young girls). 
"Life's Story" (for young girls). 
"Life's Problems" (older girls and women). 
"John's Vacation" (young boys). 
"Strength of Ten" (young boys) 
"Chums" (older boys and young men). 
"Sex Hygiene" (gi-own-ups) . 
While much of the work is still uncompleted, we feel that it is "well 
begun " and from coast to coast the interest is felt and things are moving 
forward. Women police and a separate court for women are far past the 
experimental stage and are commonly accepted as the proper method. The 
women magistrates have proved such a success that we hope to see many 
more appointed. Indeed, we feel that there should te one m every ^omen s 
Td Chren's Court. Then we hope to have a proper diagnosis of the moi. 
and mental illness and have it treated by the proper mstitutional ca e. This 
can only be done when cases are investigated by trained experts before they 
appear L court, so that the finding may be presented to the judge. \. e are 
stm asking for I general board 6f censors, making a common standard for all 
Provinces and that women be represented on this Board and all pictures 
shown in the Dominion must first be passed by this Board. 

In closing, I wish to express my appreciation of the faithful work of aU 
my Local Comnuttees and beg to submit for consideration of the Council. 
Resolution, p. 99, re Amendment to the Ciimmal Code; also, 

That a copy of this resolution be sent to the Minister of Justice, 
the Prime Mmister, and the Clerk of the Privy Council. 

Moved by Mrs. Edith Lang, seconded by Dr. M. Pattj^rson 

We ask that the following alterations be made in the Crimmal 

Code at the earUest possible moment : . , , rr 

(„) That more adequate maximum penalties be mserted for offences 

against morals. 



68 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

(6) That it be made an offence for females to live on the avails of 
prostitution. 

(f) That we have some such law as the Ked Light Injunction and 
Abatement Laws of the States, bj' which the owner of property is held 
responsible for its proper use. 

(rf) That adultery be made a crime. 

(e) That equal protection be extended to the unenfranchised Indian 
woman as to the white Canadian woman. 

Further, we ask that a Dominion Board of Censorship of Moving 
Pictures be appointed so that we may have a standard of censorship 
throughout the Provinces and that women be included on this Dom- 
inion Board of Censors. 



FIN,4.NCE 
^L^KGAHET C. Watt, Braxtford, Conraier 

The year 1917-18 has been one of activity in the Finance Department of 
The National Council of Women. In order to carry out the instructions of 
the annual meeting a record of the number of affiliated societies in each Local 
Council Wius necessary, so a letter (I.), was sent all the Councils. Upon 
receipt of all returns it was found that the assessment for this year worked 
out to the rate of practically .?2.00 per Society, so a letter (IL), as 
apjjended, was again sent to each Local Council explaining the new assess- 
ment arrangement and stating the amovmt due from them this year apart 
from the uniform fee of So. 00. 

Mliile the report of returns given was considered encouraging at Ottawa, 
yet the Executive realized that unless each and every Council assumed its 
own responsibility, the end of the year would again find us in financial diffi- 
culties, and instructed the Treasurer, as per resolution appended (III.), to 
send out a detailed statement of all Local Councils and emphasize the neces- 
sity of each iloing its share. The result asnshown by the Treasurer's report, 
has in most cases been a generous response and a loyal support. In regard 
to the raising of the fee of Nationally Organized Societies the response in favor 
wa.s practically unanimous (letter appended — IV.). 

lies. Statement to Date 

Then came the registration of The National Council of Women under the 
War Charities Act, a lengthy process in which great assistance was given 
gratis by Mr. J. A. Pater.son, K.C., Toronto. Then appended letter (V.) 
was sent to all Local Councils with instructions. 

The following is the statement of the response to the .Assessment when 
the books clcsed : Paid in full : Brandon, Brantford, Dauphin, E. Pictou, 
Hamilton, l^thbridge, Montreal, Ottawa, Pembroke, Regina, Renfrew, 
Trenton, W. Pictou, Wetiuskiwin, Winnipeg, Sydney, Calgary, Kingston, 



WOMEN OF CANADA "" 

St. John, Portage la Prairie, Sault Ste. Marie, Vancouver, Chapleau, Halifax, 
London, Moose Jaw, Strathroy, Truro, West Algoma (paid $10.00 last year) , 29. 

Partial Amt. of Amt. 

Payment Assessment Paid 

Medicine Hat $ 40 00 $ 32 50 

Sarnia 60 00 22 00 

Vernon 14 00 5 00 

Toronto 138 00 50 00 

Saskatoon 84 00 65 00 (remainder following) 

Macleod 10 00 5 00 

Peterborough 66 00 40 00 

St. Thomas 30 00 15 00 

Victoria 118 00 59 00 

New Westminster.. . 48 00 10 00 

No Assessment paid by Yarmouth, Olds, Edmonton, Ponoka, Red Deer, 

Timiskaming. , „ i o ■ 

Neither Fees nor Assessment have been paid this year by Ponoka, Prince 

Albert, Timiskaming. 

(II.) 

65 Dufferin Ave., Brantford. 

To the Treasurer, 

Local Council of Women. 

''''li^cordance with the recommendation passed at the last annual meet- 
ing in Winnipeg, the Local Councils will this year pay Assessed Council Aid, 
which shall be theh- fau proportion of the necessary income, accordmg to 
the number of their Federated Societies (Year Book, 1917-18 page 91 sec. 2 . 

This Assessed Council Aid is to meet all obligations of the Local Councils 
(including Year Books) outside of the affiliation fee. 

If each Council will endeavor to contribute to the funds the amount al- 
lotted to it all possibility of a "Special Appeal" later in tJhe year will be ob- 
viated ; also the Local Cornells will be able to feel that they are one and a 1 
paving their fair share to the necessary support of the Mother Counci 
Whereas the failure of any one Local Council to meet its assessment will 
necessitate the readjustment of the whole assessment^ , o, 7 1 s i« «9 U'^ l'> 

The amount of Assessed Council Aid requu-ed for 1917-18 is $2,342,1 
and the proportion for Local Councils for this year is practically $2.00 per 

Society affiliated. . , -^u u * : i,,,.: fnr 

Hoping to receive your hearty co-operation, and with best wishes for 

your Council and its work, 

I am, yours sincerely, 



Treasurer, N.C. of W. of C. 



Affiliated Societies. . . 
Assessed Council Aid. 



70 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

(HI) 

65 Dufferin Ave., Brantford. 
To the Corresponding Secretary, April 15th, 1918. 

Local Council of A\'onien. 

Dear , 

Your attention is called to the following resolution passed by the Ex- 
ecutive Committee at its recent meeting in Ottawa, the carrying out of which 
falls, as you will see, to the lot of the Treasurer : 

Whereas The National Council of Women is the organization which 
should co-ordinate women's work during the war, and during the subse- 
quent period of reconstruction, and 

Whereas service is a duty which cannot be performed without ade- 
quate financial resources, 

Therefore he it resolved that the financial position of The National 
Council of Women, and the obligations of the Federated Associations, 
be placed forcibly before the Local Councils, with a detailed statement 
showing which organizations have, and which have not, paid the pro- 
portionate assessment agreed upon at the annual meeting of The National 
Council of Women at ^\'innipeg last June. 

In endeavoring to follow out the instructions given in the foregoing 
resolution, the Trciisurer begs to point out that the required .Assessed Council 
Aid for 1917-1918 (;is shown in Year Book 1917-1918, page 92) amounted to 
$2,342.12, and that the Assessed Council Aid received to date (as shown in 
appended statement) is $903.90. It is, therefore, a self evident fact that 
unless the Local Councils which "have not paid the proportionate assessment" 
respond promptly to the plea in the explanatory circular letter sent them in 
November, that "one and all pay their fair share to the necessary support 
of the Mother Council," there will be a serious deficit when the books close 
for this year. The failure of any one necessitates the readjustment of the 
whole. 

The sixteen Local Counc Is who are "paid in full" did so promptly and 
with such good spirit (some of them are very new Councils, too), that I am 
sure it will be an inspiration to the others to "do likewise." 

The fact that the rate of assessment for this year works out to $2.00 
per Society does not mean that the affiliated Societies must pay that to The 
National Council of Women, but simply that the Local Councils are responsible 
for that amount, which may be raised in any manner they choose. 

The work of The National Council of \\'omen is a truly patriotic one, 
made the more so by the demands and conditions, both present and future, 
which are occasioned by this gripping war — this fight for right. 

Confidently looking forward to the hearty acquiescence with this request, 
I am, yours sincerely, 

Margaret C. Watt, 

Treasurer. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



71 



Detailed Statement 
Assessed Council Aid paid in full by : 

No. of Aiyit. Assess- Remarks 

Local Council Societies ment Paid 

Brandon 19 $38 00 

Brantiord 22 44 00 

Dauphin 12 24 00 

E.Pictou 12 25 00 

Hamilton 40 80 00 

Lethbridge 9 18 00 

Montreal 50 100 00 

Ottawa 51 102 00 

Pembroke 9 IS 00 

Regina 39 80 00 

Renfrew • 6 12 00 

Trenton" . . H 28 00 Only too glad to do their part. 

W.Pictou. 7. '.'.'.'... 10 20 00 

Wetaskiwin 8 16 00 

Winnipeg 62 124 00 

Sydney 10 2100 

Partial Payment by : 

Calgary 3-1 ■ ^540 00 

?'T*°! Hat ^0 7 50 For Year Books, more following. 

MedicmeHat -0 -5^ For Year Books, more following. 

^rmceAioeri ^^ ^^ ^^ Understood that fee of each 

*'*""'^ affiliated Society must be 

raised from $2.00 to $4.00. 

Toronto '.'''' 7 ' 69 50 00 $12.50 foUowing for Year Books. 

WestMgoma 42 10 00 

Acknowledged and Responding : 
j^Ij^^leod 5 Will do their best to raise assessment dues. 

Portage la Prairie. . . 22 Acknowledged and respondmg. 

Peterborough 33 Following. 

SaultSte. Marie... . 21 

VancoxivBr . . ^^ 

Victoria 57 As much as possible coimng at once. 

Yamiouth ' '. '. '. '. '. ' 10 Wish to understand assessment more clearly, 

then will respond. 
niH« 8 Instructed their Treasurer to say they could 

not pay assessment, as owing to lack of 

interest in the work they could not raise it. 



72 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



Edmonton . 



()7 It is impossible to pay S2.1)0 per Society to 
X.C.\\'. annually. Would like detailed 
statement of expenses necessitating assess- 
ment. (Ihey were referred to Budget, 
page 92.) 



Xo answers have been received from 



Local Council 
Chapleau. 



No. of 
Societies 

2 

Halifa.x . 36 

London 2(5 

Moose Jaw 27 

New Westminster 24 

Ponoka 4 

Ked Deer 10 



No. of 
Locdl Council Societies 

Saskatoon 42 

Strathroy . 10 

St. Thomas 15 

'I'iniiskaming 13 

Truro 12 

N'ernon 7 

Margaret C. Watt, 

Treasurer. 



(IV. 



(5.5 DufTerin Ave, Brantford. 
Nov. 2!)th. 1917. 



To the Representative. 
Dear , 

At the last annual meeting in Winnipeg it was decided tliat henceforth 
the annual fee of the Nationally Organized Societies in Federation be -SIO.OO, 
this amount to be the only appeal of each year and to cover .\tfiliation Fee, 
Council .\i(I, Year Books, and cost of printing the report of your Society in 
^ear Hook. It has since been pointed out that this entails a change in the 
Constitution, therefore the SIO.OO fee cannot be put into effect this year as 
obligatorj-, a.« was intended. But may I draw .your attention to the fact 
that the Budget was compiled and accepted under the impression that the 
change could be acted upon at once. 

We therefore hope that your society will be willing to pay the increased 
fee (his year and thus overcome any possibility of a ••Special .Apijeal" for 
Council Aid later in the year. 

With best wishes for your Society and its work. 

I am, yours sincerely, 

MarcaretC. Watt, 

Treasurer, N.C. of W. of C. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 73 

(V). 

Brantford, April 20th, 1918. 
To the Corresponding Secretary, 

Local Council of Women. 
Dear , 

In regard to the relation of the "War Charities Act " to the Local Councils, 
T am instructed to inform them that the Incorporation Act of The National 
Council of Women embraces all its branches which obviates the need of any- 
single Council being incorporated. Also, the registration of The National 
Council of Women automatically registers all the Local Councils, but they 
must individually apply for "Registration Forms, A, B, and C, for Branches," 
fill them in, and return them without delay to the Secretarj' of State, when 
permits for raising funds or collecting will be forwarded to them. 

Yours sincerely, 

Margaret C. Watt, 

Treasurer. 



Budget for 1918-19 

Possible Assets. 

Affiliation Fees— Local Councils $255 00 

" " — Nationally Organized Societies 250 00 

Annual Patrons 200 00 

Associate Members 30 00 

$ 735 OO 

Estimated Expenditures 

Corresponding Secretary's Salary $1,000 00 

Corresponding Secretary's Expenses 200 00 

Recording Secretary's Expenses 25 00 

Treasurer's Expenses 50 00 

Printing, including Year Books ^'^^ ^ 

Travelling Expenses 400 00 

Sundries, Expenses of Standing Committees, Telegrams, Tele- 
phones and Cables 300 00 

$3,475 GO 

Required Council Aid for 1918-19 $2,740 00 

Margaret C. Watt, 

Treasurer, N.C. of 11'. of C. 



74 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OK 

FINE AND APPLIED ARTS 
Greta Macnaughton, Montreai,, Convener 

Your Convenor regrets that the work of this eommittoo has been much 
interfere.1 with hv the strain of the war, ahnost every report alleging Red 
Cross and other patriotic activities as a reason for a meagre artistic etTort. 

It is a matter of regret, also, that so few of the Federated Associations 
appoint members on this committee, only fourteen of the sixty-eight having 
representatives. The war is probably the cause of this apparent indifference. 

Cenerally speaking, the reports indicate that little consideration is given 
to the suggestions readily available in the Year Book. Last year's report 
embodied some valuable hints as, for instance, those sent from Yarmouth, 
but hardly one report dealt with the subjects there treated. Where any 
mention was made of the work of an art circle, it was clear that it was on 
purely conventional lines, such as studies of old masters. Surely we are 
getting pa-st the stage of thinking about other people's efforts. The life 
from which the old masters drew their inspiration is the life abundant that 
we have to-day. Let us then each in our environment relate ovu- art-work 
practically to life, and something worth while will result. Study local con- 
ditions and do not store up facts about artists, thus embalming knowledge 
like flies in amber, interesting but useless. Have you foreign-bon\ neighbors 
and do you know of the native arts they practise ? To those who live near 
Indian Reser\'es may be commended some study of basketry and bead work, 
for these, too, are suffering from commercial degradation. Or have you 
thought of art as related to yo\u- children's education ? Are there pictures 
on the walls of yoiu- schools '? A\'hat should be the aim in art study for you 
—technical knowledge or to understand and appreciate? It is true the 
strain of the war is depressing, but. parado.xical as it may seem, never have we 
needed more the joy that comes from art. As Haweis says, "The highest 
service that art can accomplish for man is to become the voice of his nobler 
aspirations and the steady disciplinarian of his emotions." Tc-day, when 
feelings are so deeply stin-ed ; when those frozen ideals of the past, con- 
ventions, are quickly changing ; when democratic possibilities are being 
realized for women and the world ; when life is all one ferment, then, as 
never before, we need a sane grasp of the art-spirit which is not the effort for 
icstheti<- ix-rfection, pleasurable as that may be. Art makes us see clearly, 
truly, and it is the True and the Beautiful alone that illuminate and give 
joy ; and "it is by the bond of joy that men's spirits are indissolubly held. 
New ideals are emerging that will be the energizing force of the greater Can- 
ada. Many of the problems of our great cities and of the far \\'est w^ould be 
the sooner .solved if we are true to an inward vision of Truth and Beauty, 
and share it with tho.se who have less. How^ we could uiiify small communi- 
ties by united art effort ! In last year's report I drew attention to community 
music and I can give you an instance where it has been developed in Canada. 
In IluntsviUe, (Jntario, the Anglo-Canadian Leather Company has had a 



WOMEN OF CANADA 75 

band organized amongst its workmen, many of them being Italians. The 
organization was due to the inspiration and the love of music of one of the 
partners, who himself performs in the band and devotes a great musical 
capacity to this up-lifting and joy-inspiring work. Such community art 
effort is possible anywhere, though it may be expressed in some different 
form. Could not some of our historic centres give a j-early pageant in which 
all could join in one or another capacity ? What a study of history and 
costumes ! WTiat ideas on color and artistic grouping would develop ! But, 
above all, what a spirit of co-operation in joyful work would be created ! 

But the how and the what do not matter. What really counts is that 
art and the joy thereof should have a place in om- lives, enriching us as human 
beings, benefiting our homes and our nation and racially fitting us for some 
great future destiny. We can look forward after the war to a great flowering 
of art, for all great national efforts have been the signal, as it were, of this 
burgeoning. Let us then be ready to do oiu- part, for we at least can prepare 
that atmosphere of appreciation so necessary to art expression, as warm rain 
and sunshine hasten the blooming of the flowers. 

I have now the honor to present the reports, in a very condensed form, 
of those Local Committees that repUed to my request. 

Hamilton reports that the usual excellent work is being done in the 
Hamilton Technical School ; everything from the mechanical drawing to the 
finished article in metal or wood is shown as evidence of the handicrafts of 
the school. Clay modelhng, china painting, free-hand, lettering and com- 
mercial design prove the comprehensive work done in the school. There are 
eight hundred students enrolled, one hundred of whom are soldiers domg 
vocational work. The Hamilton School is reported to be doing its usual 
excellent work. The Ladies' Duet Club is a flourishing musical association. 
A happy event is the appointment of the leader of the Elgar Choir (who is 
also the Professor of the Conservatory of Music) to the position of Director 
of Music in the Public Schools. This connection must exercise a great in- 
fluence in the musical training of the chikhen. 

Kingston reports their Art Association as still carrying on. Outdoor 
sketchmg in summer and study of the art of many countries at the evening 
meetings have been arranged as usual and have been found a welcome rehef 
from the strain of the war. In the public schools the training in drawmg 
from the object continues and the reproductions of famous pictures hung m 
the school-rooms carry on sUent but effective work in the education of the 
child in the meaning of art. The Ladies' Musical Club has suspended its 
usual work, war meetings having taken the place of concerts, though some 
organ and violin recitals have been enjoyed. 

New Westminster reports nothing but war work is done. 
The Ottawa Art Association has done special work in raising money for 
patriotic purposes. One effort was to raise money for wool and a contribu- 
tion of one hundred dollars was made to a canteen in Paris for aged and needy 
artists. The work in the studio continues. Classes are held for advanced 



76 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

8tucieiits and for bepiniicrs, and it is not fwort hy that the instruction is given 
by artists of establisliod reputation. A most interesting feature of the studio 
work is the Saturday morning class for school boys and girls, children as 
young as ten years of age enjoying this opportunity for study. A class in 
Applie Dp.<ign is held also once a week. The work done under the auspices 
of the Art Association meets a very real need, for there aie no other classes 
for such study being held. Such sincere work, varying from study of casts, 
flowers, still life, to the draped model, must have a far-reaching influence. 
This sijccial work for children and that in Applied Design are commended to 
the attention of our Local Committees. 

Yarmouth declares Red Cross work absorbs all energy, but the Art Club 
and the small musical club devote themselves to the works of great masters. 
Last year an excellent report was sent, with suggestions for further work, and 
to the e the local Convener can add nothing, but these are to be found in the 
Year Book, 1917-18 and will be especially valuable in localities where art 
facilities are few. 

The Convener for the West Algoma Council reports much individua 
work in a quiet way. The art work in the schools is found very satisfactory 
such work a-s designing book-covers, wall-papers, or painting from objects 
etc., is taken up by the pupils and explains possibly the interest in art worli 
80 general in the community. The work of the foreign children is found tc 
be excellent, owing, doubtless, to their keen interest, aided by their talent 
Many instances are given of work of talented citizens, but space does nol 
permit a detailed account. 

The Convener of this Committee deplores the lack of that artistic at- 
mosphere found elsewhere, and points out that a great hindrance to artisti( 
development is the absence of a sjiirit of independence and breadth of mind 
also, she feels that much financially might be done to improve the positioi 
of those looking to an art career in Canada. 

Montreal reports good work in music and a markedly increased interest 
it being made more of a feature in many meetings and by many soc eties 
The Montreal Women's Club, for instance, had on its programme a Mendels 
sohn afternoon, under the direction of a leading musician. The Women'i 
Art Society has again made music a special feature under the direction of om 
of our finest amateurs, now the President of the Ladies' Morning Club. Thi 
best professional and other talent interpret the music and a high st.andard i 
the only ideal. The choral music was especially good. The Ladies' Mornini 
Musical Club holds weekly meetings, large audiences being always present 
It celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary by raising a fund (.S2,000) for th' 
canteen work in France, carried on by Miss Mary Bell, the founder of th 
Club, so war-cla ms are not neglected. It also contributes a yearly sum t( 
the student in Paris who holds the Quebec Government scholarship. Th 
influence of this important Society would be difficult to determine, but, a 
it includes many teachers of music, many young people in the formativ 
stage and many parents of children whose taste will be formed by the guardiar 
it woulil bf impossible to overestimate it. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 



77 



The Women's Art Society has carried on its usual work, lectures on many 
subjects, literary and otherwise. A new studio has been added where the 
Evening Study Class meets and the regular meetings for Ceramic work and 
drawing from the life-model are held. Three prizes are given for the classes 
in Outdoor Sketcliing and in Applied Design. Exhibits of the work of the 
two Sketch Classes, a Ceramic Exhibit, and notably one of the pictures of 
the Canadian artist, Mr. Coburn, so well known for his illustrations of Dr. 
William Drummond's poems interpreting French Canada. As Montreal 
has a very fine .Art Gallery, the same necessity does not exist for exhibitions 
by the Women's Art Society, and they are usually confined to the work of 
the members. Several of the members of the Society regularly exhibit with 
the finest Canadian and other artists at the Spring Show in the Montreal 
Gallery and the Ceramic display from the Society is of a high excellence. 
The usual patriotic work has been carried on through the War Fund for Artists 
and recently a special fund ($1,100) was raised for the Leonard Young Con- 
cert Company giving entertainments in the trenches to our Canadian boys. 

A patriotic effort to collect musical instruments for the soldiers' use at 
the front in their moments for recreation has met with much success and 
Mrs. James McDougall is to be congratulated on her effort to keep up the 
morale of our CanacUan soldiers. An amateur company, under the inspiration 
of Madame Masson, has been taking up operatic work and lately presented 
an opera by Gounod with fuie success. 

Mention must also be made of the splendid choral work done here, as 
was lately evidenced by an especially artistic rendering of the "Ehjah" 
under Mr. Blair's direction. 

Montreal, being a centre of French and English influence, is especially 
favored musically and the facts mentioned are only given as indications of 
the work that goes on constantly and without ostentation. 

The replies received from St. John, New Brunswick, and from Victoria, 
B.C., to a requested report were that the ladies were no longer m charge of 
art work. 

The following Committees, asked through their representatives for a 
report, sent no reply : Dauphin, Man.; London, Ont.; Prince -Albert, Sask. ; 
Vancouver, B.C.; Moose Jaw, Sask.; and Toronto (I.O.D.E.) 

As your Convener has resigned the office as head of the Committee on 
Fine and Applied -\rts, she begs to express her thanks to those courteous cor- 
respondents who have assisted her so materially in the preparation of her report. 
The Committee has had manv difficulties, owing to nearly four years of war, 
but chiefly to the shortcomings of the Convener, ill-health being one, but 
as a new Committee, our ideals had to be formed, and that is a matter of 
growth. A great work lies before it and may it meet with every success. 



7g THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

HOI s;eiiold economics 

Georgina Newhall, Calgary, Convener 

This is a time when no iiulividual organization can claim to have acWeved 
special advantages for tlie consumer, .\lmost everything caUing itself an 
organization has dabbled more or less within the last year or two in matters 
pertaining to food, your Convener having been a member of the Provincial 
and Local Food Boards, as well as member of the High Cost of Living Com- 
mittee of the Calgary City Council. It is regiettable that nothing definite 
has been achieved by any one of these organizations, the reason being that 
there was too great an atmosphere of imcertainty as to what would happen 
next, owing to Government activities and experiments. Efforts by your Con- 
vener, therefore, which has had any fruition has been confined chiefly to 
work done within the organization and to assistance rendered to individuals 
struggling, in other organizations, with similar problems. 

For instance, your Convener was kept bu.sy for some time preparing 
material for the Conservation pamphlet, which it was planned that the National 
Council should p\iblish. This material is in the hands of the Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. Fairbairn. A monthly article has been almost continuously 
provided for publication in the National Organ, "Woman's Century." On 
request, material has been provided for articles to be read or for addresses 
by members of other organizations affiliated with the National Council. 

Your Convener has been asked to speak on P'ood Conservatiou in various 
towns in Alberta. The matter of re-stocking fished-out lakes has been taken 
up with some degree of success. Continuous effort for almost a year and up 
to the present time has been expended in the matter of cheaper fish for the 
Prairie Provinces, where there is a great dearth of substitutes. It is beUeved 
that at last the work of all who have been interested is about to bear fruit, a 
very much needed result. But whether there will be sufficient return for the 
effort cx])ended is still jiroblematic. 

The introduction of goats into Canada to relieve the milk situation for 
people of small means has been widely agitated. Not only, however, with 
a view to temporary relief, but also with the object of building up an industry 
which has proved immensely valuable to European nations. To-day Van- 
couver City Council is arranging to invest S3,000 in common Texas goats, 
for which they have already orders exceeding $2,300, individual orders coming 
from all parts of B.C. and from Calgary, Alberta. The matter of exhibition 
and ])rizes for Angora and milch goats has been taken up with the Calgary 
Fair and the Canadian National Exhibition at Toronto. 

The Department of Forestry has recently been communicated with in 
order to discover what steps, if any, are taken or can be taken to improve our 
nut-bearing trees, or what possibility there is of raising English walnuts in 
certain districts of Canada. It is still too early to expect a reply to this 
latter interrogation. 

Some of the Provincial organizations of the Women's Institutes are issuing 
cook books devoted to conservation. The American Woman's Club of Cal- 



WOMEN OF CANADA '» 

gary, affiliated locally, has for sale a cook book which is a triumphant ex- 
position of good cookery and ingenious conservation. 

Reports come from aU over of women's interest in and efforts m behalf 
of conservation, some of these in the face of many difficulties in the way of 
securing substitutes. 

In conclusion the absolute necessity for an orgamzation of consumers 
throughout the Dominion is being constantly m-ged by your Convener, m 
order 'that such advantages as may have been secured shall not be permitted 
to vanish with the cessation of the war. As an interesting book which bears 
on this subject consumers should read "The New Slavery," by H. Percy 
Scott. 

IMMIGRATION 
Alice Vincent Massey, Ottawa, Convener 

\s your new Convener I have consulted with people who understand 
present "conditions, both in England and in Canada, and have come to the 
conclusion that it would be best, owing to the war, to postpone any immediate 
action in comiection with immigration. My pohcy, therefore, has been, and 
will be for some months, to make a study of tlie problem myself, to get in 
touch with those in authority and to come to some conclusion as to how we, 
as women, can best assist in the solution of the very pressing problem pre- 
sented bv the whole subject. We have the sj-mpathy of the new Mimster of 
Immigration, and it is my very strong desire to consult with him on his return 
from England and to find out in what way we can best co-operate with the 
work of his department. . _, „ .,, 

[Mrs Vincent Massev forwarded with her report copies of the Committee 
reports of Kingston and West .\lgoma Local Councils. These were submitted 
to the Special Committee on Reports and proving both interesting and sug- 
gestive, it was thought well to include them in the Year Book.-I. A. F.) 

IMMIGRATION COMMITTEE, KINGSTON L.C.W. 
Mary M. C. Lavell, Convener 
The work done by Convener of Immigration Committee has been en- 
tirely one of investigaiion, but the result of inquiries may prove mterestmg 

as well as suggestive. , ^, ■ 

The office of the City Clerk could give me no figures to show the number 
of foreigners, noi the different nationalities Uving in Kingston, nor could any 
of the civic officials I consulted tell me how such ''^7-^, "J^/^^J. ^^^ °^^ 
tained. I was told that the second year of war almost all the Italians, all 
the Poles, and many of the Russians went back to their native lands to be 
ready to ake up arms ; that some of the Greeks also went, but nothing in 
the way of statistics was available as to the number of these nationalities 
who were left. 



80 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

In conversation with a Chinaman, inaiiagor of one of the restaurant.. 
1 was told that at present there are about one hundred Chinamen in the 
citv. So far as can be learned, no organized effort is being made to educate 
or help these foreigners, or fire them with an ambition to be out-and-out 
Canadian citizens. In fifteen years only one Chinaman has taken out natur- 
alization i)ai>ers, so, it would seem, that not citizenship, but money-making, 
is in their thoughts. One young (^hinanian is in the matriculation class in 
the Collegiate and has a college course in view. Several younger ones are 
in the public schools, but for the most- part, when we think of Chinamen, 
we think of laundries and restaurants. 

That we are not organized to help the foreigner while he is here seems 
like a great opportunity neglected. Better and less cos.ly would it be to 
surround liim by helpful and upliftinginfluence than to send missionaries abroad. 
Your convener has consulted several of the Protestant ministers of the city, 
but found only one church — Sydenham St. Methodist — that is doing any- 
thing for the foreigner. Here a large Bible Class, with an enrolment of 25. 
is conducted by Mrs. H. Chown, who is greatly interested in her charges and 
finds them, not only most teachable, but most eager to learn. 

'J'hc Chinamen of Kingston have established for themselves a liecreation 
and Reading Koom in an upstair room down town. Copies of a Chinese 
newspaper are received every week at our Public Library through the courtes}' 
of the Chinamen themselves. 

Because the foreigners in Kingston are comparatively few and live 
quietly and much to themselves, we have not even considered the problem 
of teaching them English and the common branches, or of jilacing before them 
higher ideals of life than mere money-making. 

Perhaps in the coming year the Ministerial As.sociation and the V.]M.C..\. 
Secretary might he a|)proached and consulted as to the best means of reaching 
the foreign population in Kingston with a view to helping them. 



IMMIGRATIOX COMMITTEE, WEST ALGOMA L.C.AV. 
Mabel L. Hannah, Convener 

In the Fall of 1917 a survey of the Coal Dock section of the City of Fort 
William was made under the auspices of the Wayside House Settlement. 
I'rom this survey we quote the.se interesting facts. 

There arc apjiroximately 4.50 foreign families and one Canadian. The 
450 foreign families are made up as follows : 150 Italians, 1.50 Ruthenians, 
KM) Slovaks, and the rest Greeks, Russians, Finns, S\Tian.s, Asssyrians, Poles, 
Jew.-i anil Roumanians. 

There are over 1,000 children. 

From a consideration of these facts and from a familiarity with the 
whole situation, re,sultant from a four years' re.sidence among thcni, your 
Convener woulii like to make the following recommendations : 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



81 



1. Since these children, for the most part, in both their church and school 
life, are cut off from contact with English speaking people, and since the 
mothers are even more iso'ated, we recommend that the Local Council, 
through its Affiliated Societies, urge women of high ideals to accept their 
responsibility by taking an individual interest in at least one foreign family. 

2. We believe that the municipaUty should be urged to engage the ser- 
vices of a trained community worker, with a view to making the home life 
of the foreigner more in accordance with oiu- Canadian idea of a home. 

3. We recommend that a visiting nurse be engaged for the entire year 
to give her entire services to the Coal Dock section of Fort William, in order 
that a continuous training be given instead of just relief nursing for a short 

period. 

4. Since practically all foreign girls in the industrial life are unskilled 
we urge that there should be closer supervision to prevent them being ex- 
ploited morally and commercially. 

5. We commend the progi-essive steps of the Department of Education 
in the matter of the education of adult foreigners, and in this connection urge 
that a committee representative of the employers of foreign labor be ap- 
pointed to act with the Board of Education to work out the best plans to meet 
the educational needs of the adult foreigner. 



LAWS FOR THE BETTER PROTECTION OF WOMEN AND 
CHILDREN 

Henrietta Mum Edw.ahds, M.acleod, Convener 

Dominion Legisl.ation.— Of the measures for amendments to the 
Criminal Code, the most important was that of raising the age of consent 
to 18 years of age. This measure passed the House of Commons, but was 
turned down bv the Senate. For twenty-two years the National Council has 
untiringly worked for this necessary protection to young girls, and it is with 
keen disappointment we see our hopes so nearly realized deferred again. 
However, it is indicative of the advance of public opinion that the members 
of the House, who are the representatives of the people, expressed themselves 
in favor of this amendment, and gives hope that next year we may see the 

measure become law. 

The Act to Confer the Electoral Franchise upon Women, introduced by 
the Prime Minister, has a very important clause, (c) of sub-section 2, of 
section 1, relating to wife of ahen, born British subject (other than wives of 
enemy aUens), requii'ing that before a certificate shall be issued to her, per- 
mitting her to vote, she shall take oath that she has fulfilled all the reauire- 
ments necessary to entitle her, if unmarried, to become a naturalized British 
subject Tins means that she shall have resided in Canada five years, is of 
good character, has an adequate knowledge of either French or English and 
has taken the oath of allegiance. Yom- Convener, as the one who had charge 



g2 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

of the la."! petition for women's suffrage presented to the Federal liouse 
(1896), had particular pleasure in being present in the House when this Act 
was on the orders for the day. 

The transferring of the Board of Health fiom the Department of Agri- 
culture to that of Immigration was a step in advance, but not till there is a 
Federal Department of Health can we look for the best legislation in connec- 
tion with health. 

Provinci.^l Legislation — Xova Scotia, the Province that was the 
first and foremost in work for woman's suffrage, has during the past year 
seen its work of many years rewarded by the passing of a woman's suffrage 
bill. This recalls the disappointment and discouragement several years ago 
when a similar bill was lost by two votes. 

Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta have passed acts for the 
prevention and treatment of venereal diseases. The Alberta Act foUowed 
closely some of the recommendations of the Royal Commission's Report. 

The question of Provincial Divorce Courts has been a live one in Manitoba, 
Saskatchewan and Alberta. Manitoba claims it has the right to grant di- 
vorce, and Saskatchewan has a test case now in its courts. The question 
hangs on the interpretation of the British Xorth American Acts' of 1867 to 
1871 as to what extent the Provinces liave the right to deal with marriage. 
This spring an important decision was handed down in the Supreme Court 
of Alberta that divorce, granted in the States for other reasons than those 
for which divorce is granted by the Senate of Canada, does not annul a Can- 
adian marriage. 

Ontario. — At the last .session the Factory, Shop and Office Building 
Act was amended : Section 3.5, regulating the hours of employment of females 
in canning factories ; Sections 2.") and 26, permitting the employment of 
children in the work of de.ssicating fruits and vegetables, were repealed, thus 
eliminating entirely the legal employment of cliUd labor in any factory in 
Ontario. Eating and dressing rooms must be provided where not less than 
thirty-five women are employed, with matrons in charge. 

Manitoba. — Two measures affecting women and children pa.ssed — ' The 
Dower Act" and "The Shop Act." 

Alberta. — The Dower Act amended, depriving a wife of a man dying 
intestate, who is living apart from her hu.sband under circumstances that 
would disentitle her to alimony, from any benefit under the Dower Act. 
Also amended, giving a Judge of the Supreme Court power to dispense with 
the consent of a wife living apart from her husband vinder circumstances that 
would exclude her from any claim of alimony, or else is of unsound mind. 
The Factory Act amended, further regulating the hours of emiiloyment of 
women, and an OfTicial Guardian Act pa.ssed. The Official Guardian shall 
have charge of the estate of jjrisoners, missing persons, infants coming under 
the jurisdiction of the Courts. Also several amendments to the School Act, 
provision made for the formation of consolidated schools. Mentally de- 



WOMEN OF CANADA 83 



ficients incapable of receiving class instruction may be excluded from school 
attendance on the recommendation of the superintendent or an mspector. 
The Board of a town district is given power to pro^-ide free medical, dental, 
or surgical treatment for such pupils or classes of pupils as it may determine. 
170 per month, $840 per vear, is fixed as a minimum wage for a teacher of an 
ungraded school ; the compulsory attendance extended to fifteen years. 

Amendments to the Workmen's Compensation Act, giving where the 
widow or invaUd husband is the sole dependant, $20 per month ; if children 
an additional S5 per month for every child under sixteen years of age ; where 
there are onlv children SIO per month. 

A delegation from the Provincial Law Committee waited on the Premier, 
asking for legislation to secure (1) Equal Parental Rights, (2) Mothers' 
Pensions (3) Stricter enforcement of the Law dealing with disorderly houses, 
(A) an Act dealing with venereal diseases. In connection with mothers 
pensions, $20,000 was set aside to be used on a fifty to fifty basis with muni- 
cipal funds to aid mothers who need help in the care of their children^ This 
was considered very unsatisfactory, as no Government help can be obtained 
for the needy mother unless a municipality or chartered city is wilhng to 
undertake 50 per cent, of the cost and to make, thi-ough its Council or author- 
ized society in Calgary and Edmonton, apphcation for the other oO per cent. 
A Venereal Disease Act was passed. No amendment to the Infants 
Act was made, but a promise given that a skeleton bOI would be mtroduced 
next session dealing with equal parental rights. 

British CoLrMBiA-Va«co«m- and VicU,na -P°'-^% ^'j'^^ ^\f ^^^ 
important legislation affecting women and clnldren passed m 1918. Mrs 
Ralph Smith the first, woman legislator in British Columbia, introduced a 
S, which was passed, to fix a mimmum wage^ ^^ bt^hTI^stt'" of 
Minunum Wage Board, the Chairman of which shall be the Mimster of 
LaboT with tlo other members, one of which shal be a woman Tins 
Board acts without salary. .4n Act was passed providing for the establish- 
ment o Juvemle Coui-ts, and that a woman, as well as a man, may be ap- 
S ed in the capacity of Judge. Legislation was passed providing foi a 
Departoent under the Crown for the protection of neglected, delinquent, 
Sid drf^ctive children (the latter including the blind, deaf, feeb le-mmded, 
and tho e uffering from such physical disability as is likely to make them a 
charge upon the public). The PubUc School Act was amended to permit o 
he orgaLation of consohdated school and night schools, also provision for 
urnislnnraccommodation for teaching domestic science, manual training 
and ctmmercill courses, also penmttmg husband and wife to qualify as voters 

°° 't^V^^^^^ir., only qualified nurses of a certain standard to 
register t Registered Nurses and prohibitmg all other nurses to use the 
tptters "R N " attached to then- names. . 

A la7ge delegation waited upon the Government to urge he imperative 
need olmLtng 'adequate provision for the care of the feeble-minded and 



84 THE NATIONAL COTJNCIL OF 

takiiiK necessary steps for preventing the ravages of venereal diseases. The 
delegation met with sincere sympathy, but the Provincial Secretary stated 
that, owing to the efforts the Government were making to fight tuberculosis, 
he could not, for financial reasons, promise anything definite. 



Digest of Reports fkom Local Councils 

Nova Scotia : Yarmouth, has no memlier on the Law Committee, as the 
Woman's Christian Tenijierance Union works for the better protection of 
women and children, and a petition was sent from Yarmouth by this organiza- 
tion for raising the age of consent ; also another petition asking for suffrage 
for women. 

Truro reports that on the whole the laws of Nova Scotia are fairly good, 
especially in protection of children. Would like to have better censorship 
of moving pictures and a woman on every Censor Board. 

East Piclou rei)orted no member on Law Committee, but the intention 
of appointing one for the coming year. Will take up the study of laws that 
relate to women and children. 

Ilalifax reported the passage of amendment to the Franchise Bill ex- 
tending the franchise to women, a Government measure wliich met with no 
opposition. 

QuEBF.c : Montreal. — No lejiort. 

^^A^•lTOBA: Wimnpeg reported two iirovincial measures affecting women. 

Dauphin reports an open meeting, held in cj3-operation with the Home 
Economics, at which a lawyer gave an address on the Dower .\ct, and that 
a Law Committee has been appointed. 

Ontahio: London reports efforts to secure Government provision foraged 
people who become in.sane ; at jircsent there is only a jail willing to receive 
them. 

Piterboroutjh. — The Trades and Labor Council requested a conference 
with the Local Council in regard to the em)iloyment of children in factories 
who are under age, shorter hours and inadequate factory inspection. An effort 
was made to secure voluntary attendance of at least two women in the Court 
room whenever a girl or woman was up for trial. 

lirantford. — No work done last year by the I^aw Committee, but work 
planned for the near future. 

Hamilton took an active part in petitioning the Government re venereal 
diseases and care of feeble-minded ; suggests that the School Law should be 
so amended that a <'hild before being permitted to leave school should have 
reached a certain standard of education, whether the child is twelve or sixteen 
years of age, and also that no child shall leave school before it is fourteen 
years of age ; thinks the law should be amended to i)ermit a child over sixteen 
years of age being sent to an Indu.strial School on first conviction. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 



S .SK ■ Reqina sends a splendid report, giving a digest of present legislation 
on a wife's rights in her husband's estate and parental rights, with notes as to 
necessary amendments; also the proposed legislation for the better pro- 
tection of women and children, dealing with Dominion, Provincial and Munici- 
pal legislation, which was submitted to the Local Councd. The proposed 
legislation deals with : raising the age of juveniles from sixteen to eighteeri 
which was approved of by the Council, but defeated in the Legislative As- 
Temblv last vear ; the appointment of Police Patrols; Women Magistrates, 
reslabhshmg of a Woman's Court ; of an Industrial Home for V^ omen 
and Girls ; a certificate of health before securing a license to marry -amend- 
ments to Mother's Pension Act to include a married woman .diose husband 
Tannot help support the children; amendments to Venereal Disease Act 
giving free treatment and diagnosis when necessary, and compulsoo" care o 
Police Court cases suffering from this disease ; the establishing of a Provincial 
Divorce Court. 

Saskatoon reports the formation of a Law Committee and plans for 

active work. 

Albert. : Medicine Hat reports careful study of the proposed legislation 
submitted by the Provincial Law Committee, twenty copies of which were made 
and sent to'all the affiliated societies. The results of the - -. oy, a 
ated societies were tabulated and sent to the Se-etary of the Pro^m al 
Law Committee The Committee also studied the Med.cme Hat Charter. 
Monthh m etlngs were held at which speakers addi-essed the women on 
S^rent laws that relate to women and children and on the. du les and r^,- 
sponsibihties as citizens since the passing of the ^^-1 Suffrage M. An 
effort mide to have a Cm-few By-law was passed regulating the hours alter 
Scl cir n may not be m public places unless -^er proper guarduanship 
The Convener of the Law Committee was instructed to write to the C.t> 
Councd-k ng for strict enforcement of the law against disorderly house. 
The Ci y Solicitor, in replying, stated that while the City Council wa. m 
Jntre vm;a hv w th the desire of the Local Council of U omen, luvt as long 
as he acciLd "can have the beneiit of a fine so long will the conditions com- 



plained of remain. . - j 

Edmonton reported that a resolution from the Committee was adopted 
bv tfe Exec'iv which was that the Edmonton Local Councd work as a 
uni and independent of the Provincial Law Committee - the f^u Uire^ Oause 
U of the Proposed ^e-ed Constitution wa.s^^^^^^^^^ 
following recommendation made. mat eatn i^uL n „ tv„ 

considenng a matter, should be at liberty to present that -^tter to the Pr- 
vmcial Government in its own name and at its 7° -J', JJ ProtZZl 
Aid Society are bringing in a bill to fm-ther amend the Children ^ Protection 
Act of Alberta to strengthen the powers of this Society m its work among neg- 
lected and dependent children, 

Calgary reports very active work for mothers' pensions, equal parenta 
controreompursory reporting of venereal diseases, partnership rights of a 



86 THE NATIONAL rOUNCIL OF 

wife in husband's estato alonjs the same linos as community rights in the 
Province of Quebec, and sii]ipression of Red Light districts, and very extensive 
financial assistance to mothers and children. 

Red Deer. — Committee has done good work along educational lines 
and sent a very fine tabulated report of the voting of the affiliated societies 
on the proposed legislation of the Provincial Law Committee. 

British Columbia : Vancouver and Victoria sent carefully prei)ared 
reports, the substance of which has already been given. 

Xo work from the National Council has been referred to the Law Com- 
mittee this year. The recommendation (No. 1) of last year's report of this 
Committee, which was amended by the Executive at la.st annual meeting, 
was referred to Dr. Ritchie England, the Montreal member of the Committee, 
to secure the expert medical advice desired. Dr. I*]ngland has not yet reported 
on the matter. 



NURSING 
R. WiNNTFRED TiLLEY, Brantford, Convener 

As there is a report this year from the National Association of Trained 
Nurses (see p. 106), and as the time for the annual meeting has been shortened, 
I have made the report of the Nurses' Committee very brief, reporting only 
one or two outstanding things. From a Committee composed of twenty-two 
members, nine sent in rejjorts of the work clone in their districts in the past 
year. 

-Vlberta has now a Provincial Health Department, which will deal with 
the nursing problem of the sparsely settled districts through municipal hos- 
pitals and school clinics, and things are in train for a satisfactory solution of 
nursing matters in the near future. 

In Calgary the maternity ward in the hospital has been made free to all 
city women, thus giving them skilled nursing without charge. 

The .Saskatchewan Registered Nur.ses' Association is now in touch with 
the Women Grain Growers' Association in regard to Rvual Nurses. It is 
more a ca.se of providing nurses than a financial question. The Saskatchewan 
farmer, in most 'iistances, is well able to pay for nursing care. To meet the 
needs of those who are unable to engage nurses, the establishing of the Mun- 
icipal Hospital throughout the Province is looked forward to. 



NURSING : SPECIAL REPORT re V.A.D.'S 

R. WiNNIFRED TiLLEY 

Resolution re V.A.D.'s introduced by the Toronto Local Council : 

" Resolvi'il that this Council ask the National Council to consider the 

training and standing of "Voluntary Aid Nurses" in Can.ada, suggesting that 

a badge or pin be is.sued in recognition of same." 



87 

WOMEN OF CANADA 



Great Britain's signatory to the Geneva Convention covers all her 
Dominions, Colonies and Dependencies, and has been provided for m the 
announcement made bv her to her All.es, her enemies, and to neutral nations, 
that "he two organizations, the British Red Cross Society and its branch s 
and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and its department, are the duly 
recogn^^ed and authorized Voluntary Md Societies referred to therein. Henc 
al voTunteer assistance rendered to the administration "f ^h^. -";>• ^f ^^ 
services of the Empire must be provided tl.-ough the British Red Cross 
Society or the Department of the Order of St. John. 

In Canada, by an agreement made at a meeting called b H.R.H. he 
Duke of Connkught, August, 1914, and by subsequent resolution o the 
Executive Committe; of the Canadian Branch of the St. John Ambulance 
AssocTation the responsibility of developing all Voluntary Aid Detachments 
ha been r posed in the St. John Ambulance Brigade Overseas within the 
Don nion o Canada, a Department of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. 

Th^ is the answer suggested by the first reading of the Resolution, but 
on f m'he conlide ation w ' find the Toronto Local Council had m view the 
n^S^g sLnding, after the war, of the V.A.D. in her relation to the public 

^"'tL' training of the V.A.D. is very short and consists of five lectures in 
First MdotTe injured and five lectures in Home Nursing, one lecture a week. 
Thf etnlm^L Is not severe, as the object is not to plucl. but ^o stnmila e 
the studv of nursing. Two certificates are given, one foi Fust .\id and one 
for Home Ni'sing Anyone having these two certificates may become a 
renSrof^te St' John Ambulance Brigade, which meets at least wice in 
:ilnth for — nee an,:, n™ .«..;^^^^ 
at least one practice a month, oi t\\el\e m tne yeai 

■ f , ;, i,olrl Those tak ng this com'se can stUl cany on men- 

a re-examination is held, inose i-.n^uig pourse 

, .-A., ,-,11 hnnches of nursing are crowded into tnis couise, 

hospital before going over. The tei^ "nursmg sister -^' J"^ *;^; '^ 

them from the Voluntary Aid Nurse, in lue.e ^ .' . j,g oj-t 
hospital attendant, the trained nurse givmg nursing ^^'^f f, J.^d Tf, 

England. 



88 THE NATIONAL COnNCIL OF 

There are rumors of plans to establish the St. John Anili\ilaiiie Brigade 
as a permanent nursing service, placing the N.A.D. in military hospitals, in 
the rural districts, and to give service to the public generally. If this be 
acoomphshed it will greatly lower the present high standard of nursing service 
requireil by modern methods of caring for the sick. 

When we think of the need for good nursing care in the sparsely settled 
districts and read the long list of influential people back of the St. John 
Ambulance Association, the thought comes of how greatly the situation could 
be relieved if those in high place would support the trained and organized 
Associations of nurses to fill this great need, instead of endeavoring to give 
to them the short course and imt rained niu-se. 

The following resolution was pa.ssed at the annual convention of the 
Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, held in Toronto, June 
tith, 7th, and Sth, 1918 : 

"Resolved, — That the Canadian National Association of Trained 

Nurses does not approve of short training course for any branch of 

nursing work, that the V.A.D., as a member of the St. John Ambulance 

Brigade, is recognized under the Charter of the Geneva Convention. 

She wears the uniform and badge of the Order to which she belongs. 

The Canadian National As.sociation of Trained Nurses does not consider 

it logical or necessary to confer sjjecial distinction on only one branch of 

voluntary war workers." 

This Committee, while appreciating the services of the V.A.D.'s, who 
have filled a place in time of need, do not think it advisable to select one from 
the many branches of war service far special recognition by presenting to 
them a badge or pin. 

(For di.scussion of subject .see pp. 11(5-117.; 



PROFESSIONS AND EiMPLOYMENTS FOR WOMEN 

Eva L. Jones, Winnipeg, Convener 

The conditions under which the Standing Committees of the National 
Coimcil are at |)resent working, and some difficulty in receiving replies from 
lyocal Councils to questions sent out, make this report necessarily imperfect. 
-Much information that has reached your convener, particularly from the 
West, belongs rightly to the kindred committees on Education, Nursing 
and .\griculture for Women, the three natural and most widely extended pro- 
fessions and employments. It has seemed to your convener for some time 
that this committee might with advantage be merged into, or combined 
with, the three others into a joint committee and a reconuncndation to that 
effect has been sent to the convener of the Special Committee dealing with 
Stanrling 0)mmittees. It should in any case be in closer relationship 
with these three Committees for the interchange of information and ideas 
thiin is possible under the present arrangement. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 89 



The approaching National Registration will secure more accurate figures 
respecting the employment of women than have been available since the census 
of 1911. It was then shown that about 2,000,000 women in Canada were 
engaged in work outside their owti homes. The outbreak of the war caused 
comparatively little dislocation of industry affecting Canadian women. In 
Great Britain the women thrown out of work in 1914 in the "luxury" trades 
did not reach theu pre-war level of emploj-ment in other industries until 
April, 191.5. In the fii'st year, British women took men's places in transporta- 
tion, retail trade and cleiical work; in the second, the munitions crisis depleted 
still'further domestic work, laundries, confectionery, and the printing trades. 
In the third year thev entered on a large scale the staple industries having 
less dii-ect connection with the war. In 1916, too, they literally took the 
field in large numbers as agricultural laborers, and the organization behmd 
the lines in France of a woman's army corps of clerks, cooks, cleaners, chau- 
feurs and mechanics (to the extent, by October, 1917, of 10,000 recruits a 
month) still further revolutionized industr>-. 

No such sudden shifting has occurred with us, but similar currents of 
less volume are passing over the country. The call to replace men is more 
difficult to meet, as unemployed women are practically unknown m the 
Dominion. As in Great Britain, domestic service, with its low pay and long 
hours has suffered more than any branch of labor. Laundries and other 
so-called women's trades have had to increase theii- scale of wages, and stiU 
suffer from lack of workers. The new fields of labor have drawn m girls 
who would otherwise be training for educational and nursing posts, and both 
these professions are suffering in consequence. A small proportion, the exact 
number being impossible to obtain, are overseas, working in various war 
industries in England and France, and the Nursing Sisters of oiu- Canadian 
Overseas Hospitals must be added to the list. 

The Ottawa Department of Labor shows that there are in 23 Canadian 
centres 112 Employment Bureaus, of which fourteen are Provmcial, and nme 
Mmiicipal. Of the remainder, 79, (by far the largest proportion), are comraeT- 
cial, and 32, conducted mainly by the Salvation Army and the \ .W .C.A. 
are philanthropic. 

The Provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Alberta 
and British Columbia, have no Provincial Bureaus, and the larger cities of 
Halifax, St. John, Regina, Calgarj', Fort William, and Edmonton have also 
no Municipal Bureaus. It is clear that the transcontinental chain of labor 
exchanges is still only in its beginning. In Great Britain the Emp oymen 
Exchanges are now linked with the Ministry of Munitions, the Mini.tr> of 
National Service, and the Government Substitution Scheme^ Since April 
1915 they have been furnished with particulars of dischai-ged soldiers, with 
a view to assisting them to find employment. They had placed up to Decem- 
ber 1917, over 80,000 soldiers and sailors in their employment since discharge 
and a great extension of this branch of their work is now planned. During 
1917 these Exchanges alone enrolled 18,000 women in the ^^ .A.A.C. and placed 



90 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

over 21,000 women in agricultural work. It is clear that a similar organiza- 
tion here could be of enormous benefit to the Dominion, ospeoially in the 
reconstruction worlv now beginning, .\nother interesting point in the British 
scheme ha-s been the formation of 250 local advisory Committees in connection 
with each exchange, consisting of equal numbers of representatives of em- 
ployers and employed, to consider any matters connected with tlic working 
of the Exchange. 

Your conmiittee therefore advise, as la.st year, that Local Councib 
pres." for the establishment of Provincial and Municipal Labor Bureaus in 
all larger centres where such do not exist, to secure claser co-operation with 
Ottawa in the distribution of labor and in obtaining reliable information. 
The Emploj-ment Offices Co-ordination Bill, passed at Ottawa in April, 
1918, was designed to aid and encoui-age this movement. 

From the Reports sent in, openings for women in agricultural work show 
a marked increjise, but are dealt with by another committee. Many hospitals 
report great difficulty in seeiu-ing probationers for training, and the dearth 
of trained nurses is serious at many points. Probably the report of the 
Education Committee will allude to the alanning shortage of teachers, 
especially in the three Prairie Provinces. 

In banks, women are working a.s tellers and ledger keepers in much 
larger numbers. Though women stipendiary magistrates are still only to 
be found in Edmonton and Calgary, law students are increasing in offices 
in several cities, and women policemen have proved their worth in the West. 
There is a growing, though small, demand for trained Social Service workers, 
and the great Hahfa.\ disa-ster showed the value of the.se. Secretarial and 
stenographers' posts are almost entirely in the hands of women. The medical 
supervision of the Winnipeg City Schools has passed into the hands of two 
lady doctors. Xo increiise in the number of women factory insjiectors is 
report efl, though with the large increase in female labor, this is much to 
be desired. There hiis been no general increase of women workers in outdoor 
occupations, other than agricultiu-e, and women drivers of delivery vans 
and elevator hands are still exceptional. In one or two railway centres they 
have been employed as car cleaners, and in the recent Winnipeg strike, young 
women did excellent work in freight handling. HaUfax reports also that 
one woman has been admitted to the bar; that they have women chemists 
and .some women studying both law and dentistry ; that they have one cer- 
tificated engineer; and also that one woman is now employed in a daily paper 
a-s an editorial writer, this being a much less usual employment for women 
in the eiist than it is in the western provinces. Young women arc also serving 
as street car conductors, Halifax being the only city which reports women 
as having entered this employment. 

The shortage in domestic labor has reached alarming proportions, 
especially in the M'est, and in all rural districts. The cessation of immigration 
has increa-sed the problem which will probably be solved only by the elevation 
of hoiLsehold service to the rank of skilled labor at a fixed wage. Xo news 



WOMEN OF CANADA 91 

has reached us this j-ear of the Calgary Housekeepers' League, and experi- 
ment in this direction. Winnipeg reports the recent formation of a Domestic 
Labor LTnion, but their Constitution is not to hand. 

Minimum Wage Bills have been passed in British Columbia and Manitoba, 
and a Board in both Provinces is now investigating conditions relative to 
this. Two women members are acting on the Manitoba Board. 

Labor representatives in various conferences, notably at Ottawa and 
Vancouver, in January, approved of equal pay to men and women on the 
same work, but this principle is far from being generally accepted. 

No increase in the Mothers' Pensions schemes has been reported. In 
Manitoba, 90 Mothers benefited by the subsidy granted last year by the 
Provincial Government. 

A question on the weekly half-hoUday elicited the fact that this hohday 
is customary in offices and factories, but usually observed only during the 
summer months in the larger retail stores. In small stores it is frequently 
unknown. A Shop Assistants' Holiday Act would secure this benefit to work- 
ing girls ; a suggestion has been made that in view of the scarcity of labor, 
legislation should be deferred till the close of the war. 

There is a growing and welcome tendency to include women members 
on War Emergency Boards and Committees, especially, of com-se, those on 
Conservation and Thrift. It is to be regretted, however, that on School 
Boards the representation of women is stUl so small. 

Vocational training was covered last year in the Report of the Convener 
on Education so will not be touched upon here. It is pleasant to read in a 
report, from Montreal that McGill has opened its Medical Schools to women 
students. 

It is to be hoped that the contemplated changes in the constitution and 
procedure of Standing Committees will enable the next report on Professions 
and Employments for Women to be fuller and more suggestive. 



PUBLIC HEALTH 

Jennie E Smillie, Ottaw^a, Convener 

The activities of your Convener have been concerned principally with 
the '^Follow-up" campaign recommended in discussion at Wmnipeg. The 
resolutions asking for the establishment of a Federal Department of Health 
required some studv and work, while considerable correspondence was neces- 
sary to keep in touch with the venereal disease reforms as mstituted by other 
countries. Such work seems individual, but the results are passed on to local 
conveners in the form of pamphlets sent dnect, as in the case of the American 
Social Hvgiene Association, or by letter or pamphlet from your Convener. 
It has not been possible in the latter case to provide every Local Council with 
these educational leaflets, but Local Councils in the capital cities have been 



92 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

SO provided, bccavl^* information in that way very often makes tlie inter- 
provineial link that a Federal Department of Ileahh «<inld pro\-ide much 
more efficiently. 

Tlie Marcli Executive authorized a delegation to wait upon tlie Union 
Government to again press upon them the need for the establisliment of a 
Federal Health Department. This was done in April and so far tlie Govern- 
ment seems to have taken no action, but a better understanding was reached 
than in any previous interview. Questions of Public Health connected with 
immigration and child welfare were didy emphasized by the delegation and 
the suggested outhne for such a department was as follows : 

Six things necessjiry for the constitution of a Federal Depai-tment of 
Health : 

(1) Re-organization. The co-ordination of the existing Provincial 
Boards of Health. The centralization of the work already being done in the 
different departments at Ottawa. Branches in this connection should cover 
(a) Tuberculosis, (6) Infantile MortaUty, (c) Venereal Diseases, (</) Mental 
Deficiency. 

(2) Returns. The co-ordination of vital statistics from the various 
Provincial Boards of Health and leading municipahties. 

(3) Research. A Dominion-owned and Federally-regulated laboratory 
and staff for the purpose of research along all health lines. 

(4) Reports. Weekly bulletins issued to all health authorities and social 
service agencies, these to contain vital statistics and history of the progress 
of other countries, also the results of the Dominion research. (This is similar 
to the work done in Washington.) 

(5) Recommendations. Suggestions sent out by the Dominion authori- 
ties to the bodies alluded to above, with financial a.ssistance where necessary, 
to a.ssist the provinces to more speedily attack the evils present. (This i.s 
similar to the Australian method.) 

(6) Rallies. Conventions called 1)\- the Dominion authorities to study 
and discuss methods to overcome the .special diseases that are menacing our 
national eflSciency. (This is similar to the United States method.) 

Information received from official sources in Great Britain is as follows : 
The Secretary of the National Council for Combating Venereal Disesises 
writes that "Xo report has yet been i.ssued as to the working of the ^'enereal 
Di.sea.ses Act, 1917, and as a good deal of it did not come into force until last 
November it is too early to say what effect this Act will have on the campaign 
against venereal disease. Many people are anxiously awaiting the passage 
into law of the Criminal Law Amendment Bill, as they feel tills will be a most 
useful measure." Copies of both these bills were enclosed in the letter and 
a promi.se of further new publications to be forwarded, one the report about 
to be issued by the Local Government Board on the use made of the new 
facilities for treatment now available throughout Great Britain. The late 
Secretarj- of the National Council for the .'^upiire.ssion of Vice sent a very 
full report of the activities of 1917. Among the items noticed was that already 



WOMEN OP CANADA 93 



12,000 new cases had been treated in London and the Home Counties. 
Furthermore, as a preventative against prostitution, tlie London County 
Council had ordered that all massage and so-called medical establishments 
be licensed and inspected. 

Committees appointed in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec to formu- 
late plans for better control of venereal diseases, asked your Convener to assist 
them both by attendance, suggestions, and the loan of her Australian material. 
Thanks were received from the authorities in Quebec, Montreal and Toronto 
for aid received. 

The provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario have legislated to control 
venereal diseases. The Ontario Act comes into force on July 1st. Other 
provinces, notably Quebec, are preparing to legislate and, should the ad- 
visory committees in other military districts emulate the admirable example 
of MUitary District No. 2, Canada will soon be in Une with Great Britam 
and Australia in controlUng these diseases. 

During the medical week in Hamilton at the end of May a social 
hygiene section was formed whose first duty is to initiate the orgamzation of 
a national committee to combat venereal diseases. 

The menace of the quack advertisement is increasmg and patent medi- 
cines such as "Tan-lac," are fast producing a drug habit which is far worse 
than'alcohoUsm. Requests to bring this matter to the attention of the 
National Council have been received from more than one city. 

In communicating with local conveners special emphasis has been j^iven 
to the necessitv of safeguarding the health of the growing child. Food con- 
servation is resulting in restriction of diet, which, though commendable for 
adults, may be a positive danger to those whose growth has not yet been 
fuUv attained. 

" Cliild Welfai-e and Clean-Up campaigns are stiU proving the best means 
of educating all classes of citizens as to the necessity of better conditions m 
home and mmiicipality. The Ottawa Health Committee was very active 
Ld did much campaign work thi-oughout O^^!--^^ ^^'"^^^ ^f",^^^^^^^^^ 
last legislative session two amendments relatmg to P^^l'c health one in 
regard to the Bread Sales Act, and the other relatmg to abat tou-s as set foith 
Vo„. Rnni- iqi7 oaM 52 The Montreal Babies' ^^ elf are Exhibit, at 
;:hich the Lotl Co men h d to booths, proved a source of insph-ation to the 
OttawaLocaTcouncil,theresultbeingthat Ottawa will hold a smiilar exhibi 
fn "une Hannlton hks succeeded in establishing two dental clinics for school 
chid"en and has asked for two more. So far this has not been ^anted^ 
Se To ;nto Local Council reports assisting in a protest against any reduction 
in their PubUc Health estimates, and in this connection your Con^^ne ^ou d 
urge that all Local Councils do everything in their ^'^^^'^^^^^S^ 
economy. Toronto also assisted in the creation f ^'^^.^'^^^'^j^^" ^„™*„t 
Hvgien; .Association and has been actively comiected with all the ^oik 
MUitary District No. 2 in relation to venereal diseases. 



94 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

Port Arthur reports a slight decrease in the death rate from tuberculosis, 
but the need of a local sanitarium is very pressing. The work of the school 
nurse has been most satisfactory, her social service work of instructing mothers 
during the summer months being particularly helpful. 

The Kegina Babies' \\'elfare A\eek was a notable success. In this con- 
nection the Medical Health Officer paid a high tribute to the work of the 
Local Council. Lethbridge reports that the Social Service League of Alberta 
is arranging for a Baby A\'elfare Week tliroughout the province. 

.Vlthough so much literature has been forwarded to local conveners, it 
is to be regretted that no acknowledgment of same, or report of local com- 
mittee work, has been received from councils in the provinces of Nova Scotia, 
Xew Brunswick, or British Columbia. 

Your Convener begs to suggest in closing that the subjects of Hospital 
and Prison Reform are two that need the immediate attention of the National 
Council in order that our country may be more thoroughly prepared to meet 
the changed conditions that will arise at the close of the Great War. 



SUPERVISED PLAYGROUNDS, RECREATIONS AND SOCIAL 

CENTRES 

LiLLiAi; D, Deacon, Winnipeg, Convener 

The report of the Committee on Supervised Playgrounds and Social 
Centres is considerably shortened this j'ear by the failure of a number of 
the councils to send in their reports on the work, yet on the whole the outlook 
is encouraging. From all parts of the Dominion come cxiiressions of increas- 
ing and deepening interest in the work, and in places where there as yet are 
no playgrounds there is a growing determination on the part of the women 
in the councils, that something nnist be done along this line in the near future. 

Fort William reports five playgrounds well super\'ised, and much good 
work for the children accomplished last year. Peterborough had two play- 
grounds doing excellent work, and the interest of the citizens is increasing 
to such an extent that there are good prospects for enlargement of the work. 

Hamilton is opening an additional new grovnid this year and making good 
progress. In Regina good work has been done and the formation of a Play- 
ground Commission is proposed. St. John, N.B., had six playgrounds 
well supervise<l last year, with returned soldiers for caretakers, thus giving 
suitable employment to men incapacitated for heavy work. An item of 
special interest was the handicraft work in which the children were much 
interested. 

Dauphin made a start last year in the playground work, with good results. 
Other towns are hoping to do something this year. 

In Kingston and Saskatoon this work was not taken up by the Local 
Councils, so other citizens have interested themselves in it, and both cities 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



»5 



plan to have grounds in running order this season. The work in Halifax 
deserves a special word since, in spite of the catastrophe of December last, 
the work of the playgrounds, now in charge of a Commission in which the 
Local Council has three members, is still being carried on. The special feature 
of this summer will be the work done for the benefit of thousands of homeless 
children sheltered in the groups of temporary houses which have had to be 
erected. Without a playground these children would have no place to play 
and a well-equipped playground with an expert supervisor has, therefore, 
been provided. 

In viewing the work as a whole one is struck by the fact that in a number 
of cases the smaller and younger cities and towns have made greater progress 
than the larger and older ones. When we consider the ever increasing ravages 
among our young men, caused by the war, the duty of conserving the children 
of our country, both morally and spirituaUy, as well as physically, becomes 
more and more insistent. 

In accomphshing this, the playground under proper supervision is one 
very important factor, and calls for the whole-hearted support of our Councils- 
in every town and city in the country. There are indications that this work 
wUl grow more rapidly in the near future, than it has for some years past. 

A questionnaire with reference to the formation of a Playground Associa- 
tion for Canada has been sent to the different towns and cities where there 
are Playground Commissions. Answers so far received express approbation 
and desire for co-operation, but the number heard from is not large enough to 
warrant a definite recommendation at this meeting. 

Such an organization would no doubt be of great assistance to the work 
and is something to which we may look forward with hope an,l also w^th some 
degree of confidence. 



SUPPRESSION OF OBJECTIONABLE PRINTED MATTER 

Elizabeth A. Liddell, Montreal, Convener 
Your Convener was gratified that the suggestions in last year's report 
for extension of the interest of the Local Comimttees to other phases of the 
work were so well received, as she has had reports from the members deahng 
not only with hbraries and book lists, but with moving Pf "■"'^f^^, "^^^'^P^^^' 
magazines, advertisements, etc. Lists of desirable recently published books 
for adults and juveniles, also Usts of recently published objectionable books, 
were sent by your Convener to each member of this Committee. 

The general tenor of the reports re book fists would indicate that close 
supervision by hbrarians has resulted in the almost complete exclusion of 
undesirable books from the shelves ; that the desirable books m the submitted 
lists were frequently found there was very satisfactory_ _ 

Re Moving Picture Censors : In the year book for 191o (P^^S^^ 192-3) 
a resolution re "Women Censors," passed at an annua! meetmg, is referred to. 



96 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OK 

It is to he notwl that after two years the result of this action is being seen. 
In some cases a woman censor has been appointed, in other eases the Local 
Committee hjis been invited to censor special films for children, and nearly 
all the reports, sent in this year, refer to efforts being made towards this 
end. The suggestion of your Convener in last year's rejjort, that "special 
films be put on for children on Saturdays," ha.s been carried out in several of 
our larger cities and it is hoped that this constructive work will be very largely 
extended. 

When writing the members of this Committee your Convener drew 
attention to the special resolution passed at the last annual meeting re "Dam- 
aged Goods," by Brieux, "That the National Council shall petition the 
Ontario and other Provancial Governments, where the play 'Damaged 
Goods' is not permitted to enter, that the Cen.sorship ban on this should 
be removed, so that it may be used for educational purposes, both in civilian 
and military conununities." There is grantetl a distinction between the 
play "Damaged Goods" and the film or pholopluy. The indefiniteness in 
use of terms yAay and film has caused much mi.sconception regarding this 
matter. Recently a military medical officer said that such plays as "Dam- 
aged Goods," both as a drama and in film, should be shown throughout the 
countrj', and if necessary should be subsidized by the Government for their 
educational value in certain connections. 

Through the courte.sy of Ca.s.sell & Co., your Convener was enabled to 
send one of the "Duty and Disciphne" Series Leaflets to each member of this 
Committee, also to new Councils applying for information. 

Your (Convener recently sent cards to all members of this Committee 
requesting reports re local conditions, which resulted in the following : 

London reported marked growth in library work for children and in 
exteasion work of various kinds. The Mother's Clubs, of at least 1,000 
women, meet and confer at frequent intervals upon matters concerning 
mothers, teachers, children, and all pertaining to good citizenship, and are 
working actively to obtain the right class of picture films. The ministerial 
alliance and the Local Council realize what a strength they are to them in 
many lines of their work. The school children of London were recently given 
a free showing of Maeterhnck's "The Blue Bird." 

Vancouver. — .V verj' dangerous sex story magazine has been brought 
to the notice of the local Convener, who considers it must be suppressed. 
An investigation is in progress and it will be reported to the jjostal authorities. 
The four leading picture house managers were asked to provide children's 
films for Saturday afternoon, from 1.15 to 3 p.m. The managers were very 
willing to co-o|)erat« and, owing to the scarcity of suitable films for children 
such as fairj- stories, etc., the members of the Committee were asked to ^nsit 
the theatres and choose those most suitable for the children's matinee. Under 
this arrangement no half-price iidmi.ssion would be allowed for children at 
other times, hoping that the effect would be to prevent their attendance in 
the evening. .Vllhough the very conscientious censor, in whom great reliance 
was placed, ha.s been changed, there is still a woman assistant. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 9' 

An effort is being made to suppress the comic supplement in the daily 

papers. 

The large children's room, well-hghted, nicely furnished, and decorated 
with plants and flowers, is a pleasing feature of the Carnegie Library. An 
attendant assists the children in their selection of the books. The story- 
telling hours are very much enjoyed by the children. 

New Westminster reports no objectionable books on Convener's lists 
were in circulation, but many of the recommended list are already in the 

library. 

Re Moving Picture Shows : New Westminster has a woman censor 
and the films have to be passed by the Board of Censors. The co-operation 
of the pohce matron is welcomed by the proprietors of moving pictm-e houses 
so that all exhibits are carefully supervised, and before being advertised are 
submitted to the criticism of the pohce matron, the clergy and other responsi- 
ble citizens. "Damaged Goods" was recommended for its moral lesson in 
certain directions. Friday and Satm-day exhibitions are arranged speciaUy 
for children, and also children in the evening are requested to leave the theatre 
at 8.30 p.m. unless they are accompanied by guardians. 

Port Arthur's Library does not contain any objectionable books ; also 
book stores claim to have notliing objectionable. No pictui-es of an offensive 
nature are shown at moving picture houses, only fii'st class films appearing. 
The pohce prevent children from attending the theatre unaccompanied by 
parents or guardians. 

In Fort William only first class reading matter has been seen in any of 
the stores. The Public Library contains only reading matter of the highest 
standard. Nor are the children overlooked, a splendid range of books tending 
to humane education being available. The law regarding chikhen attending 
moving picture shows unaccompanied by guardians is still broken. 

St. John, N.B., refers, in report, to the children's room in the Pubhc 
Library, opened now eight years, and attended by chddren from thi-ee to 
fom-teen years of age. As many as 160 cUldren have been m attendance at 
the Storv-Telling Hour weekly. Librarians try to weed out from their shelves 
aU perm'cious books, but the most important work must always be that of 
the mother who supervises and directs the child's choice of books. The 
question of the appointment of a woman on the Board of Censors is still under 
consideration. 

Renfrew reports post cards and books on sale and m the hbrary usually 
unobjectionable. Few of the books on the Convener's recent hst of "ob- 
jectionable pubhcations" are to be found. Awakened interest in many social 
problems, brought bv the influx of strangers to the town is noted, but these 
are being met by the work of other committees. However, the time and energy 
of most of the workers are devoted to necessary Red Cross work. 

Toronto reports children's films, such as fairy stories, given on Satm-day 
mornings in one of the leading theatres. The film "Damaged Goods" was 
shown to a body of leading citizens two years ago and was endorsed by the 



98 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Toronto Local Council. It has since boen used by Special Onler-in-Council 
for military camps. .\11 lending libraries have been supervised and fouml 
free from objectionable publications. A trainetl librarian is enii^loyed in the 
Juvenile Section of the Public Library. Advertisements under supervision 
have, with few exceptions, been foinid quite legitimate. These exceptions 
are many less than hist year. An agitation for a woman on the Board of 
Moving Picture Censors has been undertaken, but so far without success. 

Brantforil reports excellent social and moral conditions, owing in a 
great mea.sure to the vigilance of the Police Department. None of the re- 
cently [jublished objectionable books were found in the library or book stores. 
nor had any objectionable post cards been found in the mails during the past 
year. 

Yannoulh Public Library is free from any of the books on the objection- 
able list. Great care is exercised in purchasing books, and those donated are 
carefully examined. The book stores are well supervised. Some of the 
books on the recently published objectionable list were found in one book 
store, but were chissed as "poor sellers." 

Montreal reports the distribution of lists of recently published desirable 
books for adults and juveniles among lending libraries of departmental stores. 
Lists of recently published objectionable books, still few in number, were 
not distributed, but used by the Committee to find if such were in circulation. 
Two objectionable books found in a department store were protested and 
removed. An exceedingly objectionable .serial story, in a daily newspaper, 
was protested and, though not immediately suppressed, was very much cur- 
tailed. The films at the majority' of the moving picture houses show general 
improvement. Libraries are well supervised. A number of objectionable 
books were withdrawn and destroyed. In the ^\'estmount Library books 
are now circulating over 9,000 times a month, ^^'ar-books lead in non- 
fiction. At present the library is specializing in cook bool^ and gardening 
books. The reference librarian prepared material for 668 persons during the 
past season. \ specially trained librarian and assistants preside over the 
juvenile department. The story hours are much appreciated by the numerous 
children in attendance. Wonderful possibilities for good work may emanate 
from the library through developing the Art Department, such as lending 
pictures to the schools, circulating good instrumental music, printing and 
sending out lists, having art lectures, etc. This is done now in most modern 
library fields, thus spreading the knowledge of architecture, sculi)ture and 
paintings, which forms part of the inheritance of every new generation. 
Aft<T many di.sappointments and discouragements Montreal has at last at- 
tained Its long desired objective — Special Moving Picture Entertainments for 
Children on Sat\irday mornings. This was accomplished tlirough the kind 
assistance of the Dramatic Editor of one of our largest daily papers and the 
co-operation of the Manager of the Imperial Theatre. With a view to pro- 
viding an opportunity of judging as to the success of this effort, the Com- 
mittee inviU'd the Protestant Board of School Coixuni.ssioners and othera 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



99 



interested in educational matters to one of the entertainments. These all 
heartily endorsed the movement. It u earnestly hoped that the sympathies 
of all educationahsts may be enlisted in this national movement to safeguard 
the rising generation. 

In conclusion, your convener would emphasize the importance of work 
for children in the moving pictures : fii-st, by renewed efforts for women 
censors ; second, by extension of special entertainments for children on 
Saturday, by the production of suitable fflms. For, if the movement were 
nation wide, the demand would quickly create a supply of instructive and 
proper films, the dearth of which is deplored by all the managers of picture 
houses who have expressed themselves in sympathy with the work. 



RECOiUMENDATIONS ARISING OUT OF ReFORTS OF STANDING 

Committees, 
equal moral standard. 
Mrs. W. R. Lang was here granted tiine to speak to recom- 
mendations from this Committee. She spoke forcibly of the 
urgent need of certain amendments to the Criminal Code 
(see also p. 67), especially in regard to age of consent and 
seduction of female employees. 

The following resolution was moved by Dr. Patterson, 
seconded by Mrs. Lang : 

"Resolved,— Tha.t The National Council of Women express appreciation 
of the amendment to the Criminal Code introduced by the Honorable C. 
J. Doherty, Minister of Justice, and passed by the House of Commons ; 

"And resolved— Th&t the Council express profound disappointment and 
indignation at the action of the Senate in rejecting these amendments, which 
had received the assent of the elected representatives of the people ; 

•'And further resolved ,— That the Council request the Government to 
re-introduce these amendments at the next Session of Parliament and force 
the issue with the Senate." 

(a) Raising the age of consent of girls from fourteen to sixteen. 
(6) Raising the age in cases of seduction from sixteen to eighteen. 

(c) Giving protection against seduction by employer to all female 
employees of previous chaste character under twenty-one. 

(d) Making it an offence for a man and woman to register falsely 
as husband and wife in a hotel or lodging house. 

Mrs. Lang thought we should protest against the Commons 
for not re-opening the question which had been turned down 
by the Senate. It was thought by Dr. Gullen and others that 



100 V TUE XATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

if a bill were sent back to the Senate they could not throw it 
out a second time. Lady Gibson, while not approving the 
action, objected to accusations against the Senate. Mrs. 
Edwards pointed out that at present the Indian women are 
better protected than the white women. (See Legal Status of 
Women, Sec. 220.) 

The resolution carried. 

C.\RE OF MENT.\LLY DEFICIENT. 

Moved by Mrs. Stead, seconded by Mrs. Cummings : 

" Resolved, — That The National Council of Women appeal to every Local 
Council to make a special study of the conditions obtaining at the trials of 
women in courts ; that they avail themselves of the literature on this subject, 
and that Council members be asked to attend and familiarize themselves 
with local Court proceedings with a view to securing the attendance of a 
woman (voluntary or official) at ever>' trial where women and children are 
concerned in the trial." — Carried. 

CONSERVATION OF N.\TrR.\L RESOURCES. 

The following committee was appointed to bring in a 
recommendation : Mrs. Hamilton, Mrs. McWilliams, Miss 
Mowat, Mrs. Murray, Mrs. Denison. The Committee reported 
later, as follows : 

"Resolved, — That, in order to effect full conservation of all forces, it is 
recommended that the Government be asked to ajipeal to the people — men 
and women — of the Dominion for full co-operation in National Defense, in 
order U> accomplish which it shall apjioint a co-ordinating committee which 
shall aim at making the fullest use of the special talents and experience of 
the people, who will thus be put in a position to share the burdens of Govern- 
ment and contribute each in his own special way to the great task of National 
Defense. ' ' — Carried. 

"Resolved, — That, in order to effect the best cconomj- and con.servation 
of all forces, it is recommended that the Government shall ajipoint a woman 
or women on every Government Board, and in connection with every Govern- 
ment Department, to act in any advi.sory capacity with the Minister of that 
Department, and. further, in order that the woman power of the Dominion 
may be fully active for conservation and National Defense, it is recommended 
that the ( lovernment shall recognize The National Coimeil of Women as its 
co-operating arm in .so far as women are concerned, and that the Council shall 
be u.si'd by the Government as a Woman's Committee of National Defense 
to co-ordinate all efforts of women." 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



101 



Mrs. Laidlaw said American Government took women to 
Washington at Government's expense, consulting them in all 
important branches. Mrs. McWilliams asked if salaries were 
paid, saying we did not wish only women of independent means 
to have opportunity of working. Mrs. Hamilton said that 
office and stenographic expenses at least were provided. 

The resolution was lost. 

FINE AND APPLIED ARTS. 

Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Sanford : 

•']iesob'ed,—Th&t Local Councils be recommended to interest themselves 
in community music, and that they shall enhst the co-operation of choirs, 
orchestras and musical associations, as well as of the citizens of then- com- 
mimity, in order that the effort to bring about community music shall be 
organized and promoted." — Carried. 

IMMIGRATION. 

Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Miss Murray : 

" Resoh'ed—That Local Councils be urged to move along the lines re- 
commended in the Fort William report (see pp. 80-81) and that they shall take 
steps to urge Provincial Governments to create, as soon as possible, the 
machinery necessary to educate the foreign population at present in Canada 
in the ideals of Canadian citizenship."— Carried. 

NURSING. 

Moved by Mrs. Tilley, seconded by Mrs. Hamilton : 

" Whereas The National Association of Trained Nurses is an Affiliated 
Society of The National Council of Women and is more in touch with nm-smg 
problems than a Nursing Committee ; 

"Therefore be it resolved, that the Standing Committee on Nursing be 
abolished." 

A resolution similar to this was sent in by The Canadian 
National Association of Trained Nurses, and by The Canadian 
Association of Nursing Education. 

(For discussion of this question see page 128.) 

The resolution was carried. 



102 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

THURSDAY, JUNE 13th, 1918. 

Morning Session. 

The Corresponding Secretary reported replies received from 
Federated Associations in regard to publication of Mrs. 0. C. 
Edwards' Legal Status of Women, if brought up to date. 

The total number subscribed for was 172. Several repre- 
sentatives thereupon pledged their societies to take larger 
numbers of the pamphlet, and the following resolution was 
passed : 

Publication of " Legal Status " 

Moved by Mrs. L. A. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Flora 
MacD. Denison : 

"Whereas there is great need of some concise summing up of the laws of 
Canada as they relate to women and children ; 

'Therefore be it resolved that Mrs. Edwards be asked to bring up to date 
her pamphlet entitled 'Legal Status of Women and Children,' and that five 
thousand copies be printed for distribution throughout Canada through the 
medium of the Xational Council and its Affiliated Organizations." — Carried. 

Ontario Eligibility Bill. 

Owing to great similarity of Toronto and Brantford reso- 
lutions, Mrs. A. M. Huestis, on behalf of Toronto Council, 
withdrew in favor of Brantford. 

Moved by Mrs. S. W. Secord, on behalf of Brantford Local 
Council, seconded by Mrs. L. A. Hamilton. 

"Resolved, — That The National Council of Women petition the Ontario 
Government that the law be amended to provide that women shall be eligible 
for election in the Provincial Legislature and in Municipal Councils." 

Mrs. McWilliams, Winnipeg, said that, while in entire 
sympathy with the resolution, she must not vote, as her Council 
objected to the discussion by the National of purely Provincial 
questions. Mrs. Brown, Regina, also protested at introduction 
of Provincial resolutions. Mrs. Allen, Moose Jaw, spoke of the 
need of national outlook among our women. It was pointed out 
that the object in bringing forward a Provincial question was to 



WOMEN OF CANADA 103 

obtain endorsation of the National and so strengthen the Pro- 
vincial appeal. Then, too, the action of one Province was 
often suggestive to others with a similar problem to meet. 
The resolution carried. 

Amendment of Municipal Act. 

Moved, on behalf of Brantford Local Council, by Mrs. S. W. 
Secord, Brantford, seconded by Mrs. A. B. Ormsby, Toronto : 

'•Resolved,— That The National Council of Women petition the Ontario 
Government that the Municipal Act be amended to provide that the residential 
quaUfications for candidates for the Board of Education be the same as those 
for Municipal Council." — Carried. 

Mrs. Edwards pointed out that this is a matter of interest 
to all the Councils. 

Assessment Acts. 

Moved by Mrs. Secord, on behalf of Brantford Local 
Council, seconded by Mrs. Edwards : 

" Resolved,— That The National Council of Women recommend that the 
Assessment Acts be so amended that a widow's income, whether earned or 
inherited, and also income from investment of men and women householders 
past earning age be allowed the same exemption from taxation as is now- 
granted to the male head of a household on earned income, namely Sl.oOO." 

Mrs. Edwards pointed out that in this resolution we went 
on record as improving position of householder, so recognizing 
fact that women in the home is an earner. 

Mrs. Huestis said that income of over S6oo entitles to a 
vote. Mrs. Secord stated that householder has vote, if paying 
taxes as a householder. Miss Tatley asked if widow with 
dependents is exempt up to §1,500. Mrs. Murray said that 
federally she was. Dr. Johnston said that if a person wished to 
vote she mav do so bv declaring an income and paying taxes on 
anything over ?J4oo. Mrs. Edwards told of some Bntish 
Columbia women who bought a dog, took out a dog license and 
voted on that. It was explained that the municipality sets its 
own exemptions. Manhood and womanhood suffrage is basis 
of federal franchise, but taxation of municipal franchise ; 
Provincial franchise refers also to manhood and womanhood 
franchise. 



104 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



Mrs. Edwards called attention to a fourth franchise 
chartered city franchise, in addition to above. Mrs. Huestis 
thought a vote should be on an educational basis. 

Dr. Stowe Gullen read telegram from Sir George Foster 
stating that Federal Franchise Bill passed Senate, and is now 
the law of the land. 

The Resolution carried. 

Moved bv Dr. Patterson, seconded by Airs. Hamilton, sup- 
ported by Mrs. Boomer : 

"Resolved, — That The National Council of Women in annual meeting 
this 13th day of June, 1918, express their pleasure that the Government of 
Canada ha.s granted the Federal vote to women." — Carried. 

The Corresponding Secretary was requested to forward 
this resolution by wire to Sir George Foster, Acting Prime 
Minister. 

List of New Affiliations read and received. 
Treasurer announced new Life Patrons : 
Colonel Leonard, St. Catharines. 
Colonel Noel Marshall. 
Dr. Ritchie England. 
Life Members : 

Mrs. T. H. Bullock, St. John. 
Dr. Augusta Stowe Gullen, Toronto. 
Dr. Margaret Gordon, Toronto. 
The Treasurer moved that these be received. Seconded by 
Mrs. Sanford, and carried. 

Mrs. Watt read letter from Prof. Derick expressing regret 
at her enforced absence, and stating that a group of personal 
friends were making Dr. England a life patron of the National 
Council. Prof. Derick spoke with deepest appreciation of 
Dr. England's services in Council work. 

Status ov New Affiliations. 
Mrs. Huestis raised question as to right of newly received 
Councils to vote at this meeting. Mrs. Cummings said it was 
according to custom. President called attention to Con- 
stitution, which stated that delegates must be instructed. 
Mrs. E. ^L Murray said if a new Council were authorized to vote 



J 



WOMEN OF CANADA 105 

according to their own judgment, then they were entitled to 
vote as soon as received. Mrs. Watt had obtained opinion 
from Council's legal adviser, who considered that such Councils 
could not constitutionally vote. Mrs. Morris, Peterborough, 
Mrs. Denison, Lady Gibson, Mrs. Dayton, Mrs. Fenkel, Mrs. 
Dignam, Mrs. Maclver, Lady Taylor, Miss Mowat and others 
joined in the discussion. Mrs. Gordon Wright quoted Black- 
stone as saying "Precedent makes law ;" Mrs. Laidlaw quoted 
legal ruling that "precedent only made law when there was no 
definite ruhng on the point." Mrs. Malcolmson thought pre- 
cedent should rule on this occasion, and that hereafter we 
should abide by the Constitution. 

Moved by Mrs. Gordon Wright, seconded by Mrs. Fenkel, 
Calgary : 

"That, while in full accord with the legal ruling as given by Mrs. Watt, 
the Treasurer, but in view of the fact that the founder of present law, Black- 
stone, has established that precedent estabhshed law, and whereas for 
twenty-five years the precedent has obtained for the new Local Councils to 
have full voting privileges to equal status at our national deliberations as 
those of longer standing ; 

Resolved,— That we observe at this gathering the custom of the past on 
this point, but in future we abide by the Constitution of The National Council 
of Women." — Carried. 

Treasurer read from Year Book, p. 294, as to Societies not 
having right to vote if fees were unpaid at annual meeting. 
]\Irs. Edwards said this is not in the Constitution, but is a ruling 
of 1915. :\Irs. Sanford quoted Credentials Committee as having 
ruled that fees paid prior to the Annual Meeting entitled a 
society to vote . 

CREDENTIALS COMMITTEE 

MoNA Cleaver, Convener 

The Credentials Committee reports as present or represented by proxies 
(up till noon, Thursday, June 13th) : 

20 officers d vfte each). . . . 20votes 

15 Conveners (1 " [\ ) ^^ 

42 Local Councils (6 " "_ ) ~^' 

22 Nationally Organized Societies . . (2 " " ) 44 

or a total of 331 votes to be cast. 



100 THE NATIONAL COUN'CIL OF 

The credentials have been duly examined and voting tiekets issued 
according to the same to properly accredited proxies and to members votin": 
in their own right. 

\o voting tickets were issued to Federated Associations whose fees were 
not paid prior to the closing of the Treasurer's books. 

The Committee would point out that instructions as to proxies and voting 
should not be included in private letters, but sent in either on proper proxy 
forms or a separate sheet of paper, which can be handed over to the Credentials 
Committee. The Committee suggests that, in the future, instead of proxy 
))apers for Executive and Annual Meetings, a voting ticket should be sent by 
the Secretary before the meeting to each person or organization for each 
vote they are entitled to east, and that the voter should forward this ticket 
personally to a proxy if one is requii'ed. 

r^ These tickets should be handed in to the Recording Secretary before 
voters cast their votes. A form for instructions to proxies would also greatly 
simphfy the work of a Credentials Committee. 

The report, as presented by Mrs. Plumptre on behalf of 
Miss Cleaver, was received and the Committee commended 
for their valuable suggestions. 



THURSDAY, JUNE 13th, 1918. 
Afternoon Session. 

Miss Jean I. Gunn, President Canadian National Associa- 
ation of Trained Nurses, addressed the meeting as follows : 

SHORTAGE OF TRAINED XURSKS IX CANADA 

Before a[)proaching the question which we wish to present, it might be 
advisable to explain the membership of the Canadian National Association 
of Trained Nurses. This Association has a membership of 8 Provincial As- 
sociations of graduate nurses and 29 alumn« associations of the largest 
Canadian schools for nurses, making a total of 37 Affiliated Organizations. 
This explanation is given to show that we are a national association, dealing 
with a national question. 

We wish to bring to the attention of The National Council of Women 
the great shortage of graduate nurses in Canada. This shortage is not found 
in the militar)- hospitals at home or for active service overseas. The nurses 
are all attracted to military service ; the salary paid is much larger than to 
nurses in similar service in other countries, aufl these two rea.sons in them- 
selves are sufficient to secure all nurses needed for active service. The nurses 
of Canada are all willing to serve overseas and consider our woimded at the 



WOMEN OF CANADA 10' 

front our first responsibility. For this reason the shortage of nurses has not 
been brought to the attention of the mihtary authorities. From all parts 
of Canada the report has come that niu-ses are needed for almost every branch 
of civil work and nm-ses must be supplied. The Canadian National .Associ- 
ation of Trained Nurses feels that decisive steps must be taken to meet this 
need This .Association also protests against any method being adopted that 
will lower the standards of nursing, obtained after difficulty by the pioneers 
of nursing in Canada. 

One solution that immediately presents itse'f is the extension of the 
V A. D Department under the St. John Ambulance Brigade. We would like 
to point out in the beginnmg that we oiTer any suggestions in this paper, not 
through any criticismof the V.A.D., nor from any lack of appreciation for the 
exceUent work that they have done in the hospitals in England and France 
during the present war. V necessary, to extend the V.A.D. Department in 
om- overseas military hospitals, the Canadian National Association of Trained 
Nurses offers no objection. This extension, however, is not, m our opmion, 
the solution for Canada. 

The pressing need for more graduate nurses for every branch of work is 
being felt in every section. The Victorian Order of Nurses finds difficulty 
in securing nurses for its work. The municipal hospitals through the \\ est 
wiU very soon be estabUshed. There are about 100 applications for hese 
hospitals in Alberta alone. The return of the nurses from overseas at the 
end of the war will make no material difference. They will return gradually, 
as thev will be needed overseas for many months after peace comes. Many 
will not engage in active nursing again and many may be idle for some time. 
The problem facing us to-day is to train more nurses by increasing the 
annual output. The V.A.D. service in Canada will have a very d"-ect result 
on the training school for nurses. Many young women who will enter for 
regular training take up the V.A.D. work. All want to nurse he sold ers. 
mat inducement can a training school offer in retm-n for the glamor of re- 
turned soldiers ? Officials of the St. John Ambulance Brigade do not agree 
with this statement. From many years' experience ^^Pe^t^'^^.^'f !^°\^°"! 
largest schools know that the t^e of young woman taking ^^ ^ -^^^ ^^ 
is the tvpe of young woman entering our schools for nurses. The dnect 
es 11 of't'his is the falling off of the apphcants for the regular course m mus- 
ing. Another objection is, the St. John Ambulance Brigade gives prefer nee 
to any V.A.D. with hospital training. This is stated in the regulations 
governing this orgamzation. This is a direct inducement for young women 
to enter the civil hospitals presumably to take a regular training, remain a 
ew mTntt and leave' She'then has the ,ualificat.ons to become a preferred 
V A D so to speak This, of course, handicaps the civ 1 hospitals in their 
I;^k^'ln additnto these'objections, there is also the problem of governing 
these untrained women. The Director-General of M'^d'cal bervice and th 
officials of the St. John Ambulance Brigade do not --'d- this a very ~ 
objection. The Canadian National Association considers it a matter of great 



lOS THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

importaiu'c. In the Western Provinces and in Xew Bruiiswiek, wliere legis- 
lation for nurses is in force, there is some possibility of pontroiling the activities 
of these untrained women, but in Ontario and Quebec there is no such govern- 
ing body. Anyone may call herself a nurse and engage in nursing. Of 
course, this is a direct menace to the public, who are unable to know the 
tyi)o of niu-se employed until it is, perhaps, too late. The St. .John Ambulance 
Bi'igade has no controlling power excejjt to take their names from the member- 
ship roll of that organization. 

In any case, the V.A D. movement does not meet the present national 
need. The United States has been at war for one year and already has 7,000 
extra nurses in training. Canada has been at war four years and is still going 
along in a haphazard way, with no definite plan in sight. 

It was to arrange such a plan that the Canadian National .Association 
appointed a committee to interview the Director-General of Medical Services 
at Ottawa and to present what we consider a workable plan. The outline is 
as follows : 

Civil hospitals throughout the Dominion now conducting training schools 
for nurses could easily train more nurses than they are training at present. 
Each hosjiital has in training only enough pupils to do the nursing work re- 
quired in the hospital, but luis the facilities for training more pupils without 
much additional expense. The need in all hospitals is one of housing. The 
civil hospitals at present are meeting their financial responsibilities with great 
difficulty and could not possibly undertake additional expense, even in so 
patriotic a cause. 

The suggestion is, therefore, for the Federal Government to ask the civil 
hospitals to enlarge their schools to meet this emergency, the Government 
being responsible for the housing and extra expense of these pupils. The 
extra pupils will enter for the regular course, being given by the hospital, all 
pupils being admitted on the same standing. Six months after the first class 
is taken each indi\-idual hospital will give to the military hospitals an equal 
number of second or third year jiupils for a jieriod of time later agreed upon 
but preferably four months. For instance, if the (lovernment supjilies thirty 
pupils to one hospital, at the end of six months these pupils are placed on 
regular duty in the civil hosjiital and thirty second or third year pupils are 
.sent to service in whatever hospital the military author! ies decide upon. 
When the.se thirty serve the required length of time, they return to the parent 
school and thirty more are sent in their turn. 

-Ml teaching is to be done in the parent school, the pupils doing only 
jiractical work in the military hospitals. Before the Conunittee iiiesented 
this plan In the Director-General of Medical Services, the largest training 
schfM)ls from Halifax to \'ancouver were communicated with, and all expressed 
their willingne.ss to adopt any plan approved of which would not lower the 
present standards of training and at the same time meet the need of increased 
nursing service. The results obtained should recommend the plan. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



109 



The first need, that of the military hospitals, is met and ou ■ returned men 
vYill be nursed by pupils with two years' training instead of women who have 
had ten classes of one hour. 

The second result is in favor of the civil hospitals. The wcimen who 
otherwise would enter for voluntary aid work will enter for the regular course 
of training, thereby assisting the civil hospitals by supplying pupils. 

The third and" more mportant is that all nurses will be given a uniform 
training and there will be no short cut to the nursing profession. 

The fourth and by all means the most important and far-reaching is the 
material increase in the number of graduate nurses. 

Instead of having to face the problem of hundreds of partially trained 
nurses after the war, Canada will have a sufficient number of properly trained 
nurses to meet the need of the days of reconstruction and readjustment. 

At the interview in Ottawa the Committee found that a plan of organiza- 
tion presented by the St. John Ambulance Brigade was already being con- 
sidered. The plan, in brief, is to supply the personnel for military hospitals 
in Canada. This includes the V.A.D. for nursing service, also clerks, domes- 
tics etc., for other ser\dce. With the V.A.D., of whom about 700 will be 
required to meet the jiresent need only, the plan was to provide laundry, 
travelling expenses and maintenance. Housing may or may not b? provided. 
Looking at the question from a financial standpoint, there is very little differ- 
ence in the two schemes. In many places it would be necessary to house the 
\'.A.D.'s and provision is already made for her ordinary living expenses. 
This is all that would be requhed if the plan to enlarge the schools and civil 
hospitals had been adopted. The military authorities offered, as one of the 
chief objections to the Canadian National Association plan, that the Associa- 
tion did not have the machinery for supplying the complete personnel of the 
militarv hospital. This, of course, is quite true. The Nurses' Committee, 
however suggested that the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses 
work in co-operation with the St. John Ambulance Brigade. The suggestion 
was that the St. John Ambulance Brigade supply all the personnel as origm- 
ally'planned, but to use the services of the pupil nurses of the hospital instead 
of "the V \ D 's that the pupil nurse be the V.A.D., take the necessary ex- 
amination to become enrolled, wear the uniform of the organization and be 
subject to all thek- regulations during her term of service. This would seem, 
in the opinion of the Committee, to overcome the lack of machinery m the 
Nursing Organization. 

.Another objection was that of closing the opportunity for the enthusi- 
astic young women to nurse the soldiers as a V.A.D. Th s objection did not 
have "verv much weight with the nursing Committee. In this cris s, through 
which the Empire is passing, it would seem unnecessary for any Governnien 
to consider providing for the enthusiastic, unt-ained young worker when tha 
same worker has the opportunity of qualifying herself m civil hospitals. I 
is a splendid opportunity for every young woman to be of the greatest national 
service now and after the war as well. 



110 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The two plans were left with the Director-Gener;il of Medical Services 
for con.-sideration. The Canadian National Association plan has since that 
f me been definitely refused. The jjlan of the St. John .\nibvilance Brigade 
has been approved by the Director-General of Metlical Services and is now 
under the consideration of the Privy Council. 

The Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, in convention in 
Toronto last week, foi-warded a resolution for the President of the Privy 
Council, pointing out that the wisest plan to be adopted was not a temporary 
one, providing only for the military hospitals, but the one which would meet 
the i)rescnt and future need of the military and civil population. 

The reason the Canadian National Association wish to bring this matter 
to The National Council of Women, now in session, is to enable the women of 
Canada to know the need of n\irses, what has been attempted to meet the 
need, and to ask for suggestions as to future effort. We feel that it is a diffi- 
culty which will be far-reaching in its results, so far-reaching that the Canadian 
National Association of Trained Nurses could not accept the responsibility 
unaided. 

An interesting discussion ensued. 

Dr. Margaret Patterson, Toronto, pointed out that ten 
hours' instruction and ten hours' practical work was necessary 
before taking examinations, also that V.A.D. training often 
leads to a full course in nursing. Mrs. Denison, Toronto, sug- 
gested a leaflet setting forth the opportunities in the nursing 
profession. Miss Gunn, Toronto, answered that the matter of 
literattire is already being dealt with. It was suggested that 
the Government might make a direct appeal to the patriotism 
of young women to prepare to care for wives and children of 
soldiers. Dr. Gullen felt that shortage of nurses was due to 
scarcity of labor generally, owing to war conditions. Miss 
Gunn thought there were many young women in Canada with 
no particular work who might be reached. Mrs. Dayton, 
Yirden, asked if time of training could be shortened without 
im])erilling the efficiency of the mirses. Miss Gunn considered 
it unwise to shorten training and so reduce present standard of 
nursing profession. In reply to inquiry, Dr. Patterson 
said that V.A.D.'s do civil as well as military work, and asked 
whether it would be possible to give credit, say, for two months' 
work, to V.A.D.'s entering as regular nurses. Miss Mclsaac, 
Edmonton, said partially trained nurses ought not to be sent 
out to the country districts, but employed in towns and cities 



WOMEN OF CANADA ^ 

where they have expert guidance. Mrs. Hanington, Ottawa, 
stated that present conditions are affecting the Victorian Order. 

American plans :— military training schools ; Vassar College 
is organized to take up the work ; three months lectures this 
summer and two vears' training thereafter ; nurse attendants 
trained six months, then go out and work under trained nurses. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. L. A. Hamil- 
ton, Toronto, seconded by Mrs. Graham, London : 

..^jgso;,,,^— That the National Council shaU issue a public appeal to 
the voung women of the Dominion to offer themselves, as a patriotic duty, 
for training in the nursing profession, this appeal to be made through the 
Affiliated Societies of the Council, through the pubhc press, and through 
Universities and Educational Departments."— Corned. 

(See also Resolution, p. 126, re Shortage of Nurses.) 



SPECIAL COMMITTEE OX TRADES AND LABOR UNIONS IN 
RELATION TO WOMEN AND CHILDREN 

Margaret K. Strong, Convmer 

„"S ,L »„ =x»pt,o.. found a..t .hey could not do w work to ... tb. 
«,Bi,tance wliich I hove leceiv'td ho» boen small. . .. • . , 

For till, reason I .hall not attempt to pre.ont tl» ol«m, of any mdmdual 
„.o^lta;.d. A..mo«o,,a«^^t^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

:t':.Tor^;id*f:S"s.-t^ ;-», om o, t'h. p»„„ie «, *, nnio., 

among women affords possibihties of discussion. 

-o li.c thP TvD0<n-aDhical Union, in which women are members, and 
Regarding the Typogiapmcai , ^ ^ ^^j^j, of tj^i^ Committee, 

the discussion of whose piuncipl s gav*^;- « '^^ ^^ ^.^,^„^,d i^^to this 

I am pleased to report ^l^at-' ^e -uHemal^men^^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^_ 

trade orgamzation on exactlj «^f ^7;^'';^' ^c -^hese are uniform for both 
prenticeship, hours of work, rate ot pa>, etc. 



sexes 



r + A^= in r.,r,ida where we have women's unions as such. 
, ha JX: n" JHo'dtr o",t - .—», i-lvin. elo.hi.. U...., 



112 THE NATIONAL COUNCII. OF 

and boot and shoe nuunifactiirinf!;. Authorities have told ine that oven these 
few organizations are weak, their iiieiiibershii) small, and their inHuenee un- 
certain. 

It is not the status of the individual union in Canada, however, whieh 
-will afford our Council the most valuable material for consideration. What 
we, as a National Women's Council, want to know is, what is to be our attitude 
toward organized labor in the future. Do we believe in its general principles ? 
Are we prepared to support the industrial worker in his or her effort toward 
collective achievement and solidarity ; in his or her claims for the well-being 
of his class as a whole ; in his struggle toward a new civilization in which, we 
must acknowledge, a new social order is expected to appear ? 

I have before me literature of various trade union bodies, international 
and otherwise. It is impossible to give a detailed report on the constitution 
of each, Ixit. without exception, we find them fighting for a living wage, a 
shorter working day, full citizenshiii for women and for organization. 

Every plank in the platform of Unionism may, of course, give rise to an 
interesting discussion. For instance — Equal pay for equal work. Do we 
believe in this ? I have heard it said that this j^lank operates against the 
employment of women in industry- because employers always prefer a man 
if they have to pay a woman a.s much as a man. I beUeve this may have 
been true in the past. But war and the manufacture of munitions have 
forced emijloyers to hire women in large numbers, have taught them how to 
train women, how to use them to advantage, how to appreciate them. With 
this result : women are in industry to stay, and as no ineffective portion of 
the available labor either. Should the\- receive equal pay for equal work ? 
Surely ! And this is what organization stands for. 

I should like to discuss, also, shorter hours of labor, sanitary conditions 
of work, etc., for which organized labor stands, but the subjects are too sig- 
nificant for the scanty space 1 could give them. I do not think that any 
woman present can believe that the ten hour working day now prevalent in 
a number of our Provinces is conducive to the best interests of the woman 
worker. Our legislation is far behind other countries in that it is allowed. 
So, too, we are all convinced of the need for the strict enforcement of the laws 
of sanitation. 

One plea which organized labor is advancing, with which we may not be 
as well ac<iuaii)ted. is that for educational opportunity for its boys and girls. 
On account of the fact that my Committee were not able to give time to this 
investigation, I cannot speak for all the Provinces, but in Ontario the Govern- 
ment has already been approached by the Trades and Labor Provincial Ex- 
ecutive with a i)etition for the extension of comiiulsory education to 16 years. 
1 do not know jiny claim which the industrial worker has made which has 
pleased me more. Revolutionary ? Ves, very ! It reaches away down 
into the very roots of our .so-called civilization and gives them a nasty pull. 
If we face facts today, we know that our so called civilization exploits its 
children. We have never in Canada really faced the Child Welfare laoblem 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



113 



at all. Speaking for Ontario and other of our Provinces, the State now lets 
its boys and girls run loose at 14 years, the very age when they are most in 
need of a guiding hand. At that age, while still children, they are sent out 
to barter their services in a market for which they are little prepared and 
whose principles are merciless. It is little wonder that many of them fall 
out by the wav. It is encouraging that organized labor has come to the fore 
and is asking for an extension of state guidance and control to the age of at 

least 16 vears. 

I am afraid that some of you may think I am wandermg from my subject . 
Perhaps you expected me to discuss the subject of Labor as against Capital, 
or vice versa. have refrained from doing so, because I do not see that organ- 
ization among the workers necessarily means antagonism to the employer. 
Far otherwise. These are days when antagonism of class to class receives 
little encouragement. We are coming to see that all belong to one state and 
to a common brotherhood ; that conditions which affect one worker or one 
class of workens affect the whole state ; that as our men of all creeds are light- 
ing shoulder to shoulder in France, so we must stand together at home m a 
common cause of national well-bemg. The employer calls for production ; 
he will get it best when men and women employers are made most effective. 
War conditions have taught us many things, and none more clearly than 
this quoting Mr. Ai'thnr Gleason : "A well-fed, self-respectmg, healthy 
workman can do more work than an under-nourished, servile workman. If 
the emplover wants a good product and plenty of it, he must pay a living 
wage" How have we learned this lesson? From the manufacture of 
munitions. "Production was the overpowering demand, and to get produc- 
tion we have paid the workers wages which are unprecedented To the 
worker this meant a higher standard of life and, better in mind and body, he 

has delivered the goods." . , „ • . c i ^ ■ 

Here is satisfaction for both sides of the bargain, both sides of what is 
reallv a common interest— the well-being of all. 

Perhaps I hear some one ask : "But why must the workers organize .? 
\Miv cannot each one do his own bargaining instead of following the dictates 
of his union -^ ' The answer is almost too self-evident for adequate expression. 
This is an age of organization ; accomplishment comes through getting to- 
gether ; financial interests are organized to the farthest limit ; we have our 
manufacturers' associations, our boards of trade, etc On the other hand 
the individual worker is inarticulate ; his union gives him expression. He is 
ineffective ; his union gives Wm attention. And so on indefinitely^ Perhaps 
we might better ask : "Why should the workers not organize .' Particularly 
as regards the women, what is the trouble that they have not learned to get 
together and work out their industrial problems through co-operation and 

mutual support ?" . nwiu »i,;„ 

The question before the meeting now may well become . \M1 thi 
National Council of Women go on record as in favor o the orgamza ion of 
labor •> Will it use its influence to support the principle of organized laboi 
as it now exists and to extend its influence ? " It is for you to reply. 



■: THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Before closing, I should like to suggest for your oonsideratiim one possi- 
l)ilit_\- for organization among women in a field as yet almost untouched ; 
that IS, the organization of those engaged in household service. 1 believe 
that your Committee on occupations for women will agree with me when I 
say that there has never been a time in our history when it has been so difficult 
for the housewife to get competent help. Have we any solution to offer ? 
I believe myself that it will come ultimately through organization. What 
the occupation of Household Service is crying out for more than anything 
else is standardization of its work, and with this standardization, a recognition 
of status according to skill and accomplishment. I believe that a movement 
toward this organization might come most appropriately from The National 
Council of Women. Here we have a woman's problem which our methods 
in the past have left farther than ever from solution. Some ilay, organization 
will solve it. 

Mrs. E. M. Murray, Halifax, said that wherever the Union 
is strong enough they endeavor to prevent employment of 
children in industry, and advocate additional vocational 
training for all, higher education, representation on School 
Boards, shorter hours, equal pay for equal work, and better 
conditions than now obtain in any factory. It was moved by 
Mrs. Murray, seconded by Dr. Gordon, that a Standing Com- 
mittee be formed to deal with this subject. Later, Mrs. 
Charles Robson, Winnipeg, was elected convener of this 
Committee on Organization of Woman Labor. 



FRIDAY, JUNE 14th, 1918. 
Morning Session. 
Unfinished business from former meetings: 

Woman Patrols. 

Moved, on behalf of Girls' Friendly Society, by Mrs. L. A. 
Hamilton, Toronto, seconded by Mrs. George Watt, Brantford, 
and supported by Mrs. Plumptre, Toronto : 

"lienolvetl, — Tliat The National Council of Women be asked to urge 
consideration by Local Councils and Federated Associations of the Women's 
Patrol Systems as adopted in Great Britain and elsewhere." 



11 K 

WOMEN OF CANADA 

Mrs E M. Murray said that Halifax had the problem of 
the young girl, and felt we should protect our girls in order to 
save our boys. 

The resolution carried. 

Ottawa as Federal District. 

Moved by Corresponding Secretary, on behalf of Ottawa 
Local Council, seconded by Lady Falconer : 

"Resolved -That The National Council of Women lay before the Govern- 
ment a request that Ottawa be formed into a Federal District.' 

The Corresponding Secretary read list of reasons forwarded 
from Ottawa Local Council as to why Ottawa should become a 
Federal District, then moved that discussion of the question 
be postponed until the Fall Executive. This was seconded by 
Mrs. Edwards and carried. 

System of Licensing Hotels, Etc. 

The following resolution was moved, on behalf of Victoria 
Local Council, by Mrs. Hanington, Ottawa, seconded by Dr. 
Margaret Patterson, Toronto : 

■• Whereas there is grave reason to believe that "--■•'^"(^'^^f *^;° ;'^^°^ 
unlicensed hotels, boarding and lodging houses, and rooms let to lodgers , 

Resolved -That The National Council of Women urge the necessity for 
the iftrod. ction into each municipality of a system of licensing hotels, board- 
ng Todg g houses and rooms let to lodgers, so that the managemen of all 
such P acTs mav be under proper supei-vision and regulated and the use 
thereof for immoral purposes may, as far as possible, be prevented such 
Senses to be granted onlv to persons of good character and to be forfeitable 
n thTevLt of the pren^ses in respect to which the same -^- ed ^-^ 
used by the hcensee or by any tenant, occupant, or visitoi, in bieach good 
morals, or for any unlawful purpose." 

Mrs. Hanington spoke very earnestly, and ^^f^ the neces- 
sity of special care of our girls as we eliminate the Red Light 
District. She said we must not allow our young "-" *« P-- 

chase companionship. In ^^-^ ^^/^^^^^'■^^ ^ ^^ ^Dilam 
that the Town Council gives the license. Mrs. Dignam, 



Ill) THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Toronto, asked what provision is made for those women who 
cannot be admitted to any boarding house. 
The resolution carried. 

C.\x.\Di.\x X.\TioN'.A.L Exhibition. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. L. A. Hamilton, 
seconded by Mrs. A. IM. Huestis : 

" Remlfeil, — That a request go to the Board of Directors of the Canadian 
Xational Exhibition, asking that space in the Exhibition shall be granted 
The National Council of Women of Canada." 

Mrs. L. A. Hamilton said that we should have space in 
which to set forth the many and varied interests of the National 
Council. 

The resolution carried. 

Miss A. M. iMurray, New Glasgow, moved, seconded by 
Mrs. E. M. Murray, Halifax. 

"Resolved. — That a Xational Committee be appointed, consisting of one 
member from each Province to deal with matter of Exhibition." — Carried. 

V. A. D.'s. 

Mrs. W. C. Tilley reported on Toronto Resolution, as 
requested by Ottawa Executive. (See Report, pp. 86-88.) 

It was urged that, as munition workers have a badge for 
themselves and their heirs, \'. A. D.'s ought also to have some 
recognition and protection from false pretences. This would 
be useful as showing that wearer was a V.A.D. and not a trained 
nurse. Farm workers receive a pin at end of three months 
with bar at six. Miss Gunn did not object to pin as recognition 
of work, but did object to word "training" in the resolution. 
Mrs. Malcolmson asked if V. A. D.'s included other than St. 
John Ambulance, and if the St. John Ambulance might not 
issue badge. It was stated that recognition of National Service 
must come from the Government. 

The Corresponding Secretary reported Mrs. Smillie's wish 
for a graded recognition of V.A.D. work and training. Miss 
Gunn said National Association of Trained Nurses did not 



WOMEN OF CANADA H' 

understand that the badge was merely recognition of service, 
and could not see necessity of badge other than that of Asso- 
ciation to which the V.A.D. belonged. Dr. Patterson said 
that as the Government had adopted policy of recognizing 
national service by a pin, these workers should, therefore, be so 
recognized. In reply to a question from the chair, Mrs. 
Plumptre said that the Militia Department had not sent over 
the V.A.D. 's, but that they had been sent under joint request 
made to Canada from St. John Ambulance and British Red 
Cross Society. Mrs. Plumptre stated further that she had 
alwavs pointed out to V.A.D. 's that they should not call them- 
selves nurses, but workers. Dr. Patterson was granted per- 
mission to re-word resolution, and submitted the following, at 
the same time moving its adoption, seconded by :^Irs. Huestis : 

''Whereas the Government has given a National Service pin to women 
working in munition factories, even though they are paid for then- services 
and in view of the fact that so many of the finest young women have re- 
sponded to the need for extra help in the Military Hospitals and Convalescent 
homes, and have taken the training of the St. John Ambulance and are gmng 
their services without remuneration wherever needed ; 

"Therefore he it resolved, that The National CouncU of ^Yomen suggest 
to the Dominion Government that they give an appropriate National Service 
pin to the St. John Ambulance V.A.D.'s who have given satisfactory service 
for a period of six months." 

Mrs. Tilley asked if the munition workers buy the pin. 
Mrs. Rose explained that munition workers pay for their pin, 
but have money refunded at end of six months. 

The resolution carried. 

Child Welf.a.re. 

• Miss Marv Power, representing the Child Welfare Division 
of Ontario Provincial Board of Health, was given opportunity to 
speak on the work for the welfare of children in Ontario. Miss 
Power advocated Bureau of Child Welfare in connection with 
Provincial Boards of Health, also educational propaganda with 
exhibits ; she said that the work was as yet too superficial, and 
movement needed strong backing and co-operation from all 
organized women of Canada. The speaker referred to a 



lis THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

request from Britain to unite next year in an Empire Baby 
Welfare Week. It is essential that mothers and babies should 
have adequate medical and nursing care, regardless of their 
position in life. 

Mrs. Hamilton moved, seconded by Mrs. Robinson, that 
the following resolution be sent to Provincial Vice-Presidents 
and to Ontario Local Councils : 

" Resolved.— Th&t The National Council of Women give hearty support 
to the work of the Child Welfare Department of the Ontario Board of Health, 
and that it shall take steps so to co-ordinate the activities of organized and 
unorganized women of the Province as to enable this Department to reach 
every corner of the Province tluough organized effort." — Carried. 

Conservation of Wool. 

Mrs. Carpenter, Hamilton, on behalf of Vancouver Local 
Council, moved the resolution on agenda, seconded by Mrs. 
Morris, Peterborough : 

" /if.so/rerf,— That The National Council of Women, through all Local 
Councils do urge women of Canada to conserve supply of wool by stopping 
the purchase, also knitting of fancy woollen sweaters and other unessential 
woollen articles, thus releasing more material for making articles necessary 
for the continuance of the war." 

Mrs. Morris pointed out that conditions had changed since 
Ottawa Executive, at which this question had been discussed 
and the statement made that there was a sufficiency of raw 
wool, but shortage of machinery. Mills can now turn out 
much more than formerly, so wool must be conserved. Mrs. 
Stanfield, Truro, pointed out that conservation of wool is 
necessary in clothing as well as in sweaters, as the wool supply 
is very short, the mills on that account running only 50% of 
time. Mrs. Watt reported that the material used for fancy 
wool is not suitable for other work, and that there is not enough 
machinery for heavier wools ; workers also needed. The fol- 
lowing amplified resolution was substituted for that on agenda : 
Moved by Mrs. Carpenter, seconded by Mrs. Morris : 

" Resolved,— That The National Council of Women request the War 
Trade Board to direct the distribution of wool 'tops' and spun j-am and 
worsted so that it be not released for the manufacturers who will use it for 



WOMEN OF CANA 119 

spinning fancy yarns or knitting fancy woollen articles that do not conduce 
to the efficient carrying on of the war ; and also that The National Council 
of Women, through all Local Councils, do urge, etc., (see Resolution above)." 
— Carried. 

Footwear Reform. 

Corresponding Secretary read letter from Footwear Reform 
League. Mrs. L. A. Hamilton spoke in favor of reform as 
advocated by the League. Mrs. Denison and Mrs. Laidlaw 
referred to evil results of present lasts, especially among chil- 
dren. Miss Gunn said the question was a serious one for 
nurses who had adopted a uniform shoe ; if, however, this 
particular shoe is not found suitable, another shoe of similar 
type is allowed. Mrs. Gates and Dr. Patterson supported 
movement towards reform. Dr. Johnston thought medical 
societies should deal with subject first. Mrs. Ormsby urged 
that reform should begin with children, who should be taught 
that Nature's form is pretty. Mrs. Hamilton emphasized that 
we already have inedical evidence and must open our eyes to 
things as they are. The following resolution was moved by 
Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Denison : 

"Besoh'eil,—That The National Council of Women shall give its hearty 
endorsation to the work of the Footwear Reform League, and that it shall 
recommend to its Affiliated Societies consideration and interest in its princi- 
ples." — Carried. 

International Council. 
Mrs. Sanford read letter from Greece giving many interest- 
ing details as to conditions there, and rejoicing that Greece is 
now one of the Allies. 

Soldiers' Dependents and Soldiers' Pensions. 

Corresponding Secretary read letter from Captain Bagshaw, 
Regina, re soldiers' dependents. The matter was referred to a 
■special committee convened by Mrs. Watt, who reported later 
that they had been unable to gather full information to present 
to the present meeting. This committee will report at the next 
Executive. Mrs. Hamilton referred to unjust conditions of 
pensions. Miss Murray also urged need of improvement in 
this matter. 



120 THE MATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

FRIDAY, JUNE 14th, 1918. 

Afternoon" Session. 

(Private Meeting of Council) 

Prof. Osborne, of Manitoba University, was invited to speak 
on ' a more intimate relation of the educational systems of 
Canada." He asked why should not Canada make as perfect 
use of the schools of Canada as Germany has made of hers, 
but with another end in view, that of a unified Canadian con- 
sciousness of the highest type. Prof. Osborne's remarks were 
received with sympathetic interest, and in response to his 
appeal for the approval and co-operation of the National 
Council, the following resolution was introduced later and 
passed. Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Huestis : 

" Resolved, — That the Council shall give its hearty support to the movement 
to arrange for a National Conference on Education, as outhned bj' Prof. 
Osborne, of Manitoba University, and request the Convener of the Committee 
on Education to confer with Prof. Osborne on the matter and report to next 
meeting of Executive." — Carried. 

Mrs. Lyle expressed appreciation of Prof. Osborne's address, 
seconded by Lady Taj'lor. 

It was moved by Mrs. Huestis, seconded by Mrs. Dayton, 
and carried unanimously, that Mrs. Torrington and Mrs. 
Plumptre be made Vice-Presidents by resolution. Mrs. Tor- 
rington and Mrs. Plumptre both expressed their appreciation. 

It was moved that, following election of officers. Airs. Tor- 
rington remain in the chair until close of annual meeting. 

On motion of Dr. Stowe Gullen, seconded by Mrs. Lyle, it 
was decided by the meeting. 

"That the number of Vice-Presidents for this year be nine." — Carried. 

The Corresponding Secretary reported that no nomination 
had been received for Provincial Vice-President of Xew Bruns- 
wick. 

Mrs. Murray asked if an instructed delegate might vote 
when circumstances made it impossible to carry out her instruc- 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



121 



tions. The President said that if instructions cannot be carried 
out she herself would vote according to her own judgment. 
Mrs. Gurnett asked if Hon. Vice-Presidents had votes. It was 
stated that they always have had. In answer to inquiry as to 
whether the Honorary Vice-Presidents have voted, Mrs. Cum- 
mings explained that when votes were taken in writing, com- 
munications were sent to them and many of them voted. 

Imperial Order D.\ughters of the Empire 

The following resolution from the I.O.D.E. was con- 
sidered : 

"We, the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire, now in session 
assembled at the 18th Amiual Meeting, representing a membership of over 
45,000 of the women of Canada, do hereby express to The National Council 
of Women with whom we are affiliated, our sincere regret that through 
that affiliation we have been associated during the past four years with 
the women of our enemy countries, Germany, Austria, and Bulgaria in In- 
ternational Council. We note in the reply to oiu- inquiry that The National 
Council of Women of Canada has not publicly repudiated federation with 
the afore-mentioned countries, but that it stands ready to adopt any Im- 
perial poUoy affecting the situation which may be determined upon by 
Great Britain. 

As the movement for the formation of National Councils of Women 
originated in Canada and as the membership of The National Council of 
Women of Canada represents no insignificant part of the personnel of the 
International Council of Women, we do hereby respectfulh' request The 
National Council of Women of Canada to issue a statement at the 
very earliest opportunity repudiating any further federation with the 
National Councils of Women in Germany, Austria and Bulgaria, not only 
during the period of war, but after, until in the judgment of the right 
thinking peoples of the world, Germany and her AUies can safely be re- 
instated in International Council. 

We further beg leave to state that it will be impossible for the Im- 
perial Order Daughters of the Empire to remain in federation with any 
organization unwilhng to make said declaration." 

The Corresponding Secretary read correspondence in- 
terchanged prior to passing of I.O.D.E. resolution. Mrs. 
Malcolmson gave history of formation of St. Catharines 
Local Council, and spoke of certain opposition because of 
international relationship. Mrs. Cummings spoke on relation- 
ship of The National Council of Women of Canada to Inter- 



122 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

national Council, and stated that work had been absolutely in 
abeyance since war began. 

There followed a lengthy discussion on the subject. It was 
moved by Mrs. Sanford, seconded by Mrs. Wolverton, that 
the following public statement be made : 

"In reference to international business it was stated by the officers that 
there was nothing to report, as the work of the International Council had 
been entirely in abeyance since the beginning of the war." 

A resolution sent in by the I.O.D.E. was discussed, and 
the following Resolution was passed, to be afterwards sent 
by the Secretary of the N.C.W. to the Secretary of the I.O.D.E. : 

Moved by Dr. Margaret Patterson, seconded by Dr. Stowe 
Gullen : 

"That the work of women in internationally organized associations (with 
the exception of the Red C'ross) has, since the beginning of the war, been in 
abeyance. The National Council of Women is in exactly the same position 
with regard to its international affiliations as the Young Men's Christian 
Association, The Women's Christian Temperance Union, The Young Women's 
Christian .\.ssociation. The International Council of Nurses, and The Inter- 
national Suffrage .-Vihance, and, like these international associations, The 
National C!ouncil of Women is waiting until the war is won before iironouncing 
upon its policy. One fact is certain, that The National Council of \\'oinen 
will act in harmony with the other National Councils of Women of the British 
Empire." 

Council Use of Ter.m "Honor.\ry." 

Mrs. Cummings, on behalf of the Executive, moved the 
following resolution, seconded by Mrs. Graham : 

"Wherea.'i in the titles given to the Officers of the Council the term 
'Honorary' is applied to those who are appointed officially and are not 
expected to undertake executive work. 

Therefore be it resolved that the resolution passed at the annua! meeting 
of 1912, applying the term 'Honorary' to the Recording .Secretary and the 
Treiisurer, be rescinded. "—Carrjef/. 

Nationally Organized Societies. 

Mrs. Huestis, on behalf of Companion Courts, I.O.F., 
moved the following resolution, seconded by the Corresponding 
Secretary : 



WOMEN OF CANADA 1^3 

"fleso/rei/,— That all Federated Societies shall file yearly with the Secre- 
tary of The National Council of Women a list of the branches composing their 
respective National or Provincial organization ; and 

"Resolved, further, that, in the case of Societies composed of men and 
women which appoint a representative to The National Council of Women, 
appUcation for affihation shall come from the President and Secretary of said 
Society, and the fees shall be paid by the Treasurer rather than by the Re- 
presentative." 

Mrs. Murray strongly objected to this resolution. 
The resokition carried. 

Report of Committee on Constitution. 

Moved by Mrs. McWilliams, seconded by Mrs. Watt, that 
the Report on Constitution be accepted for discussion. 

Mrs. McWilliams stated that six out of a committee of 
eight had seen her report, and conferred on it. 

Moved in amendment by Mrs. Edwards, seconded by Miss 
Murray, that the report be received but iwt discussed', and 
that the meeting discuss instead the Proposed Revision of 
Constitution. 



SATURDAY, JUNE 15th, 1918. 
Morning Session. 
The following resolution was moved by Mrs. Huestis, 
seconded by Mrs. Dayton : 

'■ Resohwd -That a full copy of the Minutes, where they relate to Inter- 
national Council, or personally to our Advisory President, Lady .Vbcrdeen, 
be sent to the Advisory President."— Cnrrierf. 

Report of Committee on Constitution— CowitMMccf 
Moved by Mrs. Stead, in amendment to amendment, 
seconded by Mrs. McNaughtan, that the Proposed Revision 
and the Report of Special Committee be discussed side by side. 
Mrs. Hamilton said there was not now time for serious dis- 
cussion, but some definite time should be arranged for this par- 
ticular work. Mrs. Plumptre pointed out that repeated obiec- 



124 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

tion had been taken to the report of Special Committee on Con- 
stitution as being unconstitutional ; she asked the President 
if she could show that any point of the Constitution had been 
violated. The President said she could not see that any point 
had been violated. Many objected particularly to the question- 
naire sent out. Mrs. Plumptre said that a Convener of a Com- 
mittee had never been limited in sending out questions and 
gathering the ideas of Councils and Nationally Organized 
Societies, and claimed that in every point the Council was 
within its constitutional rights when acting on this report. 
Mrs. Edwards, as a member of the Committee, wished to call 
attention to certain points as to questionnaire : it should be a 
questionnaire from the Committee and she referred to a letter 
sent out by Convener of Special Committee. 

Mrs. McWilliams said that in her letter to which Mrs. 
Edwards referred, she asked the Committee to suggest the 
l^oints to be covered by the questionnaire, and almost no help 
had been given by the members of her Committee as to what 
ground should be covered. 

Dr. Johnston suggested going into Committee of the Whole 
to discuss Constitution. Mrs. Edwards felt that it could be 
inferred from the letter that the members of the Committee 
would be conferred with and shown the questionnaire. A 
later letter was received asking for a reply by a certain date, 
with suggestions or objections to questionnaire. Mrs. Edwards 
thought questionnaire should not go out, but as time was 
limited, she did not telegraph her objections and now chal- 
lenged the report on the ground that only four of the original 
members of the Committee had sanctioned the Report, and 
not a majority. Mrs. Hamilton pleaded for good judgment 
to drop the discussion and get down to the serious work to be 
done. 

It was moved that resolution, amendment, and amendment 
to amendment be withdrawn. Mrs. Stead wished to point out 
that the Convener of the Special Committee acted editorially 
and represented gathered opinions of her Committee. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 125 

Special Committee on Constitution. 
Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Stead : 

•' Resolved,~Thiit a strong Committee be appointed to act immediately 
after registration, which shall work on the whole subject of Constitution, 
taking as a basis for its deliberations, the proposed Revision, the report of 
the Special Committee on Constitution and the matter as discussed in this 
annual meeting, and that this Committee shall report to the Executive as 
soon as possible. In the meantime that this meeting shall take steps to deal 
with the matter of provincial needs as suggested by Mrs. McNaughtan. 
The report of the Constitution Committee shall be dealt with as is usual at 
the next annual meeting." — Carried. 

Mrs. McWilliams was nominated Convener by Mrs. Allen ; 
Mrs. Hamilton by Miss Carmichael ; Mrs. Cummings, by 
Lady Taylor, who thought Convener should be in a central 
place. Ballot taken and Mrs. McWilliams, Winnipeg, elected. 

Committee. 

Mrs. R. F. McWilliams (Convener) Winnipeg, Man. 

Mrs. WiUoughbv Cummings Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards Macleod, Alta. 

Miss A. M. Murray New Glasgow, N.S. 

Mrs. R.S.Day Victoria, B.C. 

Mrs. W. R. Lang Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. H. P. Plumptre Toronto, Ont. 

Dr. Stowe GuUen Toronto, Ont. 

Miss Jean I. Gunn Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. John McNaughtan Harris, bask. 

Mrs. Arthur Murphy Edmonton .41ta. 

Miss Eleanor Tatley Montreal, Que. 

Mrs. F. H. Torrington .Toronto, Ont. 

Mrs. T. H. Bullock ^t- Jo^. N.B. 

LadyTaylor ^mmPeg, Man. 

Mrs. S. Stead Halifax, N.S. 

Provincial Organization. 

Miss Gunn asked that Provincial organization be included 
in consideration of Constitution. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. Cummings, 
seconded by Mrs. Graham : 

..;j,,„;,,,rf_That, until provision is made in the Revised Constitution, a 
Provincial Executive Committee be appointed in each Province where there 



126 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

are three or more Nationally Federated Associations, consisting of the Pro- 
vincial \ioe-President as Chairman, and the President and one member from 
earh association in the Province federated with the National Council, the 
said member to be appointed by each said Federated Association. These 
Provincial Executive Committees shal be authorized to bring forward to the 
Provincial Legislature all Provincial matter endorsed by a majority of the 
Federated Associations in the Province, and may also act in other matters 
of a Provincial nature, notice of any action taken by the Provincial Executive 
to be sent to the (Corresponding Secretary of the National Council immedi- 
ately. The Provincial Executive may invite the co-operation of other as- 
sociations in the Province, if desired." 

Mrs. Sanford feared Provincial organization, on the ground 
that The National Council of Women would be responsible in 
the eyes of the country for action of the Provincial Execu- 
tives. 

Mrs.- Fenkel said that the reason for asking for Provincial 
organization is the saving of time. 

Lady Gibson felt that a telegram or night-letter could be 
sent, and immediate answer obtained. 

Mrs. McWilliams said it would be necessary in Manitoba to 
include in the Provincial organization one or two societies not 
now in affiliation with the National Council, in order that 
representation might be truly Provincial. Mrs. Hanington 
said Provincial organization was necessary to meet present day 
needs ; what cannot be obtained through appeals from indivi- 
dual Local Councils could often be obtained through appeal 
from united women of the Province. Provincial organization 
would unite rather than separate us nationally. 

Mrs. Dignam felt that Provincial organization should be 
allowed to develop along logical lines, as Local Councils do. 
Mrs. Watt pointed out that the moment an organization 
affiliated and paid fees it came at once into Council circle and 
could no longer be considered an "outsider." 

Mrs. Cummings thought complications would arise if 
organizations were accepted Provincially when the National 
body would not affiliate. It was pointed out by the Recording 
Secretary that frequently Local Councils have had local 
organizations affiliate when the Dominion organization was not 



WOMEN OF CANADA 127 



in affiliation. Mrs. Murray felt that this resolution was a move 
in the right direction. 

The resolution was carried. 

Committee on Taxation. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. Murray, 
seconded by Mrs. Hamilton : 

"Resolved —That a Standing Committee on Taxation be appointed to 
report regularly on this important matter, and inform the members of the 
Council upon the various methods and their results. "—Corned. 

Mrs. E. M. Murray, Halifax, was nominated by Dr. Gordon 
as Convener — Carried. 

Resolutions Committee. 
M. K. Ste.u), Convener 
In the absence of the Convener, Mrs. Plumptre reported for 
the Committee, as follows : 

1. Re Shortage of NuRSES.-The Committee recommends that the 
following resolution be fomarded to the Prime Minister : 

"Whereas the shortage of graduate nurses throughout Canada is akeady 
beginning to affect the chn\ population and will very soon be a serious handicap 
to our nation ; 

"And whereas it becomes urgent that the annual output of nurses from 
the training schools must be largely increased to meet t his need ; 

"Therefore be it resolved that The National Council of Women ask the 
Federal Government to recommend the Provincial Governments to consider 
the possibility of supplying the necessary financial assistance to the civi 
hospitals that are properly equipped and willing to undertake the work of 
training additional pupils." — Carried. 



SATURDAY, JUNE 15th, 1918. 

Afternoon Session. 
Resolutions Committee.— CowiiMwed. 
2. Re Child WELFARE.-That the Provincial Vice-Presidents be requested 
to undertake this work, indicated in resolution, p. 118. 



128 



THE NATIONAL rOUNCIL OF 



3. Re Immigration'. — Tli:it the following emergenpy resolution from 
Winnipeg Local Cotnu-il be sent on to the Convener of Immigration to be 
acted upon : 

"Resolved, — That The National Council of Women instruct its Immi- 
gration Committee to take up with the Minister of Immigration and Coloniz- 
ation the question of the original nationality of immigrants coming into 
Canada from the Ignited States in an endeavor to prevent entry of numbers 
of immigrants who are of enemy alien birth and sympathies."— Carrjct/. 

4. Re Wool.— That the resolution (jip. 11S-I191 be sent to War Trade 
Board and Local Councils. 

5. Re Senate. — That a copy of the resolution (p. 99j be sent to the 
Prime Minister and to Sir James Lougheed. 

6. Re Housing of Young Girls.— That the following resolution, moved 
by .Mrs. O. C. Edwards, be forwarded to all Federated Associations : 

"Resolved, — That The Xationil Council of Women, realizing their re- 
sponsibilities towards the thousands of yoimg girls who are segregated in our 
cities owing to the opportunities of obtaining remunerative work, consider 
the absolute necessity of some better protection to be provided for them in 
the shape of more suitable housing accommodation." 

7. Re Conference on Education- (p. 120l.— That this be forwarded to 
Convener of Committee on Education, asking her to confer with Prof. 0.sborne 
and report back to next Executive. 

8. Re Footwear (p. 119).— That this be pas.sed for iasertion in th<) 
Year Book. 

9. Re Classification of Prisoners.— That the following resolution, 
moved by Mrs. Edwards, seconded by Dr. Patterson, be referred to a Com- 
mittee formed of Conveners of the Committees on Equal Moral Standard, 
Laws, and Public Health, who sliall define a policy with regard to this matter 
and report to the Executive before any action is taken : 

•' Resolved,— That The National Council bring before the Provincial 
Legislatures the imperative need of classification of prisoners and the segre- 
gation of arrested i)rostitutes from other prisoners."— ronvcrf. 

10. Re C.«i,E TO Sir .Arthur Currie.— That the following resolution be 
pas,sed and that the Corresponding Secretary send the cable through the 
Acting Prime Minister. Moved by Mrs. Hanington, seconded by Mrs. 
Deni.son : 

" Resolved,— That the love and gratitude of The National Council of 
Women of Canada, in convention iLssembled at Brantford, be .sent to Ceneral 
Sir Arthur Currie, our .splendid soldiers, and the nursing sisters, for protecting 
our liberty and ideals with such courage and devotion in this great world 
war." — Carried. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 129 

Federal Department of Public Health. 

The following resolution was introduced by Mrs. Huestis, 
seconded by Mrs. Plumptre : 

"Resolved, — That The Natioaal Council of Women do once more ui-ge 
upon the Government the importance of estabUshing immediately a Federal 
Department of Public Health (inckiding Bureaux of Child Welfare and of 
Venereal Diseases) under the direction of a Minister chosen, not on account 
of political affiliation, but only upon the basis of competency." — Carried. 

Committee on Nursing. 
(See Resolution, p. loi) 

Mrs. Hanington objected to doing away with this Com- 
mittee, as the nursing profession should have closest relations 
with other women. Mrs. McNaughtan thought that a Nursing 
Committee ought to undertake to educate the public to their 
views and to realize the need of accepting their standards. Mrs. 
Laidlaw pointed out that conditions have changed in regard to 
nursing and that a National Committee is no longer necessary, 
as nursing now comes under Provincial regulations. The 
President explained that Miss Gunn had said that all Nurses' 
Associations are now united, and they will be able to make 
request to Government for what they need. Mrs. Huestis 
felt we should accede to joint request of the Committee and of 
the Federation of Nurses. Dr. Johnston supported this view. 

The resolution was carried. 

Trained Nursing. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. Hamilton, 
seconded by Mrs. Laidlaw : 

'• Resotred,—ThAt a recommendation shall go from this annual meeting 
to the newly organized Provincial Committees of the Council, urging upon 
them to interest all Affiliated Organizations, in order that a movement shall 
be carried on to educate the public (in rural districts especially) to the value 
of trained nursing." — Carried. 

Lady Falconer reported balance of resolutions from Report 
of Special Committee on Reports. (See also pp. 99-101.) 

Laws.— Moved by Mrs. Stead, seconded by Dr. Patterson : 

" Resolred.—That The National Council of Women consider the necessity 
of an organization being formed to help those women who need the protection 



130 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

of the law for themselves or children, ami who, being econoinically dependent 
on their husbands, have no means to secure this protection." — Carried. 

Supervised Playgrounds — Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by 
Mrs. Graham : 

"Resoh'ed. — That the question of a National Federation of Recreation 
A.'wociation shall be urged upon Local Councils and members of Committee, 
so that they may interest themselves in this regard in order to spread propa- 
ganda and awake public opihion to the need of a National Recreation As- 
sociation. ' ■ — Carried. 

Co-ordination of Social Activities. 

Lady Falconer read the following recommendation which 
had been passed bj' the Dominion Council of the Young 
Women's Christian Association : 

"The Dominion Council of the Y.W.C.A. realizes the need of co-ordina- 
tion of social activities to produce better moral conditions in civil and military 
area and to deal with such evils as venereal disease ; and urges that the 
Government take action in the direction of that established by the United 
States Government in its Training Camp Activities Commission. In view of 
some such action being taken, the Council herewith offers co-operation with 
the Government in any direction which affects the protection of girl life, and 
the relation of girl life to social conditions." 

On motion of Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by ]Mrs. Huestis, 
this request for co-ordination of social activities was approved 
and endorsed by The National Council of Women. 

Woman's Century. 

Corresponding Secretary read letter from Woman's Century, 
Limited, asking that they be made Publishing House of The 
National Council of Woman, etc. Mrs. Hamilton explained 
some of the difficulties of present relationship. She was sup- 
ported by Mrs. Huestis and Mrs. Denison. Mrs. Cummings 
saw some drawbacks. 

The following resolution was moved by Mrs. Hamilton, 
seconded by Mrs. Huestis : 

"Resolved, — That "Woman's Century" .shall be adopted as the Publishing 
House of The National Council of Women, which shall issue, for a year at 
Iea.st, the '^'c^r Bonk and any other Council literature which requires or 
publishes advertisements, and all other leaflets, etc., not having advertise- 
ments, provided that the tender of "Woman's Century" is acceptable to the 
Sub-Executive." 



■WOMEN OF CANADA 



131 



Miss Tatley asked if this Resolution meant that the Council 
would be bound to have everything printed by the Century, and 
registered her dissent. Mrs. Hamilton said it would only be 
binding as regards those publications in which advertising is in 
question. Mrs. McWilhams voiced her protest. The Cor- 
responding Secretary asked if Woman's Century did its own 
printing. Mrs. Hamilton replied that it does not yet, but looks 
forward to the day when it will have a publishing house run 
by women. 

The resolution was carried. 

Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Laidlaw : 
" Resolved —That two members of Executive of National Council sit 
on Centui-y Board, and that the President and Business Manager of Century 
Company, Limited, sit on Publication Committee."— Carried. 

Mrs. Hamilton, on behalf of Woman's Century, Limited, 
made the following offer of stock to the Council: 2,500 in 
Common Stock, that is 2,500 shares, and 20 shares valued at 
$5.00 each in Preferred, the latter giving voting power to the 
members of the Executive sitting on Woman's Century Board. 
Moved by Mrs. Hamilton, seconded by Mrs. Dayton, that 
the above offer of stock be accepted. 

An offer was made to Woman's Century of stock. 
Moved by Mrs. Dayton, seconded by Mrs. Murray, that 
Corresponding Secretary send letter with acceptance and 
thanks. — Carried. 

Empire Baby Welfare Exhibit. 
Corresponding Secretary read letter from Canadian Public 
Health Association re a week of Baby Welfare Exhibit through- 
out the Empire, and asking co-operation of The National 
Council of Women. The following Committee was appomted : 
Mrs. Ninian SmiUie, Mrs. W. E. Sanford, Dr. Margaret Pat- 
terson, Dr. Margaret Johnston, Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn. 

Fees and Council Aid. 
The following resolution on the Agenda was moved by the 
Treasurer, on behalf of the Executive Committee, seconded by 
Corresponding Secretary : 



132 THE NATIONAL COUXCIL OP 

"Whereas, the fiscal year closes on April the 30th ; 

"And whereas, it is essential that the Year Book be issued as early in the 
year as possible and that the cost of p\iblication, which is a large item, be 
met iiromptly ; 

"Therefore be it resotrcd, that the fees and Assessed Council Aid for the 
current year be payable by October 1st at the latest, and that only those 
Local Councils and Xationally Organized Societies who have paid their fees 
and Assessed Council Aid by that date be entitled to vote at the Executive 
and Annual Meetings." 

Objections were raised to making the assessment com- 
pulsory, also to early date of payment of fees and assessment. 
Jklrs. McNaughtan pointed out that societies who do not pay 
until April are almost a year behind. Mrs. Huestis hoped 
Assessed Council Aid would not be pressed, as advertisements, 
life patrons, etc., take money from Toronto for the National 
Council, which inakes it harder for the Local ; also Toronto 
Local Council objects to paying International fee during war, 
and objects further to the principle of a Council of three 
Societies having the same number of votes as one with a very 
large number. 

Mrs. McWilliams supported the last contention and said 
that the Winnipeg Local Council were willing to pay the assess- 
ments only if everyone else did their share. 

Mrs. Sanford said that as International Treasurer she 
always closed her books on a certain date and gave an interim 
report at the Annual Meeting of what came in later. 

The resolution was re-worded as follows ; 

"Resolved, — That the fees and Assessed Council .\id for the current jear 
be payable by January 1st, I9I9, and thereafter by October 1st of the current 
year. ' ' — Carried. 

Moved by the Treasurer, seconded by Recording Secretary : 

"Resolved, — That the fee of Xationally Organized Societies be $10." 
— Carried. 

Resoi-ution of Thanks. 

A hearty resolution of thanks was moved by Mrs. Huestis, 
seconded by Mrs. Edwards ; 

" Resolved, — That we extend our warmest thanks to the President, Officers 
and Members of Brantford Local Council for their cordial hospitality ; to 
the Mayor and City Council for their courteous welcome ; to the churches 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



133 



that so kindh- provided luncheon for the delegates ; to the President and 
Members of the Rotary Club ; President and Members of Brantford Golf 
Club ; The Rector of the Mohawk Church ; to the staff and pupils of the 
Mohawk Institute ; to the pages at the meetings ; to the Y.M.C.A. ; to 
the Press ; to the staff at the Institute for the Blind ; to the ladies who lent 
their motors and to Miss Gilkinson for her interesting paper on the early 
history of Brant County ; and that we further express appreciation of the 
charming souve,nir programmes." 

Mrs. Secord replied most graciously on behalf of Brantford 

Local Council. 

Invitation. 

Mrs. Charles Fenkel extended a cordial invitation to hold 
the next Annual Meeting in Calgary. 

Mrs. John McNaughtan, in the absence of Mrs. T. D. Brown, 
renewed the invitation received from Regina a year ago. Mrs. 
William Allen, Moose Jaw, also spoke hospitably on behalf of 
Saskatchewan. 

The Regina invitation was again accepted. 

The Corresponding Secretary stated that she was told there 
was a resolution according to which the Year Book cover 
must be blue. Decided to use other color if desirable. 

The Budget was accepted as read. 

It was moved bv Mrs. Malcolmson, seconded by Dr. Gullen 
to reprint, if needed, the small pamphlet, "How to Organize a 
Local Council," making desirable alterations.— Camed. 

The Annual Meeting then adjourned. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



130 



REPORTS 

OF 

FEDERATED ASSOCIATIONS 



LOCAL COUNCILS 

BRAKDON, MAN. 
Helen M. King, Recording Secretary. 

The twenty-third year of Brandon Local Council of Women closes with 
a roll of twenty-three affiliated societies, all actively interested. Four quarter- 
ly, one annual, ten executive, and three special meetings are recorded. 

Mrs. S. E. Clement, wife of our Provincial Member, was this year elected 
President. Largely to her superior ability and personality is due the splendid 
spirit of co-operation which exists in the Council, and with which the greatly 
increased activities have been so successfully can-ied out. 

A perusal of the minutes would make manifest, that the Coimcil is alive 
to its responsibihties, and is obtaining a surer and deeper hold upon the 
community. 

Last ,\ugust the Local Council organized a Win-the-War Conference, 
which developed plans for one of the largest and most unique meetings ever 
held in Brandon. .\s result, resolutions were forwarded to Dominion Govern- 
ment, urging a supreme effort for Union Government. In case this failed, 
it was further resolved, that the women of Brandon call upon the electors to 
unite and agree upon a common representative in order to avoid an election. 
Excellent work was done by the women in electing the Tnion candidate. 

The Council supervised distribution of National Service Cards, Victory 
Loan Posters, and hteratm-e re education of non-English speaking people. 

In November they endorsed a resolution urging economy in servmg 
refreshments, and the "strict observance of the rulings of the Central Food 
Control Committee. In conjunction with Miss Kelso, local representative of 
this committee, they held a mass meeting to consider food problems, address- 
ed by Professor Rejmolds of Manitoba Agricultural College. 

The Council petitioned the City Council re payment of taxes, cm-rent 
or arrears, on the instalment plan. The City Council adjusted this matter 

S3 f ISI lotofllv 

The Council heartily endorsed all resolutions of The Women's War 
Conference at Ottawa, expressing special appreciation of the resolution re 
food conservation (asking for mUlmg of grain in Canada, thereby preventmg 
its use in distilleries of Great Britain); also of that relating to trammg schools 
on experimental farms; and still another urging that attention be given to the 



136 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

conservation of our boys, lest, owing to scarcity of lulior, we overwork the 
young boys to the future detriment of our race. 

In March our Council was fortunate in hearing an address on tlie Mani- 
toba Dower Act 10 IS, by Mr. S. E. Clement, M.L.A., the father of the Act, 
giving a clear-cut e.xjilanation of the operation of the Act, and emphasizing 
the necessity of all women becoming conversant with its provisions. 

In April, with the aid of Uev. Hugh Dobson, head of the Social Service 
Department of the Methodist Church, the Council conducted a Child Welfare 
Institute, with two afternoon and two evening sessions. This proved an 
e.\hibit of the very highest order. Addresses were given, with practical' 
demonstrations in a "Babies' Health Conference" conducted by local 
doctors and nurses. The Council, realizing the need and value of a Child 
CUnic, had it under consideration prior to the Exhibit. We are pleased to 
state that our labors have borne fruit, as a "Child Welfare Station" is now 
being equipped by the Provincial Government and will be operating shortly. 
The Local Council believe that Brandon infant mortality will be greatly 
reduced. 

This year the Council have pleasm'e in reporting an unprecedented 
social function tendered our Honorary President, Mrs. D. McEwen, on her 
golden wedding anniversary. This was deemed an occasion in the history 
of the Council that should not be passed over without showing in some tangible 
way our appreciation of her services as organizer and President for twenty-one 
years. .\t a Public Hecejjtion held in the drawing-room of the Prince Edward 
Hotel, Mrs. McEwen was presented with a gold wrist-watch and an address 
containing a resumfe of her twenty-one years' work. 

In May, a Public Meeting of the Council was addressed by Mrs. Dayton, 
our representative at The National Council Executive, who outlined the 
proceedings of the Executive and also gave an account of activities of The 
Women's War Conference. 

Conveners of Standing Committees have all been appointed, with a view 
to wide-awake activity in each department. The Convener on Laws for 
Better Protection of Women and Children brought in a report, heartily en- 
ilorsed by the Local Council and forwarded to the National, recommending 
(1) apijointmont of Police Matron for protection of women and children at 
all courts; (2) that minors be excluded from all trials; (3) the regular inspection 
of restaurants, ice-cream parlors, and caf6s, and the abolition of sleeping 
apartments on the ground floor thereof. 

Supervised play is strongly approved, and endeavors are being made 
to advance it. 

The Council ]nil themselves on record as willing to help with National 
Registration. 

During these strenuous and tragic times the Local Council have not neg- 
lected Patriotic calls despite the special war work each society is engaged in. 
Ked Cross and Secours National have received generous donations. 

Through the Press and "Woman's Century" they have kept the Public 
acquainted with their aims and objects. 



WOMEN OF CANADA '■"' 

BRANTFORD, ONT. 

Ethel T. Raymond, Conespomling Secretary. 

The National Council of Women of Canada stands forth as a symbol 
of Canadian women's unitv of action at this most critical period of our country's 
history As om soldiers of diverse professions and trades have enlisted m 
the same battahon, so in the Local Coimcils, women's organizations of widely 
divergent interest have been fused together by the livmg flame of patriotism 
and welded together into one mighty whole. „ , , 

The Brantford Local Council has been inspired to its bravest eflorts by 
the brilliant generalship of Mrs. W. C. Livingston, and many and varied have 
been the branches to which the work of the Council has extended. 

" Fighting Men First," the cry of the heroic nurses on the sinking Mediter- 
ranean transport, is the motto of the local Red Cross, and the needs and 
comforts of our fighting men have ever come fii'st. .«12,000 was realized as 
the result of a monthly envelope system instituted throughout the city ; 
$1,500 was sent to the Canadian Red Cross. , ,. j u- 

Work goes actively on at headquarters, from whence splendid shipments 
have been regularly forwarded. Space forbids detail, but a few random 
figures are as follows,-property and kit_bags, filled, 2,1.5 ; shu-ts, 807 , 
bandages, 765 ; pyjamas, 331 ; sheets, 807. • . , 

In February, the shortest month of the year, l,81o pairs of socks were 
shipped from the rooms, 915 of which were sent *» ^^e S^™"''^/.!^*'""'^', , 

6,841 pairs of socks have been sent to the C.\VC.A and f -6.8.58 for 
field comforts. Mrs. Graham Bell of Washmgton, D.C., kmdly donated $100 

of this amount. . , ■ -c „,■ n,„ oorl 

Though busy with our o^vn work, the universal significanc^ ot the Red 

Cross was not forgotten: Italian Tag Day $930.56, French Day $ 84.9.0 

British Red Cross $400, Belgian $85.15, Navy League $50, and Duchess of 

Connaught Fund $240.70. , , i- i • . cqhoi; <,„h 

The Halifax disaster claimed prompt and substantial aid, $311.2.5 and 
40 bales of clothing, 8 bales of quilts, blankets, pillows, comforters, 4 bo^es 
hats, shoes, and quantities of groceries. In short a freight car, contents 
valued at $4,000, left amid Brantford's good wishes 

The first step towards the establishment of ^Sokhers Home was an^t 
Loan Exhibition, while the final effort augmented by ^^e GA^ A^^ ook 
the form of a Maple Leaf Tag Day terminating m a Grand Mihtai> Cainival 
at the Armouries, joint results $1,065.70. 

A comfortable, commodious three-storey buikUng with central loca ion 
was leased, admirably adapted to requirements Eleven bedroom ,b^m^^^^^ 
room, reception hall, lounge, canteen, secretary s office, <=t';''^7 J^^ ^^^J 
as th;,ugh by magic by the different affiliated soc.et.es, who vied m fr.endlj 

fashion, each to outdo the other. n^f^her 9-lth iqi7 

The Returned Soldiers' Home was formally opened Octobe ^^^h 1917, 
by His Excellency, the Duke of Devonshire, Governor-General of Canada. 



138 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The Lieutenant-Governor, and Dr. Graham Bell were also present upon this 
occasion. 

The house warming took tlio form of a Christmas Dinner to the veterans 
given by the affiUated societies, which proved but a forerunner of other 
similar happy occasions. Recently, our "Original Firsts" on furlough and 
their wives were entertained. After tea and a short programme had been 
enjoyed, each soldier was presented with a parcel containing socks, hand- 
kerchiefs, soap, steel mirror and tobacco, attached to the parcel was a card 
with the Canadian flag, across whose fokls was inscribed : 

"The Courage that unsheathed your willing sword 
Sustain you unto Victory." 

Each soldier leaving Brantford has received a similar parcel. 

The 2nd C.O.R. stationed here were served with coffee and sandwiches 
etc., after a concert recently given by a civic musical committee. Magazines 
are sent to their reading rooms and parcels distributed as drafts leave for 
overseas. 

At Christmas the wounded in hospital overseas were not forgotten, 1,000 
stockings were sent bui-sting with Clu'istmas cheer. 

Interest has been wxU sustamed in the St. John Ambulance work. 
Thirty-sbc candidates obtained certificates in the last Home Nursing Class 
and an enthusiastic First Aid Class is in progress. Distribution of Food 
Pledges was accomplished by the Local Council. 

Emergency work has been courageously undertaken by women and girls 
in all essential lines— farming, gardening, fruit-picldng, preserving, munitions 
and clerical work in many branches. 

300 patriotic plots were under cultivation by women last year. The 
number of plots and amount of production bid fair to be doubled this year. 
Children's creditable gardens were a revelation to all. 

Our School Leagues, which have engaged so actively in Hod Cross and 
patriotic work cannot be too highly praised. Victoria School Art League 
made a gift to St. Dunstan's of $130. 

Mrs. Pluraptre, Mrs. McLaren Brown, Miss Helen Losanitch and Miss 
Gray were among the many delightful speakers of the j'car. 

Mrs. S. W. Secord (Convener Citizenship) has been elected to the Public 
Library Board. 

Mrs. P. P. Ballachey and Miss Colter (Convener Education) have been 
elected to the Board of Education. 

At the la-st monthly meeting, which was attended by the Corresponding 
Secretary of The National Council, Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn, the President 
welcomed three newly affiliated societies. Alumna; of Nurses, Brantford 
General Hospital ; South Brant -tt'omen's Institute, and Soldiers' Associated 
Kith and Km. 'J'he latter which safeguards the welfare of our soldiers at home 
and abroad is an exceedingly large and active organization and has just 
blossomed out into a Junior Association. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



139 



It was the privilege of the Brantford Local Couneil to vote $50 towards 
the endowment of a cot in the College Women's Hospital as a slight apprecia- 
tion otMrs. Torrington's most zealous and admirable service in The National 

Council. 

It was with much regret that the resignation of Miss L. Carlyle as Cor- 
responding Secretary was accepted. 

The Brantford Local Council of Women are anticipating with much 
pleasure the Annual Convention of The National Council of Women of 
Canada to be held here this summer. 



CALGARY, ALTA.. 
Elizabeth C. Moyer, Recording Secretary. 

During the past year Calgary Local Council had thu-ty-four affiliated 

SOClctlGS. 

In patriotic work the members assisted in the tag day for the British Red 
Cross, also for the Hahfax Relief Fund, and held two very successful tag days, 
the proceeds of which went to various war funds. They also assisted m the 
placing of war saving placards and food pledge cards. 

The following civic questions have been dealt with : Registration of room- 
ing houses, one-man street-cars, pure water supply, civic social centres, WTitmg 
in the schools, savings accounts for school children, licenses for motor drivers 
and prevention of motor accidents. Two members of the Council Executive 
were successful candidates at the recent civic elections, one as alderman and 
one as school trustee, and two members are acting magistrates. 

The annual meeting took an interesting form this year. Following the 
usual afternoon business session, supper was served to the delegates. After- 
wards there was an informal programme, a feature of which was a question- 
box on problems of the dav. The women delegates of the United Farmers of 
Alberta then in session in the city were guests and in the discussions the 
exchange of views proved helpful. This new plan gave a less humed afternoon 
session, more time for business and a chance to meet socially the women ot 
the different clubs represented. 

The Law Committee is a very active department. The number of 
Mothers' Clubs affiliated is perhaps one reason for the interest taken m legis- 
lation for the protection of children and young ghls. Five petitions are being 
presented to the Premier, from this Council. 

CHAPLEAU, ONT. 

Elizabeth Vice, Corresponding and Recording Secretary. 

Before writing my report, I should like to express regret that our beloved 

and energetic President, Mrs. P. R. Soanes, hSs moved to Aurora. ^^ e miss 

her, for she was ever ready with a word of good advice on any subject pertaming 

to our work. 



140 THK NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Previous to Mrs. Soanes' departure, we had decided to remain in abeyance 
until after the war, unless special correspondence should require a meeting, 
:is everyone seemed so busy with Red Cross and other work. However, we 
have had several E.KCcutive meetings, and although the attendance was small, 
we have kept together and I hope it will not be long until we find ourselves a 
flourishing Local Council. I have been asked to WTite several societies in 
town, and see if they will affiliate with us, and if we can get more women 
interested, it will be a good thing. 

We set apart Good Friday afternoon for intercession and prayer for our 
soldiers, and heard an impressive sermon in St. John's Church, a good number 
being [iresent. 



aiK 



DAUPHIX. MAN. 
Edith B. Walker, Recording Secretary. 

This Council was organized only a year ago by Mrs. Da.vton of \'u-den, 
iid Mrs. Chai-les Robson of Winnipeg. There are 12 affiliated societies, and 
the following is a short summary in figures of what some have done : 

Red Cross — amount raised during year, S6, 195.27, 81 ch-cssing gowns, 
752 pairs socks, 348 pyjamas. 

I. O.D.E.— amount raised, Sl,500, 200 pairs socks, 184 pyjamas, 137 
boxes sent to boys at Christmas, and substantial cheques to Halifax Relief, 
Xav)- League, l.O.D.E. home at Halifax, and British Red Cross. 

Sold iir.-i' Aid — whose work is chiefly Red Cross and St. John Ambulance 
raised $2,400, and sent over 400 parcels to boys at the front. Every church has 
a Red Cross .\uxiliary, which get supplies from the Red Cross and the work 
accomplished by them shows the time sacrificed in order to accomplish so 
much towards helping our brave boys at the front. 

We have during the pa-st year held 5 regular, 1 special and 4 Executive 
meetings. The following committees were appointed ; Civic Improvement, 
Public Health, Objectionable Printed Matter, Supervised Playgrounds, 
Education and Social Welfare. In June, we made an organized effort re 
registration of women and sujiplicd motors for the use of any who required 
them. In Octobe.-, a house to house canvass for the British Red Cross was made 
resulting in our being able to turn in practically S1,G00 to that worthy cause. 
In November, by request of the Food Controller, we undertook dehvery of 
the Food Service cards. On March 27th, we held an intercessory prayer 
service for women in the Town Hall, where many earnest prayers were offered 
for all the sufferers of the war, and particularly for the men who are so bravely 
defending our homes. At the time of writing this report, we have with us 
Dr. Frazcr, Provincial Health Inspector, who is here speaking on Child Welfare 
m the school with the possible object of opening a Child Welfare Station in 
our town. 

Although it may appear we have not done very much, we have at least 
made a good start, and trust our work will be carried on successfully through 
the pre.sent year. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 141 



EAST PICTOU, N.S. 
Annie M. Murray, Corresponding Secretary. 

The earnestness with which the East Pictou Local Council has applied 
itself to "whatsoever its hand has found to do" during the past year encourages 
us to beheve that present world conditions are proving to it "a challenge to 
strength, not an occasion for despair." Nine meetings of the Executive, four 
general meetings of the society and five public meetings is our record m this 
regard. 

Broadly speaking, our work may be reported under two heads, viz., 
National Service and Pre-War Philanthropies,— National Service being made 
to cover all activities arising out of war conditions. 

Food production and food conservation have been stressed dm-ing the 
entire year and wliile the results obtained may have fallen below our hopes, 
vet much good seed has been sown which has and will continue to bring forth 
fruit meet for the justification of such effort. The Food Pledge Campaign 
resulted in some 600 householders in New Glasgow sigmng the pledge. 

One of our pubhc meetings was held with a view to the stimulation of 
food production in vacant lots in our towns. Two were held in the mterests 
of food conservation,-one to demonstrate canning, the other the use of 
cereals other than wheat. On both occasions the Provincial Governments 
Superintendent of Women's Institutes, Miss Jennie A. Eraser, was the efficient 
agent employed. In one case, the Government bore the expense of sending 
its equipment and an additional helper. 

The "Thimble and Trinket" collection taken under our auspices was a 
verv creditable one, and wiU materiaUy aid the beneficent pm-pose m view. 

■ The monthly entertainments for the wives and mothers of soldiers held 
throughout the winter and spring of 1917, were brought to a very delightful 
close thi-ough the coui-tesy of two of our -mbers who lent then- summer 
cottages for an afternoon by the sea, in wliich the "kiddies" were included. 
Because of the world-wide food shortage, it was thought unwise to resume 

these entertainments in 1918. , ,, , , t „,„- „iomhpr« 

Through the generosity of our President and the labor of o^' ^^'^^^^^ 

a large bale of very excellent children's clotlnng was quickly sent to the 

victims of the holocaust that overtook Hahfax last December. 

Through our deaconess, we have been able to render a-^*-- '^ ^^^^ 

relief work instituted on behalf of those stricken by the a^^ul Allan bhaft 

"''TlTweek devoted to a daily intercessory service of one hour for oi^ 
Empire, held in May, 1917, met with an earnest response from our -oniem 
An effort was made to continue such a service for a '^^^^'^'Z^^^^^^'^^^'i^ 
the summer months, but was later abandoned for a mas me tmg hdd the fa s 
Sabbath of each month, which is well attended and most help uL J^^^^^^^ 
call for prayer sent out by The National Council was observed by oui Council 
in addition. 



142 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Xotwithstandiug the very meagre measure of success following our 
appeals to our Town Council in 1916-17, we have continued to bombard this 
body with resolutions in 1917-18. Our resolution, asking for the establishment 
of a municipal piggery was refused on the giound that it was not feasible ! 
Our agitation regarding milk has only resulted in a monthly insiiection of same 
as against a former quarterly inspection. Again we have reminded our city 
fathers of their laxness regarding law enforcement, more particularly as 
regards the Truancy Act and the Cigarette Law. To the Board of Trade, 
we have sent a resolution, asking for the inauguration of Co-operative Delivery, 
the Cash and Carry system, but so far no action has been taken. To the press, 
we have sent a resolution placing om-selves on record as regarding anything 
other than the utmost simplicity in our manner of living as unpatriotic during 
the present world crisis. 

With the exception of supervised playgrounds, all pre-war jjhilaiithropies 
have been well sustained during the past year. E\-idence was given this 
Committee that the public look upon supervised playgrounds in a town the 
size of New C.la-sgow as a luxury which must be allowed to lapse during the 
strain of a prolonged war. 

The interest in our charity ^^■ork suffers no abatement as the year go on, 
the value of our deaconess in manifold ways being more and more evidenced 
each j'ear. 

Financially, the past year has been the most successful in our liistory. 
For assistance rendered in promoting the sale of Victory Bonds, the business 
men of New Glasgow donated to us theii- eommi-ssions amounting to some 
$2,000. We have, therefore, given to the British Red Cro.ss .$1,000, to the 
Overseas Y.M.C.A. S500, and to the Stellarton Relief Fund, $350. By the 
purchase of a Victory Bond, we have emerged into investors, and by pledging 
ourselves for one year to the monthly maintenance of ten orijhan .\i-menians 
we have linked ourselves up, though in a small way, with the great pliilan- 
thropic world. 

The furnishing of a room in the Maritime Home for Delinquent Girls 
with our name inscribed on a plate placed thereon has given historic continuity 
to the fact that we were largely instrumental in stimulating public opinion 
to the need of such an institution. 

Our endeavor to secure educational films for school children on Saturdays, 
with nothing objectionable introduced, has been but jiartially successful. 
On a few occasions such films have been secured and shown under our auspices. 

Through the diligence of some of our members, "Woman's Century," 
IS finding a jilacc in many more of our homes, and thus a larger number of our 
women arc keeping in touch with the great world movements of women. 

To stmmlate the interest of the con.servative women of East Pictou in 
the enfranchisement of women, a public meeting addressed by'Mrs. E. Murray, 
an enthusiastic and very well informed advocate of this cause, was held. 

The Red Cross is the only affiliation we have to our credit this year. 
We are now a federation of thirteen societies. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 1*3 

EDMONTON, ALTA. 

Nora M. Greene, Corresponding Secretary. 

The year 1917 proved to be one of gi-eat unrest and deep concern for the 
Edmonton Local Council of Women, the grave importance of the matters 
brought before the affiliated societies, giving rise to much discussion and 
divergence of opinion. , , • 4. 

The hotly debated question of the power of the Executive, the desire to 
adhere closely to the constitution and the apparent failure of the same to 
cover many situations which arose, was felt to have hampered greatly the 
action of the Executive and Standing Committees m accomplislung the work 

before them. ,, , 

During the Session of the Legislatm-e an emergency meeting was called 
to consider the proposed Dower Act, then before the House. Two resolutions 
came before a most representative meeting : 

"That the meeting express itself as dissatisfied with the action of the 
Government in bringing forward a so-called Dower Bill, as we consider 
it inadequate." 

This motion was lost, and it was then moved that : 

"We do not protest against the Bill now, but make real preparation 
for a definite request at the next Session of Parliament covering the wishes 
of the women of Alberta." 

At the first quarterlv meeting, held on March 25th, the societies registered 
their votes on several hnportant matters. Mothers' Pensions was unam- 
mouslv endorsed. To the question, "Me you in favor of conscription ? the 
reoresentatives of societies present voted 26 for, 8 agamst, 9 not votmg. 

"^ The Local Council feU very strongly on the action of the National Exe- 
cutive in submitting the Montreal resolution, and protested agamst the 
Councils being asked to deal with a matter of such importance m so short a 

^'"''provincial Conferences and Increase in Fee for the Affiliated Societies 

were both voted down. , , . t,- . /-. 

At the second quarterly meeting, an miofficial Movmg Picture Censor 
Committee was endorsed by the Council. At this meet^g, a resolution m 
favor of co-operating with the Y.W.C.A. in undertakmg the erection of a new 

'"'the ISnTof ^he third quarterly meetmg contamed important resolu- 
tions submitted by the National Executive^ .p,„tiv^" That the 

A resolution placed thereon by the Edmonton Executive That the 
agenda be open for discussion at the quarterly meeting," was voted on first 
and carrying, the agenda was forthwith thro^^^l open for d-cuss.on^ 

l^Impo;tant resolution, asking that the School Board abohsh Examma- 
tions up to Grade VIL, passed. 



144 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

In March, one of the scries of National Service concerts, arranged by the 
Edmonton Battalion Reserve Militia, was given under the auspices of the 
Local Council, while later 2,000 posters on Food Conseri-ation, which were 
allocated to the Council at the request of the Director General of National 
Service, were intelligently distributed. 

A second emergency meeting was called to discuss and vote upon a 
resolution which had been passed at a meeting of the Committee on Food 
Conservation, viz.: "That the Council be asked to canvass the city for the 
Win-the-AVar Service Pledge. The societies decided in favor, and the canvass 
was thoroughly carried out. 

A most successful reception was held for Mrs. McKiimey, the first woman 
M.L.A. in Canada, at which a large number of women availed themselves of 
the opportunity to meet so distinguished a woman. 

-Vt the three quarterly meetings of 1917, the following were the principal 
speakers : 

Sydney B. Woods, K.C., on "The Aims and Objects of the Edmonton 
Win-the-War League." 

Mrs. O. C. Edwards, on "The Things that are Temporal." 
Miss Bradshaw, on "The Need of a New Building for the Y.W.C.A." 
At the annual meeting, Dr. Heber Jamieson gave a very instructive 
address on Public Health, particularly as it referred to Alberta. 

.•Vn Executive meeting was held on February 16th, at which a Special 
Committee gave an exliaustive report on theu- proposed amendments to the 
Constitution, and later, at the March quarterly meeting, arrangements were 
made to hold regular monthly meetings. 

Resolutions asking for the estabUshment of a Federal Department of 
PubUc Health, and petitioning the Provincial Government to take drastic 
measures to prevent the spread of venereal diseases, also to provide a tem- 
porary institution for the care of the mentally deficient, were passed, as well 
as a resolution asking that all women's meetings give ten minutes of their 
ti me to the discussion of Conservation, which was also carried. 

At this meeting, IMrs. Forbes Reid, 1st Vice-President, who had been 
acting President, was elected President by acclamation. 

In response to a telegram from The National CouncU calUng to prayer, 
an earnestly impressive and very much appreciated mtercessory service was 
held March 2oth. 



HALIFAX, N.S. 
Ella A. Ritchie, Corresponding Secretary. 

The work of the Council has been mainly along the line of war 
activities. At a ma,ss meeting called by Mr. G. CampbeU, Director of 
National Service, the task of organizing women for service was left to 
the Local Council of Women. A strong Committee was formed, working 



WOMEN OF CANADA 145 

•under the National Service League, and a registry bureau opened in May 
at which 114 women registered during the first month. But the result was 
disappointing, as few employers asked for theii- services. 

The committee on "Sailors' Comforts" under the able leadership of Mrs. 
Armitage, has increased and widened the scope of its work. The men of 
the Merchant Marine Service who have done noble work as crews of 
transports, and in many other ways, are, owing to war conditions, often 
unable to see their families for years at a time. They are very grateful for 
the comforts liberally supplied to them at HaUfax. The crew of a tor- 
pedoed ship, "The Armadale," who landed here destitute of everything, 
were supplied with all that was necessary for their comfort. The crews of 
cruisers at sea at Christmas, of Patrol Boats, Mine Sweepers, and Dredges, 
and the boys on the Men-of-War, were all cared for, over 2,000 Christmas 
gifts being sent them. 

The committee on Food Conservation and Increased Production has kept 
steadily at work. In the sprmg of 1917 it provided seed and manure, and ad- 
vanced money for fertihzer which was repaid in the autumn. This spring 
the Council will supply two tons of fertdizer for farmers unable to pay cash 
for it. Prizes will be offered to school children this year for vegetables only. 

The Council has subscribed between $800 and S900 to war funds, as well 
as continued its support of the Social Service Bureau and other agencies for 
the public good. Substantial aid was given to the Supervised Playgrounds. 
The terrible disaster of Decemljer 6th, fell very heavily on those 
of our members who resided at the north end of the city, and the time and 
energy of almost every woman connected with the Council, were devoted 
to helping in hospitals, or shelters, or worldng under the direction of the 
difierent reUef organizations. The most generous and kindly sympathy 
was received from far and near. Victoria B.C.. Local CouncQ, telegraphed 
$2,249 to be spent by the Halifax CouncU in reheving distress. With the 
approval of the Victoria Council, part of this money was used to establish 
a clmic for those blinded or partially blinded in the catastrophe. Another 
large sum will be used to increase the number and efficiency of the Victorian 
Order of Nurses whose work has been, and continues to be, of the greatest 
value among those still suffering from the effects of the explosion. 

The destruction of the Exhibition Building, of the Market, and of the 
Women's Hostel, has affected the work of several committees, but in spite 
of these hindrances the work of the Council is being vigorously carried on. 



HAMILTON, ONT. 

Maey Wood, Recording Secretary. 

Before presenting my report for the year 1917, I desire to express the 
regret we all feel at om- president's continued absence from the city. It 
is our earnest hope that her son's complete restoration to health may relieve 
ier of her present duties and that she may soon be with us again. Her 



146 THE XATIOXAL COUNCIL OF 

enthusiasm aiul deep interest in Council work have always been an inspiration 
to us. 

But, though we expi'ess regret at Mrs. Lyle's absence, we are to be con- 
gratulated upon the fact that Lady Gibson has kindly consented to act aa 
President and that she has so ably discharged all the duties pertaining to the 
office. 

Owing to the fact that the .Annual Meeting was held at a later date than 
usual last year, this report is necessarily short. 

In the early part of the year the attention of the Council was called to 
the work of the Tribute Committee which had charge of a fund for returned 
disabled soldiers not otherwise provided for. The ladies of the Council felt 
that such a movement should have our support and to that end contributed 
the sum of S60. 

In instructing om- delegates to the National Annual Meeting in \\'innipeg, 
the resolutions on restriction of immigrants after the war, the interesting of 
picture theatres in providing suitable pictiu-es for children to be presented on 
Saturdays, the mihtary training of boys and the resolution from Regina re 
the mis-use of E.vpress for the purpose of bringing into the country objection- 
able printed matter were all endorsed. The resolution with regard to the 
tax of I'.'^i on land values in Canada was not definitely dealt with, it being 
felt that much information and education along this line were necessary as 
a first step. 

The standardization of canned goods was discussed, but it was thought 
that under present conditions it would be unwise to make a change. The 
Union label on all Council printed matter was not approved. 

In the month of May, through the kindness of Lady Gibson, arrangements 
were made for the presentation of an address and a Council pin of sapphires 
and turquoises to Her Excellency, the Duchess of Devonshire, on the occasion 
of Tlieir Excellencies' first official visit to Hamilton. Owing to the indisposi- 
tion of the Duchess, the address was read by Mrs. Sanford and the pin present- 
ed by Lady Gibson to Lady Maude Cavendish, who represented her mother. 
A very gracious reply was received later. 

In October suggestions from Mrs. Lyle were acted U]:)on, first, that a 
letter of appreciation be sent to the members of the Board of Trade for their 
efforts to preserve the jiublic market, and, second that a committee of ladies 
wait upon the civic market authorities to urge the consitlcration of the best 
methods of inducing farmers to come to Hamilton and to remove the restrictions 
with regard to the hours of closing which at that time worked a hardship on 
the poor and the citizens at large. Mrs Evans was appointed convener of 
this committee. 

A resolution from Winnipeg was received re the recreation of working 
women and suggesting that the churches be used. It was moved by Mrs. 
Sanford, seconded by Mrs. Fessenden, and carried by a standing vote that 
we do not endorse this resolution. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



147 



In the autumn the signing of food pledges was undertaken by the Council, 
the assistance of Mrs. Carpenter, Mrs. Morden and Mrs. Russell Kelly being 
invaluable. 

It is impossible to close this report \Yithout reference to the magnificent 
work done by nearly every one of our 41 affiliated societies, in connection with 
the war. The Secom-s National, The East End War Relief Association, 
The Patriotic League, sevei-al Chapters of the Daughters of the Empire, 
notably the Paardebm-g under Mrs. Griffin, being a few of those whose activi- 
ties are given wholly to the amelioration of the conditions under which many 
labor as well as the provision of comfort and aid to our brave men at the 
front. It may not be out of place here to state that the women of this city, 
both privately and in the public prayer meetings have sought guidance from 
God, who, in His own good time, will cause wars to cease and once more "peace 
shall over all the earth her ancient splendors fling." 



KINGSTON, ONT. 
Annie G. MacGillivray, President. 

There are now thnty-two societies affiliated with our Council, and the 
annual reports of these organizations show that philanthi-opic and patriotic 
work of every kmd is being carried on with vigor and enthusiasm. 

To the women of Kingston is due largely the appointment of a Milk 
Inspector. After an agitation by the Victorian Order of Niu-ses, extending 
over some time, the question of pure milk was taken up a year ago with 
renewed mterest, in the press, and particularly by the ^^ omen's Canadian 
Club, with the result mentioned above. 

We have also been interested in the Greater Production movement ; 
we have assisted the National Service Board in the distribution of posters, 
and have helped with the Victory Loan, and we are now plannmg to assist 
in the Militarv Y.M.C.A. campaign. 

\t the nine Executive meetings held during the year, various matters 
have been discussed,-for instance, the appointment of women patrols to 
assist om- present efficient police-matron, Mrs. Smith of the Salvation Army ; 
the stricter censorship of moving pictures, etc. 

Recently, a matter very seriously atfecting the public health, the condition 
of the water supply, was taken up by the Local Counci_l, and m response 
to a request sent to the City Council, an order was passed to have immediate 
notice given when the city water was found to be contammated. 

Some committees have reported promising work. The Conservation 
Committee, enlarged to meet the requirements of the moment carried out 
successfuUy the distribution of the Pledge Cards issued by the !■ ood Controller. 
This committee was in a position to act in conjunction with the A\ omens 
Canadian Club, and addresses by Hon. Mr. Hanna and Dr. Creelman of 



148 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

Guelph, on the all-imi)ortarit .subjects of conservation and production, were 
thrown open to the jjublic. 

The Committee on the Care of the Mentally Deficient is endeavoring 
to have a class for backward children started in the public school. Through 
the efforts of this Committee, we had the pleasure of hearing Dr. Winnifred 
Cullis give an address on "Women in Medicine." Dr. Culhs made a strong 
plea for women to enter this profession, an appeal which is very d propos 
at the present time, when the scarcity of doctors is becoming alarming. 

The Committtee on Agriculture has secured a vacant lot, and already 
over a dozen gii-ls have undertaken to cultivate it, and so do their part this year 
in still greater production. 

In April, Isolde Menges, the celebrated English violinist, appeared here 
under our auspices, and besides earning the gratitude of music-lovers in 
Kingston, we realized a substantial sum with which to meet our financial 
obligations. 

In accordance with the wish of The National Council, we held a meeting 
for prayer and intercession at thi.s critical time in the history of oiu- Empire. 
April 22nd, the day chosen, was by a fortunate coincidence, the day set aside 
for that purpose by the National Y.W.C.A. It was a unique and inspiring 
sight to see representatives of all creeds and classes meeting together in 
prayer to the one common God and Father. 

A pleasing feature of the annual meeting in February, was the presentation 
to the retiring President, Miss Machar, of a Life Membership in the Red Cross 
Society, in recognition of her faithful service for twenty-four years, first as 
Corresponding Secretary, and for the last fom- years as President. 



LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. 
Jeanette M. Leech, Corresponding Secretary. 

Much work is facing women in their endeavor to cojx' with long-standing 
problems, and with the new problems, bom of war conditions, which are con- 
fronting them every day, and the Local Council of Women, Lethbridge, is 
trj'ing to handle as many of these matters as theu- time wnll permit. 

Among other things, we have taken up Baby Welfare Week. We are 
arranging xo have Mr. Dobson give a Baby E.xhibit the 2nd and 3rd of May, in 
conjunction with which is a Baby Chnic and Baby Charting, presided over by 
resident doctors and nurses, with lectures on baby welfare by the same and also 
by other speakers of the city. In order to have baby conservation become the 
work of the nation, we are endeavoring to get the jjublic of Lethljridge, parti- 
cularly the city fathers and business men, to take hold of the scheme, and shall 
look to them for strong financial suj^jiort this year, and for their assistant 
management i:i !':? future. 

The Night .-schools which the Local Council had organized, have proved 
a success and there is now a call for a married women's class, as many mothers 
have expressed the desire for an opportunity to learn our language. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 1 49 

We are also doing something in the vacant lot gardening line, and have 
secured from the city a plot of ten irrigable acres. Most of this land has 
been granted to the veterans, who were anxious to procure the same, and the 
remainder to any societies requesting it. A committee waited on the City 
Commissioners to get best water rights available for the city vacant lots. 

Our committee on objectionable printed matter is keeping up its activities. 

We had great response in the observance of Prayer Day. There was 
special music and the whole city was represented. 

We were fortunate in securing Miss Roberta MacAdams, M.L.A., to 
address the city on Food Conditions in England and Red Cross work. Miss 
MacAdams kindly came from Edmonton, and her lecture and account of 
personal experiences at the front were both interesting and instructive, and 
brought home to us the enduring sacrifice of those across the water, and the 
need and duty of conservation of food at home. 



LONDON, ONT. 

Marg.^ret a. Moore, Recording Secrelanj. 

On account of the war activities of the affiliated women's societies, the 
annual meeting for 1917 was deferred. 

The amount of money raised and expended and the work accomphshed 
by these societies was immense. 

The BjTon Sanatorium for Tuberculosis was enlarged to admit the many 
returned soldiers, who have become afflicted while serving their country. The 
Red Cross, Daughters of the Empire, Women's Institutes and many other 
societies have fm-nished rooms and helped to make the building comfortable 
as well as providing surgical, medical, and other necessities. 

The Gardening .Association under the capable leadership of Miss Carling, 
as convener of Committee on Agriculture for Women, was a great success last 
year. She is enlarging her plans for 1918 by encouraging the school children 
to take up more land to cultivate. 

The request of the Mothers' Unions for more suitable pictures for chikhen 
to be shown at the moving picture shows, has been granted by the managers. 

The Young Women's Chi-istian Association have extended their work. 
A large hotel has been rented, providing more room for boarders and transients, 
lectures on different subjects have been given, classes for gj^nastics, swim- 
ming, etc., held, and many social evenings given for the girls, as well as religious 
training. 

The Conservation Committee, with Mrs. David WilUams as convener, 
canvassed the city, and succeeded in having the Food Pledge cards distributed 
and well signed. " The result is showing in the saving of the food supplies for 
overseas. 

The members of the Council were active in securing the women voters 
for the late Dominion election. 



150 THE NATIONAL COtJNCIL OF 

A sub-committee was chosen to meet witli tlie Military Health Association, 
to endorse the petition to be presented to the legislature, re the treatment and 
prevention of venereal diseases. 

Better accommodation was secured for the farmers' wives in the Market 
House. 

Petitions were signed by over 5,000 petitioners and presented to the 
legislature for the bringing home on fui-lough of the remnant of the First 
Contingent. 

Two of our social workers have police power and as soon as the Police 
Commission can find a suitable person, we are to have a police woman. 

The Playgrounds' Committee report two swimming pools in the river, 
supervised by a man and woman. Moie are to be opened this summer. 

School gardens, vacant lot and community gardens, also ground devoted 
to poultrj" raising are taking the place of playgrounds. 

As for the social- centres, the different churches, Y.W.C.A., Y.M.C.A., 
and Mothers' Clubs in the schools are doing this work. 

The excellent Librarian of our Public Library keeps a close watch on 
undesirable books. The better class of reading matter and books are the most 
called for. 

Our President, Mrs. Boomer, has not neglected to gather in collections 
for her numerous patriotic objects, amounting to several hundreds of dollars 
for Belgian Relief and Sailors' special funds, four shelters being provided for, 
and a good margin for the benefit of the Mine Sweepers in the danger zones. 

The visit and addresses of Vice-Presidents, Mrs. W. E. Sanford and 
Mrs. Willoughby Cummings were much enjoyed by the Local Council and 
affiliated societies, also the inspiring address of Dr. Gordon (Ralph Connor). 

The ^^"oman's Musical Association have given manj' enjoyable concerts 
and instructive lectiues. 

A convention of the Ontario Graduate Nurses' Association was held in 
London, and there was a large representation present. The addresses given by 
the doctors and others were most instructive, elevating and inspiring. The 
reports were very encouraging. The possible need for a home for returned and 
broken down nur.ses was touched upon. 

Mrs. Boomer's annual sale of work brought its quota of money in spite 
of the many calls for funds, but it is a matter for the coming year to decide 
how our affiliated societies can be asked to assist in the formation of any 
central fund for National Council claims, without interfering with their own 
definite and immediate needs. Hitherto, the London Local Council has 
successfully avoided this, and it is earnestly hoped that it may find some other 
waj' out of the financial dilficulty without breaking this rule hereafter. 

All the city churches responded to the ajjiieal for i>rayor and intercession 
on behalf of the Allied cause. 



T\'OMEN- OF CANADA 151 

MACLEOD, ALTA. 
Florence Horner, Corresponding Secretary. 

During the year we have had tlu-ee meetings, which have been well 
attended, as people are beginning to understand the work of the Local Council. 
Mrs. O. C. Edwards has given several addresses explaining the work of The 
National Council. 

In October the Council undertook the work of getting Food Pledge Cards 
signed. This has been successfully carried out in the town and efforts are 
now being made to reach the people in surrounding coimtry districts. 

At the annual meeting in Janauary, it was decided to open a Rest Room 
for the use of women who come to town for business or pleasm-e. This effort 
has been heartdy supported by the merchants and citizens of Macleod. A 
suitable suite of rooms, on the Main Street at a rental of $30 per month, has 
been secm-ed. These rooms are being furnished by the Council, and will be 
opened May 1st. 

In response to the telegram sent by The National Council, asking that 
special prayer should be offered by all members at the time of the big offensive, 
the foUo-n-ing Tuesday afternoon was set apart for a service of intercession, 
which was conducted by the President, Miss A. Muir, and was largely attended. 
Suitable passages were read from the Holy Word, and many took part in the 
prayers. Much appreciation w-as expressed at the attitude of The National 
Council in appealing for special intercession, as to-day we need to arm ourselves 
with a greater faith and trust in the power of prayer. 

At the request of the Food Controller, the Local Council undertook to 
arrange for a lectm-e on "The Work of the Canada Food Board" by Mrs. 
Muldrew. This lecture was given in the Town Hall, Monday, April 22nd. 
to a large and deeply interested audience of men and women. 

A committee was appointed to interview the managers of the movmg 
pictm-e shows regarding suitable films for childi-en on Saturday afternoons. 
The report of the committee was not very satisfactory as the managers ex- 
plained the difficulty of procuring suitable films that would be attractive 
enough to make their exhibition a financial success. 

The Council passed a resolution endorsing the efforts of Mrs. Colin Camp- 
bell of Winnipeg to secure a Federal Child Welfare Bureau, and tliis resolution 
has been forwarded to the Cabinet at Ottawa as representing the opinion of 
Alberta. 



MONTREAL, QUE. 

I. Pearl Leslie, Corresponding Secretary. 

The 24th year of the Montreal Local Council of Women closes with a 
membership of 37 patrons, 108 associate members and 47 affiliated societies. 
Two new societies have become affiliated with us during the year. Eight regular 
and two special Executive meetings have been held as well as two mass meet- 
ings. 



152 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

In July, our President rceeived several letters from the Sccretar>' of the 
National Service League a.-ikinp; the Covuioil to distribute posters tliroughout 
the city and province. All arrangements were made to circulate G, 000 in the 
English-speaking districts of Montreal, hut no further word came about the 
posters, so the matter had to be dropped. 

The Council feels justly proud of the part which it has played in starting 
in Montreal the great campaign for Food Conservation, which is one of the 
crying needs of the moment. September brought a request from a repre- 
sentative of the Food Control Board that the Local Council call a meeting 
to discuss the question of Food Economy. A meeting was held and was pre- 
sided over by our President, Dr. Grace Ritchie England. The Presidents 
or Representatives of the following women's societies were present on the 
platform: Patriotic Fund Relief Committee, LO.D.E., Woman's Canadian 
Club, Soldiers' Wives League, Canadian Red Cross Society, Montreal Suffrage 
Association, 'Women's Register, Montreal Women's Club, and the Montreal 
Housewives' League. Short addresses were given by Dr. J. W. Robertson 
of Ottawa and Alderman Weldon of Montreal, showing the seriousness 
of the food situation. At the conclusion of the meeting a Food Economy 
Committee was formed, consisting of the Presidents of the Women's societies 
represented, with power to add to their number. Later, practically all the 
English-speaking women's organizations of the city were represented on the 
conunittee, which became a branch of the National Resom-ces Committee. 

The work of heljjing to thstribute food pledge cards in the great Food 
Economy Campaign in Januarj- was enthusiastically undertaken by many 
Council members. The Council has pledged itself to give the fullest assist- 
ance in any practical work to supplement or replace men's labor by women's. 

The Montreal Branch of the Canadian Red Cross Society organized 
a three day collection for the British Red Cross and all aiTangements were 
made by the Montreal Local Council to help when, unfortunately, the 
campaign had to be postponed indefinitely owing to the approaching Victory 
Loan campaign. 

In the early part of the session a resolution was forwarded by our Councd 
to the National Coimcil drawing its attention to the impending application 
of the Power Development Co. Ltd., for leave to dam the St. LawTcnce 
and a-sking that the National reiterate its protest of PdlO against any aliena- 
tion of our National ^^■aterways to private companies. The National Council 
resolved at its November meeting to do so and a letter was accordingly sent 
to the Government. 

In response to the request of the National Covmcil that the Local Coim- 
cils should appoint a day of intercession for the British Empire and her 
Allies at War, the Montreal Local Council arranged an Intercessory Service, 
which was held on April 22nd. It w.as entirely undenominational and was 
attended by women of all creeds. Prayers were offered for the soldiers, 
sailors, i)risoners, the wounded and those who care for them, for the bereaved, 
for victory and a righteous peace, for the women at home and for strength 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



153 



and unity. There were a few scripture readings, some appropriate hymns 
and with the singing of the National Anthem, a simple but impressive service 
was brought to a close. 

Our Council has helped with a collection organized by the I.O.D.E., 
to raise funds for comforts for om- soldiers and sailors. We have also, under 
the direction of Miss Derick, conducted two booths at the Baby Welfare 
Exhibit held in one of the departmental stores. 

Om- Reformatory Committee has been undertaking some special work 
with great success. The committee reports that its proposals have been 
removed from the region of ideahstic theory, whither they generally had 
been relegated by the authorities and the public, on to a plane where they 
are received as practical methods of deahng with the gravest of social prob- 
lems, a pronovmced advance. 

The Committee on the Suppression of Objectionable Prmted Matter 
has had two imdesii-able books removed from a departmental store, and 
reports a general improvement in the character of moving picture fibns. 
It also reports that one of om- largest moving picture houses is now putting 
on a special performance for children on Saturday mornings. This is meetmg 
with marked success. 

The Committee on Education is still fighting for a better educational 
system in the Province of Quebec. It is meeting with more support and en- 
couragement, but there is still a big task ahead. 

The Committee on Mental Deficiency has been enlarged and has collected 
funds for making an investigation into the number of feeble-minded persons 
in certain institutions and making an intensive study of one or more selected 
families, with the hope that it may persuade the Provincial Government 
to establish farm colonies where men and women may live apart, contented 
and useful. The services of Miss Cole, a gi-aduate of the Boston School of 
Social work and the organizer of the Social Service Department of the Psy- 
chiatric Clinic of Johns Hopkins Hospital, have been obtained, and it is hoped 
that soon sufficient data will have been obtained to interest the pubhc and 
induce the legislature to take immediate action. 

The Convener of the Committtee on Public Health, at the request of 
the Pubhc Health Association, attended a conference in Ottawa, and gave a 
paper on the Conservation of Child Life. The Committee had several inter- 
views with the Public Health Department of om- city, especially that which 
has to do with om- milk supply and reports a feeling of co-operation which 
did not exist a few vears ago. 

In April om- President, Dr. Grace Ritchie England and Miss Derick 
went to Ottawa as members of a National Council delegation to present to 
a committee of the Privy Council the great need for a Federal Department of 
Pubhc Health. The delegation had a most sympathetic hearing, and the 
promise of earnest consideration of the whole question. 



154 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The measure of success wliich has attended our efforts makes us feel 
that the pubUc and the Provincial Government are beginning to realize that 
those things which we have been urging so long are in the best interests of 
the communitv. 



MOOSE JAW, SASK. 
Grace Fraser Halstead, Corresponding Secretary. 

Our work can hardly be judged by the standard of a long established Council, 
because organization, which only began with the election of officers, consumed 
a great deal of time and effort during the first twelve months of our existence. 
The Coimcil has now been in operation seventeen months, and this year has 
an affiliation of twenty-four societies. Most of the public work undertaken, 
owing to the complexion of the times, has been more or less patriotic, and to 
this also may be attributed a hindrance in the development of committee work. 
Yet coming into being under war burdened conditions, the Council has per- 
sisted, and has developed and carried to fulfilment more than one successful 
issue, which, briefly reported, are as follows : 

The Kqual Franchise League brought in a resolution, asking us to urge 
the Police Commission to supply Moose Jaw with a police woman. The 
commission refused, but offered to confer police powers on any woman attached 
to a benevolent organization, whom we might designate, and for the time being 
this measure was accepted. 

A swimming pool for girls at the Y.W.C.A. was endorsed by the Council, 
and a public meeting held to raise funds, but it seems impossible to get an 
estimate on the real cost of the pool and so the matter rests in abeyance, 
the subscribed fimds being in the Hitchcock, McCullough Bank. 

The Committee on Conservation of Xatm-al Resources and Agriculture 
laid plans for the cultivation of city lots and this year merged with the City 
Ganlen Club and expect from co-operation larger and practical results. Their 
convener, Mrs. Gej'ser, has ardently advocated and publicly debated single 
tax, losing no opportunity to combat the efforts of the landed interests. 

The Baby Welfare Compaign was staged and carried to a point of great 
success by the Citizenship and Public Health Committee, under the able 
convenership of Miss Laughton. Doctors, nurses and citizens aijjjreciated 
Its high educational and conservative value and enthusiastically offered their 
effort and time. The City Council granted us S50 last year, but this year 
incresised it to SIOO. Out of last year's campaign came the establishing of a 
Baby Welfare Xurse, Miss Kier, for the City of Moose Jaw, and the Mayor is 
now advocating a Municipal Milk Depot, and the Council has endorsed it. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 155 

adding the request that a particular department be maintained for the supply 
of babies' milk, supervised by a dispenser trained in this branch of the work. 

Early in June, our President, Mrs. Graham, and six delegates attended the 
Convention of The National Council at Winnipeg, and to each of us it was an 
inspiring education. At a special and large meeting reports covering issues 
discussed, were read by the several delegates. 

After the summer vacation, a reception was tendered to Miss Kier, at 
which funds were raised to supply her with an outfit for duty. Under Mrs. 
Wm. Allen, we now have a Relief Committee, composed of 'teen age girls and 
ladies from the various religious organizations, who keep our nurse equipped 
with layettes, linen, clothing, etc. 

Under our auspices the American Baritone, Cecil Fanning, sang here in 
October. The net proceeds were divided between the Patriotic Fund and the 
Convalescent Home. 

Both the National Service Board and the Food Controller called on the 
services of the Council, and in conjunction with three of the patriotic societies, 
a canvass of the city was made, and a Pledge Card placed in every household. 
A resolution has also gone to the Local Food Control Committee, asking them 
to discourage wholesalers and retailers in the use of display ads. re restricted 
foods, and every club or society in the city have been requested to discontinue 
raising funds for any purpose by means of serving food. Our Home Economic 
Committee under Miss Isabel Shaw has edited and placed on sale a thirty 
page cook book of war-time recipes. 

In St. Andrew's Church on December 12th, at the request of the Mayor, 
the Council assisted the other patriotic bodies in arranging a meeting between 
His Excellency, the Governor-General, and the Women Workers of the city. 

Three resolutions went to The National Council. The first, re periodicals 
for soldiers overseas, passed unanimously, but was explained by Postmaster- 
General to be impracticable at present time. The second re women having 
equal representation with men on the Board of Food Control was amended 
and carried. The thii'd re Government action to stop the manufacture of all 
alcoholic beverages was also endorsed and acted upon by the Executive. 
The Government has already demonstrated its sympathy. 

We have this year combined om- Public Health and Equal Moral Standard 
Committees into one, known as "Public Health and Social Service," and 
expect to do more efficient work this way. Our "Professions and Employ- 
ments Committee" established a free employment bureau for women and girls 
but the demand for help of any kind is twenty times greater than the supply. 

The Council met the Board of Trade, and after discussion endorsed the 
Daylight Saving Bill. Also in response to a telegram from the National 
Executive, thev called a meeting for women at the Auditorium, to pray for the 
success of our armies. Mrs. Graham presided, and had hearty response from 
every denomination in Moose Jaw. 

Our work is well under way for the coming year, and we wish each Council 
the same success as that for which we hope. 



loG THE XATIOXAL COUNCIL OF 

NEW W'ESTMINSTER, B.C. 
Mahgahet Medlaxd Bradshaw, Corresponding Secretary. 

The year 1917 was a very busy one for the New Westminster Local 
Council of Women, not that so many things wore accomplished, but we were 
able to assist in many ways pertaining to the war and othenviso. 

Our Council held a Tag Day, when the sum of $390.29 was raised to helji 
furnish the Military Ward of our hospital. During the Military Hospital 
Fete, held in May, our Council had charge of the Home Cooking Booth 
where the sum of $40 was reaUzed. 

During the Red Cross Campaign, our Council, though not acting as a 
whole, assisted greatly through individual effort. 

We also assisted our Local Y.'W'.C.A. consideralily. '['his organization 
is doing very excellent work. 

A resolution, asking for Provincial Executives, was forwarded by our 
Council to The National Council, and copies of same were sent to the Van- 
couver, Victoria and Vernon Local Councils. We felt that we could accom- 
plish much more through Provincial Executives than by referring matters that 
pertain to our province to The National Council. 

We have petitioned our City Council to establish swunming pools for 
such children as must remain in the city dm-ing the summer, and hope 
that by having same, many accidents may be averted. We have also taken 
up the question of the Curfew Law, and the Minimum Wage question, and 
we understand the Bill will be passed this Session. 

Our Council have taken a very strong stand in regard to Food Production 
and Conservation, both our President and the Provincial \'ice-President 
being our representatives on the Provincial Food Coimnittee. 

Wc have now a very active agent for Woman's Century, and she seems to 
be getting results. 

Our Council were pleased to endorse the Daylight Saving Act. We 
were also very pleased to endorse a request from the graduate nurses re regis- 
tered nurses. 

As Christmas Day came on a Tuesday, and in our jirovince, Wednesday 
afternoon is a legal half-holida}', our Comicil appointed a committee to 
interview the Retail Merchants' Association to see if \\'ednestlay morning 
could not be declared a holiday. However, this could not be done officially, 
but we are pleased to report that we were successful in our request, inasmuch 
as only a few of the smaller stores were open. 

Our Council were pleased to endorse the action of the City Council 
regarding the regulation in the sale of "Near Beer." 

A\'e had the pleasure of arranging a public meeting to hear Mr. Chas. 
McDonald, I'rovincial Food Controller, who was most interesting. 

Our Council have also taken up the matter of providing good wholesome 
amusement for women workers, and hope to see much accomplished in this 
regard in the coming year. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 157 

In the above, I have mentioned only what is particularly Council work. 
Both as a Council, and as individuals, our members have been untiring in all 
patriotic work. 



OTTAWA, ONT. 

Jennie Ross Belton, Recording Secretary. 

The Ottawa Local Council of Women is especially fortunate in having 
the direct patronage of Her Excellency, the Duchess of Devonshire. When 
she has been present at an annual meeting the members have been mspired 
by her gracious words of interest and encouragement. 

The work of the Ottawa Council as of other councils is that of education, 
initiation, promotion, and reform. 

It is obvious that no report, of less than a thousand words, can give the 
details of the work taken up or reported at ten large monthly meetings. This 
report, therefore, will be but a brief record of some special features of the 
year's work. 

The work of the Health Committee, besides efforts for Spring Clean-Up 
Week, a Federal District, and various minor matters has thi-ee outstandmg 
things to its credit. For years tliis Council has been working for the tuber- 
cuhn testing of cattle as the safeguard to the milk supply, outside of pastemiza- 
tion. When compensation for cattle destroyed, was first passed, we hoped 
the Provincial Minister would allow us to have oiu- desh-ed municipal by-law, 
prohibiting the sale in the city of any milk that was not from tuberculin tested 
cows or pasteurized. However, this was held up by dairy interests until the 
amount of compensation was raised. Finally, this year, the Provmcial 
Legislature gave Ottawa the desired jiermission, and we now have om- long 
desired by-law. No one but the President knows what work, through months 
and years, by the convener of the Public Health Committee, went to secure it. 
The second matter which caused no end of correspondence, continuing 
over years, has been the effort to get a bill thi-ough the Provincial Legislature 
which would empower a municipality to have an abattoh, and to compel 
the slaughtering and inspection at the abattoir of all animals meant for 
consumption in the municipahty. The bill was introduced this winter, but 
was carried over to next year. 

TMrdly, after years of difference in legal opinion, a Bake Shop Act was 
passed by the Ontario Provincial Legislature which allowed municipalities to 
have Bake Shop By-laws of their own. Now our proposed 1912 by-law is 
waiting for the final stages of sanction in order to become operative. 

The Conservation Committee again last year distributed seeds (some 
2,440 packages) by means of social centres, King's Daughters' Guild, etc., for 
backyard cultivation. Thirty-six succeeded well, and a large quantity of 
vegetables were produced. One boy of twelve years received special mention. 



158 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Seeds were given free, and inspection made during the summer, wliich was no 
sinecure for the judges. 

The Market Committee met the City Board of Control with a large 
delegation to ask for market improvements. Four members of the Council 
co-operated with one of the Controllers in bringing in a report which had the 
desired effect. This Committee reported the sale on the market of illegal 
measures of s\Tup, also unearthed a b.v-law allowing jiork to be sold by the 
quarter. At another time, it sent a request to the City Council to enact a 
by-law that lamb should be sold by the pound, not by the portion, and fowl 
by the jiound, not by the bird. 

Resolutions were sent up for The National Council agenda, and those 
from the National were discu.ssed. 

The request for amendments to the constitution was dealt with in Nov- 
ember, and suggestions sent on through the National Secretary. Mrs. J. A. 
Wilson was asked to go on the National Committee of Taxation. 

On request for co-operation in asking for conscription of aliens for work 
in lumber camps, farms, etc., we reported that : 

(1) Under Hague regulations, civilian prisoners of war may not be com- 
pelled to work, except in so far as is necessary for their general maintenance, 
and in keeping their camp clean and sanitary. 

(2) Our prisoners are for the most part alien civilians and therefore not 
like the prisoners taken in battle. 

(3) Those who behave themselves and are willing to work in camp, are 
paid twenty-five cents a day and given food and clothing. They have also 
been allowed out to work for other employers in which case they are paid their 
wages, but report to the police according to instructions. 

This Local Council was asked by the National Service Committee to 
distribute their posters. With the sanction of the President of The National 
Council we sent a circular letter to each Provincial Vice-President and they 
organized the distribution in the Provinces through Local Councils and other 
women's organizations. 

When the Food Pledge cards were to be distributed, a meeting of repre- 
sentatives of all the women's organizations was called by the Local Council, 
and wards and committees organized for the work, which was duly accom- 
plished. 

Also wlien a call was made to the women of the city to assist in the 
Victory Loan Campaign, the women's organizations were called together by 
the Local Council and the auxiliary to the men's committee formed. 

Our room in the Soldiers' Aid quarters is kept up and another bed and 
equipment has been added. 

Assistance was given the S.A.C. camjjaign for funds to help "carry on." 

At the request of the Association for the Blind, we conducted an exhibit 

and sale in three parts of the city, which resulted in many sales and orders, 

and increased knowledge of the work of the blind. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



159 



Our President accompanied and took part in vai-ious delegations to the 
Government, re removal of the ban on oleomargarine, amendments to the 
criminal code, etc. 

The coffee booth at the Civic Skating rink was discontinued because of 
the difficulty of getting at it, and also because the demand was not great. 

By request, the President urged the buj-ing of Victory Loans and War 
Certificates, because doing so : (1) helped the war ; (2) helped the country ; 
(3) helped the buyer — being a good investment. 

In January, the City Commissioner was asked to institute through the 
collectors of garbage, notification of places where waste occurred. He promptly 
put such a system into action and numerous cases of waste were reported of 
food and fuel, particularly from apartment houses, and of large numbers of 
eggs from cold storage. In January, the Food Board was asked for permission 
to fine, where waste was proven. 

Request was made to the Food Board in January, to prohibit the sale of 
bread less than twenty-four hours old, also to standardize the flour and the 
size of the loaf. 

Not a meeting was held without some appeal being made, and information 
given by our President or special resolutions or discussions as to food conserva- 
tion and thrift. Members agreed not to use iced cakes, or cakes made from 
white flours, or to pare the bread. 

The Survey, American Social Hygiene and Canadian Public Health Journal 
are still subscribed for, and circulated among the members. 

Short addresses have been given at Council meetings on : 

Victory Bonds— Dr. James Robertson; Factories and Women Workers- 
Miss McKenna ; Fireless Cookers— Mr. Macdonald ; Fish— Mr. Binns ; 
Vocational Training for Returned Soldiers— Mr. Kdner ; Organized Chanty 
—Mrs. Bryce Stewart ; Vacation Bible Schools— Rev. Mr. Buckingham ; 
War Charities Act— Mr. Mulvey ; Woman's Century— Miss Boulton. 

The Executive of The National Council was entertained in March, 1917, 
when we were honored bv the presence of our Advisory President, The March- 
ioness of Aberdeen and Temake. Her Excellency the Duchess of Devonshire 
was present one afternoon also. We were fortunate in securing the House of 
Commons Chamber for these meetings. 



PEMBROKE, ONT. 
Mahy G. Irving, Secretary. 

The Pembroke Local Council of Women has little to report for the year 
1917 The war work takes all the time and interest of the women of our 
community, and the reports of the Pembroke Women's Patriotic Committee 
will show we have not been idle along the Une of every activity connected with 

the war. , ,,^, ,, 

In the early Spring last year we had the usual "Clean up campaign in 
the local press and were instrumental in procuring teams from the local lumber 



160 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

companies to remove rubbisli from the premises of all householders who made 
request for the same. The companies very generously provided these teams 
and drivers free of charge and we wish to record our thanks to them. The 
date was set early in May and it ccrtainlj' created a healthy rivalry among 
householders to get the backyards cleaned up early and thoroughly. 

The Householders' League Committee took up the matter of greater pro- 
duction and had several speakers here in the early .spring to instruct those 
interested in home gai-dening. Finding the gardening scheme too big for 
them to handle alone, they went to the Municipal Council and through the 
efforts of their special Committee, and a specially appointed officer, every 
available vacant lot in town was cultivated. They also had an expert in 
canning give demonstrations to the women in July. In the fall the Council 
had Mrs. .\dam Shortt of Ottawa deliver an address on conservation jirepara- 
tory to canvassing the town with the food pledges. 

While not able to report the progress we had hoped along lines jjrojected 
in the year 1917, we have at least had a hand in many desirable public activi- 
ties, and the women as a rule reahze their responsibiUty and nobly discharge 
their duty to those fighting for us "over there," and we feel our reforms at 
home can well wait till the war is won. 



PETERBOROUGH, ONT. 
Kathleen B. P. Jamieson, Correspoiiding Sfcirlary. 

The Peterborough Local Council of Women dui-ing the year 1917 held 
nine open meetings. Early in the year a tea was held to provide funds for 
Council work and to pay $25 toward the National deficit, which sum had been 
pledged at the last annual meeting. 

In February, Lt.-Col. Ackerman addressed the meeting on recruiting and 
asked for assistance and sui^jjort in raising the 247th Battalion. 

At the March meeting, the Local Council requested The National Council 
of Women immediately to approach the Federal Government and request 
that a food controller be appointed. 

An interesting account of the National Executive meeting held in Ottawa 
in March was given at the April meeting by Mrs. Harstone, our representative. 

Mrs. Mowat reported at the June meeting that the Playgrounds Com- 
mittee had raised SI 15 from the sale of waste paper and $227 from the sale 
of carnations on Mother's Day. 

The matter of larger quarters for the Great War Veterans was discussed 
at this meeting, in consequence of which a special meeting was called composed 
of the Local Council E.xecutive and pre.sidents of the larger patriotic .societies 
in the city. It was decided to .send a deputation to meet the (i.W.V.A. and 
express the willingne-ss of the ladies to form an auxiliary to their association 
when deemed advisable to do so. In December the auxiliary was formed and 
is now at work furnishing the new quarters of the G.W.V.A. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 161 

At this meeting also the Council went on record as protesting against the 
admission of young children to the class of performances being given in the 
Opera House, such as hj^pnotism, etc. It was felt that public opinion should 
prevent the recurrence of any such performance in the city, and that the Local 
Council should lead in such protest. 

In September the Government thi-ift posters were distributed, and a 
canning demonstration held in the Conservatory Hall. 

The Executive of The National Council was entertained here in November. 

Dr. Jessie Birnie, convener of the Citizenship Committee, has undertaken 
to bring this subject before the members of the Council at the monthly meet- 
ings. The subject was opened at the November meeting by Dr. Birnie her- 
self, and a highly interesting and instructive half hour was spent. 

Since the Annual Meeting, held January 17th, the energies of the Council 
have been dii-ected principally to helping in the food campaign. 

On Satm-day, March 30, a service of prayer and intercession for the 
Allied armies was held in compliance with a request from the National Execu- 
tive. 

At the February meeting Mrs. W. R. Morris gave a most entertaining 
and instructive address on "Democracy and InteUigent Citizenship," and at 
the April meeting Mrs. Boucher gave a splendid paper of the "Duties of 
Citizenship." 

At present preparations are being made for the sale of carnations on the 
Saturday preceding Mother's Day, in aid of the Playground Fund. 



PINCHER CREEK, ALTA. 
A. H. Derrett, Corresporuliiig Secretary. 

Our Council was organized in April, 1917. Several committees were 
appointed and local matters dealt with. The first resolution passed was 
that we do all in our power to help win the war. 

In May, 1917, we invited Mrs. O. C. Edwards, of Maclcod, to address 
a public meeting for women, at which meeting Mrs. Edwards explained the 
work and scope of The National Council of Women. 

Our Conservation Committee incited Mrs. E. P. Newhall, of Calgary, 
to give a talk on Conservation of Foods, which talk was greatly appreciated. 

Under the auspices of our Pubhc Health Committee, several lectures 
were given by local doctors, a nurse and oui- primary teacher, all of which 
were very interesting and instructive. 

The Council has undertaken the distribution of the Food Pledge Cards. 

We have nine affiUated societies and nearly all are actively engaged 
in war work. 



162 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE, MAN. 
Makgahet H. Taylor, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Portage la Prairie Local Council has completed its first year of wort 
and in presenting tliis, its first annual report, it can be truly said that the 
year's work has many encouraging features, .\lthough organized in such a 
time of storm and stress, when women are devoting themselves to war work 
of all kinds, there has i)ervaded om- Local Council a steadfast piu-pose to 
"carry on," especially along lines of educational and social service. 

Early in the year, we were fortunate in having an address from Mr. E. A. 
McPherson, M.P.P. With his legal knowledge, he was able to give us a very 
lucid explanation of the various laws of our Province, respecting women and 
children and the proposed amendments to those laws. 

.\ iiublic lecture under our auspices was given by Dr. M. Stuart Fra.ser 
of the Provincial Board of Health, Winnipeg, on the subject, "Medical In- 
spection in .Schools." The Provincial Board of Health is carrying on a cam- 
paign to interest all communities in the necessity for child conservation and 
by stationing visiting nurses in many districts, has received reports which 
show the great need of such conservation. We are glad to report that the 
rural school trustees of this municipality welcomed the assistance of the 
Local CouncO in securing a visiting nurse, who is now visiting every school in 
the district. 

Preceding the recent federal election, a " Win-the-War" mass meeting 
was held under the au.spices of the Local Council. Sir Augustus Nanton and 
Mr. W. H. Trueman, both of Winnipeg, were the speakers. In the resolutions 
which were endorsed by all present at this meeting, we pledged ourselves to 
support National Government and urged conscription of man-power, wealth 
and natural resources. 

\\ ith the a.ssistance of some of our affiliated societies and individual mem- 
bers, the Local Council was able to secure several Victory Bonds. These are 
being held in trust sis the nucleus of a foundation fund for a local Y.M.C.A. 
building. 

The Local Council was instrumental in having all local merchants refuse 
to deliver any goods ordered after si.\ p.m. on Saturdays, or on days pre- 
ceding holidays. This action was considered necessary because in these days 
of enlistment, most of the delivery boys are of tender years. A pleasing fact 
to record is that press announcement was made by these boys, expressing their 
deep gratitude. 

A flourishing branch of the McGill University TraveUing Library is in 
operation as the result of efforts on the part of our Committee on Education. 
This venture is succeeding beyond our expectations and we hope may be the 
means of impressing upon the community the need for a free library. 

Our affiliated .societies number twenty-two, and our Local Council is 
perhaps unique in the fact that it embraces women's organizations of the rural 
as well as urban districts. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 16S 



PRINCE ALBERT, ALTA. 



The Prince Albert Local Council of Women was organized about a year 
and a half ago, with six societies in affiliation, and has grown until now, at the 
beginning of the second year, it numbers eleven. 

Falling in line with the "Greater Production" campaign, a Gardening 
Committee was appointed early in the year, and this has aroused a lively 
interest in vacant lot gardening in the city. At the request of the Committee, 
Mayor Knox called a mass meeting, which was marked by great enthusiasm. 
A mrniber of gentlemen agreed to join the women's committee in an effort to 
arrange for community gardens. The city was divided into districts, with a 
committee in charge of each. Large plots were selected, and volunteer work- 
ers prepared the soil, the motive power in some cases being tractors. Potatoes 
were donated, and at time of wTiting the Mayor has promised to proclaim a 
civic holiday, when the potatoes will be planted by volunteer labor. The 
ladies on the committee undertook to secure the labor and made a personal 
canvass of the stores, offices, etc., of the city to interest the members of their 
staffs. The project was well received, and, given a favorable season, the pro- 
duce of these "Patriotic Potato Patches" will serve the double piu-pose of 
increasing the food supply and making a substantial donation to patriotic 
funds. The women's committee has also arranged for a gardening contest 
among the children of the city, in which prizes will be gold pieces. 

The Education Committee has promised to cooperate with the Agricul- 
tural Society in the matter of ha^^ng a "Baby Welfare Exhibit" at the autumn 
Exhibition. 

Other committees are looking after matters of community mterest such 
as inaugurating the "Cash and Carry" system, ha\'ing the regulations govern- 
ing pooh-ooms more rigidly enforced, and having members of the Council 
attend the poUce court when women are to be tried. 

A special committee was appointed to arrange food demonstrations with 
a view to emphasizing food values and wheat and meat substitutes. 

Altogether this young Council hopes to give a good account of itself 
during the second year of its existence. 



RED DEER, ALTA. 
Jessie Galbraith, 1st Vice-President. 

In the past year our Council has had ten affiUated societies. As these 
societies were all partly, and some exclusively, engaged in war and relief work, 
the Local Council has left that work to them, with the exception of providmg 
Christmas boxes for our soldiers, sailors and nurses, for which the Councd 
raised S818.16,sendhig 440 boxes. , , ^^ t r. 

We have live Committees on Laws and on Health. The Laws Committee 
has done some special work in bringing the recommendations of the Provincial 



IW THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Laws Coiuinittoe before the societies of our Council. The Health Committee 
has reported on sanitarj' conditions in the schools, and is trying to carry the 
gospel of ventilation to the heathen in our chiu-ches. The convener of this 
committee meets with the City Board of Health in conference. 

We have arranged with the City Librarian to undertake the work of 
supplying nurses and domestic help. 

Our work is reported in Woman'.s Century, and will also be reported in 
the Alberta Press ^^'omen's Blue Book. 



REGINA, SASK. 
EvELTx Roberts Brown, Corresponding Secretary. 

The year 1917-S has proved a very strenuous time for the Regina L.C.W. 
The officers have worked heartily and faithfully together and have co-operated 
with each other splendidly. All the committees are keenly interested in their 
several hues of work and have labored untiringly. I think I may say that 
the heaviest burden has fallen on Mrs. MacMurchy, convener of the Babies' 
Welfare Committee. During such time as it was impossible to secure com- 
petent supervision and help, the convener and her committee have done the 
work themselves. However they will soon be housed in a larger and more 
suitable building. 

The Girls' Home, being now a well-organized institution, its committee 
severed its connection with the Council at our annual meeting in January, 
and now forms a separate Board of Governors. We are glad they are still 
with us as an affiliated society. 

Keeping in view our promise re National Service, we have dwelt empha- 
tically on conservation of food, asking our members to have only three meals 
a day. We distributed 1,700 pledge cards in the city. 

Our memorial to Mrs. Ross at the annual meeting took the form of a 
victrola presented to Earl Grey .Sanatorium for Soldiers. During the heavy 
German th-ive in March we held intercessory services for the help of our boys. 
Mrs. Kensit is looking after Century subscriptions and has received the com- 
mendation of the circulation manager. We paid oiu- assessed council aid of 
$80 early in the year. We are assisting the Social Service Council to 
spread facts upon the subject of venereal diseases. 

The h.C.W. nominated Miss Cathro as a member of the Librar\- Boaril 
and this choice was sustained by the City Council. 

At Christmas, Mrs. Reilly with a special committee secured hospitality 
for the day for the soldiers at the barracks. 

The last few days we have had our babies' campaign for the l^etter pro- 
tection of infant life. Mrs. G. H. Jones, convener of Public Health Commit- 
tee, worked in conjunction with the civic health authorities to make this a 
success. As the foreign woman is an important factor in the conservation of 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



165 



infant life, the Immigration Committee under Miss Foreman planned to have 
at the same time an exhibition of the spinning, weaving and fancy work of the 
foreigners for which prizes were given by a large number of our merchants. 
These prizes were won by Serbian Rumanian, Russian, Danish, Swedish and 
Polish women. 

The Committee on Laws, with Mrs. Stapleford as convener, has been 
especially active and its big achievements were the passing of a bill re mothers' 
pensions at the last session, and the establishment of a Juvenile Court. It is 
working on separate courts for women, industrial home for gu-Is over sixteen, 
equal parental rights and property laws. We are watching wtih interest the 
test divorce case. 

Our Nursing Committee is planning the circulation of a pamphlet couched 
in simple language on infant feeding and first aid, to be placed in the h.ands 
of every mother in Saskatchewan. 

Our committees on Agriculture and Employment have in view war condi- 
tions with women going on the land and the closing of shops at sLx o'clock the 
year round. 

During the vear we have had addresses as follows : Reverend Hugh 
Dobson on " Care of the ^lentally Deficient," Miss Una Saunders on "Women's 
War Work," and Mrs. Muldrew on "Food Economy." 

As a body of Canadian women we are giving unsparingly of our time to 
Red Cross and other patriotic work, and endeavoring to serve our covmtry to 
the best advantage dm-ing this trying time. 



RENFREW, ONT. 
Mabel Wright, Corresponding Secretary. 

This Council dm-ing the past vear has been interested chiefly in war work. 
Contributions were made to Red Cross and Prisoners of War Funds, and 
Christmas parcels, some 2i7, were sent to soldiers, nurses and doctors from 
the vicinity of Renfrew. 

Interest was taken also in Victoria Hospital, Renfrew, and a contribution 

made to that institution. 

During the year, the Council petitioned the Municipal Council of the 
Towm of Renfrew to pass a by-law providing for inspection of milk, etc. t,uch 
a by-law was passed. 

SAINT JOHN, N.B. 

Amelia J. Haley, Corresponding Secretanj. 

The resume of om- year's work, 1917-18, must prove to us that we have 
sincerely endeavored to fulfil the aims and ideals of our Council that we have 
striven with energv to keep apace with the demands ot these active day.s, and 



llM) THE NATIONAL COUNriL OF 

that we have been iinhiunpcrcil by the limitations of singleness of thought 
and object. 

No organization existing in Canada possesses a wider sphere or a more 
unlimited scope than tlie Local Councils federated with The National Council 
— pliilantlu-oi)y, education, social reform, literature, art — are tlieir vital 
interests. 

It is evident, therefore, that our greatest concern for the Saint John 
Council must be to keep apace with the progressiveness of our time, to give 
generously of our ability to serve and individually to co-operate to the best of 
our intelligence that our work may be creditable to our.selves and to our 
Council. 

Our initial work last year started in .\pril with a collection of socks for 
the boys of the 165th battahon, when we collected from our federated societies 
and friends iGo pairs. These socks were presented to Lieut. -Colonel D'Aigle, 
on the eve of the battalion's departure for overseas. 

In May, under the auspices of this Council, a splendid concert was given 
in the Imperial Theatre by the boys of New Brunswick Highland Battalion 
MacLean Kilties. The arrangements for this concert were made in less than 
three days, and our gross receipts totalled $.500. Of this amount, we donated 
$300 to the Highland Battalion, $100 to our own Treasury and 8100 for our 
expenses for theatre and advertising, etc. 

In July this Council in compliance with the request made by the Na- 
tional Service Department to The National Council of Women organized a 
food conservation canii)aign throughout the entire Province of New Bruns- 
wick. Your Secretary sent out 72 letters throughout the Province in or- 
ganizing this work and arranged for 14 consignments of Food Cards and 
Hangers to be shipped from Ottawa to various places in New Brunswick 
for distribution. 

For the city of St. John, the Housewives' League, under convcnorship 
of Mrs. Richard Hooper di.stributed Hangers and Food Pledge cards. 

On December (ith, the Saint John Local Council of Women, in recognition 
of Queen .\lexanch-a's birthday, held a Rosebud Day for the benefit of the 
Childi-en's .\id Society. Active committees organized workers for each ward 
in the city, and the little pink and white rosebuds were profusely displayed, 
22,000 having been sold. After paying expenses, we forwarded to the 
Children's Aid Society $2,051. 

Possibly the best effort of the year was the good work accomijlished, 
under the able convenershij) of Mrs. David MacLellan, immediately after 
the Halifax disaster. For three days, a Halifax Relief Committee from the 
Council worked untiringly collecting, sorting and packing clothing. The 
federated societies responded most generously. The first day alone, 97 cases 
and 17 large boxes were collected and shipped to Truro for the Halifax sufferers. 
Cash donations amounting to over §.300 were collected by Mrs. MacLellan, 
and with this money new clothing purchased and forwarded to Mrs. Dennis, 



WOMEN OF CANADA 167 

President of the Halifax Council. In this work, several societies and organiza- 
tions not affiliated with the Saint John Council offered us their assistance. 

In January last, Rev. John Weir of the Halifax Institute for the Blind 
came to Saint John and dehvered an address to the Council in the interests 
of his institution, the blind sufferers from the Hahfax disaster, as well as the 
care of the blind in our province. The Council arranged for a pubhc meeting, 
to be held in the Imperial Theatre for which no admission was charged in 
order that Mr. Weir's appeal might reach all who were in sympathy with his 
cause. A committee from the Council took a silver collection during the 
lecture which reahzed -$89, this the Council donated to the Blind fund. 

Another effort for the blind was made by the Council holding under their 
auspices a concert in the Opera House, given by the boys of the 62nd Detach- 
ment from which we were enabled to add $100 to our previous contribution. 

Reahzing the importance of this work of educating the bhnd to usefulness, 
and the needs of the blind of our own province, a separate organization was 
formed, known as the " New Brunswick Auxihary to the Maritime School for 
the Blind," to whose Executive Council representatives of Council were 
nominated. 

The Saint John Council petitioned the Provincial Government of New 
Brunswick to appoint women on the Board of Moving Picture Censors and 
made recommendations for these appointments. 

In January the Council had the privilege of receiving Nursmg Sister 
Edith McCafferty at the monthly meeting. She had returned from two years 
■work in hospitals in France, and for her faithful ser\aces had received a decora- 
tion from His Majesty the Kmg. The Council presented Miss McCafTerty 
with a large bouquet of flowers, made her an honorary member, and offered 
support in any feasible way to the hospital with which she is now connected. 

Smce the last annual meetmg, 5 societies have affihated with the Council. 

During this year, this Council raised for patriotic and other work nearly 
$4,000. 

Four quarterly meetmgs were held, two special meetings and 10 Executive' 
meetings. 

The number of societies affiliated is 27. 

In concluding this report, may I express to our President, Mrs. E. Ather- 
tou Smith, the Council's appreciation of her energy and enthusiasm to forward 
the interests of the Council in our affihated societies. We ask for continued 
earnest co-operation in Council work. We, women living far from the actual 
turmoil and acute suffermg of war, yet working to do our bit, must reahze 
that our responsibUities as women are greater than ever before. In wieldmg 
our power to do good, and in influencing public opinion, no better guide can be 
found than a mind anxiously keen to understand the needs of the day, and a 
ieart sufficientiv unselfish to sacrifice. 



168 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

ST. THOMAS, ONT. 
Alina Lamont, Corresponding Secretary. 

The St. Thomas Local Council of Women, although one of the "baby" 
Couiicils, has already marked its epoch in history. In November, 1917, Mrs. 
\V. E. Sanford and Mrs. ^^'illoughby Cummings visited St. Thomas and 
pointed out to the presidents of various organizations the wonderful power 
for good in unanimity and co-operation. Mrs. Sanford and Mrs. Cummings 
are to be commended for the painstaking interest they manifest in the organi- 
liation of new Councils in Ontario. 

We have now in federation twenty-four societies and eight standing 
committees, and are encouraged to hope that ere long The Local Council 
will embrace all the women's and girls' organizations in St. Thomas. 

Two quarterly and one special meeting have been held. Executive 
Meetings are held the first Saturday of the month. 

The strength of organization was first realized when the citizens of this 
city and Elgin county responded to an appeal on behalf of the Halifax suffer- 
ers thus enabhng us to send a car load of food stuffs and clothes to the fire- 
stricken city. 

The Humane Society has long deplored the fact of being unable to have the 
cruel practice of the shooting of live birds for sport prohibited, and an appeal 
to The National Council has already fovmd a petition for its abolition in the 
hands of the Minister of Justice. 

St. Thomas and Elgin County stand very high regarding the percentage 
of men enlisted for service overseas, and each contingent as it left was encour- 
aged upon its way by words of cheer and some "goodies" from the Chapters of 
the LO.D.E., assisted by other women of the city. 

The work of the committees may be summarized as follows : 

Laics for the lietler Proleclion of Women and Children : Through the un- 
tiring efforts of Miss Gunn, the convener, and her alile committee, the good 
work has already been achieved of having the Police Commission set aside 
a sum for the salary of a Women Police Patrol, such a]ipointment to be 
made when a capable and efficient officer is available. 

Agriculture for Women : Mrs. R. A. Penhale, the convener, in co-operation 
with the poultry association is offering prizes to boj-s and girls under sixteen 
years of age for the best and largest flock of chickens, the same to be entered 
again in competition at the Annual Poultry Exhibition. 

Ohjeclionahk Printed Matter : Mrs. Davie Meadows, the convener, and 
her committee are seeing to the strict enforcement of the by-law re prohibition 
of children under sixteen years of age attending moving jiicture theatres 
unaccompanied. 

Citizenship : Miss Margaret Coyne undertook to call to the attention of 
all women eligible to the Municipal Franchise, the necessary registration of 
their names. 

Public Health : Mrs. E. A. Horton and committee reported themselves 
to the Public' Health Officer as willing to assist in any work he might suggest. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 169 

Education : Miss Bowes and committee are assisting the Teachers' Guild 
in securing their demands for increase in salary. 

Conservation : This committee is planning to give short talks in public 
places on tried and simple methods of conserving and canning fruit and 
vegetables. 

A special committee was also formed at the reciuest of the Women's Sub- 
Committee of Military District No. 1, re control of venereal diseases. 

The anniversary of the Battle of St. Julien was fittingly commemorated by 
a largely attended prayer service of the women. 

The Council has already served as the recognized medium of expression of 
the opinions and sentiments of our citizens and has lent its weight and influence 
to changes that will make for the betterment of our city. 



SASKATOON, SASK. 
IsA Irvine, Corresponding Secretary. 

The first annual report of the Saskatoon Local Council of Women showed 
an increase in membership from seventeen affiUated societies at the final 
organization meeting in January, 1917, to forty-nine at the close of the Council 
year. 

The reports of the societies given at the annua! meeting, though showing 
individualitj' and variety as to the working out of their original aims, were 
marked by unanimity of purpose as to war relief activities. 

One of the societies, the Equal Franchise League, was re-organized early 
in 1918 under a new name, the Citizens' Educational League. As the name 
indicates, the organization now represents more varied interests and broader 
aims. 

Since the majority of the societies in the federation had had experience of 
several years' standing before the Local Council was organized, it is the policy of 
the Council, as indicated by the President, Mrs. Walter C. Mun-ay, at the an- 
nual meeting, to refer any new matter of local significance to the society best 
fitted to deal with it, especially if that society is already considering the ques- 
tion. As in the case of a request from one of the Church Societies that the 
question of supervised playgrounds for Saskatoon be considered, this was re- 
ferred to the Citizens' Educational League as that organization had appointed 
a committee of enquiry to report upon the question. A recommendation from 
the Committee that steps be taken to ensure the establishment of a system of 
supervised playgrounds in connection with the Public Schools of the city 
was endorsed by the League. With the expectation of the sanction and sup- 
port of the Public School Board the accomplishment of this much desired 
object is almost in view. 

By this policy the Local Council is endeavoring to prevent overlapping, 
and also to hasten action on questions that require immediate consideration. 

The three Standing Committees for 1917 on Immigration, Education, and 
Laws for Women and Children, under the leadership of Mrs. M. Robertson, 



170 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Mrs. K. K. Myers and Mrs. Alan Sproatt respectively, have accomplished 
excellent work of educational value to the members of the Council. 

Some of the reforms brought to the attention of the members by the Com- 
mittee on Laws, and for which the Local Councils of the Province had been 
agitating, have recently become actualities. Xn Act establishing a system of 
Mothers' Pensions was passetl during the last session of the Legislature, which 
has to its credit also the most advanced legislation that exists in Canada for 
the control of venereal diseases. 

Perhaps the most outstanding opportunity of the j'ear for co-operation 
between the various societies w-as presented when the matter of Food Conser- 
vation wa.s taken up. A special committee was appointed to sissist Mrs. Ray- 
mond Archibald and Mrs. Rutter, local representatives of the Provincial 
committee on Food Conservation. .\ thorough canvass of the city was made 
in November. 1917, with the result that 2,400 pledge service cards were signed 
by the women of the city. This was only one of the committee's many acti- 
vities,' which included Food Conservation demonstrations, an educational 
campaign through the medium of the press, and public meetings addressed by 
food experts. 

The Food Conservation Coimnittee of 1917 is the Standing Committee on 
Household Economics of 1918, with some changes in the personnel, under the 
convenership of Mrs. Raymond .\rchibald. This Committee is on active 
service, for Food Conservation must go hami in hand with Greater Production. 

The latter movement, of vital importance in all Canada, is especially 
urgent in the Prairie Provinces. A scheme for greater production of vege- 
tables, by utihzing vacant lots in the city, was inaugurated by the I.O.D.E. 
Chapters under the letidership of Mrs. Ira A. MacKay, Regent of the Munici- 
pal C'hajjter. With the assistance of the Parks Board and the co-operation of 
several organizations in the city, a systematic plan of vacant lot gardens has 
been evolved. Lectures and demonstrations in gardening were given by 
Professor Greenway of the University staff, and the practical work has already 
begun. 

The fanners throughout the Province of Saskatchewan are responding to 
the call for increased production by cultivating additional acreage. This 
necessitates more workers, and me;ins that, the women of the farms have addi- 
tional work and responsibility. .\s a solution, in part, of this situation 
which during the time of harvesting will be most serious, if it is not adequately 
met, a plan for relea-sing men from other imployinents and a scheme of registra- 
tion, co-operative between the farm women and the women of the cities and 
townis was brought to the attention of the Local Council at its l:vst meeting 
by Mrs. M. Robertson, and the following resolution was passetl and forwarded 
to the Secretary of the Bureau of Labor, Government of Saskatchewan: 

Whereas, the question of food production is a vital one at this crisis, and 
the belief prevails that there will be insufficient labor in Western 
Canada to garner the 1918 harvest : 



WOMEN OF CANADA 171 

And Whereas the Government have seen fit to appoint a Committee 
— or Board — -in Regina to estabUsh machinery for the registration of 
all male help : 

And Whereas no provision has been made for the registration of 
women who are wilUng and able to assist, although there may be a 
large proportion of volunteer help available, and the farm woman is 
certainly in need of assistance in the extra work entailed : 

And Whereas it seems impossible to handle this work in any other 
manner than from a central and universally recognized bureau : 

Be II Therefore Resolved that the Local Council of Women of 
Saskatoon request Mr. MoUoy to make representations to the Govern- 
ment with a view to having some qualified woman appointed to work in 
co-operation with the city and coimtry women, in an effort to have 
complete registration : 

(1) Of the help required on the farms throughout Saskatchewan, with 
details of the nature of work required, the accommodation available, 
etc., etc. 

(2) The regLstration of the city women— either voluntary or compul- 
sorj' — able to assist either in the kitchens, in hght work out-of-doors, 
in releasing city men by dri\dng street cars, running elevators, acting 
as mail carriers, or any other like suitable occupation. 

The Press Committee, with Mrs. E. R. Myers as Convener, is co-operating 
in a plan by which all the Local Council news of the Provmoe is edited by the 
Press Committee of the Regina Council, and by this committee forwarded to 
"Woman's Century" for publication. 

In response to a request from The National Council that the Local Council 
appoint a special day for prayer and intercession because of the serious crisis in 
the war, the President arranged for a meeting to be held on the afternoon of 
Good Friday, to which all the women of the City were invited. The meeting 
was well attended, and the service, conducted with simphcity, was impressive 
and inspiring throughout. 



SAULT STE. MARIE, OXT. 
Catharine C. MacColl, Recording Secretary. 

At a public meeting of women held in the city in December, 1916, it was 
resolved to form a Local Council of Women. In September, 1917, a meeting 
was held in the Y.M.C.A. for the purpose of hearing Mrs. Willoughby Cura- 
mings speak on "Food Conservation," and the advisabiUty of organizmg 

a Local Council. 

At this meeting it was unanimously decided to organize and a provisional 
committee was appointed. This provisional committee, with helpers, under- 
took and carried through the distribution of the Food Pledge cards. Later, 
in November, the Local Council was duly organized, the first work undertaken 
being that of assisting in the Victory Loan Campaign, the Council working 



172 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

principally Ihiougli the schools. An engraved shield was presented to the 
school, having the highest percentage of bond-hoklers. 

A special educational effort is being made by the Conservation Committee 
to get out a cook book with war-time recipes and economies. The City Council 
has signified its willingness to assist in this work, as also in the conservation 
of fruits. 

A conunittcc from the Local Council investigated re boys yshering in 
theatres and the City Council was approached about having the curfew law 
enforced. An effort has been made to see that girl clerks are provided with 
seats in stores, and steps have been taken towards having a police woman 
appointed. 

Conveners have been appointed to the standing committees. Twenty- 
three organizations are affiliated in this Council. 



STRATHROY, OXT. 
Verna R. Geddes, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Strathroy Local Council of Women have little to report, having been 
organized for only a few months (Xovember, 1917) with eleven federated 
societies. 

Its first work was sending relief in money and clothing to the Halifax 
sufferers. Later, it interested itself in food conservation. Large cards were 
placed in all the prominent stores, on which was printed, "Food will win the 
war, don't waste it." All the ministers in town, willingly preached sermons on 
this subject. As the spring season opens, the Council is endeavoring to do 
something towards greater production, encouraging all to do backyard garden- 
ing. 

The Council al.^o met and passed its approval of the Bill then before the 
Legislature re venereal diseases, and the Secretary wrote our representative 
member, asking him to support and vote for the Bill. 

Other avenues of usefulness, such as dental and medical inspection in the 
schools, baby welfare, etc., are being followed, and we hope in time to see 
much accomplished. 



TIMISKAMING. 

Geraldine Hdtcui.vson, Corresponding Secretary. 

In spite of the many drawbacks of the times and of local pioneer diffi- 
culties, the Timiskaming Local Council has kept up its meetings, has accepted 
four additional societies in affiliation and has initiated considerable work, 
some of which has been successfully completed. 

This district is doing everytliing in its power to increase the acreage 
under crop and although there are many important activities along this 
line which do not come under the Local Council, we have tried to do our bit 
towards giving publicity to the need for greater jjroduction and practical 
advice. At two out of our three general meetings addresses were given by 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



173 



competent men, Prof. Sharpe and Mr. J. M. Macintosh, .\gricultiiral Rep- 
resentative for this district on different phases of production. 

Our Soldiers' Wives League of Cobalt, building on their experience of 
last year and a good season, hope to have even better results with their 
plots. The Women's Institute of New Liskeard have charge again of the 
School Children's Fair and school gardens. Nearly 400 children in this town 
will have war gardens and will exhibit their products at the Fair. 

The Thrift Committee of Cobalt brought in a recommendation at one 
of our meetings which we believe all our affiliated societies have adopted, 
to the effect that refreshments be eliminated in general at theu- meetings 
and afternoon tea privately served be much curtailed. 

Through the effort? of the Cobalt Health Committee a Victorian Order 
nurse has been secm-ed to inspect the Cobalt schools, and similar committees 
working in the other towns hope to do as well for their towns. Twice pre- 
viously medical school inspection has been installed for a short time in our 
three towns, but the women here feel the need of making it permanent and 
a resolution passed at om- last meeting urged that greater efforts be put for- 
ward to have medical school inspection made compulsory by the Government. 

The Committee for the Suppression of Objectionable Literature have 
been working for better movies and have added their voice to the general 
demand for women on the Board of Censors in Ontario. 

Through the recommendation of our Council a number of vvomen are 
to help in registration on June 22nd. 



TORONTO, ONT. 

M. Louise Irvine, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Toronto Local Council began its twenty-fifth year with 72 societies 
in federation, the following having been accepted since the last annual report : 
East Toronto Women's Institute, Presbyterian Women's Social Service 
Council, Alumna; of The Social Service Dept., University of Toronto, Women 
Workers of the Salvation Army, Guild of St. Agatha, Co-operative Board of 
Jewish Charities, Down-To^^^l Chm-ch Workers' Association, Alumnte of 
Wesbourne School, Women Members of Home and School Council. It was 
decided to combine some of the Standing Committees owing to overlapping 
of the work. These are : Conservation and Home Economics, Equal Moral 
Standard and Objectionable Printed Matter, Public Health and Mentally 
Deficient. 

The Committee on Agriculture was also reinstated. 

The nine regular meetings were held, also three special meetings. The 
first one was held in August in response to a call from the National Service 
Board of Ottawa, to distribute posters throughout the city as an educative 
factor regarding the purchase of War Bond Certificates. Several thousand 
were placed bv the members of the Council. 

The next was held to consider the stand the Council would take with re- 
gard to Union Government, when the majority decided in favor of sustain- 
ing a Union Government. 



174 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Apropos of the election about to be held, space for a booth was secured 
in the City Hall, where many electors who had been missed by the enumerators 
when Government lists had been compiled were assisted in registering. It 
was a source of gratification to assist in this the first election since the en- 
franchisement of women. 

The tliird special meeting was held to consider unfinished business from a 
previous meeting when the Conservation and Home Economics' Committee 
arranged an interesting two hours on Production, Professor McCready being 
the principal speaker. 

Special cards were issued for the fii'st autumn meeting when Life Member- 
ship Certificates were presented to our 25 Life Members, some of whom had 
been on our list for many years. Upon this occasion, Mrs. E. P. Newhall 
of Calgary gave an illuminating address on the benefit markets might be to 
the housekeei)er. .Vfternoon tea was served in the handsome dining-room 
of The Sherbourne House Club. 

The Big Sister Association referred to in our last report has gone ahead 
by leaps and bounds, the Big Sisters taking an interest in the girls who appear 
in the women's and cliildren's court, many of whom only require a sympathetic 
interest to guide them aright. 

The Big Brother Association works along somewhat the same lines and 
when Mr. Brader, Secretary of that organization, addressed our Association, 
we learned how many a waj-ward boy had been given a chance to redeem 
him.self, by the helping hand of a Big Brother. 

This Council pleilgcd itself to support any of its women members, who 
were candidates for election to the Board of Education. The two former 
Council members were re-elected and the new candidate, Miss Constance 
Boulton, polled the largest vote in the city. 

This Council was appealed to on different occasions, when influence was 
thought necessary to bring about certain results. It ajiproached the Board 
of Education re increase of salaries for teachers, re protest against granting of 
schools for Military Hospitals, re the lack of women teachers qualified for 
the position of Inspector, when it was learned that thcic are only five qualified 
in Ontario. 

In response to an appeal from Mrs. Whitmore, regarding the lack of 
teachers in Alberta, a letter was sent to our federated societies especially 
educational, and later to the then Acting Minister of Education, suggesting 
the co-operation of that Department with the Go^-ernmcnt of .\lberta and other 
bodies, with a view to evolving some plan whereby financial assistance might 
be given for the travelling expenses of volunteers for service a-s teachers in 
Alberta. 

Upon request from The Riverdale Business Men's Club, the ("ouncil sent 
one of its members a.s a representative. Also upon request, five members 
were sent as representatives to the Central Ratepayers' Association. 

Our President, as convener of the Committ<"e on Mentally Deficient, 
represented us at the Provincial A.ssociation, and at The Toronto Branch for 



WOMEN OF CANADA l'^ 



the Care of the Feeble-minded, and had the honor of being elected 1st Vice- 
President in both associations. „ -j * 
Mrs. Huestis was honored by being the first woman elected \ ice-President 
of The National Association of Mental Hygiene, and at the annual meetmg, 
gave an address on "Housing" as conducted by the Toronto Council. 

Our President represents us on the Canadian Welfare Association (being 
a Vice-President) which organization is likely to take an active part in re- 
construction after the war. 

Representatives were appointed on the " Win-the-War ' Committee, 
and many members attended the conference held in Montreal for the sole 
purpose of uniting the two races in Canada for mutual understanding, and our 
President was again honored by being elected by the women present at this 
convention to represent them in Ottawa, when resolutions from tins convention 
were presented to Sir Robert Borden and Sh- Wilfrid Laurier. 

In Public Health matters, Mrs. L. A. Hamilton, Dr. Margaret Patterson 
and Mrs Huestis have been among the most active women members of the 
Advisory Committee for the prevention of venereal disease. In co-operation 
with the Academy of Medicine, this Council has made most earnest efforts 
to have the ban removed from the play "Damaged Goods." 

The Toronto Local Council wTote the Food Board at Ottawa, some 
months ago, suggesting the name of Dr. C. J. O. Hastings, Medical Officer of 
Health for Toronto, and President of the American Public Health Association, 
as Food Controller for Ontario, and are gratified beyond measm-e to learn of 
Dr. Hastings' appointment as Honorary Food Controller for Toronto. 

The principle of co-ordination of all community interest in Toronto was 
endorsed, and as in this day the importance of o^'erlapping is reahzed, we look 
for big things as result of this federation of commumty interest, and our 
President served on the Committee in whose care the success of this wide 
pohcy has been entrusted. 

This Council sent the resolution of the Winnipeg Council re dancing in 
church-rooms to its federated societies for an expression of opimon, and on 
expiration of the time limit the vote was a tie. Since then. The Gu-ls Friendly 
Societv has put the scheme into practice in one of its lodge rooms and finds that 
dancing made a legitimate pleasm-e, is most beneficial, in that it keeps the gu-ls 
happy at home in the lodge, and that theii" pride and good sense will pre^^nt 
invitations to objectionable young men, as all visitors must be introduced to 
the chaperon. The dances have been a regular affau- for the past five months 
and are highly successful. 

With regard to Mothers' Pensions, we are pleased to state that a bill is 
being drafted for presentation to the Legyature. Our President has been 
invited to assist in the framing of tliis Bill, and we would judge that the long 
and earnest efforts of Mrs. Huestis and her Council along that line are to be 

This' year the Annual Meeting was an all-day session rather than two 
afternoons as formerly, and proved most successful, when reports from 58 



176 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OK 



societies were read. We were honored l.y the presence of Lad^• Hendrie 
Miss Hendric, and Mrs. Torrington. " ' 

Once again we wish we could express in dollars the Red Cro.ss work ac- 
comphshed by these societies. Our Presi.lent has formally represented the 
Couneil at every patriotic campaign, and has been elected Hon. President of 
1 he Commodore Jarvis' Navy League of Canada. 

All federated societies were asked to discourage the use of wool other than 
for war piu-poses; also conservation of food and production have been appealed 
for at many meetings. 

It may be of interest to note in connection with the above lines and the 
soaring prices of food, that different groups of girls in our Bu.siness Women's 
Apartments quote figures for all living e.xpenses, r«nt included. One group 
of three girls who have four rooms, bath and kitchenette, live well for r'5 
eacl. monthly. Another group reports 832. Time and space will not permit 
elaboration on thLs Council's big housing scheme for Business \A-omen which 
has now become a national i)roblem. 

Dr Margaret Johnston was appointed our representative to the iVational 
Committee on Taxation. 

By the acceptance of a kind offer from one of our federated societies, 
Ihe W omens College Hospital, to share in profits of a Bazaar, we were able 
to augment the amount in our treasury by a goodly sum. 

TRENTON, ONT. 
Gertri'de Alford, Corresponding Secretary. 
The Local Council of Women of Trenton, was organized in October, 
1917, most of the soc.et.es of the town affiliating. One of our cliief aims is to 
have the members mterested.in the betterment of the town and to have them 
coH,perat^ and assist the To^^•n Council in civic improvements. We have 
succeeded m having a lady school trustee appointed on our Board of Education 
and have formed a patrol for reporting citizens who fail to shovel their side- 
walks in winter, and who keep untidy and unsanitary backyards in spring and 
summer, ^^e are a so making a.Tangements for the establishment of the 
Victonan Order of N.irses in Trenton and are undertakmg to pay the salary 
of the mu-se w.th some ass.sta.ice from the Tou-n Council, the Board of Educa- 

Comn^n f" f *™r'''="^ '"'^ I'—"- Company. We have formed a 
Committee for Red Cross work which has already a membership of seventy 
and has ra.sed over three hundred dollars. <=veui,y. 



TRURO, N.S. 

L. n. Dickie, Correspotuling Sccrelarij. 

In reviewing the work of our Local Council of Women for the past year 

we are g^ad to report contin,.ed i.iterest an<l pi-ogress. The pressing need fo; 

war work has, o course, taken precedence of all other work, and our Counci 

ha.s rendered aid. wherever and whenever possible, not alwavs as a soclty 



WOMEN OF CANADA 177 

but individually, and especially was this so in the case of the terrible disaster 
in Halifax, when our members gave invaluable assistance, and served splendidly 
in relief work in one form or another. 

During the year we have held four public meetings, including the annual, 
and a special meeting for intercession and prayer, also four executive meetings. 

Eleven societies are in affiliation. 

The different committees have done good work throughout the year. 

At a largely attended public meeting in January, Miss Fraser of New 
Glasgow, Superintendent of Women's Institutes, gave a most interesting ad- 
dress. It consisted mainly of an account of The National Council Executive 
Meeting, which took place in Peterborough, Ont., and which Miss Fraser 
attended. 

A new undertaking of our Council this year was the "Treasures and 
Trinkets Campaign." This was taken in charge by the Educational Com- 
mittee, with great success. Old silver and gold, copper and brass, was collected 
and sold, and the proceeds will be devoted to buying field comforts for overseas 
soldiers. This committee has also been very active in "Food Conservation." 
They have had a course of lectures, and distributed recipes for the use of 
substitute foods, and have offered prizes in the schools for best essays on war 
saving of beef, bacon and wheat. 

Our Patriotic Committee has also accomplished much work during the 
past year. Several garden parties were held in the summer, and the weekly 
teas have been kept up throughout the winter months. The proceeds of 
these, with several rummage sales, and a high-class concert, have enabled us 
to send over one hundred well-filled personal property bags as Clu-istmas 
gifts to soldiers overseas, .$100 to the Prisoners of War Fund, over 200 pairs of 
socks to the sailors of the visiting battlesliips and mercantile marine in Halifax, 
50 pairs to France, besides gifts of socks to individual soldiers; $203 was also 
given to Y.M.C.A. work in France and $50 to Capt. Plummer. 

The Agricultui-al Committee again report a very successful year. They 
held their Fourth Annual Flower and Vegetable Show in September, and the 
exhibits were particularly fine. There were 500 entries from the different 
schools tlu'oughout the county, thus showing it to be part of an educational 
campaign for the benefit of the ehilch-en. Tliis committee hopes to do even 
better work this year, along the lines of increasing the food supply of our 
province. 

The Playgrounds' Committee report very satisfactory progress and a 
most successful year. Two playgrounds were kept open during the summer 
months, and more children were in attendance last season than ever before. 
Our Council donated money to furnish a room in the "Maritime Home for 
Girls," which is doing such good work under Miss Strothard, the very capable 
superintendent. 



X7S THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

VANCOUVER, B.C. 
Ethel G. Cody Stoddard, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Vancouver Local Council of ■\Vomen has had an active year, hampered 
only by such drawbacks as seem to be ever present with war times. 

During the year we have helped on the following tag days: War Veterans' 
Association, Seamen and Sailors', Jewish Sufferers, Serbian, Prisoners of War, 
Hart McHarg Au.\iliary, Central Mission, Our Day, Y.M.C.A., Returned 
Soldiers' Club, Overseas Chaplains, Di.sabled Nurses, Women's Patriotic 
Guild, Christian Suflferers in Syria and Palestine, British and Foreign Sailors, 
and Red Cross. 

For speakers at various meetings during the year, we had Prof. Clement on 
Preservation of Vegetables in City Basements; Dr. Boggs on Ta.xation; Mrs. 
John Robertson on Internationalism; Miss Winn, of Victoria, B.C., on Mentally 
Deficient, and Miss Durham gave a report of the War Conference held re- 
cently in Ottawa. We also held in the university Auditorium, a large meeting 
to hear Mrs. Jean Muldrew speak on The Food Situation in Canada. 

We have a representative on Vancouver Arbor Day Association, the 
Canadian Patriotic Fund, and the Hospital Board. Our president has also 
been appointed by the government as a director on the last named board. 
Mrs. Griffin is also on the Provincial Advisory Board for food control. 

A bed in the military hospital was one of our special efforts during the year. 

We have helped in the Halifax Relief Fund, and assisted the Women's 
Auxiliary to the Military Y.M.C.A. and have also helped the War Gardens' 
League in its good work. 

The following new societies have been received in affiliation during the 
year: Woman's Auxiliary to the Church of England in Canada; Band of 
Mercy; Girls' Auxiliary to the American Women's Club; Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals; ^^■omen's Auxiliary to the Y.RLC.A.; Chalmers 
Presbyterian Ladies' Aid; Wives, Mothers and Widows of Great Britain's 
Heroes; Children's Aid Society; Prmcess Circle of King's Daughters. 

Together with all Local Councils in Canada, we have had our special 
prayer intercession for the Allies. 

Our Home Gardening competition under our Agriculture committee, did 
its usual splendid work last season, among the school children, and is planning 
fresh work for this year. 

As usual we took charge of the Women's Building at our Annual Exhibi- 
tion last fall. We were exceptionally successful in our tea room work, for 
which we were very thankful. We took complete charge of the I'ancy Work 
and Household .-Vrts dcpaitinents, both of which were successfully undertaken. 
Our Better Babies contest was the best we ever held, and the most successful. 
Facilities for all of this work are getting better every year, with consequent 
Improvement in every direction, and the baby contest has become one of the 
local eventa of the year, and undoubtedly gives the Exhibition itself a consid- 
erable boost. 



WOMEIJ OF CANADA 179 

Our Household Economic Committee has done splendid work in distri- 
buting Food Control literature, and in aiding our committee on Conservation. 

Very active indeed has been our Conservation Committee. Under its 
auspices public demonstrations of kitchen economy were recently held simul- 
taneously in various pubho schools thi-oughout the city. These were largely 
attended and attracted widespread interest. 

We are now among the largest stock-holders in the Vancouver Woman's 
Building Ltd., and own forty shares. 

The Minimum Wage League has asked for our endorsation in their effort 
to secure legislation regarding what its name imphes, and we have granted the 

request. 

Through our Laws Committee we have been recommended to request the 
Provmcial Government to amend the Deserted Wives Mamtenance Act, also 
that the Act of Marriage of Minors be amended. This committee has also 
asked our Council to request the Provincial Government to open a bureau or 
department for neglected, defective, dependent children. 

We have endorsed our Graduate Nurses' .Association in its efforts to secure 
legislation regarding sanitation in general and anti-tuberculosis in particular. 
Also with regard to an effort which is being made to secure government aid 
for the nurses in mihtary service who retiu-n from overseas, especially those 
bi'oken in health. 

The action of The National Council in seeking the extension of the 
Dominion franchise, has had our endorsation. 

This year we hope to secure technical training for girls in our High Schools. 

With all organizations of the city we are helping to decide upon a civic 
floral emblem, and hope our own selection will be the winner. 



VICTORIA, B.C. 

Flora Hamilton Burns, Corresponding Secretary. 

Since the last report of this Council appeared in the Year Book, two 
important and far-reaching reforms have taken place in the laws of British 
Columbia,— namely, the franchise to women, and total prohibition. 

The gaining of the franchise by the women has caused the dissolution 
of one of the affihated societies, the Political Equality League, which for many 
years fought continuouslv for the cause, and in its stead educational clubs are 
springing into existence such as the Women's Liberal Association, which has 

joined the Council. j ■ c 

The Prohibition Act is fraught with such possibilities for good, and is ot 
such happy omen for the future, that even in the short time it has been in 
force, pohce court cases of a disorderly nature have been greatly diminished 
and institutions such as the Childi-en's Aid Society are already benefiting from 
it, homes being restored and parents assuming the mamtenance and respon- 
sibilities of their families. 



ISO THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

It is interesting to note here that the Women's Christian 'I'emperance 
Union, which has been largely instrumental in the proliibition movement, 
and has so long borne the burden and strain of this controversy, was the first 
society to become affiliated with the Local Council on its formation in \'ictoria 
more than twenty years ago. 

These two progressive and enlightened movements are, we anticipate, 
but a significant prelude to greater things. 

Soon after the last annual meeting a Provincial Conference of the British 
Columbia Councils of Women was held in \'ictoria, and was attended by 
numerous delegates from the Vancouver and New Westminster Councils. 
The Provincial Vice-President presided. Matters of immediate moment 
were discussed ; resolutions adopted and presented to the Provincial Govern- 
ment. 

The papers read were greatly appreciated, especially the one on Child 
Welfare. 

Early last spring, an appeal was received from Sir Thomas White, Minister 
of Finance, urging the launching of a campaign to educate the women of the 
Dominion in an effort for greater thrift, it being increasingly necessary to 
conserve all resources for war purposes. At the same time, he strongly 
recommended the purchase of War Saving Certificates. Following this, the 
Committee on Household Economics determined to concentrate on that 
difficult problem, Food Conservation, and have for months, in conjunction 
with the Provincial Committee on Food Control, carried on a very efficient 
and exhaustive work. Special meetings were held at which addresses were 
given by Mr. Gibson, Sui^erintendent of Elementary Agricultural Education, 
and Mr. Rook from the Canada Food Board, Ottawa. 

A special meeting was called in April to consider the gathering and packing 
of small fruits. Mr. Scott, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, addressed the 
meeting on the subject, calling attention to the great need for women and girl 
workers, and asking the Local Council to undertake the handling of this 
situation. A committee was formed with Mi.ss Marlatt as convener, which 
dealt with the matter most satisfactorily. A labor bureau was opened at 
the y. W.C.A., for the registration and service of both employers and employees. 
In a few weeks 700 fruit pickers registered and were placed satisfactorily. 
The success of this venture was due to Miss Marlatfs business capabilities 
and untiring energj'. 

In June, a special meeting was held to hear the reports of the delegates to 
the annual meeting of The National Council of Women held in Winnipeg,— 
Mrs. Day and Mrs. Hanington. The reports were of particular interest and 
were printed in full in the daily papers of this city. Votes of thanks were 
pas.scd to both delegates and a special vote of congratulation to Lieut. Carleton 
Hanington, M.C., on his decoration. 

Among the activities of the Council may be mentioned the distribution 
of the Food Pledge Cards and the Halifax Tag Day, which realized the .satis- 
factory sum of S2,270. On both occasions, valuable assistance was received 
|.roin volunteer worker.s, outside the ranks of the Council. 



I 



WOMEN OF CANADA 181 

The patients of the Mihtary Hospitals, Work Point, Irving House, and 
Isolation are deeply indebted to Mrs. J. D. Gordon for her unfailing interest 
in their welfare and to the Lady Douglas Chapter I.O.D.E., and other kind 
friends, who have so generously helped towards supplying fruits, delicacies, 
reading matter, etc. 

A large deputation in charge of the Council, waited on the Provincial 
Secretary, Dr. McLean, asking for proper housing (cottage system), special 
training in many useful lines, and the complete segregation of the mentally 
deficient in this province, the deputation recognizing the grave menace such 
people become to society if left to their own devices. The Provincial Secretary 
promised to give this urgent matter his earnest and careful attention. 

This Council, thi-ough the medium of The National Council, sent a resolu- 
tion to the Dominion Government re placing returned soldiers on farms 
vacated by men going to the front, to give employment to the soldier wishing 
to farm and produce food, as well as prevent the farms reverting to the wild. 

The Council also strongly endorsed the idea of a women candidate for 
the Legislature, at the nearby By-election. A forceful resolution was sent to 
The National Council re licensing of all hotels, boarding and lodging houses, 
and places where rooms are let to lodgers, for the prevention of immorality 
and the protection of both proprietors and guests. 

Also, at the request of the W.A.S.P.C.A., we have passed unanimously 
a resolution protesting against the exhibition of performing animals on account 
of the cruelty their training so often entails. We are sending copies of a paper 
describing a few details (authenticated) of the exquisite torture inflicted upon 
these helpless creatm-es, to every Local Council in Canada, and one to The 
National Council, asking or rather praying that this matter may be brought 
forward for discussion at the coming annual meeting of The National Council 
of Women of Canada. 

Sandwiched in between special meetings on the subject of food, its con- 
servation and treatment, 200 extra acres of land are under cultivation by the 
civic authorities, and all garden owners busily employed producing food. 
Many are trying sugar beets, and the Bishop and Dean of British Columbia 
have each become the owner of some delicious looking young pigs, setting an 
example which we hope will be largely followed. 



WEST ALGOMA, ONT. 

Carlotta Spence McKellar, Corresponding Secretary. 

The twenty-fourth milestone in the history of West Algoma Local Council 
has been reached to-day. This is a matter which naturally must create a 
feeling of pride in all our members, but extreme pleasure must be experienced 
by those who have never ceased in their interest and co-operation since the 
day of organization. 



182 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The year began under very favorable conditions. Mrs. Carrick was 
prevailed upon to accept the Presidency for a third term of office. Six of 
our members attended the annual meeting of The National Council. In 
September, however, Mrs. Carrick was forced to resign, owing to change of 
residence for the winter, and it was with regret that this resignation was 
accepted. We were exceedingly fortunate, however, in having Mrs. Clements 
for a second Vice-President, and she very ably filled the office of President 
for the balance of the year. 

Eight regular meetings were held during the year, at which the following 
excellent papers were read : "Citizenship" by Miss Shepherd ; "National 
Covnicil Proceedings in connection with the Work of the Department of 
Agriculture" by Mrs. Sherk ; "Problems of a Modern Girl" by Mrs. F. S. 
Knight ; "Wider U.se of School Buildings" by Mrs. S. G. Cole ; "Prevention 
of Infant Mortahty" by Dr. E. B. Oliver ; "Home Economics" by Mrs. 
Speer ; "Economy Department of Canadian .-Vi'iny" by Mrs. Sherk ; "Art 
and Artists of the District" by Miss Belle Dobie. 

An open meeting was held in May, in the auditorium, Fort William. 
when Mrs. Willoughby Cummings, who was returning from the annual 
meeting, addressed a splendid audience on Woman's Work. Mrs. Cummings 
and the E.xecutive were entertained at dinner at the Prince Arthur by Mrs. 
Carrick. Thus an opportunity was given to meet the guest of honor and enjoy 
for a short time a most interesting and edifying conversation. 

Our (jouncil again this year appealed to the generosity of the school 
children by asking each one to bring an apple, potato, orange, etc. The 
collection was made at Easter closing, and as the result, a very splendid 
contribution was made to the Hospital, Orphanage and Shelter in our city. 
The Port Arthur collection was also held at Easter this year, and met with 
equally fine success. 

The system of school savings in the public schools in Fort William is 
still continued. I feel that we can congratulate ourselves on the worthy and 
thrifty spirit of our school children, when they have deposited to their credit 
in the bank, over eight thousand dollars since a year ago last October, when 
the system was inaugurated. This amount has been deposited by apjiroxi- 
mately 1,. 550 subscribers. 

In January, the Port .\rthur schools adopted the same system of savings, 
and we are delighted to know that Port Arthur made a progressive move last 
summer in establishing supervision of their playgrounds. 

Active steps were taken to improve conditions for women in the jail for 
the District and a splendid report was brought in by the Committee in charge, 
and typewritten copies sent to the Government, City Councils of the two cities, 
and Reeves of the several districts. 

A recommendation came from Mrs. Cole, convener of Supervised Play- 
grounds, that the Board of Education give at least one school for recreation 
exercise and concerts. 

A letter advocating that the Government give a larger pension to war 
widows was sent to The National Council to be forwarded to the Government. 



WOMEN" OF CANADA 



183 



A resolution was adopted by which each of the affihated societies received 
information regarding the qualifications of women who are ehgible to vote in 
our next Prov-incial elections and also quahfications of those women, who are 
eligible to vote in our municipal elections. 

Another resolution adopted bj' the Society was framed by Mrs. Speer, 
Convener of Household Economics, and sent with Miss Hannah to be presented 
at the War Conference held in Ottawa. The resolution read as follows : 

"That the West Algoma Local Council go on record as being in favor 
of the manufactm-e of candy being curtailed, persons being placed on 
their honor to pui-chase it only for boys at the front ; also the removal 
frwn the market of foods needed by soldiers. 

Ten dollars was contributed this year to the Sanatorium for Consumptive 
Soldiers in France. Ten dollars was also given to the British Red Cross. 

In compUance with a request from The National Council, a special prayer- 
meeting was held in St. Andi-ew's Church for intercession on behalf of our 
soldiers and country during the desperate and colossal drive of the enemy. 

I should like to refer to the honor reflected on our Society, tha-ough one of 
oiu- members, Mrs. Graham, being awarded the badge of "Lady of Grace 
of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem." 

We cannot close without expressing the deep loss wMch we have sustained 
in the death of Mrs. Thomas Bare, who was Convener of the Committee on 
Fine and AppUed .Ai-ts for Fort William. Not only was Mrs. Bare actively 
engaged in the work of the Council, but also in that of many other important 
societies in our city, and her untimely death is deeply regi-etted by the com- 
munity. 



WEST PICTOU, N.S. 
L. ^^ Arthur, Corresponding Secretary. 

In presenting the work of the Local Council for the past year, we are glad 
to say that it has gone steadily forward, and is ever obtaining a surer hold upon 
our community. The Council has been prominent in patriotic and rehef work, 
and at the same time maintained its interest in everj-thing that makes for the 
betterment of our town. 

During the year, four pubhc meetings, including the annual, twelve 
executives, and one sub-executive meeting, were held. 

Our committee for the most part were usually active. The Chanties 
Committee provided coal, clothing and groceries for needy ones, and also gave 
out the usual Christmas boxes to those on our list. 

At the time of the Hahfax disaster, the Council immediately contributed 
rehef. Cash donations were received from Red Cross and I.O.D.E., 
and nine boxes were sent, the purchasing and packing being done by 
Charities Committee. 



184 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The Relief Committee of the town asked our Commit top to do purchasing 
and packing for them, which we did. Thej- sent twenty-one boxes to Hahfax. 

The Food Conservation Committee are doing what they can to urge the 
saving of food required for overseas. The Food Production Committee are 
very active, having procured a vacant lot which the town has offered to plow 
and harrow. The Local Council provides the fertilizer. We are working in 
conjunction with the teachers of the graded schools. Those who have home 
gardens will cultivate them, and the others will get a lot in the ground secured 
by the committee. One of our young men, Mr. H. S. Hamilton, of the firm 
of 0. J. Hamilton & Sons, donated $10 toward the purchasing of seeds. An 
exhibition will be held in the autumn and prizes given to the children who 
produce the best quality of foods. We are limiting them to potatoes, carrots, 
beets, parsnips and tomatoes. 

We have ten affiliated societies, but owing to the amalgamation of two 
of our Presbj'terian Churches, we will count one less after June. 

The Red Cross and I.O.D.E. did a surprisingly large amount of work. 

The W.C.T.U. dm-ing the Prohibition and Women Franchise Campaign, 
procured all available names to petitions, and forwarded them to the Govern- 
ment. They also organized a silver thimble and trinket campaign. They 
held a parlor meeting, using the programme prepared by the Dominion 
W.C.T.U. It was a decided success. In all, we realized over $1G0 to assist 
the Y.M.C.A. in supplying hot drinks to our boys coming out of the trenches. 

The other societies in connection with the various churches also did 
excellent work. In addition to their regular work they gave large donations 
of finished articles to Red Cro.ss. 

Owing to the terrible world struggle now going on, we are not attempting 
to increase our funds very much, yet the Treasurer had a good showing at the 
end of the year. The chief aim is funds for Red Cro.ss and I.O.D.E. 

The Council succeeded in getting one of our uncared for young girls sent 
to the Maritime Home for Girls. 



WINNIPEG, MAN. 
Jean Robson, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Winnipeg Local Council of Women closed its twenty-second year of 
activity on Friday, April 2(3th 1918. At the Annual Meeting held on this 
date, (U societies out of 74 affiliations reported, placing on record the wonderful 
service rendered by this large body of Winnipeg women in patriotic, religious, 
philanthro|)ic and educational work. Lady Aikins, the Honorary Vice- 
President for Manitoba, was present, and a me.ssage of greeting was sent by 
the Provincial \ice-President. Mrs. W. H. Dayton of Virden. 

The majority of la.st year's officers were re-elected, with the addition of 
Mrs. A. B. Hudson as Treasurer, and Mrs. Isaac Pitblado as fourth Vice- 
President. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 185 

The Recipe Committee, which was appointed some time ago to collect 
and try out war recipes for the use of the Local Food Board, reported the 
preparation of four separate bulletins. 

A most interesting interim report was presented by Miss E. L. Jones 
for the Committee on Amendment of Conduct of cases of Criminal Assault. 
An open meeting is being called on May 20th, to discuss this report. 

On the afternoon of Good Friday, a service of intercession was arranged by 
the Local Council at which upwards of 1,500 women were present. 



YARMOUTH, N.S. 
M. G. LoviTT, Corresponding Secretary. 

The Local Council of Women during this year has taken an active part 
in all local charitable work, and has assisted in war work. Public quarterly 
and monthly Executive meetings have been held and much interest shown. 
Three most important committees have been formed, — Patriotic, Town 
Improvement and Associated Charities. 

The Patriotic Committee has sent to headquarters in Halifax each month, 
boxes containing 1,858 pyjama suits, 2,286 pairs socks, 318 hospital shirts, 
towels, bandages, sheets, pillow-cases, scarfs, helmets, and other useful 
articles. Bales of clothing, and household supphes were sent in response to 
an appeal from Halifax at the time of the explosion. In December, $325 
was forwarded to London to supply boxes and comforts for Christmas cheer 
for our soldiers overseas, and over fifty Christmas stockings were filled and 
sent direct to the Canadian Hospital in England for wounded soldiers ; $400 
has been contributed to the British Red Cross Fund, and $120 to the Fund 
for Relief of Canadian Prisoners of War in Germany. Classes have been 
formed in the County Academy, and in Red Cross rooms for instruction in 
knitting and preparing Soldiers' Comfort bags. A branch of the Chartered 
Red Cross Society has been started and materials for its work donated by the 
Council. 

The Association Charities Committee has estabhshed a Free Kinder- 
garten for neglected children and an increasing attendance is indication of 
appreciation on the part of the public. Mothers' meetings have been held 
weekly, except during August, instruction being given in sewing, niakmg of 
garments, quilts, and mats. Informal talks over a cup of tea have brought 
Hygiene, Child Welfare, and Domestic Economy to mind, and have helped 
to a better understanding of Food Conservation and Thrift Campaign. Many 
homes have been visited, food and clothing distributed, and needy cases 
relieved. 

The Town Improvement Committee distributed seeds and roots amongst 
the children in the spring. At an exhibition heUl in the autumn the display 
of flowers and vegetables proved that the interest had been well sustained 
and the plots most carefully cultivated. This year greater interest will be 



186 THE NATIONAX, COUNCIL OF 

taken as the school authorities are directing the children's efforts in this work. 
Care of public park and streets is matter of interest, and the attention of 
officials is directed to needed observances of town laws. 

The affihated societies, which number twelve, have all had satisfactory 
results of the year's work in their several lines. 

The Treasurer's report for the year was one of encouragement showing 
an increasing interest on the part of all members. The sum of $6,442.17 
was raised by entertainments, recitals and donations. 



i 



i 



WOMEN OF CANADA 187 



NATIONALLY AND PROVINCL\LLY ORGAN- 
IZED SOCIETIES IN FEDERATION 

THE CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF NURSING EDUCATION. 
Elizabeth G. Flaw, Secretary. 

The annual meeting of the Canadian Society of Superintendents of 
Training Schools for Niu'ses was held in Montreal, June 12th and 13th, 1917, 
at which there was a good attendance and great enthusiasm shown. 

The Committee on revision of the Constitution brought in a report which 
was adopted. One important change was in the name, which was changed 
to "The Canadian Association of Nm-sing Education" as it was felt by this 
means we could greatly enlarge our membership and consequently our useful- 
ness. The new Constitution also arranged for the formation of Local 
Branches as Chapters of the Canadian Association of Nm-sing Education in 
different sections of the country, to con.sider the nm'sing problems to be faced, 
as it was felt that the time between the annual meeting was too long an interval . 

The first chapter was formed in Toronto to be called the Toronto Chapter 
of the Canadian Association of Nursing Education, and we feel sure this is 
going to fill a long-felt want. 

Two important committees were appointed at the annual meeting, one 
on " How to provide nursing care for tuberculosis patients, " and the other on 
"Standard curriculum for training schools." Both these committees are 
making a great effort to grapple with the work given them, and we expect 
valuable reports to be presented at the annual meeting, which will be held in 
Toronto. 

Our ranks have been depleted enormously by the call for nurses to go 
overseas. We rejoice that they have responded so readih' and that they have 
proved a credit to their country. But with the large exodus of nurses, the 
nursing problems at home increase. There are still constant and insistent 
demands for efficient nurses in institutions, both as executives and teachers, 
for school nurses, and nurses are also needed to do their part in the special 
effort being put forth for the prevention of infant mortaUty, tuberculosis 
and social diseases, and a great number are requued to staff the military 
hospitals in this country. 

The question of placing our profession in such a light as to attract the 
best possible material to our schools is one of the vital matters to be dealt 
with. 

The President of our Association, Miss Randal, was a delegate at the 
Annual Meeting of The National Council of Women of Canada, held in 
Winnipeg. 



188 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

CANADIAN GlUl. CSUIDES, THE DOMINION COUNCIL OF. 
Edith M. Mairs, Secretary. 

The record of the past year is very encouraging, not only because of 
the increased membership, and there has been steady growth in all of the 
Provinces, but because of the many indications that the main purposes for 
which the organization exists arc being fulfilled. 

The aim of the Movement is character formation, to make girls efficient 
women, good homckeepers and good mothers. The method is to accon)i)lish 
this by providing a good environment, and by training the girl through activi- 
ties which appeal to her and which lead her to educate herseU. 

The course includes training in: (a) Character and intelligence; (h) Skill 
and technical knowledge; (c) Physical health antl development; (d) Service 
for others. 

Dm-ing the year the following Companies have been registered at Head- 
quarters, Toronto: Ontario, 33; Quebec, 2; Nova Scotia, 5; New Brunswick, 1. 
In all 52 Companies with a membership of about 1,600, Officers and Guides. 

The following badges have been issued from Headquarters during the 
year : l,Sti.') Tenderfoot and over 2,360 Proficiency Badges in Cooking, 
Laundry ^^'ork, Needlework, Millinery, Gardening, Housekeeping, Care of j 
Children, Dairywork, Physical Culture, Swimming, etc. have been awarded] 
to Girl Guides in Ottawa, Toronto, St. Catharines, Grimsby, Hamilton,] 
Thamesville, Picton, New Liskeard, CoUingwood, Kingsville, Windsor, Til- 
bury, in Ontario ; Sherbrooke, P.Q. ; New Glasgow, Hopewell, Edmun- 
ston, N.S.; ^^■innipeg and Brandon, Man.; Saskatoon and Battleford, Sask.; 
Calgary, .-Mta.; ^'ancouver, Victoria, Smithers, Vernon, Duncan, B.C.; and 
Dawson in V'.T. and manj' other districts. 

Twenty-nine First All Round Cards (for seven Proficiency badges) 
four Second -All Round Cards (for fourteen Proficiency badges) and Six Third 
All Round Cards (for twenty-one Proficiency badges) have been awarded, 
the last named to Guides in Toronto and Ottawa, Ont., and New Glasgow, 
N.S. 

In order to secure real efficiency, these badges are not issued unless certi- 
ficates signed by instnictors and examiners approved by the Local Committee 
are sent in with the application. It is encom'aging to note in reports received 
this year an increasing activity on the part of Local Committees in seeming 
as.sistanee for the Captains in carrying on the badge work and a consequent 
improvement in the standards reached. 

Three "Silver Fish," the highest award obtainable for efficiency tests, 
have been awarded, 2 to members of the 3rd Company, Toronto, Misses M. 
DoughLs and N. Dyce, and one to Miss Agnes Oswald, a Windsor, Ont., Guide. 
The retiuirements for this are: 11 selected tests, including First Aid, 
Home Nursing, Laundry \\ork. Gymnast, Housekeeper, Clerk, and any six 
which may be chosen by Guide herself. She must also have done particularly 



WOMEN OF CANADA 1°^ 

valuable service for the Guide Movement or for others, or at least one act of 

gallantry. ' • , u 

The recommendations sent in from Local Committees m each case show- 
that the work done has been highly creditable and that the award was thor- 
oughly deserved. 

The organization now has three branches with a different course of train- 
ing for each adapted to the age of the girl: Bro'A'nies for girls under 11; Girl 
Guides 11 to 16; and Senior Guides over 16. 

While the work appeals more generaUy to gii'ls between 12 and 15, it 
is encouraging to find that older girls are joining in increasmg numbers and 
in nearly everv district there are one or two patrols of Semor Gmdes. The 
majority have taken the course in First Aid, Home Nursing, and a great 
many are doing V.A.D. work in Soldiers' Convalescent Hospitals m this 
countrv, while several are giving this service overseas. 

In Toronto, Ottawa, Chatham, Thamesville, Windsor, Vancouver 
Victoria, and other districts, where the Movement has been well established 
for several years, Senior Guides who have themselves had the benefit of the 
traming, are taking charge of Companies and now that we are able to obtain 
officers from our own ranks we are looking forward to accomplishmg much 
better results in the futm-e. 

Last summer camping was very general, but nearly all captains report 
that these were not pm-ely recreational, and a part of the day at least was 
given to war work of some kmd. It is almost an mvariable rule that financial 
aid for Guide Camps is not accepted, the Companies earnmg in some way 
or other the necessary fimds. ^ •, • i ■ 

A gi-eat many Guides, especially in Ontario and B.C. went fruit pickmg 
last summer and farmers have stated that had it not beeii for their efficient 
• help, large crops of fruit would have been wasted. M many ms ances 
couW be quoted of the good work done by Guides along this line, the following 
report from the 2oth Company, Toronto, is especially worthy of ^ote . The 
camp was situated near Oakville and was in operation for seven weeks. Dur- 
ing this time 36 gnds took part in farm work. Besides hoemg -d .eedmg 
IMTO baskets of strawberries, raspberries and cherries were P'-^l^^d;^ J''^ 
th ee officers supermtended the camp and the girls did their o.-n cooking and 
housekeeping etc. There was no outside assistance. All expenses of camp 
were paiToia of their earmngs and they had $50.00 over which they invested 
in a war bond for Company funds. Pnntrol- 

In view of the results achieved last year, Mr. Thomson, ^he Food Control 
ler, sent out a special appeal to all our local ^--^ ^o consider what t^^ey 
as an organized body could do this year to augment Canada s food ^ppl.^ 
In response to this letter we have had (to date [^^'^^-'^ 'j^^^ ."^"J^^^^^ 
and in every one of these. Companies are undertaking vacant lot gardening 
while most individual members have gardens of their own^ 

Twenty-five districts report that Guides are workmg on farms or giving 
assistance n farm kitchens, and three report chicken raising undertaken. 



1^0 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Several Toronto Companies are planning to go out into Nortliorn Ontario to 
pick wild raspberries and blueberries (which are usually allowed to go to 
waste), and arranging to forward fruit to the nearest canning factory. A 
full report will be presented in the autumn. 

The .\nnual Reports lately received at Headquarters show that there 
has been no cessation in war work and that all Companies as well as indivi- 
dual members are giving material assistance to the following: The Red Cross 
Belgian Relief, Secours National, Soldiers' Comforts, Prisoners of War' 
Convalescent Hospitals, etc., as well as sending parcels of food and clothing 
to soldiers from their o«ii districts overseas. The following are a few exam- 
pies : Chatham reports having sent 6,755 articles to Canadian Red Cross 
and to have inatle and spent S2S0.18 in war work. Grimsbv forwarded 
S43,.S6 to the Xavy League Relief Fund ; King City, a small village with 
about forty members, made .S463.72 for patriotic work; Saskatoon sent .S145 
to various funds, and 6 large bales of clothing to Secours National ; Victoria, 
B.C., lo2 pairs of socks, pyjamas, shirts, etc., and S25 to Belgian Relief 
tund, .S15 for Halifax Relief Fund. 

Ever since the beginning of the war a sjiecial efTort has been made at 
Christmas time to collect funds, clothing, etc., for destitute children in Belgium 
and France, and last year in addition to .S306.4(5 in cash, which was forwarded 
through Headquarters office, many bales of clothing were sent Several 
companies m Toronto, Sa.skatoon, Hopewell, and North Glasgow, \.S have 
undertaken the maintenance of orphans for a year. The money given in 
every case ha.s been earned by means of entertainments, teas, sales of work etc 
Special mention should be made of the splendid assistance given by the 
Guides of New Glasgow, N.S., to sufferers thi-ough the Halifax disaster 
rhe Captain reports as follows : As soon as it was decided to tmn the High 
School building into an Emcrgencj- Hospital the Guides reported to their ' 
Officer and were sent to scrub floors, clean, make beds, cook, carry trays 
etc. They continued on duty for the whole month the hospital was open' 
reporting at 6..30 a.m. and many of them staying till after the suppers were 
earned up at 5 p.m. 

In the Children's Ward they were invalual.le for thev amused and com- 
forted the many poor little tots who were left alone in the" world, and in their 
sympathy and helpfulness, showed the true Guide spirit. 

As an encouragement to Guides to save their pennies, a Thrift badge is 
a«-ardcd by the Dominion Council. To obtain this, girls under 14 must have 
*4 m the bank, between 14 and 16 must have S8.60, and those over 16 must 
have a\\ ar .Savings Certificate or the equivalent, i.e., $21.50. The principle 
IS that the money should be genuinely saved by the Guides out of their earnings 
or pocket money. Hun<ireds of these badges have been awanied in the past 
year. ' 

splendid, while as Companies assistance was given in the distribution of 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



191 



literatm-e, in preparing floats, and taking part in parades, individual Guides 
everj^here invested their savings. One Company, (Chatham, Ont.) . 
reports a total of S4,300 invested, another (Gananoque) 84,850, and another 
(Toronto) $2,000. 

Dm-ing the year four Life Saving awards have been granted to Canadian 
Guides by the Headquarters' Executive in London, England, as follows: 
A Silver Cross to Dorothy Hoggan, of Dawson, Y.T., for heroism and 
presence of mind in rescuing her mother and baby sister from her home which 
took fire from the explosion of a coal oil lamp. The mother's clothes caught 
fii-e and Dorothy had to pick her up and roll her in the snow outside which 
quickly choked the flames. She was badly bm-ned but Dorothy had learned 
First Aid with the Guides and knew and applied the proper treatment. She 
then rolled the baby in a blanket and put her in a place of safety while she 
and her mother put" out the fire. Then thi-ough the bUncUng snow she walked 
across the river to the city and succeeded in getting a doctor who came out 
to the patients and took them to the hospital. 

A Silver Cross to Dorothy Alger of Sterhng, Ontario, who at great per- 
sonal risk rescued from di-owning a lady who was bathing in a river in the 
vicinity of her home. 

A Silver Cross each to Nora, and Eileen Dw>-er, of Cowichan, B.C., 
(ages 14 and 13), who displayed great heroism in the attempted rescue of 
a companion who, while swimming across the Cowichan River, took a cramp 
and sank to the bottom. Bronze Life Saving Medals have also been awarded 
to these three Guides by the Royal Canadian Humane Society. 

Empire Dav was celebrated again this year and in all districts where 
Companies are organized, members of Local Committees, Officers, Guides 
and their friends attended divine service on May 26th. Special prayers 
were offered on behalf of the .\llies and collection taken for charitable or 
war rehef funds. 

The service for Toronto Guides was held in St. James' Cathedral, and the 
coUection taken, amounting to 844.19, was given to the Society for the 
Welfare of the Blind. 

The most interesting event of the vear was the.\nnual Rally held through 
the kindness of Ladv Pellatt, the Chief Commissioner, Toronto, at Casa 
Loma, on June 22nd." There was an attendance of over 2,000 of Gmdes and 
their friends, not only from Toronto but from many outside places mcludmg 
Windsor, Thamesville. Bm-ford, Niagara Falls, Ottawa, Oak-viUe, King, 
Chatham, Cobourg, Beeton, and others. A splendid programme was given 
by Toronto Guides and the exhibition of work for which badges are awarded, 
inclucHng art, needlework, miUinery, cooking, carpentry, butter, cheese, etc., 
was highly praised by the judges all of whom were experts in then- departments. 
The success attained by the organization is mainly due to the unselfish 
devotion and hard work of the Captains who are thus rendering patriotic 
service of inestimable value. 



'^2 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

A Royal Chart or of inrorporation was granted to the Girl Guides' Associa- 
tion by His Majesty King George the Fifth in 1915, and incon^ration wa« 
granted the Dominion Council by Act of Dominion Parliament in .Tune 
1917. This recognition by the Government places the Movement in a well 
established position in the Dominion. 

The Girl Guides of Canada are very grateful to La.lv P.llatt the Chief 
C<.mmi.s.sioner. not only for the i)ei-sonal interest taken in all their activities 
Office ^"^ '"''" '■''"*''""''* financial aid in the maintenance of the Headquarters 

WH.\T C.\N.U)IAN GIRL GDIDES ARE DOING IN THE WAR. 

'Ihe reports received this year show that Canadian Girl Guides are 
giving national ser^^ee in the following ways : 

1. Working in Munition factories. 

2. .-Vs typist and secretaries in Government offices. 
.3. Preparing Khaki cloth in the mills. 

4. Making shirts and other articles of soldiers' clothing in factories 

5. Gmng V.A.D. sendee in Soldiers Convalescent Hospitals at home 
and overseas. 

6. Collecting eggs for the Soldiers' Convalescent Hospitals at home 
and overseas. 

7. Making surgical dressings, bandages and other comforts. 
S. Knitting socks. 

9. Making \ews from Home Budgets. 

10. AssLsting in distribution of leaflets for War Relief Societies. 

11. Acting .as ushers at Entertainments. 

12. Acting as dishwashers and waitresses at Teas, etc., for other Societies. 

16. Delivery of parcels and general massenger serWce. 

^^^ 14. Caring for children of soldiers to allow mothers to attend meetings, 

15. Giving entertainments for wives and mothers of chil.iren of soldiers 
the ar ' ^""* """^ '^"'^^ assistance on farms, thus releasing men for 

17. Dairying and poultry raising, home gardening. 

18. Collecting waste paper for Red Cross funds. 

19. Investing money in Government ^\■ar Bonds. 



THE CANADIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF TRAINED NURSES. 
Ethel Johns, Reg. N., Secretary. 

in afS'rtion''°S ^"^^^.^^ drained Nurses numbers thirty-six societies 
m affihation. The membership of these h:,s naturaUy been greatly depleted 

««; Their jr; " T' '"^'^ 'ir'''""" ''^'"^ ='"->• - ^^'^- service'o: er- 
«Hnn Tl u r 'n«v'tably retarded the progress of nursing organi- 
sations at home but the Canadian National .Association has endeavored to 



WOMEN OF CANADA 193 

promote solidarity among its scattered membersliip, and to create a spirit 
of national unity and co-operation among Canadian nurses at large. 

At the last convention the association placed themselves on record as 
being willing to be conscripted for such service as the Government of Canada 
chose to assign them, and whether overseas or at home to stand ready at all 
times to answer the call to duty. 

Special emphasis has been laid during the past year upon PubUc Health 
and preventive work generally. The demand for the services of nurses in 
this direction has unfortunately gi-eatly exceeded the available supply, but 
in many provinces, and especially in the West, the provincial governments 
are inaugurating a pubUc nursing service directed specially towards bettering 
conditions in the rural districts. In Manitoba sixteen nurses are employed 
in outlying parts of the province where neither medical attendance nor nursing 
service have hitherto been available. 

The Hahfax disaster made great demands upon the nm-ses of the eastern 
and maritime provinces. Ontario was able to supply a well organized and 
equipped body of women to go to the assistance of the nurses of Hahfax in 
caring for the injured. 

In the hospitals and training schools conditions have been difficult owing 
to depleted staffs and the added burden of additional patients. An effort 
towards standardizing training schools continues and an earnest effort is 
being made to obtain assistance from universities and other educational 
bodies with a view to impro\'ing and extending the niu'ses' curriculum. 

The nurses of Canada realize that never lias their opportunity for public 
service been gi-eater than it is now, and they are endeavoring to the best of 
their ability to live up to that opportunity. 



CANADIAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION. 

Margaret Johnston, Recording Secretary. 

The many long years of steady educational spade work, together with 
deputations to Parliament and the bringing of world-famous speakers to 
Canada by this Association, was undoubtedly the means which resulted in 
such glorious victories for the cause of Suffrage, as Canada has had during 
the past two years. 

A movement gathers weight and rapidity, as it grows, and finally it is 
able to sweep aside obstacles which obstruct its progress, and to "carry on," 
by its own momentum. The women's suffrage movement has undoubtedly 
reached the crest of the wave sooner, because of the war, than it might other- 
wise have done, but had not the foundations been laid secure and sound on 
the rock bed of Justice, supported by an educated public opinion, no parlia- 
mentary action could have taken place. 

Naturally, since the war broke out, the energies of the Canadian Suffrage 
Association had to be diverted into many channels, for it w.as imperative to 
loyal citizens that they do patriotic work, both as an Association and as in- 



194 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

dividual members. No new Associations, therefore, liave been formed since 
Ontario went "Over the Top" for Suffrage, but we felt that the Rubicon had 
been crossed, which was soon shown by the Federal Amendment following 
so quickl}' in its wake. 

Xo longer, do we hear the old slogan of Anti-Suffragism, "A woman's 
place is in the home," for this teirible world war htis conclusively proven 
that "A woman's place is wherever she can be.-*t serve humanity." 

This .Association has contributed, through the personal work of its leaders, 
much that is basic in the making of Democratic opinion in Canada. AA'e 
are too close to the life-work of Dr. Emily Stowe, Dr. Stowe GuUen, Mrs. 
Flora MacD. Denison, Dr. James L. Hughes and Dr. Margaret Gordon, 
our five National presidents, to estimate the scope and true value of their 
work — history will tell the story — but The National Council of AVomen 
know the long hard struggle, the many years of intensive work which were 
neccssarj', before A\'oman's Suffrage became a plank in theu- platform. 

A man-made nation, emphasizing the combative attributes of the male 
se.\, and glorying in the ideal of power through might, has launched the human 
race into a bloody struggle that staggers the imagination, and dazes, almost 
to madness, the human mind. Nations are recognizing that the co-operation 
of women is necessary, and that the ideal, for which, to-day, the Allies are 
staking their all, is the same old ideal on which the Women's Suffrage Move- 
ment was founded. 

When the Union Government invited many of the representative women 
to present themselves at Ottawa, to discuss policies for the nation's welfare, 
our national president. Dr. Margaret Gordon, was asked to represent us. 
This notable gathering bore testimony to the truth of the vision of the earh 
pioneers, whose efforts laid the foundation on which hivs been reared that 
great modern structure which the President of the United States e)iitomizcd 
when he said, "We must make the world safe for Democracj." 

Though the Canadian Suffrage Association has been in the thick of 
the fight for over a third of a century, it is not going to rest because of vic- 
tories won. Our work will not be finished, until women and men, throughout 
Canada, shall meet on the democratic ground of political equality, for on 
that foundation, and that only, can a real Democracy be built. 



THE CANADIAN WOMEN'S PRESS CLUB. 
Florence N. Sherk, Historian. 

There are branch clubs of the C.W.P.C. at Vancouver, Edmonton, 
Calgary, Winnipeg, Fort William and Port Arthur, Toronto, Ottawa and 
Montreal. 

The membership list records names of newspaper women artists in black 
and white, and authors whose work reaches all lands to which the Canadian 
soldier hiut been called or to which Canada's war workers have been beckoned. 
The London society of women journalists, with which the C.W.P.C. is affili- 



WOMEN OF CANADA 195 

ated, claimed and obtained from the Imperial government the right of women 
of the press to follow, as war correspondents, the women war workers to their 
fields of active service at the front, to watch their interests and record their 
activities, and, as a result of this concession, the war-zone articles in the Cana- 
dian and British papers have taken on a new interest for Canadian women. 
The London Letter of Mary MacLeod Moore, in Toronto Saturday Night, 
is supplemented by her stories of the war, for she and Mrs. McPhedran, 
of the Toronto Star, Miss Beatrice Nasmyth of the Vancouver Province, and 
Miss Mentizambert of the Montreal Star and Montreal Gazette, were the 
first Canadian women to go to France as correspondents, and only the second 
lot since the war began. Miss Estelle Kerr has followed in theu- wake. The 
first party, also of four women, represented the English Dailies. The value 
of their work cannot be estimated, and the records of then- e.xperienees will 
enrich the pages of Canadian literatiu-e. 

The president of the Canadian women's press club has set the pace for 
members in showing the inappropriateness to our age of tranquil patience, 
one of the war lessons Canadian women are not slow to learn, and so Mrs. 
.\i-thiu' Murphy, Lady of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, is 
also Justice Murphy of the Edmonton Com-t, and with Mrs. McClung and 
Miss Cora Hind, two more worthy members of the club, "Janey Canuck" 
has been called to the war councils of the Dominion to do something more 
than to "exist beautifully." Her books are included in the lists of pubhshers 
whose names guarantee their publications. Other press club names on the 
roll of honor ai-e Xelhe McClung, Isabel Ecclestone-MacKay, Madge MacBeth, 
Mrs. Everard Cotes (Sarah Jeanette Duncan), Agnes Maule Machar, Katherine 
Hughes, Miss Marshall Saunders, Jean Blewett, Mrs. Francis Harrison, 
Mrs. Ewan MacDonald (L. M. Montgomery), Miss Nan Moulton who has 
reached the Atlantic Monthly standard. Airs. Elizabeth Parker, the Bookman 
of the Manitoba Free Press, Valance Patriarche, Mrs. F. J. Livesay, Miss 
Emily Weaver, Katherine Hale, Virna Sheard, and many others who have 
contributed prose and poetry to the war literature and to the story of Canada. 

The Vancouver branch has been active in war work and the members, 
few in number, have a long list of contributions to war funds to their credit, 
and are constantly engaged in practical work for the mihtary hospitals in their 
province, and for the returned soldier's club, as well as for Red Cross and 
Field Comforts work. 

The Edmonton branch has a home provided by the city, the members 
have engaged in Red Cross work, in honoring and entertaining the mothers 
of soldiers, and have given liberally, as individual members, to the various 
patriotic funds. In their club-room they have entertained many notable 
visitors, and there the club poet. Miss Jean Walker, gives readings from her 
compositions. An interesting feature of the Edmonton meetings is the vacat- 
ing of the chair by the elected president in favor of members of the club who 
preside in turn under her supervision — a method calculated to stimulate study 
of parliamentary usage. 



196 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Calg:u-j- club women publish a blue book and the illustrated pages tell 
of addresses before the press elub by Katherine Hughes, and the editors of 
the city newspapers. The members have delved into interests of literary, 
musicai, charitable, patriotic and social natures, have made a study of the 
works of modern composers and of those who are winning fame in the dramatic 
world. A Christmas tree for one hundred children of men at the front is an 
item the historian takes plcasui'e in recording. The president of this ambi- 
tious branch is Miss Daisy MacGregor. 

The wisdom of Winnipeg press club is characteristic of the capital of 
Manitoba, and is expressed in keeping the club as a social centre for needed 
recreation by the members. They, of course, are all actively engaged in 
war work conducted by other organizations, and the Winniijeg Jill keeiis an 
edge on her pen by the recreation at the club room in the Industrial Bureau, 
and also offers sanctuary to sisters of the pen who claim her hospitahty. The 
president, Mi.ss E. Cora Hind, was among the press women invited to the war 
conference. In literary work the members have been very successful, Mrs. 
F. J. Livesay, author of "Songs of Ukrainia"; Mrs A. Perry, president of the 
Women's Civic League, Miss Margaret Bemister, wTiter of Indian legends, 
Mrs. Patriarche, who has several books and a war play to her credit, and 
Mrs. C. P. Walker, who has recently contributed an election poem, "The 
Soldiers' Next of Kin," are among the members. 

Fort William and Port Arthur, and Kenora branch is housed in the Fort 
William City Hall, the members have entertained many notable men and 
women, including Mr. Martin Harvey, The National Council of Women, and 
Miss Marjorie MacMurchy. A cot in the Duchess of Connaught hospital 
at Cleveden, contributions to the Prisoners of War Fund, Red Cross and other 
war funds, and individual war work by the members, sum up the activities. 
Addresses on newspaper work have been given by F. E. Trautman and Dr. 
Smith as well as by editors of local papers. The president, Mrs. F. S. Knight, 
has written four patriotic plays which have been staged from Dawson City to 
Prince Edward Island, netting $11,500 for patriotic and church funds. Gay 
Page has managed to sandwich in two war poems and two prose sketches 
between newspaper work this year. Miss Belle Dobie and Mrs. Douglas, 
nee Smith, have written stories. 

Ottawa branch of the Women's Press Club has proposed that the C;. W.P.C. 
approach the government urging complete organization throughout Canada 
of the woman power for national defence, as has been carried out so effec- 
tively in Great Britain and the United States. Mrs. E. C. Connell is president 
of the Ottawa branch. Time value is considered an important item in the 
conservation scheme and, as every member of the club is a busy woman, 
the monthly meetings take the form of luncheons, when the topics of the day 
come under discussion, or .some prominent woman writer gives an address. 
With the closest kin on the battle line and the King's direct representative 
and the federal government at hand, the significance of the war in all its jihases 
and consequent service and sacrifice held always before them, the members 



I 



WOMEN OF CANADA 197 

of the Ottawa branch fully appreciate the responsibility of individual 
members in the determination to "Carry On." 

Montreal press club members helped the Unionist side in the Federal 
election, and, as all the members are busy with active newspaper work, they 
find it difficult to accomplish more than an occasional social gathering as 
fraternity business. Press club members in newspaper work are so busy 
recording the activities of other women that no time is left for work of a less 
ephemeral nature, but they find their national and imperial work in recording 
the splendid deeds of Canadian women at home and abroad. 



THE GIRLS' FRIENDLY SOCIETY IN CANADA. 

Ethel Campbell, Central Secretary. 

It is with deep sorrow that we record the loss of our dearly-loved Central 
President, Mrs. Kirwan Martin, in November last. Her sweet and charming 
personality endeared her to all who knew her, and her death is an unspeakable 
loss to the society. 

The past year has been one of constant endeavor to meet the needs of 
the hour-, and a fair measure of success has crowned our efforts. All branches, 
without exception, have been devoting the greater part of their time to war 
work, and many thousands of articles have been made for our soldiers and 
sailors and much money contributed to patriotic and relief funds. The canteen 
for girl munition workers in Toronto proved a great success, but had to be 
closed as the building was required for other purposes by the owners, who 
had so kindly lent it. 

Three Holiday Houses, at Hamilton Beach, Windsor, and Oakville, were 
filled to overflowing during the summer months and proved a blessmg to 
many tired city girls. In order to assist in greater food production, community 
gardens were worked in several parts of the country, with varying success. 
Many members and associates also helped in fruit-picking and light farm work. 

A Community House was opened this winter at 52 St. Alban's Street, 
Toronto (formerly the Women's Welcome Hostel), and has proved a great 
success. There are about eighteen gu-ls in residence and any gu-1 is welcome 
to make use of the house. Weekly dances are held, to which lonely soldiers 
are invited and made to feel welcome by the President of the Diocese and 
the G.F.S. head for Social Service, who have been in residence there. 

At the Triennial Meeting in October, a resolution was passed asking 
The National Council of Women to take up the matter of Women Street 
Patrols. In view of this, it is gratifying to know that a G.F.S. Associate has 
been appointed to organize the work of the Girls' Protective Officers in Toron- 
to, and it is hoped that many other Associates will take an active part, in this 
most important work. 



198 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

The G.F.S. is essential!}- a religious organization, whose avowed objects 
are to encourage purity of life, dutifulness to parents, faithfulness to employers, 
and thrift. Girls of all classes, without distinction of creed, are admitted 
as members, the sole quahfioation being a virtuous character. As the whole 
spirit of the work is preventive and protective, it should commend itself forcibly 
to all who are striving to overcome the forces of evil which threaten, in these 
days, to undermine our national life. 



HOME ECONOMICS SOCIETIES OF .M-\XITOBA. 
Rebecca Dayton, Provincial President. 

As this is the initial report of the Home Economics Societies of Manitoba, 
having only affiliated with The National Council this year, it may be of interest 
to give you some idea of the work accorajilished. 

\^■e in the West owe much to our splendid Eastern sisters, and to numbers 
of our English women many of whom have a real passion for service. These 
led the way, and this province will always be indebted to Mrs. Graham 
of Brampton, Ontario, and Mrs. Findley McKenzie, of Morris, Manitoba, 
who builded better than they knew when in 1910 they organized the first 
society of the kind at Morris. From that small beginning of about a dozen 
women this movement, with the generous assistance of our Government, has 
spread to all parts of the province and has now easily a membership of 6,000 
though a much larger number is reached. Previous to this the Ladies' Aids 
of the different chm-ches, which often helped to separate the people instead 
of unite them, were practically- the only women's organizations. 

To those who have been interested in women's work a great change is 
noticeable in the outlook of our women, particularly the rural women; home and 
community conditions have greatly improved, a better social life and a better 
understanding between the women of cities, towns and county is in evidence 
everywhere. The woman of forty or fifty has found an outlet for the exper- 
ience gathered from meeting life's problems, and instead of being "on the 
shelf," she finds her-self doing her bit, a bit that no one else can do, and that 
is absolutely indispensable at present. 

Previous to the war our many activities included the more intelligent 
study of food and food values and the introduction of labor-saving devices 
m the homes. Many women taking advantage of these have in consequence 
had more leisure for developement of a fuller life. 

In many towns rest and readmg rooms have been establLshed. These 
are proving of untold comfort to the rural women. The first room of the 
kintl in the West was opened in Virden six years ago and is now the community 
centre for the whole district. Organized and .supported through the H.E.S. 
of that town it now receives municipal grants and contributions from other 
public bodies. The men of Portage la Prairie finance out of the taxes a beauti- 



WOMEN OF CANADA 199 

ful rest room and have handed it over to a committee of H.E.S. to manage. 
Demonstration work among foreign women is having good results. Girls 
who have made the fatal mistake are often, through our efforts, given a second 
chance. 

Libraries in embryo are being started and this movement is yearly ex- 
tending. Recreation rooms for boys under supervision are taking the place 
of the old time pool rooms. Manual training and domestic science is being 
introduced in many schools, also hot lunches for children driving in in whiter. 
The fu-st woman school trustee in the West was a H.E.S. Director, Mrs. Gee, 
of Virden District. 

Medical inspection of our schools is becoming an actual fact. Through 
our solicitation district nurses and cottage hospitals are spreading over the 
Province. Mrs. Beattie, a H.E.S. Director who was drowned on the Lusitania, 
brought in the fu-st resolution urging nurses for the West. The gi-eat majority 
for women suffrage in this Province was possible largelv through the efforts 
of the H.E.S. 

Our cemeteries which have been such a nightmare are fast becoming 
beauty spots. 

This organization started the first Boys' and Girls' Club, with a member- 
ship of 15, about five years ago. This year its membership is 20,000, a veritable 
army of boys and girls assisting production. This is having a greater influence 
on agricultm-e than any movement of recent years. The work is now assisted 
by our Government and the Bank of Commerce thinks so well of it that it 
is lending money to juniors (boys and girls) to buy stock, on their own notes. 
Needless to say, this will prove good business for this bank, bye and bye. 
Busmess-like methods, composition and expression are taught, as part of 
this work is to describe the activities. Many of the first prizes in stock go to 
girls. An outcome of this work is a community evening at which the prizes 
are distributed. The whole programme mcluduig a spelling match is put on 
by the children. There is always a full house. Proceeds before the war 
went to a library fund, now they are given to patriotic work. 

This organization is open to women of every class, race and creed — a 
true democracy. At the very outset of the war the women of the province 
already organized immediately turned their attention to war work. Selkirk 
with a membership of .50 raised last year $4,500 for patriotic purposes. This 
town has 400 boys at the front all of whom are remembered at Christmas. 
They have sent during the year 2,000 garments to Europe. Numbers of 
other societies are doing equally well. .'S35,000 in cash was raised by the H.E.S. 
last year in addition to thousands of garments. Ever3Tvhere now they are 
working in the interests of food conservation. They have also offered to the 
Registrar their voluntary service on the work of registration. 

These organizations under different names exist in every province. An 
effort is now being made to federate under one name. A tremendously strong 
national body it would be. At the last meeting of The National Council 
of Women of Canada they were admitted as provincial organizations as a 



200 THE NATIONAL COrXCIL OF 

result Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba have affiliated; British Columbia 
undoubtedly will follow. This will tend to the widening of their own horizon 
and will also make The National Council more truly national. 



INDEPENDENT ORDER OF FORESTERS— COMPANION COURTS. 
Eleanor Gurnett, Representative. 

Soldiers have learned what the true fraternal spirit is, and we women 
at home are slowly learning what it means as we knit socks, sew for the Red 
Cross, or visit the sick and wounded, yet we have not grasped the great 
possibilities of fraternal work as incorporated in such a magnificent body 
as the Independent Order of Foresters. 

In ever increasing numbers women are taking places in the commercial 
and industrial world. Realizing what a power they are and how essential 
their work is to the community, as well as in the home, women as a class are 
slowly awakening to the fact that such a provision is necessary for 
those dependent on them. Men looking to the future, provide for their 
families by Life Insurance, and largely use Fraternal ,Societies for such a pur- 
pose. War has depleted so many homes, necessitating women taking up the 
burdens of providing for the family, that now as never before such an organi- 
zation as the I.O.F. should make its appeal to those looking for just the helji 
that it can offer. There are at present in the neighborhood of 37,000 women 
Foresters. These companions carry from .$2.50 to So.OOO policies. In add- 
ition to the Mortuary Benefit, they carry Sick Benefits which give them from 
S3. 00 to SG.OO a week when they are sick. During the past year, four hun- 
dred companions have drawn on these benefits. 

In the Free Sanatorium fifteen companions have been treated in the 
past year for tuberculosis. This Sanatorium is not a charitable institution, 
but one that is kejit up by the members for the treatment of members. 

Much good w'ork has been done by the companions in looking after the 
welfare of the soldiers at the front, there being some 5,000 members of the 
Order doing their bit in Flanders, France or Egypt. Auxiliaries have been 
formed and socks by the thousand have been knitted, as well as a goodly supply 
of comforts for the boys. A special committee in many of these auxiliaries 
arrange to send boxes of foofl and delicacies twice a month. There is hardly 
a member of our Order at the front to-day who is not receiving comfort from 
the good work that is being carried on by the Companions. Great interest 
is always taken by the Companions in the welfare of our orphans, there now 
being 900 orphans under our care. One of our members in the State of Indiana 
took his wife and three children for a motor ride, leaving tw-o children at home. 
Through some unforeseen cause he collided with a locomotive, the car was 
demolished and the occupants instantly killed. The father happened to be 
a Forcst<.T, but unfortunately only carried a small policy of SoOO, which amount 



WOMEN OF CANADA 201 

hardly covered the funeral expenses, the two children being left without 
a home and bereft of parents. They were immediately brought to the Oak- 
ville Home and there they will remain until they are sixteen years of age 
as the children of the Foresters. They will be carefully looked after, given 
an education that will fit them to face the world, and even after leaving the 
Home, will be assisted by the Order in getting work. This care was secured 
for these orphans by the fact that their father was a member of a Fraternal 
Society. Had the accident happened to a widowed mother who was a Compan- 
ion, the same loving care would be given to the orphaned children. 

In Chicago, we have an Order of Purple Nurses, composed of our Com- 
panions, who supply professional nurses for the care and comfort of the mem- 
bers who are needing special attention and have not the necessary means 
to supply the same. 

Showing the many phases of our work, the following record for 1917 
should prove interesting : 

Paid to Beneficiaries $ 2,54.3,796 97 

Paid in Disability Benefits 148,291 17 

Paid in Old Age Benefits 1,108,550 23 

Paid in Expectation of Life 15,929 85 

Paid in S. & F. Benefits 252,090 67 

Paid m Fraternal Grants 175,806 57 

Paid since Inception 57,.534,171 62 

Accumulated Funds, Dec. 31st, 1917 50,002,787 19 

Increase during Year 5,918,535 21 

Net Assets, Life Insurance Dept., per $1,000 265 00 

Reserves, Life Insurance Dept., per $1,000 259 00 

Any member of The National Council of Women desiring fuller partic- 
ulars of the benefits derived from membership in our Order, can get the same 
by applying to the Head Office, Temple Building, Toronto. Truly do the 
members live up to theu- noble motto — Libertas, Benevolentia et Concordia. 



THE KING'S DAUGHTERS (CANADIAN BRANCH). 
Annie M. Brown, President. 

Upon reviewing their work. The King's Daughters feel gratified that the 
Order is able to report an active and successful year. 

While the Circles everywhere are bending their energies towards Red 
Cross and Patriotic work, yet the regular work has continued, and, m some 
instances been extended. 

Almost all the provinces give interesting and encouraging accounts of 
work accompUshed, and look forward with hope and courage to the future. 



202 THK NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

In Brituh Columbia, in the town of Duncan, there is a hospital, built 
and maintained by The King's Daughters of the province. This has boon 
most sviccossful, and has been added to several times. In March, 1917, the 
new maternity wing was destroyed by fire, but was rebuilt on a larger scale, 
the new wing being opened in the fall. 

The Circles of Victoria carry on a Rest and Lvinch Room for business 
girls, which has a good attendance each day. 

In Saskatchewan the Circles in Battleford and Saskatoon aid the jjoor 
of the towiis, hel]> with the hospitals, distribute Testaments and Comforts 
to the soldiers going overseivs, and look after the wives and children. 

The Order is small in Maniloha, and the Cu'cles are in scattered districts. 
They visit the sick, help in the church work, and send parcels to poor families 
in ^\'innipeg. 

Ontario shows a good record in work with j'oung women, in missions, 
churches, hospitals, etc. 

In Toronto, the Rest and Lunch Rooms for business girls is the work of 
the Cit}' Mission, and has been successfully carried on for over ten years. 
During the year, over 11.5,000 girls have lunched there, and taken advantage 
of the Rest Room which, with its lounges, easy chairs, writing table, piano, 
books and magazines, makes an ideal place where tired girls may become 
refreshed in body and mind. In the summer the garden, with lawn, flower 
beds, and garden chairs is a great attraction. Volunteers from the Circles 
serve the girls at lunch and give cheerful, faithful service week after week 
during the year. 

The Circles in Kingston have done much for Hospitals and Convalescent 
Homes. The Food and Fuel Club aids many families to save during the 
summer against winter's needs. 

The (iuild, Ottawa, is a centre of ceaseless activity. Many meetings are 
held there, and much accomplished in helping poor mothers and children. A 
pleasant home is provided for the girls, who board there, and many transients 
are accommodated. The Noon Rest and large modern Cafeteria fill a long 
felt need. Social Service work is also carried on, and there is a Food and Fuel 
Club. Chilch-en are given lessons in sewing and cooking. Mothers' Day is 
observed by all the Circles. A Woman's Exchange has been opened, the object 
being to help self-respecting women to help themselves. .\ Rest Cottage is 
open during the summer months for mothers and children, and gives rest 
and pleasure to many who would otherwise have no summer outing. 

The work of the London Circles is among the poor and the sick. They 
give aid to missions, and help at the Aged People's Home. Hospitals are 
visited, and "Shut-Ins" are catcd for. 

The IrigersoU Circles have three invalid chairs, which are loaned to the 
sick poor. They also co-operate in many local activities. 

The work of the Order in Quebec has been faithfully continued. In 
the summer the Creche on the Mountain is kept open for the use of tired 
mothers and children, and the members give willingly of their time and money 
in carrying on the work. Some of the Circles work in the hospitals. Rent 



■Women of caxada 203 

and necessaries are provided where needed ; the poor are helped to support 
themselves ; city missions are supported, and many homes visited, and aided ; 
magazines and letters are sent to isolated families in the Northwest; foreign 
missions are helped, and some Bible-women supported. 

The lines of work carried on by the Circles in Xew Brunswick are many. 
The special work of St. John is the Guild, from which all united work 
emanates. The aim is to make it a safeguarded home for girls earning small 
wages. Educational classes are held, and a competent teacher provided ; 
a small fee is charged. :Mothers' meetings are carried on weekly, where 
material is provided at wholesale prices, and made up by the women. Helpful 
talks, music and refreshments add a social element. The Cu-cles are responsible 
for visiting the hospitals. Fresh air work is midertaken and many women 
and children have been sent to the coimtrj'. Travellers' Air Work is done, 
also much Rehef Work. Literature is sent to hospitals and camps ; the 
Seaman's Mission is helped, and also Missions in Labrador, in India, China 
and Korea. 

In Fredericton, the Circles are actively engaged in charitable, hospital 
and other lines of work. 

Prince Edward Island branch reports good meetings and much work 
accomplished. The Cii'cles are all in Charlottetown. One maintains a room 
in the hospital, aids a mission in India, and assists in charitable work. Another 
makes the chm-ch its special charge, assumes care of the altar, the hnen, and 
the floral decorations, also supports a room in the hospital, and aids in missions 
in India. .Another \dsits the hospital and "Shut-Ins," sends flowers and 
assists generally in all departments of church work. 

Noia Scolia has a most energetic and thriving Circle in Dartmouth. It 
is the charitable society of the town, and receives a grant for its work. The 
County Poor Farm is aided with clothing, etc. The sick poor are supphed 
with such articles of clothing and food as they require. The work adapts itself 
to the needs of the town. 

It is impossible in a limited report to do more than touch upon the work 
in other than the larger centres, yet the individual Circles are meeting the 
need in their own localities. 

The development of the spu-itual life forms a most important part of the 
work of our Order, and most of the Cu-cles have long recognized it as such. 
They have Bible study at their meetings, and confer together as to how they 
may best advance the Kingdom of our Lord and :Master. Our watchword is 
"In His Name," and in the name of our King, we strive to live, and to render 
service to Him. 



204 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

MANITOBA GRAIN' GROWERS' ASSOCIATION, WOMEN'S SECTION. 
Janet Wood, President. 

The Women's Section of the Manitoba Grain Growers' Association was 
established in the Province on the 11th of January, 1918. 

Pre\'ious to that date we had all been recognized as one section, known 
as the Grain Growers' Association. We felt that the division of the movement 
into two sections would have more far-reaching results in the reconstruction 
of rural life. 

The W.S.G.G.A. is simply the banding together of the wives and daugh- 
ters of the farmers to promote the good of the Country and of their neighborhood 
and their homes. The movement is spreading rapidly and has been popular 
in other provinces for some time. 

One of the most satisfactory consequences which we hope will result 
from the forming of our section is that more women will learn to give expres- 
sion to their ideas. They will learn that in getting closer together at these 
meetings they will broaden their outlook. It will give them a better conceit 
of themselves, etc. 

Many inquiries have already been received from different parts of the 
province, which we hope will result in the formation of many Women's 
Sections before the year expires, and, consequently, we hope to be able to 
present a most favorable report for another year. 



NATIONAL EQUAL FRANCHISE UXIOX. 
Edith Lang, Corresponding Secretary. 

The National Equal Franchise Union has had an active and eventful year. 
At the request of the British Suffrage Societies, they forwarded resolutions to 
Sir Robert Borden and to the Colonial Secretary in London, asking that 
married women be granted the power to decide their ov\ti nationality. Later, 
at the request of The National Council of Women of Great Britain, further 
resolutions were sent on this subject to the Executives of the British and the 
Canadian N.C.W. 

The N.E.F.U. took a strong stand in favor of Union (jovemment and sent 
resolutions in favor of the same to every member of the Federal House. The 
Union received a hearty letter of thanks from Sir Robert Borden, and from 
many others on their action in thLs matter. 

There was a difference of opinion among members of the N.E.F.U. on 
the wisdom of the War-Time Election .Act, but, when once it became law, 
ail sank their differences and worked in hearty co-operation. The policy 
of appointing enumerators rather than allowing eligible peojilc to register 



WOMEN OF CANADA 205 

themselves to obtain their vote was objected to and the practical inefficiency 
of the enumerator plan seems to have been demonstrated at the election. 

At the time of this report (May 1st, 1918) the new Bill granting the 
federal franchise to women, is before the House of Commons. The Union 
has not had time to pass an opinion on this BiU, but it is to be noted that it is 
being very much comphcated by the nationality problem, as it does not give 
married women the right to choose their own nationality ; if that matter were 
settled first, as the women desire, it would be a simple matter then to grant the 
federal franchise to women on the same terms as men. 

The Literature Department of the Union has continued active. It has 
decided to buy the surplus campaign literature from the Ontario Society for 
distribution in the eastern provinces. 

The Union has almost continuous correspondence with the Suffrage 
Societies of other countries, more particularly the British and the Inter- 
national ones. The Secretary provided information re the Homestead Laws 
of Canada for the Women's Interests Committee in Britain and answered 
many other queries of that Committee. She also wrote regularly for "Jus 
Suffragii," the International Suffrage Society's monthly journal, and at their 
request, cabled all Canadian news of importance to theu' editor. In this way, 
women all over the world read of what Canadian women are doing in all lines 
of interest to women, and anyone interested in the thrilling doings of women 
of all countries at this time will be well repaid by regular perusal of the pages 
of "Jus Suffragii." 

The N.E.F.U. is affihated to the International Suffrage Alliance, The 
National Council of Women, and the British Dominions Woman Suffrage 
Union. The latter is an active body deahng with questions of interest to 
women as members of the British Empire, and will hold its Biennial Confer- 
ence in June, 1918, in London, when subjects of vital interest to the Empire's 
women will be discussed. The N.E.F.U. has appointed Mrs. Godfrey Lloyd 
and Mrs. Sonia Leathes to represent it at this conference. 

A special meeting of the N.E.F.U. was called to consider the proposed 
amendments to the Constitution of The National Council of Women of 
Canada, and after careful consideration, sent in suggestions on them, clause 
by clause. There was a very strong feeling, however, continually expressed, 
that the work of the Council would be greatly helped if a new, simple and con- 
cise Constitution were drafted, rather than to try to amend the present old 
and cumbersome one. 

At the time of reporting (May 1st, 1918) the Provincial Franchise has 
been granted to women in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba 
and Ontario, and it is promised in the present Session of the Legislatures of 
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. At the same time, the Federal Franchise 
for women is practically un fait accompli. Under the circumstances the need 
for a National Equal Franchise Union has almost ceased to exist ; and the 
Executive has passed a resolution, asking the affiliated societies to express 
their opinion on the subject of disbanding. There will still be a great work 
to do in educating women for the right fulfilment of their duties as citizens. 



206 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

and in bringing to the notice of the Legislatiu-ps and the piibhc many needed 
reforms, and in some parts to work for full poUtical equahty between men and 
women. But it is felt that these further endeavors would be more suitably 
the work of the Woman Citizens' .\ssociations, which are already actively 
working under various names in all those proNdnces which have enfranchised 
their women. Further, the national work, dealing with women as voters for 
the Federal Parliament and working to improve our Federal laws. Criminal 
Code, etc., besides being the link between Canadian women citizens and 
those of other nations, will probably be better done by a National Woman 
Citizens' .Vssociation organized from representatives of these pro\Tncial 
organizations. If this is found to be the generally accepted opinion among 
the women citizens of Canada, the National Equal Franchise Union will 
gracefully retire and its present members will tm-n their energies into whatever 
channels seem most to enhance the dignity and the usefulness of this great 
new asset of the Canadian nation, its enfranchised womanhood. 



QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY ALUMNA ASSOCIATION. 
M.-VRY M. C. L.4VELL, President. 

Diu-ing the past year, this Association has held an annual and two execu- 
tive meetings and has, through the Alumna Neios, a yearly publication, kept ' 
in touch with even its most distant members. 

A summary of the reports and resolutions presented at the seventh 
annual meeting, held in Convocation Hall on March 29th, 1918, will serve 
to show tlie natui-e of the work done by this organization which has a member- j 
ship of over two hundred, scattered from Halifax to \'ancouver, and .several 1 
affiliated branches each with a large number of members. 

The projects discussed and approved by the Association are carried into 
effect by five standing committees, by special committees, as the need for 
them arises, and by organized branches or by groups of graduates in some of 
the larger centres of the Dominion. 

War work which has been carried on since 1914, was last year pursued 
with increasing zest, and contributions were sent by our graduates in Van- 
couver, Calgary, Edmonton, Regina, Toronto, Utica, N.Y., Glengarry, 
Ottawa, Kingston, and many other places, for the 2,800 Christmas stockings 
and other supplies for the Queen's Hospital in France. 

Kingston branch made dressing-gowiis for convalescent soldiers in the 
Queen's Military Hospital, and regularly visited the tubercular patients in 
the Mowat Memorial Hospital, and took them gifts of fruit and cake. 

One of the resolutions passed at the annual meeting pledged the As- 
Bociation to contribute towards a fund, now being raised, to endow a Canadian 
bed in the Garrett .-Vnderson Memorial Hospital for Women and Children. 
Special interest in this scheme was manifested because of the fact that Dr. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



207 



Elizabeth MitcheU, one of Queen's early graduates in medicine, was associated 
for some years in medical work with Dr. Garrett Anderson in London, England. 
The report of the Standing Committee on Employment for women 
students dui'ing vacation, led to the di:5Cussion of many national- questions, 
and showed the broad avenues for work now open to our girl students, in filling 
men's positions in business life, and in the greater production campaign during 
summer vacation. Reports of conditions found by the students who last year 
worked on fruit farms in Western Ontario showed a need for improvement 
both in wages and in boarding accommodation. 

Miss Winifred Harvey, Director of the Women's Farm Department of 
the Ontario Government, who was present at the annual meeting to speak 
on Increased food production, said that this year the growers promised 
better wages, and better conditions in every way, as they were most anxious 
to secure women helpers. 

A few of the graduates and many of the under-graduates of Queen's 
have volunteered this year for work, not only on fruit farms, with market 
gardeners, and as teachers both in Ontario and in the Middle West, and some 
have entered banks, taken secretarial positions and even offered for service 
on the mission fields in New Ontario, and in the Prairie Provinces. Many 
have been servmg the Empire as nurses and V.A.D's. in England and France 
since the early months of the war, and one. Miss Edith Rayside, who won 
honors m her profession abroad, has been appointed recently Matron in Chief 
of the Military Nurses throughout Canada. 

The Alumna Association considered the appeal from the Department of 
Education in Alberta re the need for one thousand teachers, and conferred with 
Mrs. Whitmore, the Department's representative, urging strongly the necessity 
for suitable accommodation for om- girls who go West to teach in foreign 
settlements. ,, , . 

The discussion on the secuimg of suita,ble positions in. commercial and 
business life for the college woman was focused in a resolution which was sent 
to Hon. F. G. Macdiarmid, urging the establishment of a Vocational Bureau 
for university-trained women, the idea being the forming of a link between 
the employer and the woman graduate which would prove of mutual benefit 
The Association has assiiredly entered upon. its new year, recognizmg 
not only the larger interests of the university, but the national claims upon 
members in this hour of world crisis. 



SASKATCHEWAN GRAIN GROVN-ERS' ASSOCIATION 

women's SECT'ON. 

Violet McNatjghtan, Secretary. 

Our motto for 1918: "Then, none was for a party; then, all were, for 
for the state." , 

Increased Membership : One of the roost gi-atifying features of the year s 
work has been the increased membership, and this in a year when labor prob- 



208 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Icms are making farm life, under most circumstances, extremely difficult. 
Here is one of many similar local reports: 

For many weeks it seemed as if our W.G.G.A. had faded into nothingness. 
Uut this state of inaction was due to the very real fact that the women were 
wholly engaged in co-operation with the men in harvest and threshing. We, 
however, proved ourselves still a vital force by carrying through successfully 
a patriotic sock social, which realized $189. Our objective for 1918 is ten 
thousand members. 

Patriotic Work: In common with the other organized bodies of women 
throughout the Dominion, our \\'.G.G. efforts have been mainly along patriotic 
lines. Large sums have been raised for the Red Cross, Belgian Relief, Mili- 
tary Y.M.C.A., and other funds. Sums as high as 35,'J02 have been raised in 
one evening in the most isolated communities, far from rail or telephone. 
Additional patriotic work has been done in raising funds to purchase as a 
special W.G.G. gift, an ambulance for the front, which will carry the emblem 
of our .Association. 

Mnlical A id : The next most active work of our section has been connect- 
ed with the Medical Aid question, covering Medical Inspection in Riu-al 
Schools, The Municipal Hospital vScheme and the District Nurse. The great- 
est progress has been made in comiection with the latter, but here we have 
met with the greatest disappointment. We have worked for years to educate 
our rural communities to prepare to maintain and properly provide for a district 
nurse, and now that we have reached that stage, in many districts we are 
unable to obtain the nurse. \\'e feel there must be trained nurses, with suffi- 
cient missionary zeal to help us overcome the difficulties of the next few years, 
if they could only be found. 

Our Young People : This subject has been given a growing amount of 
attention. In some eases Juvenile Clubs have been formed, fostered by 
the local W.G.G.A. Others report a "Young People's Day," or the sending 
of a boy or girl delegate to the various conferences. So many have requested 
a copy of Our Young People's Constitution that "Our Y'oung People" will 
figure quite largely in next year's local programme. 

Drmiedic Farm Help and Increased Production : The most acute need 
exists to-day in our AA'estern Farm homes for more domestic help. Our 
Canadian agents in the United States cannot prociu-e us a supply; we can 
scarcely obtain any relief. It requires more untrained men and "S.O.S." 
boys to replace the skilled farm hands; and who is to feed them ? When we 
are told that a farn)er in England can only produce 200 bushels of wheat per 
season, whilst in Canada he can produce 2,000 bushels, it is surely a matter 
of National Service to do everything possible to keep the farm machinery going. 

Educational Work : The \\'omen's Section of the Cirain Growers' Asso- 
ciation is a class organization. To help correct the errors that class organiza- 
tions are liable to, a number of affiliations have been entered into. We have 
strong, live representatives on the Standing Committees of The National 
Council of Women; on the Dominion and Provincial Social Service Councils, 



WOMEN OP CANADA 209 

on the Saskatchewan Citizens' Educational Board which links up the Educa- 
tional Leagues, W.C.T.U., and W.G.G.A.; on the Provincial Food Committee ; 
the Navy League of Canada and on Committees in other smaller bodies. 

In this way we hope to maintain a broad and unselfish viewpoint and 
live up to our 1918 motto. 



THE UNITED FARM WOMEN OF ALBERTA. 
Mary W. Spiller, Provincial Secretary. 
The United Farm Women of Alberta, or Women's Section of the United 
Farmers of Alberta, has, we are pleased to report, made considerable progress 
during the past year. We now have over eighty-five locals registered at the 
Central Office, and reports of new organizations are coming in every day. 
Our membership at the present time is approximately 1,000. 

The Association is comprised entirely of women who are directly interested 
in farming and the Constitution which we use is that of the U.F.A., as our aims 
and objects are the same, namely to improve the social, economic and moral 
conditions in rural commimities, more especially as relating to women and 
children. In this we feel that we are making considerable headway, and we 
hope to be able to do a great deal more as our Association develops. 

At our annual convention held January 22nd to 25th, 1918, eighty-five 
delegates were in attendance from all parts of the province, and resolutions 
were passed dealing with the following subjects : 

That the law be amended so that the signature of the wife should 
be necessary to all transfers of land property. 

That the law be amended so that husband or wife shall inherit 
one-third of the property. 

That women delegates to the U.F.A. be given a vote in the women's 
convention. 

That a health certificate be required from the contracting parties 
to a marriage. 

That all women doing men's work should receive the same wages 
as are being paid to men in similar occupations. 

That where young girls are abducted for immoral purposes, the 
Government be asked to bring such abductors to justice and to make the 
punishment for such criminals imprisonment for life. 

A resolution expressing the thanks of the United Farm Women to the 
Prime Minister of Canada for Dominion prohibition, and assuring him of 
their hearty co-operation in the matter of food conservation was also passed. 
At this convention the officers were elected for the ensuing year. 
Many lonely women in the country have been helped materially by oui- 
Association. No longer do the women on the farms feel that they have no 
part in pubUc affairs, as every opportunity is given them at local meetings to 
discuss the questions of the day, and do their part towards improving con- 
ditions not only in then- own district, but in the province as a whole, or even 
in the Dominion. We may not be very strong numerically, but we can at all 



210 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

times relj' on the support and influence of the U.F.A. with its lo.OOO members 
in trying to bring about the reforms which we consider necessary. 

Our Association is particularly interested in work amortgst the young 
people in the nu^al districts. Some of our locals have formed Boys and Girls 
Clubs, which are doing splendid work. Courses of study are taken up by 
these clubs during the winter months, and in the summer such work as 
gardening and raising calves, sheep, hogs and poultrj-, which are entered 
in the special competitions for boys and girls at the local fairs. One club, 
recently formed two junior branches, one for girls from fourteen to twenty 
years of age, and the other for little girls from six to fourteen years. Both 
appoint their own officers from amongst their members. The boys and girls 
who avail themselves of the opportunities offered by these clubs for coming 
in contact with their fellows, and taking part in debate and discussion, will 
later on, when they are men and women be ready to take their places as leaders 
in larger movements and in helping to solve the more serious problems which 
will then confront them. We hope that they will also learn to love the farm 
life and grow up with a determination to remain on the land and help to win 
for Alberta a reputation which wiU be unexceOed the world over, by means 
of "Better Farming, Better Business, and Better Li\'ing," which is the slogan 
of our Association. 

Our locals are taking up a variety of other work also. At severtd points 
' egg circles have been organized, and are working satisfactorily, resulting in 
considerable financial gain to the members. Everj- local is pressing home to 
its members the urgent need for conservation as well as greater production of 
food. Our President, Mrs. Parlby, was called on by the Dominion Government 
to attend the Conference of Women with the War Committee of the Cabinet 
at Ottawa in the early part of this year. On her return she sent a report of 
the conference to all oiu- members, both by circular letter and through the 
press, setting forth very clearly how serious the fooil situation really is. 

A report reached us a few days ago from one local where pledgees have been 
signed by the members, to the effect that they will only grow the most useful 
varieties of garden produce this year, and not waste time or money in growing 
that which is not really needed. They also promised to care for and tend their 
gardens to the utmost of their ability. 

The majority, if not all of our locals are engaged in Red Cross and other 
patriotic work. Reports received up to the end of the last year showed that 
over $8,000 had been raised in various ways for patriotic purposes during 1917, 
besides which a large quantity of Red Cross sewing was done. .\ local reported 
to the Central Office a short time ago that during the months of January and 
February, 1918, 265 articles had been sewn, and a quantity of socks knitted 
by their members. Cash donations amounting to over §.56 were also sent by 
them to Red Cross and other Relief Funds, .\nothcr reported in March, 
that the}' had almost two bags of sewing completed since the beginning of the 
year. Others are sending produce to the Soldiers' Convalescent Home. 

Rest Rooms have been established by several of our locals in their nearest 
town, where members who drive in long distances feeling tired and untidy, can 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



211 



make tea, get tidied up and rest a while, before setting forth to do their shop- 
ping. One local in the far north country, where there is no doctor within a 
hundred miles of the district, discuss various diseases and remedies for same 
at meetings, also what to do in case of accident. Such discussions are bound 
to be beneficial where the farmers have to rely altogether on their own resources 
at such times. 

At the present time, both U.F.W. and U.F.A. are making preparations 
for a huge membership di-ive and organization campaign, which will take place 
during the last week m June and early part of July. It is hoped that as a 
result of same we shall very largely increase our present membership. 



WOMEN'S ART ASSOCIATION OF CANADA. 

Hahriet Wilson Smith, Recording Secretary 

Durmg the past year the Women's .Kit Association of Canada has entered 
upon a new era of activity and permanency. For upwards of thirty years, it 
has been a sojourner in the land, fulfilling, it is true, an important mission m 
the life of the community, but having no home of its owti. Now it has ac- 
quired a new and permanent home which promises to become a raUymg-place 
for the lovers of Canadian art. A building has been prnxhased, 23 Prmce 
Ai-thur Avenue, Toronto, and great care has been taken to reconstruct it to 
suit the requirements and purposes of the organization. Studios for the 
various clubs have been arranged and, as far as possible, provided with the 
requisite conveniences of light, heat, space and equipment. The occupation 
of the new home was the fulfilment of a long-cherished plan of the Association, 
and a reward for years of patient labor and perseverance. The openmg of the 
new gaUeries was a gratification to the members, and the resultmg sense of 
permanency has contributed in no small degi-ee to the interest and efficiency 
of the year's efforts. Diuring the summer the fine old gai-den, belongmg to 
the galleries, gave opportunity for a course in gardening to interested members, 
and also furnished an ideal settmg for pageants, plays and open-air gathermgs. 
One of the most hnportant departments is that of the Home Industries 
which is maintained for the benefit of skiUed workers in traditional weavmgs 
and in the making of real laces, needle, bobbm and filet, drawn-work and 
embroidery, and other home textiles. For the encom-agement of this form of 
art among Canadian women, samples of their work are kept on exhibition m a 
suitable room and for sale for the benefit of the workers. Among the most 
interesting exhibits are the beautiful home-spun couvertures afghan.s hnens, 
etc., woven by hand on primitive looms by the French-Canadians of Quebec. 
These all-wool textures, responding beautifully to home-made dyes, take on 
artistic and characteristic tones of color not found m other fabrics. There 
is also on view a fine collection of baskets, specmiens of the Indian women s 
finest achievements. This exhibit is exceedingly attractive and draws many 



212 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



visitors, to most of whom it is a surprise to see what artistic results have been 
attained by Canadian women in their own homes. The W.A.A.C. would 
have justified its existence if it had accomplished no more than to bring this 
kind of work to pubUc notice. 

'l"he Guild of .-\.rts and Crafts, comprising the painters, sculptors, ceramic 
workers, bookbinders, jewelrj- and metal workers, carried on their work with 
enthusiasm. They endeavored to advance art idails and give one another 
practical help by holding open meetings twice a month during the season, at 
which lectures by experts or informal talks on art subjects were given, followed 
by discussions and a social hour. They also carried out very successfully a 
pageant, "Reproductions of Famous Pictures." This was held on the anni- 
versary of Confederation, repeated in the autumn, and given again for patriotic 
purposes in the Toronto Central Technical School. The educational result 
of the study of these great masterpieces was important and valuable. 

The work of the Musical and Lecture Committees in arranging and carry- 
ing out weekly programmes from November to June, has demanded much 
thought, knowledge and experience. Stimulating lectures have been given 
fortnightly, and have been largely attended. The Literature Club has been 
a new feature, and has been welcomed by many of the members who desire 
a deeper appreciation of literary matters and especially of Canadian literature. 
The Convener of the Club is Mrs. Jean Blewett, and on the Committee are 
such other eminent writers as Vima -Sheard, Seranus and Katharine Hale. 
Much has been done by the Alusical Committee to broaden the knowledge 
and perspective of the W.A.A.C. in .Musical things. Splendid programmes 
have been furnished with well known hostesses to attend to the social part of 
the afternoons. «-> 

Lectures also were given at the Royal Ontario Museum by members of 
the University staff with the object of making the members of the Association 
better acquainted with the contents of the Museum. The President of the 
Association, ^Irs. J. Home Cameron, also gave a series of instructive, illus- 
trated lectures on the masterpieces of the great Italian painters of the 13th 
and 14th centuries, in connection with the monastic orders. 

Many interesting exhibitions were held in the galleries during the year. 
Among the most noteworthy were, etchings and paintings by Lorenzi 
Lorenzo, .Assisi, Italy ; drawings by Rodin ; and Mrs. Dignam's transcripts 
of nature, views of Muskoka forests at various seasons of the year. 

Reports from the branch socifeties were encouraging and progress has been 
made notwithstanding the difficulties arising from the war. In Hamilton, 
St. Thomas, Peterborough and Owen Sound the Associations had added Red 
Cross and other patriotic work to their customary activities. Interest in the 
meetings had grown, and the membership had increased. The Ottawa branch, 
owing to the war, dropped the regular work of the Association in 1915, and 
closed their studio ; but in 1910, re-fjrganized, feeling that a continuance 
of their organization was important to the artists of Ottawa and for the 
education of the children. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 213 

The Women's Art Association seeks in all its activities to be educational. 
It endeavors to develop an appreciation of the artistic and sesthetic in domestic 
as well as in public life. It seeks especially to encourage Canadian art and 
artists, and to awaken the Canadian public to the value of art as a means of 
culture and as a contribution to human happiness and life ; and thus to provide 
a field in Canada in which native art can grow and floiu'ish. 

It claims also to be patriotic. It has helped to maintain the morale of a 
group of women who are under the strain of war, oppressed by anxieties, and 
wearied by constant occupation in various patriotic efforts. The lectures, 
concerts and exhibitions afford an opportunity for relaxation and diversion. 
It is also distinctly in harmony with one of the great needs of the times, the 
need of conserving all our resources. It aims to save from waste, and preserve 
to the women of Canada, a love and appreciation of the beautiful and the 
artistic. Never was there greater danger than at the present time of our 
underestimating and forgetting that "Man does not live by bread alone." 

"Those who have the directing of the activities of the Association believe 
that life may be made more beautiful and attain truer proportions by the 
understanding of those essentials which are necessary not only for the 'home 
beautiful,' but for mental and physical requirements as well, and that it is 
not the quantity of possessions, but the quality of them which gives uplifting 
ideals and satisfaction." 



THE YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF CANADA. 

'Una M. Saunders, General Secretary, Dominion Council. 

The Canadian Young Women's Christian Association, in line with other 
national organizations, has made every effort to adapt its work to war conditions 
and to meet the special needs created by the war. This has been done partly 
through strengthening work already established, work which has always had 
as its aim the development of a high type of Canadian womanhood, never 
more necessary than to-day ; and partly through initiating new work as the 
necessity arose. 

Signs everywhere point out that the Association has made rapid strides 
during these war years, and that the need for our work is greater, and public 
belief in that for which we stand more firm than ever before. 

There is most tangible evidence of advance in the City Department of 
the Association. Eleven cities have reported an increase in their building 
accommodations ; some have erected new Association buildings, and others 
have added Cafeterias, Club Rooms, Swimming Pools and Holiday Homes. 
It is interesting to note that in at least two places large hotels have been con- 
verted into Association buildings. 



214 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

In addition to tlic Secretaries procured locally, forty requests for workers 
have come to the Dominion Council from our City Boards. To most of these, 
a response has been given. The need for trained workers has become so urgent; 
however, that a three months' Training Course is being planned for the 
autumn of 1918. In order that local workers in our Western Provinces may 
have more help from the National Sta5^ the Dominion Council has appointed 
a Western Field Secretary, who will work under a Western Field Committee. 

In all our City Associations, increase is reported in the number taking 
gymnasium work and enrolled in the various clubs. The loyalt.y of the 
members to the Association has been evidenced in many ways. In a recent 
campaign in Montreal, for example, when $170,000 was secured for a new 
building, the club members were among the hardest workers and succeeded 
in bringing in 810,000. 

Inunigration has been much restricted during this year because of war 
conditions, but the Immigration Secretary has foimd it most necessary to 
be at her post because of the extreme difficulty of handling the few special 
cases which needed attention. 

In the Student Department, which has branches in forty-two universities, 
colleges and normal schools, over sixty per cent, of the members have been 
enrolled in group Bible Study, Mission Study and Social Study classes. The 
whole programme carried out stresses the need for the students of this genera- 
tion to prcjiare themselves for service to the nation and throughout the world. 
So great has b(!en the demand on the part of the graduates for guidance in 
choosing their vocation that the Student Committee of the Dominion Council 
has undertaken to give to each university graduate information concerning 
the qualifications and training necessary for any tyjje of work in which she 
may especially be interested, as well as to make inquiries for her concerning 
possible openings. The Student Department will hold this summer, four 
small conferences, one in Ontario, one in the Maritime Provinces, one in the 
Middle West, and one in British Columbia. 

In addition to these Student Conferences, the Conference Committee is 
I)lanning for a City Members' Conference, and also for the Triennial Conven- 
tion which is to meet in Hamilton in October. Last sunuuor, 16.5 business 
girls spent a delightful holiday at the Ontario Holiday Camp at Longford. 
This camp will be open during the whole of the coming summer, and a similar 
camp is being established in New Brunswick. 

In spite of war conditions, an advance has been made in this Foreign 
Department. Three new Secretaries have gone out this year. Miss Cunliffe 
has gone to Bombay as Physical Director ; Miss KUiott is preparing to open 
up work in Hong Kong, and Miss Anderson will represent the women students 
of Canada in the Calcutta Association. 

One of the most far-reaching pieces of work undertaken this year by the 
Dominion Council was that of developing work among 'teen-age girls in co- 
operation with the Sunday School Boards of the different denominations. 
\ programme called, "Canadian Girls in Training," similar to the boys' 



WOMEN OF CANADA 215 

"Canadian Standard Efficiency Tests," has been worked out, and presented 
to hundreds of girls in week-end conferences held in various centres throughout 
Ontario and the Western Provinces. 

The feature of Association work which has been of the greatest interest 
to the public, has no doubt been our war work. 

The National Service Department of the Dominion Council has the 
responsibility of estabUshing and supervising the camps for the girls from 
Ontario and Quebec, who are working on the land. In 1917, twelve camps 
were in operation in Ontario accommodating 900 girls ; this year twenty have 
already been contracted for, and as many more are in demand. In British 
Columbia, the Association is preparing to take care of hundreds of girls 
working on the land, and our National Secretaries are there in charge of the 
organization. This wiU mean a substantial increase in the number of girls 
and women giving all their time to the work of Food Production. This work 
is being done in co-operation with and under instructions from the Govern- 
ment in both provinces. 

The National Service Department has also charge of the Hostess Houses, 
being opened near the Aviation and Mihtary Camps. Hostess Houses have 
been opened at Beamsville and Leaside, and other requests which have come 
in wiU be met as soon as possible. The women who go to see their soldier 
friends are thankful to find a spot where they can see them under right con- 
ditions, and the men much appreciate the nearby bit of home. 

Not only are the men at the front ; women workers are there as well, and 
the Y.W.C.A. of Britain, France and the United States are helping to care for 
the nurses and women helpers. A Canadian National Secretary has been 
sent to France, and we hope that we shall soon have a larger share in this work. 

The Association has a National membership of 18,445, but its work 
touches very many more of the gu-ls and yoimg women of our country. 



NOTE. — No reports have been received from the Local Councils of Gait, 
Medicine Hat, Olds, Ponoka, St. Catharines, Sarnia, Sydney, Vernon, \'irden, 
Welland, Wetaskiwin or from 8 Nationally Organized Societies in P'ederation. 



216 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Officers and Delegates who Attended the 
Annual Meeting 

BRANTFORD, JUNE, 1918. 

President Mrs. F. H. Torrington 

Advisory President Mrs. Willoughby Cmnmings (proxy) 

Hon. Vice-Presidents : 

LiKly Laurier Miss C. E. Carraichael (proxy) 

Mrs. MacC. Grant Miss C. E. Carraichael (proxy) 

Lady Aikins Mrs. H. W. Dayton (proxj') 

Elected Vice-Presidents : Lady Taylor 

Mrs. W. E. Sanford 
Professor Carrie ^L Derick Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Mrs. Francis T. Frost 
Lady Gibson 

Mrs. Willoughby Cummings 
Mrs. H. P. H. Calloway Mrs. R. F. McWilliams (proxy) 

Provincial Vice-Presidents : 

Ontario Mrs. W. E. Sanford 

Quebec Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Nova Scotia Miss C. E. Carmiehael 

New Brunswick Miss Annie M. Murray (proxy) 

Manitoba Mrs. H. W. Dayton 

British Columbia Mrs. C. A. Welsh 

Saskatchewan Mrs. R. F. McWilliams (proxy) 

.\lberta Mrs. O. C. Edwards 

Recording Secretary Lady Falconer 

Treasurer Mrs. George Watt 

Corresponding Secretary Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn 

LOCAL COUNCILS 

Brandon, Man Mrs. H. W. Dayton (proxy) 

Brantford, Ont Mrs. W. C. Livingston, Miss Evelyn 

Buck, Mrs. Alfred Jones, Miss 
Edith Raymond, Mrs. S. W. Se- 
cord, Mrs. Gordon Smith. 

Calgary, Alta Mrs. Charles E. Fenkell 

Chapleau, Ont Lady Falconer (proxy) 

Dauphin, Man Mrs. H. W. Dayton (proxy) 

East Pictou, N. S Miss C. E. Carmiehael, Miss Annie 

M. Murray 

Edmonton, Alta Miss Mary Mclsaae (proxy), Mrs. 

D. Boyaner 

Gait, Ont Mrs. W. H. Lash, Mrs. D. A. Barnes 

Halifax, N.S Mrs. S. Stead, Mrs. E. M. Murray 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



217 



Hamilton, Ont Mrs. S. Lyle, Mrs. F. W. Gates, 

Mrs. H. S. Griffin, Mrs. George 
Hope, Mrs. H. D. Petrie, Mrs. A. 
Wolverton 

Kingston, Ont Miss M. W. Gordon, Miss E. L. 

Mowat, Mrs. F. R. Robinson, 
Mrs John Wright 

Lethbridge, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

London, Ont Mrs. H. A. Boomer, Mrs. R. M. 

Graham, Miss A. M. Roberts, 
Mrs. J. A. Rose, Mrs. Gordon 
Wright 

Macleod, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

Medicine Hat, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy), Mrs. 

E. M. Murray (proxy) 

Montreal, Que Miss Eleanor Tatley 

Moose Jaw, Sask Mrs. William Allen 

New Westminster, B.C Mrs. Willoughby Cummings (proxy) 

Olds, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

Ottawa, Ont Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Peterborough, Ont Mrs. Robert Harstone, Mrs. T. F. 

Matthews, Mrs. W. R. Morris 

Pincher Creek, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

Ponoka, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

Portage la Prairie, Man Mrs. D. McCowan 

Prince Albert, Alta Mrs. John McNaughtan (proxy) 

Red Deer, Alta Mrs. O. C Edwards (proxy) 

Regina, Sask Mrs. T. D. Brown, Mrs. Fred Barber 

Renfrew, Ont Mrs. Rhys D. Fau-bairn (proxy) 

St. Catharines, Ont Mrs. A. Malcolmson, Mrs. Sexton, 

Mrs. H. J. WiUiams 

St. John, N.B Miss C. E. Carmichael (proxy) 

St. Thomas, Ont Mrs. D. J. Hughes, Miss Stella K. 

Gunn, Mrs. T. L. Gray, Miss 
Tessie C. Ingram, Mrs J. D. La- 
mont, Mrs. St. Thomas Smith 

Samia, Ont Mrs. J. S.'Symingt.on 

Saskatoon, Sask Mrs. T. D. Brown (proxy) 

Sault Ste. Marie, Ont Mrs. C. F. Farwell, Mrs. C V. 

Hummer 

Strathroy, Ont Mrs. H. A. Boomer (proxy) 

Sydney, N.S. Mrs. E. M. Murray (proxy) 

Toronto, Ont Mrs. A. M. Huestis, Mrs. M. L. 

Irvine, Mrs. J. B. Laidlaw, Mrs. 
C. Maclver, Mrs' T. Runciman. 
Mrs. Jeffrey Wood 



218 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Truro, N.S Mrs. John Stanfield 

Vancouver, B.C Mrs. Harry Carpontor (proxy) 

Victoria, B.C Mrs. J. Charlotte Haiiington (proxy) 

Virden, Man Mrs. H. W. Dayton (proxy) 

Welland, Ont Mrs. Willoughby Cunimings (proxy) 

West Algoma, Ont Mrs. J. A. Ridciell, Mrs. G. H. Wil- 
liamson 

West Pictou, N.S Mrs John Stanfield (proxy) 

Wetaskiwin, Alta Mrs. O. C. Edwards (proxy) 

Winnipeg, Man Mrs. R. F. McWilhams 

Yarmouth, N.S Miss Annie M. Murray (proxy) 

NATIONALLY OR PROVINCLALLY ORGANIZED SOCIETIES 

Canadian Association of Nursing Educa- 
tion, The Miss ISI. Forde 

Canadian Girl Guides, The, Dominion 

Council Miss Edith flairs 

Canadian National Association of Train- 
ed Nurses, The Miss .Jean I. Gunn, Miss Grace M. 

Fairley, Miss Potts 

Canadian Suffrage Association Dr. ^Margaret Gordon 

Canadian Women's Press Club, The. . . .I\Iiss Mary Mclsaac (proxy) 

Girls' Friendly Society in Canada, The. Mrs. E. B. Smith, Mrs. George 

Watt (proxy) 
Home Economics Societies of Manitoba .Mrs. H. W. Dayton 
Independent Order of Foresters, Com- 
panion Courts Mrs. L. .V. Giu-nett 

Manitoba Grain Growers' Association, 

Women's Section Mrs. J. McXaughtan (proxy) 

Medical Alumnse of the University of 

Toronto Dr. Margaret Johnston 

National Equal Franchise Union Mrs. W. R. Lang, Miss Alice Lea 

Ontario Woman Citizens' Association. . Mrs. A. B. Ormsby, Mrs. W. R. 

Jackson 
Ontario Women's Liberal Association... .Mrs. Harry Carpenter 

Peace and Arbitration Association Mrs. Flora MacD. Denison (proxy) 

Queen's University Alumnae Associa- 
tion Miss E. L. Mowat, (proxy) 

Saskatchewan Grain Growers' Associa- 
tion, The, Women's Section Mrs. John McNaughtan 

Single Tax Association of Ontario, The. .Mrs. E. M. Murray (proxy) 

United Farm Women of Alberta Mrs. John McNaughtan (proxy) 

Victorian Order of Nurses Mrs. J. Charlotte Hanington 

Women's Art Association Mrs. J. S. Dignam 

Women's Institutes of Alberta Miss Mary Mclsaac 



WOMEN OF CANADA 219 

Women's Institutes of Ontario Mrs. G. A. Brodie 

Young Women's Christian Association.. .Mrs. H. P. Plumptre (proxy) 

CONVENERS OF STANDING COMMITTEES 

Agriculture for Women Mrs. L. A. Hamilton 

Care of Mentally Deficient Mrs. S. Stead 

Citizenship . . .' Dr. Stowe-Gullen 

Conservation of Natural Resources Miss E. L. Mowat (proxy) 

Education Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Equal Moral Standard and Prevention of 

Traffic in Women Dr. Margaret Patterson 

Finance Mrs. George Watt 

Fine and Applied Arts Miss Eleanor Tatley (proxy) 

Household Economics (proxy) 

Immigration Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Laws for the Better Protection of Women 

and Children Mrs. O. C. Edwards 

Nursing Mrs. W. C. Tilley 

Press Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn 

Professions and Employments for 

Women Mrs. R. F. MeWilliams (proxy) 

Public Health Mrs. Rhys D. Fairbairn (proxy) 

Supervised Playgrounds, Recreations and 

Social Centres Mrs. R. F. MeWilliams (proxy) 

Suppression of Objectionable Printed 

Matter Miss Eleanor Tatley (proxy) 

Special Committee on Trades and Labor 

Unions in Relation to Women and 

Children Miss Margaret K. Strong 



220 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

MEMBERSHIP 



Since the publication of the hist Year Book the Council has lost by death 
the following Patrons : 

Lady Mackenzie Toronto 

Mr. J. Ross Robertson Toronto 



LIFE PATRON'S ; 

Aberdeen and Teinair, Marquis of Aberdeen, Scotl'nd 

Austin, Mrs. Albert Toronto 

Boomer, Mrs. H. A London 

Brereton, Mrs. R. L. (Died 1917) Toronto 

Cox, Hon. Senator (Died 1914) Toronto 

Cummings, Mrs. ^^'illoughb3', D.C.L Toronto 

Derick, Professor Carrie M., M.A Montreal 

Druminond, Lady Montreal 

Drummond, Sir (Jeorge (Died 1910) Montreal 

Eaton, Mrs. Timothy Toronto 

Edgar, Miss M. C Montreal 

England, Dr. Grace Ritchie Montreal 

Gibson, Lady Hamilton 

Gooderham, Mrs. Albert ; Toronto 

Hill, Miss H. M. (Died 1916) Toronto 

Hollister, Mrs (Died 1911) Detroit 

Kemp, Lady Toronto 

Ljde, Mrs. Samuel Hamilton 

Macdonald, Sir Wm. C. (Died 1917) Montreal 

Marshall, Col. Noel Toronto 

Massey Treble, Mrs. (Died 1916) Toronto 

McDougall, Mrs. John (Died 1910) Montreal 

McKeen, Hon. Senator (Died 1916) Halifax 

Merritt, Mrs. W. Hamilton Toronto 

Mulock, Mrs. Ca\vthra Toronto 

Pellatt, Lady Toronto 

Roddick, Lady Montreal 

Sanford, Hon. Senator (Died 1898) Hamilton 

SanforJ, Mrs. W. E Hamilton 

Scott, Miss M.J Toronto 

Strathcona and Mount Royal, Lord (Died 1914) Montreal 

Thomson, Mrs. Robert (Died 1915) St. John 



WOMEN OF CANADA 221 

Torrington, Mrs. F. H Toronto 

Van Home, Sir William (Died 1915) Montreal 

Watkins, Mrs. Thomas C Hamilton 

LIFE MEMBERS .' 

Aberdeen and Temair, Marchioness of Aberdeen, Scotl'nd 

Archibald, Mrs. C Halifax 

Aylsworth, Mr.s. Fraser Madoc 

Baker, Mrs Victoria 

Ballard, Mrs. W. H Hamilton 

Beaver, Mrs. W. S West Algoma 

Becher, Mrs. (Died 1911) Vancouver 

Bennetto, Miss S Hamilton 

Bonny, Mrs Toronto 

Boomer, Mrs. H. A London 

Broad Mrs. F New Westminster 

Bronson, Mrs. E Ottawa 

Brown, Mrs. J. Hunter Toronto 

Brown, Miss M Halifax 

Bryce, Mrs. G Winnipeg 

Bidlock, Mrs. S. H St. John 

Campbell, Mrs. Charles J Toronto 

Carty, Miss Mary E Toronto 

Charlton, Mrs. (Died 1904) Hamilton 

Coad, Mrs Toronto 

Cole, Mrs. Francis Toronto 

Cox, Mrs. George A. (Died 1904) Toronto 

Culver, Mrs. (Died 1910) Winnipeg 

Cummings, Mrs. Willoughby, D.C.L Toronto 

Daly, Lady (Died 1908) Halifax 

Davis, Mrs Toronto 

Deacon, Mrs West Algoma 

Dennis, Mrs. WiUiam Halifax 

Dickson, Mrs. George Toronto 

Dignam, Mrs. J.S Toronto 

Doney, Mrs. R Ottawa 

Edgar, Lady (Died 1910) Toronto 

Englehart, Mr. J. L Toronto 

Ewing, Mrs. (Died 1901) Hamilton 

Fah-ie, Mrs. James Montreal 

Fraser, Mrs. Catherine Kmgston 

Frost, Mrs. F. T Sn^'^h's Falls 

Gahan, Mrs. H. B London 

Gibbs, Mrs. Frank (Died 1903) '^^ est Algoma 

Gibson, Lady Hamdton 

Gordon, Mrs. Asa Ottawa 



222 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Gordon, Dr. Margaret Toronto 

Graham, Miss M Fort William 

Graham, Mrs. R. M London 

Grant, Mrs. W Victoria 

Griffin, Mrs. Edward (Died 1903) Ottawa 

Gullen, Dr. Augusta Stowe Toronto 

Haggcrt, Mrs. Alexander Winnipeg 

Harris, Miss E Hamilton 

Healey, Mrs. Michael Toronto 

Heintzman, Mrs. Gerhard Toronto 

Henderson, Mrs. Gordon J Hamilton 

Hill, Mrs. A.J Xew Westminster 

Hucstis, Mrs. A. M Toronto 

HugcU, Mrs. (Died 1910) Hamilton 

Jenkins, Mrs Victoria 

Kirchhoffcr, Mrs Brandon 

Larmonth, Mrs. Peter Ottawa 

Laurier, Lady Ottawa 

Learmont, Mrs. J. B Montreal 

I^avitt, Miss St . John 

Leggatt, Mrs. S. S Hamilton 

Leigh, Mrs. Edward Toronto 

Lylc, Mrs. Saiimel Hamilton 

MacAuley, Mrs. James Vancouver 

Macdonald, Mrs. Grant Toronto 

Machar, Miiss Agnes M Kingston 

Marshall, Mrs. Helen London 

Martin, Madame Vancouver 

McEwen, Mrs Brandon 

McGregor, Miss Anna G New Glasgow 

McKellar, IMiss West .\lgoma 

McLagan, Mrs. A Hamilton 

McLagan, Mrs Vancouver 

McLean, Mrs Vancouver 

McLellan Mrs. D St. John 

McMillan, Lady Winnipeg 

Moodie, Mrs. J. R .■ Hamilton 

Murray, Miss Annie L New Gla.sgow 

Murray, Miss F. E. (Died 1901) St. John 

Obemdorffer, Mrs. S Kingston 

Parker, Mrs. Godfrey Toronto 

Parker, Mrs. J. E Hamilton 

Plentland, Lady Scotland 

Perrin, Mi.ss London, Eng. 

Perry, Mrs. F. C West Algonia 

Plumptre, Mrs. H. P Toronto 



WOMEN OF CANADA 223 

Purcell, Mrs WalkervUle 

Raynolds, Mrs. Edward V Toronto 

Riddell, Miss Toronto 

Ridout, Mrs Toronto 

Ritchie, Lady ( Died 1911) Ottawa 

Robinson, Mrs.Geofge London 

Robson, Mrs Victoria 

Rogers, Mrs. Robert Winnipeg 

Ross, Mre. W. J '\^'est Algoma 

Sanford, Mrs. W. E Hamilton 

Saunby, Mrs West Algoma 

Scott, Mrs. S. D Vancouver 

Skinner, Mrs. (Died 1912) Kingston 

SHpper, Mrs West Algoma 

Smellie, Mrs West Algoma 

Stark, Mrs. James Vancouver 

Stocking, Mrs. C. P Waubaushene 

Taylor, Ladv Wmnipeg 

Thompson, Lady (Died 1913) Toronto 

Thomson, Mrs. (Died 1915) St. John 

Tilley, Mrs. E. M London 

Tilton, Mrs O"'^^'^ 

Torrington, Mrs. F. H Toronto 

Tremaine, Mrs. de B Halifax 

Watkins, Mrs. Thomas C Toronto 

Warick, Mrs. C. (Died 1910) New Westmmster 

AMielan, Mrs. Peter Ottawa 

Wilson, Miss New Gkwsgow 

Wilson, Miss Teresa F England 

Wilson, Mrs. .\ndi-ew (Died 1914) Toronto 

Wood, Miss Mary Hami ton 

Wood, Mrs. A. T. (Died 1903) Hamilton 

Yarker, Mrs. Coxworthy London 

ANNtTAL PATRONS 1 

Byers, Mrs. Robert P Toronto 

Carmichael, MissC. E New Glasgow 

Cartv, Miss Mary E Toronto 

Cockshutt, Mr. E. L Brantford 

Dalton, Miss Florence loronto 

Darling, Mrs. .\ndi-ew ^"■•°f *° 

Duffield, Mrs. J. C : Lomton 

England, Dr. Grace Ritchie Montreal 

„. ?^ ,1 r, J Ottawa 

Fisher, Hon. Sydney ., 

„ ',, TT r Hamilton 

Frost, Mr. H. L ^^ ..^ 

„.. ' , J Hamilton 

Gibson, Lady ^, ... 

' ,. ; , Hamilton 

Gibson, Sir John 



224 THK .NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Gliispow. Mrs. Robert Toronto 

Graham, Mrs. G. A Fort William 

lIol)son, Mrs. R Hamilton 

Huestis, Mrs. A. M Toronto 

Jcmiinps, Mrs. R. C Toronto 

Mallork, Mrs. 1". S Hamilton 

Marshall, Mr. Noel Toronto 

Massey, Mr. Chester D. (in memory of .\nna Vincent 

Ma&sey) Toronto 

Ross, Col. J. G (Overseas) 

Southam. Mrs. AVilliam Hamilton 

Stocking, Mrs. C. F ^\'aulnulshcne 

Torrinpton, Mrs. F. H Toronto 

Walker, Sir Edmund Toronto 

Watt , Mr. George Bnmtford 

Watt, Mrs. George Hrantford 

Wood, Mr. W. A Hamilton 

Wood, Mrs. W. A Hamilton 

ASSOCUTE .MEMBERS : 

Covert, Mrs. Mary Toronto 

Frost, Mrs. H. L Hamilton 

Gordon, Dr. Margaret Toronto 

Hamilton, Mrs. L. A Toronto 

Johnston, Dr. Margaret Toronto 

Jones, Mrs. A. S Brantford 

Morson, Mrs. W. R Toronto 

Pelcticr, Mrs. L. L Fort A\'illiam 

Plumptre, Mrs. H. P Toronto 

Sherk, Mrs. J. M Fort A\illiam 

Stratford, Mrs. John H Toronto 

Taylor, Lady Winnipeg 

SCHEDULE OF FEES 

Life Patrons $100.00 

Life Members 25 .00 

Annual Patrons 10 .00 annually 

Associate Members 5 .00 " 



WOMEN OF CANADA 225 

NATIONALLY OR PROVlNCiALLY ORGANIZED 
SOCIETIES IN FEDERATION 



Canadian Association of Nursing Education (The) — 

President : Miss Elizabeth Flaws. .Wellesley Hospital. .Toronto, Ont. 

Cor. Sec. : Miss E. MacP. Dickson, Supt. Hospital for Consumptives, 
Weston, Ont. 
Canadian Girl Guides, The Dominion Council of — 

President : Lady Pellatt "Casa Loma" Toronto, Ont. 

Secretary : Miss Edith Mairs 22 College St 

Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses (The) — 

Preside7it : Miss Jean I. Guirn. . . .General Hospital. . . " " 

Secretary : Miss Ethel Johns, Chikh-en's Hospital, Winnipeg, Man. 
Canadian Suffrage Association — 

President : Dr. Margaret Gordon. 726 Spadina Ave. . .Toronto,'^Ont. 

Cor. Sec. ; Mrs. Edgar S. Burton. 161 Madison Ave. .. " " 

Canadian Women's Press Club (The) — 

President : Mrs. .Arthur ^lurphy. .S703-112th St Edmonton, AJta. 

Cor. Sec. : Mrs. Ambrose Dickens, lOOlS-llSth St.. . " 
Girls' Friendly Society in Can.^da (The) — 

President : 

Cor. Sec. : Miss Ethel CampbeU. .48 Summerhill Gardens. .Toronto, Ont. 
Home Economics Societies of Manitoba — 

President : Mrs. H. W. Daj'ton Virden, Man. 

Acting Sec. : Miss Marjorie Flanders, Parhament Bldgs., Winnipeg, Man. 
Independent Order of Foresters, Companion Courts — 

Rep. : Mrs. L. A. Gumett 102 Kingswood Rd. .Toronto, Ont. 

King's Daughters, Canadian Branch — 

President : Miss A. M. Brown. . . .446 Jarvis St " " 

Rec Sec. : Miss E. L. Thome. . . .434 Charlotte St.. . . Fredericton, N.B. 
Manitoba Grain Growers' Aissociation, Women's Section — 

President : Mrs. J. S. Wood Oakville, Man. 

Secretary : Miss Amy Roe, 290 Vaughan St., Winnipeg, Man. 
Medical Alumnae of University of Toronto — 

President : Dr. Margaret Gordon. 726 Spadina Ave. . .Toronto, Ont. 

Sec.-Treas. : Dr. Rowena Hume, 226 Carlton St., Toronto, Ont. 
National Equal Franchise Union — 

PrfsWe7i< ; Mrs. L. A. Hamilton.. 30 St. Joseph St " " 

Cor. Sec. : i\Irs. W. R. Lang 55 \\'oodlawn Ave. ^^'. Toronto, Ont. 

Ontario ^^■oMAN Citizens' Association — 

President : Mrs. A. B. Ormsby.. . " Orms-Cliff " Mimico Beach, Ont. 

Cor. Sec. : Mrs. W. H. Becker, 361 Perth Ave., Toronto, Ont. 



22h the national council of 

Ontario Women's Liberal Association — 

President : Mrs. J. A. MacDonald, 87 Spadina Road Toronto, Out. 

Cor. Sec. : Mrs. P. G. Kiely 4 Rosedale Road ... 

Peace ant) Arbitration Association — 

Pr'-sident : Dr. Margaret Gordon. 726 Spadina Ave.. . . 

Secrelary : Mr. Greenwood C. Brov.-v., 2355 Gerrard St. E., Toronto, Out. 
Queen's University Alc-mnae Association— 

President : Mrs. H. A. Lavell 22 Barrie St Kingston, Ont. 

Sec. Treas. : Miss Delia Stewart. . 447 Somerset St Ottawa, Ont. 

Saskatchewan Grain Growers' Association, Women's Section (The)— 

President : Mrs. S. V. Haight, Keeler, Sask. 

Cor. Sec. : Mrs. John McXaughtan Harris, Sask. 

Single T.oc Association of Ontario (The) — 

President : Mrs. Hector Prenter. .33 Richmond St. W Toronto, Ont. 

Cor. Sec. : Mr. W. A. Douglas, 
Victorian Order of Nurses — 

Chief Supi. : Mrs. J. Charlotte Hanington, 578 Somerset St., Ottawa, Ont. 

Secretary : Charles Morse. D.C.L., K.C., Ottawa, Ont. 
United Farm Women of Alberta — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Parlby Alix, Alta. 

Cor. Sec. : Miss Mary W. Spillar, Calgary, .Alta. 
Women's Art Association of Canada — 

President : Mrs. J. Home Cameron, 96 Admiral Road, Toronto, Ont. 

Cor. Sec. : Miss Lina Murray, 284 St. George St., Toronto, Ont. 
Women's Institutes of Alberta — 

Director : Miss M. Mclsaac Dept. of Agrii-ulturc.Edmonton, Alta. 

Women's Institutes of Ontario — 

Rep. : Mrs. G. A. Brodie Newmarket, Ont. 

Young Wo.mbn's Christian Association — 

President : Lady Falconer 69 St. George St. Toronto, Ont. 

Cor. Sec. ; Miss Una Saunders. . .332 Bloor St. W. . . . 



CANADIAN LIFE PATRONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL 

OF WOMEN 

Boomer, Mrs. H. A London 

Bovcy, Mrs London, Eng. 

Edgar, Lady (Died 1914) Toronto 

Machar, Miss Agnes Maule Kingston 

Moody, Mrs Hamihon 

Parker, Mrs Hamilton 

Sanford, Mrs. W. E Hamilton 

Taylor, Lady \\'innipeg 

The fee for Life Patrons of Ike I. C. W. M 9200. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 

LOCAL COUNCILS 

WITH THEIR AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



227 



BRANDON, MAN. 

Organized November 29, 1895 
President : 

Mrs. S. E. Clement Roral Route 

Corresponding Si cretary : 

Mrs. A. J. Hatcher 1240 Lome Ave . . 



.Brandon, Man. 



.428-4th St Brandon, Ma 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Brandon Art Club : 

President: Miss S. Macmorine. 
Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. R. A. Clement.. .208 Louise Ave.. . . 
Economic Society — 

President : Mrs. H. Laidlaw 416-12th St 

Great War Veterans — 

President : Mrs. J. Esselmont 456-lOth St 

Hospital Aid — 

President : Mrs. J. F. Lee 1216 Victoria Ave. 

I.O.D.E., Br.andon— 

Regent: Mrs.R.C. MacDonnell 335-8th St 

I.O.D.E., Teck— 

Recent : Mrs. H. McGregor .534 Loui.se Ave 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist — 

President : Mrs. F. Smith 714 Lome Ave 

Ladies' Aid. Congregational — 

President : Mrs. H. Cater 417-9th St 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist — 

President : Mrs. C. M. Dales 415-Sth St 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrews — 

President : Mrs. W. J. Campbell.. 323 Dennis St 

Ladies' Aid Victoria Ave. Methodist — 

President : Mrs. H. Hobb? 729-15th St 

Little Souris Grain Growers — 

President : Mrs. H. Thornton , . 
Nurses' Association — 

President : Mrs. J. McDiarmid. 
St. Anne's Society — 

President : Mrs. A. P. Jeffrey . . 
St. Mary's Women's Auxiliary- 

President : Mrs. J. Donaldson. . 



. Rural Route . 



.416 Victoria Ave. . . 



. .538 Victoria Ave. . . 



. .259-6th St. 



228 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



St. Matthew's Guild — 

President : Mrs. W. Bourke 560-16th St Brandon, Man. 

St. George's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. H. BrowTi 544-6th St 

Willing Workers, Knox — 

President : Mrs. G. Fitton 614-14th St 

Willing Workers, St. Paul— 

President : Mrs. W. J. Miller Ravenscourt Apt . . .. 

W.C.T.U., P.«K— 

President : Mrs. J. H. Kerr 627-13th St 

W.C.T.U., WiLLARD— 

President : :Mrs. W. Clendenning . 341-13th St 

Y.W.C.A.,— 

President : Mrs. H. MacNeill 345-14th St 



BRANTFORD, ONT. 

Organized :\Iay 29, 190S 

President : 

Mrs. W. C. Livingston, 90 Brant Ave Brantford, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary: 

Miss Ethel T.Raymond, 77 Peel St 

AFFIUATED SOCIETIES 

ALUiiNAE OF Nurses, Br.antford General Hospita .— 

President : Miss M. Forde Gener.it Hospital ... 

Art League, Dufferin School — 

Presideni : Mrs. G. Duncan 58 Lome Cre=ce;.t. . 

Art League, Victoria School — ^^ 

President : Mrs. J. A. Marquis. . . 138 Market St 

Hr.antford District Missionary Society, Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. Chi-ysler 

Children's .\id Committee — 

Presi*n( : Mrs, W. H WTiittaker.144 Chatham St 

City Teachers' As^^ociation — 

President : Mrs. A. Shultis 44 William St 

Equal Franchise Club — ^_ 

President : Mrs. J. E. Baker 94 Nelson r^t 

Fabrington Missionary Society — 

President : Mrs. F. Cockshutt . .80 Sheridan St " 

I.O.D.E., Brant Chapter — 

iJe^cnt ; Mrs. G. Duncan 58 Lome Crescent. . 

I.O.D.E., Dufferin Rifles Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. ^I..\. Colquohoun . . .237 Dalhousie St . . 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



229 



Ladies' Aid, Alexandra Phesbtterian Church— 

President : Mrs. J. Heath 508 Colbome St . .Brantford, Ont. 

Ladies' Aid, Brant Ave. Methodist — 

President : Mts \V. G. Strong 50 Brant Ave " " 

Ladies' Aid, Colborne St. Methodist — 

President : Mrs. C. Verity 57 Charlotte St " " 

Ladies' Aid St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. J. Hawthorne. , .23 Palmerston Ave. " " 

Ladies' Aid, Wellington St. Methodist — 

President : Mrs. T. Fissett 109 George St " 

Ladies' Aid Zion Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. D. J. Waterous . . 137 Park Ave " " 

Soldiers' Associated Kith and Kin — • 

President: Mrs. J. J. Hurley 26 Lome Crescent . . " 

South Brant Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. J. Brethour Buriord, Ont. 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. F. Cockshutt 80 Sheridan St Brantford, Ont. 

Widows' Home — 

President : Mrs. Nelles 26 Albion St 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. J. K. Kerr 39 Usher St 

Women's Hospital Aid — 



President : Mrs. F. D. Keville. . . 
Y.M.C.A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. C. Westaway. . . 
Y.W.C.A., Auxiliary— 

President : Mrs. W. S. Brewster. 



75 Dufferin Ave. 



Palmerston Ave . 



55 Chestnut Ave. 



CALGARY, ALTA. 

Organized October, 1912 
President : 

Mrs. Chas. E. Fenkell 170S-13th Ave. W. Calgary Alta. 

Correspondiyig Secretary : 

Mrs. H. G. H. Glass 3018 Glencoe Rd . . . 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
.26 New St 



American Women's Club — 

President : Mrs. F. Carpenter. . 
Associated Consumers — 

President : Mrs. E. P. Newhall. 
Calgary Graduate Nurses — 

President : Miss Duncan Ogden Home Ogden, Alta. 



.S27-3rd Ave. W. . . . 



230 the national council of 

Calgary Women's Musical Club — 

Presidnt : Mrs. Sharpies Flexford Housp Calgary, Alta. 

Diocesan Board of Women's Auxilary — 

President : Mrs. W. Geddes lS3.5-32nd Ave \\' . . " 

Great War Next of Kin— 

President : Mrs. Grevelt 240-13th Ave W. . . " 

Housekeepers' Association — 

President : Miss Manning 908 Royal Ave 

Ladies' Aid, Bankview Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. Fisher 1919-12th St. W. . . . " 

Ladies' Aid, Central Methodist — 

President : Mrs. ^A^ Homer 2216-7th St. W 

Ladies' .'^id. Crescent Heights — 

President : Mrs. Butterwick 342 6th-Ave., X.E. . 

L.\DiEs' Aid, Hebrew — ^^ 

President ■ Mrs. A. Lereth 605-24th Ave. \\'. . . 

Ladies' .\id, Knox Presbyterian — 

President : Mrs. C. A. Stuart 718-7th Ave. W. . . . 

Ladies' Aid, Olivet B.U'tist Church — 

President : Mrs. Trotter 1221-17th Ave. X.W " " 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley Methodist — 

President : Mrs. Wintemute 1723-12st St. W 

Ladies' Aid, West Calg.ary Methodist — 

President : Mrs. Ovans 2514-21st Ave W. . . 

Missionary Society, Knox Church — 

President : Mrs. J. L. Rowe 1813-7th St . W 

Missionary Society and Study Union of Pro. Cathedral— 

President : Mrs. Pinkham E bow Park 

Mothers' Club and Art League — 

President : Mrs. Aird 71t>-17th Ave. W. . . 

Mothers' Club, Naomi — 

President : Mrs. Gustus 812-18th Ave. W. . . 

Mothers' Club, Normal Practise School — 

President : Mrs. Edwards 604-6th St. W 

Mothers' Club, Sunalta — 

President: Mrs. Sutherland 1709-12th .\ve. W. . 

Mothf.rs' Union, Central Committee — 

President: Mrs. Montgomery. . . .1417-7th Ave. N.W. 
Mothers' Union, Pro. Cathedral — 

President : Jean Pinkham Elbow Park 

Mothers' LiNiON, St. Stephen's Branch — 

President : Mrs. James 1407-lOth St. \\ 

St Mark's Guild — 

Samaritan Club — 

President : Mrs. J. Woods Elbow Park 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



231 



Tubercular Hospital Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. Carson 526-4th Ave. ^^'. . . .Calgary, Alta. 

Typographical Union Women's Auxiliary- — 

President : Mrs. Orman £620 Stanley Rd. ... " " 

Unity" Clcb — 

President : Mrs. Walter Smith . . .61-l-15th Ave. E . . . 
Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. MacKay 3607-6th St. S.W. . . 

W.C.T.U., Centr.\l— 

President : Mrs. Budd 704-12th Ave. W. . . 

W.C.T.U., West End— 

President : Mrs. MacCallum 90.5-13th Ave. W. . . 

Women's Press Club — 

President : Miss MacGregor c/o Albertan Office 

Working Women's Association — 

President : Mrs. Mac Williams. . . .313-1.5th Ave. E. . . 
Y.W.C.A.— 

Presideni : Mrs. Mackav 3607-6th St. S.W. . . 



CHAPLEAU, ONT. 

Organized Novembers, 1911 
President : 

Mrs. P. R. Soanes Aurora, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

]Mrs. Elizabeth Vice Chapleau, Ont. 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Ladies' Society of Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen 
President : Mrs. Buncombe Chapleau, Ont. 

Women's Auxiliary, St. John Church — 

President : Mrs. Woodard Chapleau, Ont. 



DAUPHIN, MAN. 

Organized April 27, 1917 
President : 

Mrs. M. Bready Dauphin, Man. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. W. J. Harrington " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Children's Aid — 

President : Mrs S. Code Dauphin, Man. 

Home Economics — 

President : Mrs. J. B. Mclntyre 



232 the national council of 

Hospital Aid — 

President : Mrs. G. C. J. Walker Dauphin, Man. 

I.O.D.E.- 

Regent : Mrs. C. Gofton 

L.VDiEs' Aid, Anglican — ^^ 

President : Mrs. A. Day 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist — __ 

President : Mrs. N. Griffin 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist — 

President : Mrs. A. H. F. Stelck 

Red Cross — ^^ ^, 

President : Mrs. G. H. Palmer 

St. James' Sewing Cihcle — 

President : Mrs. King 

Soldiers' Aid — ^^ 

President : Mrs. D. Hamilton 

Willing Workers, B.vptist — 

President : Mrs. Batty 

^\'.^LS., Methodist — _^ 

President : Mrs. H. E. Bewell 



EAST PICTOU, N.S. 

Organized May, 1899 
President : 

Miss C. E. Carmiehael New Glasgow, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary: ^^ 

Miss Annie M. Murray " Athole Cottage" . . 

affiluted societies 

Aberdeen Hospital Auxiliary, New Glasgow, N.S. — 

President : Mrs. J. W. McKay 

Aberdeen Hospital Auxiliary, Stellarton — 

President : Mrs. Keith SteUarton, N.S. 

Red Cross, New Glasgow, — 

President : Mrs. P. A. McGregor New Glasgow, N.S. 

St. George's Aid Society, New Glasgow — 

ti <( 

President : Mrs. Drake 

W.C.T.U., New Glasgow,— 

Presi/ient : Mrs. P. A. McGregor 

W.C.T.U., Trenton— 

President : Miss Sutherland ^- • ■ Trenton N.S. 

W.M.S., Baptist, New Glasgow — 

President : Mrs Archibald New Glasgow, N.S. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 233 

W.M.S., First Presbyterian, New Glasgow — 

President : Mrs. (Capt.) Graham New Glasgow, N.S. 

W.M.S., Methodist, New Glasgow — 

President : Mrs. N. W. Mason " '* 

W.M.S., St. Andrew's, New Glasgow — 

President : Mrs. A. P. Douglas " "' 

W.M.S., Stellarton — 

President : Mrs. C. C, Mcintosh The Manse Stellarton, N.S. 

W.M.S., Trenton— 

President : Mrs. A. A. McLeod. . .The Manse Trenton, N.S. 

W.M.S., United Church. New Glasgow — 

President : Miss A. M. Murray.. ."Athole Cottage". New Glasgow, N.S. 



EDMONTON, ALTA. 

Organized March, 1908 
President : 

Mrs K. Forbes Reid 11151-88th Ave Edmonton, Alta. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Evan Greene 8231 -106th St 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Alberta Humane Society, Edmonton Branch — 

President : Mrs. Cavanagh 1121S-100th Ave. . .Edmonton, Alta. 

Alberta Women's Institute — 

President : M ss M. Mclsaac 9935-107th St 

Catholic Women's League — 

Prmdere/: Mrs. Howard Thompson, 10153-n2th St. 
Consumers' League — 

Preside7it : Mrs. D. Donaldson . . . 10948-89th Ave 

Daughters and Maids of Engl.4Nd — 

President : Mrs. Geo. Arrowsmith.ll928-81st St Edmonton, Alta. 

Daughters and Maids of England, Lodge Devoni,^ — 

President : Mrs. R. H. Webb . . . 9944-86th Ave 

Edmonton Association of Graduate Nurses — 

President : Miss Belle Raymond. . 10036-117th St 

Edmonton Business Women's Club — 

Presideni.- Miss AUce Blain..Griesbaeh& O'Connor.. 
Edmonton Women's Press Club — 

President : Mrs. R. W. JMcClung . 11229-lOOth Ave ... 
Equal Franchi.se League — 

President : Mrs. R. W. McClung . 11229-lOOth .\ve . . 
Great War Next of Kin Association — 

President : Mrs. Tierney 91 16-1 19th Ave 



234 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

I.O.D.E., Alexandkr McQueen Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Earle Hardisty 11814-lOOth Ave . Edmonton, Alta. 

I.O.D.E., Beaver House Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. John Gillespie 11319-99th Ave 

I.O.D.E., British Navy Chapter— 

Recent : Mrs. G. A. McKee 11012-85th Ave. ... 

I.O.D.E., Cardinal Mercier Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. T. P. Malone 9862-87th Ave 

I.O.D.E., CoL. Harwoood Chapter— 

Regent : Mrs. R. C. Day 13101-104th Ave . . 

I.O.D.E., Duchess of Sutherland Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. W. C. StirUng 1 1309-lOOth Ave . . . 

I.O.D.E., Fort Edaionton Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. P. F. Canniff 11119-60th St 

I.O.D.E., 49th Edmonton Regiment Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. E. W. Burke 10109-124th St 

I.O.D.E., Gen. Joffre Chapter 

Regent : Mrs. H. N. Lane 20 Derisas Ct 

I.O.D.E., King Albert Chapter — 

Rege7U : Mrs. A. A. Nicholls 10235-124th St 

I.O.D.E., Keomi Chapter — 

Regent : Miss A. G. Maddock. . . . 10023-115th St 

I.O.D.E., Llotd George Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. E. B. Cogswell 11154-84th Ave ... . 

I.O.D.E., Ma.ior Fane Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. A. L. Purvis 21 Le Marchand Apts. " 

I.O.D.E., Margaret MacDonald Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Farquharson 10220-124th St 

I.O.D.E., Mistanusk Chapter — 

Regetil ; Mrs. R. W. Cantley 1002.3-106th St 

I.O.D.E., Municipal Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Fred Smith 11132-88th Ave " 

I.O.D.E., 19th Alberta Dragoons Chapter— 

Be{/ej!(; Mrs. Seymour Archibald. .8232-lOlst St " " 

I.O D.E., O Me Mee Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Forbes Reid 111.51-88th Ave. . . . 

I.O.D.E., W'auchusk Chapter — 

Re^eytt : Mrs. Fred S. Watson . . . .9804-112th St " " 

Ladies' Aid, First Baptist Church 

President : Mrs. George Simpson 10662-107th St 

Ladies' Aid, Grace Church — 

President : Mrs. D. R. Reed 10554-92nd St^ . . . . " " 

Ladies' Aid, Hebrew Church — 

Presuknt : Mrs. D. Boyaner 10236-119th St 

Ladies' Aid, McDoucall Church — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Kelcher. . . 1 1150-86th Ave ... . " " 



WOME>f OF CANADA 035 

Ladies' Aid, Metropolitan CnnKCH — 

President : Mrs. E. Racey Whyte Block Edmonton, .\lla. 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley Church — . . . 

President : Mrs. E. F. Hall 12209-llOth Ave ... " " 

Mission Circle, Str.\thcona B.^ tist — 

Presirff/ii ; Mrs. J. W. Porteous. .1071.3-80th Ave " " 

Robertson College Guild — 

President ; Mrs. Torkey 11118-S7th Ave 

Royal Alexandra Hospital Aid — 

President : Mrs. W . J. Melrose. . 10719-98th Ave " " 

St. Anthony's Needlework Guild — 

President : INIrs. N. Champagne. . 10611-87th Ave " " 

St. John Ambulance Brigade Overse.\s — 

President : Mrs. C. A. Lucas 9671-87th Ave " " 

Sunset Division Auxiliary, R.ulro.ad Conductors — 

President : Mrs. R. M. Halpenny .9318-107th Ave .... " " 

Victorian Order District Nurses — 

Presiden : Mrs. J. R. Benson 12420-103rd Ave ... " 

Women's Alliance, First Unitarian Church — 

President : Mrs. A. Desilet.s 11302-94th St " " 

Women's Association, Westminster Church — 

President : Mrs. C. E. Wilson 9653-105th Ave " " 

Women's Auxiliary, Social Service — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Sterne . . . 10159-118th St " " 

Women's Auxiliary-, All Saints' Church — 

President : Mrs. Percy Seager 10628-12.5th St " " 

Women's Auxili.ajiy, Christ Church — 

President ; Mrs. Ambrose Dickms.l0018-115th St " " 

Women's Auxiliary, Holy Trinity Church — 

President : Mrs. F. W. W. Fane. .10805-80th Ave " " 

Women's Auxiliary, Typographical Union — 

President : Mrs. E. Marskell 9620-llOth Ave .... " " 

Women's Benefit Association of Maccabees — 

President : Mrs. H. J. Marks .... 10742-1 Uth St " " 

Women's Can.adian Club — 

Presidetit : Mrs. R. B. Wells MacDonald Hotel . . 

Women's Cmc Club — 

President : Mrs. C. R. McLachlan.l2304r-108th Ave ... " " 

Women's Volunteer Reserve — 

Frestde»( ; Mrs. A. J. MacDonald. .10165-96th St. ... " " 

Women's University Club — 

President : Miss E. Chauvin 10402-123rd St " 

W.C.T.U., Central— 

President : Mrs. W. J. Ross 11822-77th St 

W.C.T.U., Highlands — 

President : Mrs. F. G. Brown 11216-65th St " 



236 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

W.C.T.U., Lamont— 

President : Mrs. W. Williams Lamont, Alta. 

W.C.T.U., Norwood — 

President : Mrs. Roy Kingsbury. . lU37-94th St Edmonton, Alta. 

W.C.T.U., South Edmonton— 

President : Mrs. Chester Gainer. . 11142-90th Ave " 

W.C.T.U., Vegreville— 

President : Mrs. Brinton Vegreville, Alta. 

W.C.T.U., West Edmonton— 

President : Mrs. A. German Elm Park Edmonton, Alta. 

W.C.T.U., West End— 

President : Mrs. R. B. Walt 10316-121st St 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs, Pinckney 10539-125th St 



GALT, ONT. 

Organized 1918 



President: 

Mrs. W. H. Lash 7.5 Blair Rd Gait, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. D. A. Barnes 



HALIFAX, N.S. 
Organized August 24, 1894 
Prtsidenl : 

Mrs. William Dennis 45 Cobourg Rd Halifax, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary: 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Alexandra Society — 

President : Mrs. W. F. Foster Dartmouth, N.S 

Anti-tuberculosis League — 

tsl Vice-Pres. : Mrs. T. S. Rogers, Pine Cottage Halifax, N.i 

Cathedral Social Service Le.^gue — 

President : Mrs. Northover 160 Pepperell St 

Catholic Women's Emigration Society — 

President : Mrs. Southall 208 Barrington St . 

Children of Mary — 

President : Miss Chisholin Spring Garden Rd. . 

Circle of Our Lady of Charity — 

President : Mrs. Sage Ifi2 Quinjiool Rd . . . 

Dalhousie Alumnae — 



women op canada 237 

Girls' Friendly, St. Paul's — 

President : Mrs. Egan 83 Morris St Halifax, N.S. 

Graduate Nurses' Association of Nova Scotia — 

President : Mrs. W. D. Forrest. . .257 Harrington St . . " " 

Household League — 

President : Mrs. C. M. Murray. . . 151 Harrington St . . " " 

I.O.D.E., Chebucto Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Odwaine 17 Church St " " 

I.O.D.E., John Stew.\rt Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. W. D. Forrest 257 Harrington Str. . " " 

I.O.D.E., Princess Louise Chapter — 

Regerit : Mrs. H. Oxley 10 Green St " 

LO.D.E., Shannon Chapter — 

Regent : Miss Belle McKie Dartmouth, N.S. 

Infants' Home — 

President : Mrs. Mader 59 Morris St Halifax, N.S. 

Ladies' Aid, First Haptist Church — 

President : Mrs. I. B. Shaffner. . .20 South Park St. . . " " 

Ladies' Aid, Infirmary — 

Fresirfmi : Mrs. I. H. Mitchell.. 64 Spring Garden Rd. " " 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew — 

President: Mrs. Ira MacNab .... 1 Cherry St " " 

Ladies' Aid, Tabernacle — 

President : Mrs. Daley 297 Hrunswick St. . . " " 

Ladies' College Alumnae — 

President : Miss E. Stairs "The Grosvenor" . . " 

Ladies' Musical Club — 

President : Mrs. J. McD. Taylor. . 145 South Park St. . " •' 

North End Mission — 

President : Mrs. ISIcClelland 23 Cobourg Rd " " 

Order of Scottish Women — 

President : Miss I. Woodworth. . .222 Jubilee Rd 

Protestant Orphans' Home — 

President : Mrs. Cunningham. . . .49 Cornwallis St. ... " 
Red Cross Society — 

President : Mrs. William Dennis . . 45 Cobourg Rd " " 

Royal British Veterans' Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. McCarthy 4 Vernon St 

St. John Ambulance Brigade — 

President : Mrs. G. A. Macintosh. 464 Robin St " 

S.P.C. Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. I. C. Wood " JoUimores" 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President: Mrs. William Dennis. .45 Cobourg Rd 

W.A- St. Paul's Girls' — 

President : Miss Lordly Queen St 



238 the national council of 

Women's Club, Church of the Redeemer — 

Presidenl : Mrs. Legal 22 Brunswick St. . . .Halifax, N.S. 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. F, Woodbury. . . . 31S Barrington St . . " " 

W.C.T.U., Dartmouth — 

President ; Mrs. Stapleton Dartmouth, X.S 

W.C.T.U., Lunenburg — 

President : Mrs. Ada Powers Lunenburg, N.S. 

W.C.T.U , Roberts— 

Presidenl : Mrs. G. R. Marshall. . .S Black St Halifax, N.S. 

Women's Missionary Societt, Fort Massey — 

President : Mrs. 'Ross Ill Inglis St " " 

Women's Missionary Society, Park St. — 

President : Miss Jean Moir 4 William St " " 

Women's Missionary Society, St. John's — 

PrfsidCT!< : Mrs John MoKinnon. 110 Windsor St ... . " " 

Women's Mission.\ry Society, St. M.vtthew's — ■ 

President : Mrs. J. A. Clarke 317 Bamngton St . . " " 

Y.M.C.A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President: Mrs William Dennis. .4.5 Cobourg Rd " " 

Y's, Cameron — 

President : 
Y's, Excelsior — 

Presidenl : Mrs. A. K. Herriiian Dartmouth, N.S. 

Y's, Floral — 

Presidenl : Mrs J. T. Wilson .... 186 Robin St Halifax, N.S. 



HAMILTON, OUT. 

Organized November 17, 1893 
President : 

Mrs. Samuel Lyle 3.5 Glcnfern Ave. . .Hamilton, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Elizabeth Harris 169 James St. S " 

AFFI1,1.\TED SOCIETIES 

Aberdeen Association — 

President : Miss Barker 14 .\rkli'dun .\ve. . .Haniiltoii. Ont. 

AoED Women's Home — 

President : Mrs. Breckenridge. . . 14 Hess St. S " 

.\lma College Daughters — 

President : Mrs. II. Cummer 80 Stinson St " " 

Alumnae Literary Club — 

President : Mrs. (Dr.) Griffin .... 1.57 Main St. E " 



women of canada 239 

Boys' Home — 

President : Mrs. Leggat "Braeside," Duke . .Hamilton, Ont. 

Canadian Business Women's Club — 

Representative : Miss Strong 35 Victoria Ave. S. . " " 

Childken's Aid Society — 

President: Mrs. Urquhart 63 Horn wood Ave. . " " 

East Hamilton War Relief 

President : Mrs. Morden 40 Fo est Ave " " ■ 

Girls' Friendly Society — ■ ■ 

President : Miss Ridley Main St. W '' " 

Girls' Home — 

President : Mrs. Lucas " Rowanhurst," 

Duke St 

Hamilton Health Association, Women's Auxiliary — 

President Mrs. P. D. Crerar, ''Dunedin," JamesSt. S. " " 

Hamilton Health League — 

President : Mrs. R. Evans 86 Homewood Ave.. " " 

Hamilton Teachers' Institute — 

Representative : Miss Morrison . . .Wellington S. . ; . . . . " " 

Hamilton Women Teachers' Association — 

President : Miss Savage Jackson St. W " "' 

Hebrew Ladies' Deborah Society — 

President : Mrs. J Levy 319 Hunter St. E. . . " " 

Horticultural Society — 

President : Mi^s R. B Potts 16 Bruce St " " 

Infants' Home and Home of the Friendless — 

Presidere.' ; Mrs. Robert Hobson.. 55 Ch;irlton Ave. W. " " 

I.O.D.E., Caxton Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Z. A. Hal! 87 Sherman Ave. ... 

I.O.D.E., Gen. Allenby Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Kennedy St. Charles Apts " " 

I.O.D.E., Heroes Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. F. ^\^ Brennan 474 Main St. E " 

I.O.D.E., Pa.\rdeburg Chapter— 

Representative : Mrs. .Atkinson . . .Hess St. S 

I.O.D.E., St. Elizabeth Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. McKay Bold St 

I.O.D.E., St. Hilda Chapter— 

Rege7it : Miss C. E. Moore Hess St. S " " 

I.O.D.E., St. Cecilia Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Harry Burkholder, 77 Sherman Ave. S. " 

Nurses' Alumnae Association — 

President : Miss Laidlaw James St. S 

Nurses' Babies' Dispensary — 

Preside?!^ ; Miss Helen Macdonald.. 38 Herkimer St... " " 



240 thf. nationai, coini'il ok 

Nurses' Association — 

President : Miss Maddrn General Hospital Hamilton, Ont. 

Patwotic League — 

Represcnlalive : Mrs. Hawkins. . . . Aberdeen Ave " 

Secours Nationale — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Lovering . . 70 Markland " 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

Represenlaiire: Mrs. \V. A. Wood, "Elmwood," James St. S. " 
V.O.N. , House Committee — 

President : Mrs. John Crerar 239 McNab St. S. . . 

Women's Art Association — 

President : Mrs. N. D. Galbraith, 401 Main St. E 

Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. Harry Carpenter, IjO Hess St. S " 

W.C.T.U., Central Branch— 

President : Mrs. Harrison 118 Aberdeen Ave. . " 

W.C.T.U., Hamilton Branch— 

President : Mrs. Nicholls 3 East Ave. S " 

W.C.T.U., Yeoman's Branch — 

President : Mrs. Brown 45 Chestnut St 

Women's Exchange — 

President : Mrs. J. M, Eastwood 

"Linden Place," Main St. E 

Women's Institute, Burlington — 

President : Mrs. E. J. Moore Burlington, Ont. 

Women's Institute, Saltfleet — 

President : Mrs. Clough .Stony Creek, Ont. 

Women's Institute, Stont: Creek — 

President : Mrs. A. E. Walker R. R. No. 1 Bartonville " 

Women's Institute, Sanford — 

President : Mrs. Killen Port Carling, Ont. 

Women's Institute, Wintjermere — 
Women's Liberal Club — 

President : Miss .Xnna Edgar 16 Bay St. S Hamilton, Ont. 

Women's Wentworth Historical Society — 

President : Lady Hendrie Government House. Toronto, Ont. 

Y.W.C.A — 

President : Mrs. Hatch Sherman Ave Hamilton, Ont. 



KINGSTON, ONT. 

Organized April 26, 1894 
Presidknl : 

Mrs. John Macgillivray 96 Albert St Kingston, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. John Wright 7 Mack St 



■WOMEN OF CANADA 241 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Akt Association — 

President : Miss A. JNI. Machar. . .25 Sydenham St. . . .Kingston, Ont. 
Boys' Blue Cross Band, Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Miss M. Going 189 Earl St " 

Catholic Girls' Club — 

President : Miss I. C. Ronan 2-40 Bagot St 

Church Women's Aid, St. George's Cathedral — 

President : G. A. Robinson 167 Alfred St " " 

Creche or Day Nursery — 

Prmde«( ; Mrs. Bidwell 49 King St " 

General Hospital Aid Society — 

President : Uts. W. F. Nickle .... 130 Earl St 

Hotel Dieu Hospital Altciliary- — 

President : Miss I. C. Ronan 240 Bagot St 

Infants' Home — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Macnce.. .115 Union St " 

I.O.D.E., Cataraqui Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. J. L. ■ViTiiting 52 Clergj' St " 

I.O.D.E., Fbontenac Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. T. G. Smith 83 Gore St " " 

I.O.D.E., Municipal Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. J. B. Carruthers. . . .Earl St " 

Jewish Society" — 

President : Mrs. Oberndorffer . . . .88 Queen St " 

King's Daughters, City Union — 

President : Miss Strange 1-34 King St " 

Kingston Chapter, Graduate Nurses — 

President : Mrs. S. Crawford 124 Division St " 

Musical Club — 

President: Mrs. W. E. Macpherson. .4 College St 

Nurses' Alumnae — 

President : Mrs. George Xicol .... Cataraqui 

Orphans' Guild — 

President : Mrs. H. P. Smith 260 King St 

Orphans' Home — 

President : Mrs. A. Strachan King St 

Poor Relief Association — 

President : Mrs. J. Wright 7 Mack St 

Public Library- Board — 

Representative : jSlrs. A. Kennedy . Public Library 

Queen's Alumnae — 

President : Mrs. L. Macdonnell ... 12 Alwington Ave . . 
Red Cross Society — 

President : Mrs. H. R. Duff 480 Princess St 



242 THE NATIONAL ConNCIL OF 

St. John Ambvlanxe Brigade Overseas — 

President : Mrs G. H. OgiK-ie 1 19 Earl St Kingston, Ont. 

Sodality Children op Mary — 

President : Miss I. C. Ronan 240 Bagot St 

Soldiers' Wives' League — 

President : Mrs. Hemming 157 King St " " 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. H. P. Smith 260 King St.. " " 

Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. H. A. Lavell 22 Barrie St " " 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. G. A. Bateman. .309 University Ave.. " " 

Women's Emergency Corps — 

President : Mrs. G. H. Ogilvie. ... 119 Earl St 

Women Teachers' Association — 

President : Miss E. Wilder 207 Nelson St " " 

Y.M.C.--\., Mothers' Council — 

Presidetit : Mrs. G. A. Bateman . . .309 University Ave . " " 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Miss McCallum 302 Barrie St " " 



LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. 

Organized June, 1914 
President : 

Mrs. G. W. Robinson 423-Sth St. S Lethbridge, Alta. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. G. W. Leech 630-llth St. S 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Civic Club — 

President : Mrs. John Craig 624-8th St. S 

I.O.D.E,, Major Jack Ro.ss Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. C. F. P. Conybcare . River.sview " " 

I.O.D.E., Sir Alexander G.\lt Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. J. N. Ritchie 1302^th Ave. S. . . . 

Ladies' Aid, Knox — 

Presidenf; Mrs. R.R.Davidson. .312-14th St. S " " 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley — 

President : Mrs. W. A. Buchanan 1404-4th Ave. S . . . . 
Mathesis Club — 

President : Mrs. Chas. McClenaghan . . 604-12th St. . . . " 

Women's Auxiliary, St. Augustine — 

President : Mrs. G. E. C. Martin. .313-13th St. S 



WOMEN OF CANADA 243 

W.C.T.U., Central— 

President : Mrs. H. M. WTiiddington, 620-14th St. S . Lethbridge, Alta. 

W.M.S., Wesley — 

President : Mrs. R. E. Skeith . . . .612-12th St. S 



LONDON, ONT. 

Organized January 16, 1S94 
President : 

Mrs. H. A. Boomer 393 William St London, Ont. 



Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. C Yarker 73 Wortley Rd. 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Children's Aid Society — 

1st Vice-Pres. : Mrs. F.E. Leonard, 602 Queen's Ave., London, Ont. 

CON^V'ALESCENT HoME — 

President : Mrs. H. A. Boomer. . .393 William St 

I.O.D.E.— 

Rege7it : Mrs. Niven 423 Colborne St. . . . 

King's Daughters — 

President : Miss Davis 515 William St " " 

Mothers' Club — 

President : Mrs. Tutt 90 Chesley Ave 

Mothers' Union, Memorial Church — 

President ; Mrs. F. E. Leonard.. .602 Queen's Ave " " 

Music Clitb — 

President : Mrs. Dockstader 125 Wortley Rd " " 

Nurses' Alumnae, Victoria Hospital — 

President : Mrs. Joseph 499 Oxford St " 

Protestant Orphans' Home — 

President .■ Mrs. Becker, "Thomwood," St. George St. . " " 

Red Cross Society — 

President : Lady Beck "Hedley," Richmond St. " " 

St. John Ambulance — 

President : Miss Davis 515 William St " 

Sanatorium Aid — 

Preside/if ; Mrs. John Steveley ... 567 Queen's Ave " 

Social Service Club — 

President : Miss F. Keene 553 Dufferin St " 

SuFFR.'iGE Association — 

President; Mrs. Gordon Wright.. 133 Glenwood Ave. . " " 



244 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



73 Wort lev Rd Lon 



Victorian Order of Nurses — 

Presidetil : Mrs. J. C. Yarker . 
Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. Donald McLean . 445 Piccadilly St . . 
Women's Christian Association — 

President : Mrs. Geo. Marshall. . .2.30 Central Ave. . . 
Women Gardeners' Association — 

President : Miss Carling 677 Talbot St 

Women Teachers' Guild — 

President : Miss B. Graham 797 Hellmuth Ave. 

Y.M.C.A., Ladies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. W. G. Young.. . .500 Colborne St. . . 
Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs. Chas. Leonard.. .Huron St 



don, Ont 



MACLEOD, ALTA. 

Organized April, 1916 
President : 

Miss A. Muir Macleod, .\lta. 

Correspo7iding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. Horner " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Literary Fortnightly Club — 

President : Mrs. Hood Macleod, .\lta. 

Women's Auxiliary, Anglican — 

President : Mrs. M. Bailey " " 

Wo.men's Missionary Society — 

President : Mrs. W. A. Lewis " " 

■Women's Missionary Society, Presbyterian — 

President : Miss A. Muir " " 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. C. CoUinson " " 



MEDICINE HAT, ALTA. 

Organized Mari'li 1."), llUi) 
President : 

Mrs. H. W. Bellamy 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. A. Porter 489 Eighth St 



Fifth St Medicine Hat, Alta 



WOMEN OF CANADA 245 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Graduate Nurses' Association — 

President : Mrs. Smythe 874 Second St Medicine Hat, Alta. 

Hospital Ladies' Aid — 

President : Mrs. R. J. Smart .541b Sixth Ave " " 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. Treider, Sr 519a Fifth Ave " " 

Ladies' Aid, Knox Church — 

President : Mrs. J. T. Scarlett .... 112S-Slh b St 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. T. Knight 347 Aberdeen St " " 

Literary Society — 

President : Mrs. G. Turner First St 

Missionary Society, Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. Bkmdell Third St " " 

Missionary Society, Knox Church — 

President : Mrs. J. T. Scarlett 112S-5th b St " " 

Missionary Societi", Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. B. F. Souch 304 Second St ..... . " 

Mothers' Club, Alexandra School — 

President : Mrs. Cantelon .506b Sixth Ave " 

Mothers' Club, Elizabeth St. School — 

President : Mrs. Shannon Dunmore Rd 

Typographical Union, Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. B. Bellamy 277 Fifth St 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. Worth 5210 Maple Ave. ... " 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs. Smythe 874 Second St 



MONTREAL, QUE. 
Organized November 30, 1893 

President : 

Miss Eleanor Tatley 850 Oxenden Ave. . .Montreal, Que. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss I. Pearl Le.she Summit Circle 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Alumnae Association of General Hospital Training School for Nurses- 
President : Miss Strunn General Hospital. . .Montreal, Que. 

Alumnae Association of Mcgill University- — 

President : Mrs. A. R. Howell. . . .572 Victoria Ave ... 



246 the national council of 

Alvmnab Association of Royal Victoria Hospital Thaining School for 
Nurses — 
President : 
Antiquarian Society, Ladies' Branch — 

PresUknt : Mrs. Wurtele 326 Sherbrooke St. W., Montreal, Que 

Boys' Montreal Club, L.U)Ies' Auxiliary — 

President: Mrs. G. A. Brown. . . TlSDorchesterSt.W. " " 

Brehmer Rest — 

President : Mrs. J. P. Black Cote des Neigcs Rd . " " 

Can.vdian Xursks' Associ.\tion — 

President : Miss Phillips 7.50 St. Urbain St. . . 

Canadian Women's Press Club, Montreal Branch— 

PresWcni: Mrs. Hugh Cochrane.. 275 Bishop St " " 

Girls' Frientjly Society — - 

President : Mrs. Warwick Chipman, 4.5 Lincoln Ave.. ' " 

Goodwill Holid.\y House — 

President: Miss P. Howard.. c/o :Mrs. H. L. Putnam, 

46 Trafalgar Ave . 
Hbrvey' Institute — 

Presidenf ; Mrs J. A. Henderson. . 57.5 Ro<lyn .\ve., 

Westmouiit " " 

LH.N. Society — 

President : Mrs. C. Chisholm Ritz Carlton Hotel. . " " 

(The) Indu.strial Daughters of Zion — 

President : Mrs. Fitch 854 Lorne Crescent. . " " 

Iverley- Settlement^ 

President : Mrs. George W. Cook. .400 Elm Ave., West- 
mount " " 

(The) Kino's Daughters — 

President : Miss Gomery 80 Roberval .Ave., 

Cote St. PauL . . . 
(The) King's Daughters, Royal Circle — 

President : Miss Grace Low 

258 Wilson Ave. Notre Darae de Grace " " 

Ladies' Benevolent Society — 

President : Mrs. Alister Imtchell 

"The Linton "Sherbrooke St. West " " 

Ladies' Hebrew Benevolent Society— 

President : Mrs. C. A. Workman. 333 Kensington Ave., Westmount, Que. 
Loyola Club — 

President : Miss AL Jones 275 Manco St Montreal, Que. 

Melville Church Hospital Social Service — 

President : Mrs. McNaught 4949 Western Ave. Westmount, Que. 

Montreal Diet Dispensary — 

President : Mr.s. W. Kerry 300 Pine Ave., W. . .Montreal, Que. 



women of canada 247 

Montreal Froebel Society — 

President : Mrs. E. R. Busteed. . .87 St. Mark St Montreal, Que. 

Montreal Housewives' League — 

President : Mrs. AVigmore 285 Stanley St " " 

Montreal Suffrage Association — 

President: Prof. Carrie ]M. Derick, M.A., 85 Crescent St. " " 

Murray Bay- Con^'alescent Home — 

Representative : Mrs. George Caverliill, 84 Simpson St . .Montreal, Que. 
Needlework Guild, Montre.al Branch — 

President : Miss Scott 81 Redpath St 

Parks and Play-grounds — 

President: Mrs. Chas. Moyse. . . .Sherbrooke St., W. . " " 

Protestant Industrial Rooms — 

Presideiit : Mrs. John Tui-nbuU. . ..327 Peel St 

Protestant Infants' Home — 

President : Mrs. Hutchinson . .4170 St. Catherine St. .Westmount, Que. 
Protestant Orphans' Home — 

President : Mrs. E. B. Greenshields . .349 Peel St Montreal, Que. 

Protestant Women Teachers' Association of Montreal — 

President : Miss Isabel Brittain . .9 Tower Ave " " 

Royal Edward Institute, Ladies' Committee — 

Presideft^ ; Mrs. Jeffrey Burland. .342 Sherbrooke St. W.. " " 

St. Paul's Dorcas and Ladies' Aid Society — 

President: Mrs G. Eadie, ISOMarlowe Ave., Notre Dame de Grace, Que. 
Social Service of St. Andrew's Church, Montreal — ■ 

President : Mrs. John Liddell. .4005 Dorchester St.W., Montreal, Que. 
The Sheltering Home — 

President : Mrs. F. Wilson Fairman, 369 Peel St 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President; Mrs. H. S.Birkett.... 252 Mountain St .. " 
Victorian Sunshine Society of Canada — 

President : Mrs. G. C. Davis 34 Bm-ton Ave Westmount, Que. 

Women's Alliance, Church op The Messiah — 

President : Mrs. H. M. Mackay, .15 Lorne Ave Montreal, Que. 

Women's Art Society — 

President : Miss Foley 731 Sherbrooke St. W. " " 

Women's Directory of Montreal — 

President : Mrs. Hugh Mackay . .29 Macgregor St.. . . " " 

AiuMNAE Assoc. Royal Victoria Hospital Training School for Nurses — 

President : Miss Goodhugh . . .Royal Victoria Hosp. " " 

W.C.T.U., Central— 

President : Mrs. Walter Paul 33 Park Ave " " 

W.C.T.U., F.AIRMOUNT— 

President : Mrs. Robert Neville. .32 Elmwood Ave. . .Outremont, Que. 
W.C.T.U , Frances Willard — 

President : Mrs. J. C. Copping. . .504 Lonsdale Ave.. .Westmount, Que. 



248 THE XATIOXAL COUNCIL OF 

W.C.T.U., Mizi-AH— 

President : Mrs. Tracey LiKklington, 369 E'.m Ave Westmount, Que. 

W.C.T.U., Northern District — 

President: Mrs. David Scott, 356 Cote St. Catherine Ud., Outrcmont, Que. 
Women's Societies, Emmanuel Church — 

President : Mrs. D. F. Gurd 124 Bishop St Montreal, Que. 

Young Women's Chri.stiax Associ.\tion — 

President: Mrs. Henderson Thompson, 372 Grosvenor Ave, Westmount, Que. 



MOOSE JAW, SASK. 
Organized November 14, 1916 
President : 

Mrs. Angus A. Graham, Moose Jaw College Moose Jaw, Sask. 

Corresponding Secretary: 

AFFITJATED SOCIETIES 
.\rt Club — 

President : Mrs. W. G. Wilson ... 120 Athabasca E. . .Moose Jaw, Sask. 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, (;.I..\. — 

President : Mrs. Wm. Gregg 320 Hochelaga W. . . " 

Children of Mary, St. Joseph's Church — 

President : Miss Phyllis Eraser 

Children's Aid Society — 

President : Mrs. Radcliffe 236 Oxford St. W. . . " 

Citizens' Educational Le.ague — • 

President : Mrs. H. A. Danforth . .25 Stadacoiia W " 

Convale.scent Home, Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. S. Mitchell 712 Hoohelaga W. . . • " 

Gr.\duate Nurses' .A.s.sociation, Moose J.\w Branch — 

President : Mrs. F. Harwood 1017-lst N.E " 

Ladies' Aid, First Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. J. E. Baltell 1030-lst N.E 

Ladies' Aid, Minto Ave. Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. C. Lee S89 Connaught 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church — 

President: Mrs. Wellin'ton White. Rothesay Park 

Ladies' Aid, St. Joseph Church — 

President : Mrs. J A. Tobin 238 Athabasca W. . . " 

Ladies' Aid, Zion Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. John Grayson. . .438 Main N 

Providence Ho.spital, Ladies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. J. K. Kelly 238 Athabasca W. . . 

W.A.R. Club— 

President : Mrs. Ralph Beebe 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



249 



Women's Benefit Association of Maccabees, Review No. 2 — 

Presidtnl : Mrs. W. H. Connor. . .170 Ominica W Moose Jaw, Sask 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. J. W. Sifton 1032 Main N 

W.M.S., First Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. E. C. Jordon 1128 Redland 

W.M.S., MiNTO Ave. Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. F. Muirhead ... .561 Hochelaga W. . . 
W.M.S., St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. Wm. Houston ... 1038 Clifton 

W.M.S., St. Paul's Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. G. S. McCurdy. .605 Main St. N 

W.M.S., Wesley Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. Mowatt 332 Duffield 

W.M.S., Zion Methodlst Church — 

President : Mrs. N. L. Massey . . . 1036-lst N.W 

Y.M.C.A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. A. W. Irwin 155 StadaconaW . . . 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs. C. Bishop 528 Ominica W 



NEW WESTMINSTER, N.B. 

Organized July, 1898 
President : 

Mrs. Godfrey Smith 319 Queen's Ave. New Westminster, B.C. 

Corresponding Secretary: 

Miss Alice Wise 135 Columbia St . . . " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



.401 Queen's Ave. New Westminster, B 



Anti-Tuberculosis Society — 

President : Madam Gauvreau. 
City Benevolent Society — 

President : Mrs. Godfrey Smith. .319 Queen's Ave 

Educational Club, Methodist Women's — 

President: Mrs. Cave-Brown-Cave Dufferin St ... . 

Graduate Nurses' Association — 

President : Miss Sinclair.. . .Royal Columbian Hospital 
I.O.D.E.— 

Regent : Madam Gauvreau 401 Queen's Ave.. . . 

King's Daughters, Royal Aid Circle — 

President : Mrs. F. R. Pearson. . .422-3rd St 

KiNGswAY Club — 

President : Mrs. T. A. Barnard ... 1 1 18 Hamilton St. . . 



c. 



250 the national council of 

Ladies' Aid, Olivet Baptist Church— 

Frcsident : Mrs. Cultcr 1015 Hamilton St., New Westminister, B.C. 

Ladies' Aid, Queen's Ave. Methodist— 

President : Mrs J. R. Gilley 11.5-8th St 

Ladies' Aid, St. Stephen's Presbyterian Church- 

President : Mrs. W. A. Duncan. . .801 Queen's Ave . . . 
Ladies' Aid, St. Paul's Reformed Espicopal Church— 

President : Mrs. Levar 725 Queen's Ave. ... 

Ladies' Aid, Sixth Avenue Methodist Church— 

President : Mrs. Sincock 515-12th St 

Loyal True Blue Lodge— ^^ __ 

Presidetii : Mrs. B. Marshall Queensborough 

Maids and Daughters of England — 

Presidetii : Mrs. Farrand General Delivery. .. . 

Red Cross Society — _ 

President : Mrs. J. Stillwell Clute 212-3rd St 

Royal Columbian Hospital, L,\dies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. W. G. McQuarrie.207-3rd Ave 

Sunshine Club — ^^ ^^ 

President : Miss Grace Gilley 407 St. George St. . . 

University Women's Club — 

President : Mrs. Paul Smith 415 St. George St. . . 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. T. J. Trapp 407 Agnes St 

Women's Auxiliary, Holy Trinity— ^^ ^^ 

President : Mrs. Dockrill 505 Queen's Ave. ... 

Women's Auxiliary, St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church— 

President : Mrs. C. N. ISIcDonald Pine St 

W.C.T.U.- 

President : Mrs. G. B. Cross 50.3-2nd St 

Y.W.C.A.- 

President : Mrs. J. 11. Gilley 1 15-8th St 



OLDS, ALTA. 

Organized May 23, 1916 
(No list received.) 



OTTAWA, ONT. 

Organized January 15, 1894 
President : 

Mrs. Adam Shortt 5 Marlborough Ave Ottawa, Onl . 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. A. Wilson 178 Rideau Terrace . " 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



251 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-18) 



Aberdeen Mutual Benefit Associa- 
tion. 
Alumnae Association of Notre Dame 

Convent. 
Canadian Historical Society. 
Children's Aid Society. 
Children's Flower Guild. 
Hebrew Benevolent Society. 
Home for Friendless Women. 
I.O.D.E. — Laurentian Chapter. 

" Madeleine de Vercheres 

Chapter. 
Jewish Women's League. 
King's Daughters' Guild. 
Ladies' Aid — Chalmer's Church. 

Dominion Church. 

Eastern Methodist Ch. 

Knox Church. 

McLeod St. Methodist 
Church. 

Ottawa (Jewish). 

St. Andrew's Church. 

St. Paul's Metho Lst Ch. 

St. Paul's Presbyterian 
Church. 
Maternity Hospital. 
Morning Music Club. 



Ottawa Froebel Union. 

Ottawa Girl Guides. 

Ottawa Home for Aged. 

Ottawa Ladies' College Reading 
Circle. 

Ottawa Women's Club. 

Ottawa Women Teachers' Association. 

Perley Home. 

Protestant General Hospital. 

Protestant Infants' Home. 

Protestant Orphans' Home. 

St. Luke's Hospital — Women's Aux- 
iliary Board. 

Soldiers' Service Club. 

Soldiers' Wives' League. 

University Women's Club. 

Victorian Order of Nurses. 

Water Street Hospital. 

Women's Alliance of the Church of 
Our Father. 

Women' Art Association. 

Women's Association — St. George's 
Church. 

Women's Canadian Club. 

W.C.T.U.— Central. 
" District. 

" Frances Willard. 



PEMBROKE, ONT. 

Organized May 10, 1916 
Preside nl : 
Mrs. H. J. Beatty Pembroke, Ont 

Corresponding Secretary : 
Mrs. W. C. Irving 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
(No list received.) 



252 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

PETERBOROUGH, ONT. 

Organized February 13, 1913 
President : 

Mrs. Robert Harstone 565 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Clinton E. Jamieson 243 London St " 

AFFILI.VTED SOCIETIES 
All Saints' Guill — 

President : Mrs. Blois 265 Rubidge St Peterborough, Ont. 

Business Girls' Club — 

President : Miss Denison 733 Water St " " 

Gr.^duate Nurses' Association — 

President : Miss Fannie DLxon . . 314 London St " 

G.W.V A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. J. Mills 451 Hunter St " " 

I.O.D.E., 57th Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. J. H. Eastwood . . .220 Brock St 

I.O.D.E., Otonabee Chapter — 

i?f!/en( .• Mrs. A. E. Coulthard 210 McDonnel St . . 

I.O.D.E., Peter Robinson Chapter — 

Regent : Miss Be.'^sie Read 561 King St " 

King Edward Parents' Circle — 

President : Mrs. Sabine 131 Stewart St 

Ladies' Aid, George St. — 

President : Mrs. Kendry 754 Water St " 

Ladies' Aid, Knox Church — 

President : Mrs. Lang Perry St 

Ladies' Aid, Murray St. — 

President : Mrs. V. Eastwood. . . .610 George St " " 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew'.? — 

PreHdent : Mrs. G. W. Green . . . 543 Park St " 

Ladies' Aid .Trinity — 

Pres/An( ; Mrs. Lyle 317 Park St 

Missionary Circle, Murray St. — 

President : Miss \\'alton 217 London St 

Nicholl's Hospital Alumnae — 

President : Miss Wood 584 Charlotte St.. . . 

North End Reading Circle — 

President : Mrs. Stevenson 193 .\ylmer St " 

Prote.stant Home — 

President : Mrs. Roger .\nsoni St 

Queen Mary Parents' Circle — 

President : Mrs. Medd 452 Charlotte St.. . . 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



253 



Red Cross — 

President : Mrs. Matthews 570 Water St Peterborough, Ont. 

St. John's C W.A.— 

President : Mrs. Boucher 226 Brock St 

St. John's Ch.^ncel Guild — 

President : Mrs. Rush 182 McDonnel St. . . 

St. John's Girls' Auxilabt — 

President : Mrs. Conway 396 Downie St 

South End Reading Circle — 

Presiient : Mrs. Campbell 369 Hunter St 

Trinity Missionary Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. Bookout 297 Maitland Ave. . 

Trinity Missionary Circle — 

President : Mrs. Parker 384 Park St 

Women Teachers' Guild — 

President : Miss Williams 748 George St 

Women's Art Association — 

President : Mrs. V. Eastwood . . . .610 George St 

Women's Auxili.\ry, All Saints — 

President : Mrs. Hooper 181 Dalhousie St . . . 

Women's Altxiliary, St. Luke's — 

President : :Mrs. Butcher 301 Burnham St 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. Shield 153 Benson Ave. . . . 

W.M.S , St. Andrew's— 

President : Mrs. Rowand 439 Rubidge St 

Y.M C..A.., Mothers' Club — 

President : Mrs. M. .\. Morrison. .452 Hunter St 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Miss Martha Dickson .490 Dickson St 



PINCHER CREEK, ALTA. 

Organized 1917 
President : 

Mrs. W. R. Lees Pincher Creek, Alta. 

Correspo7iding Secretary : 

Mrs. H. E. Derrett " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Altar Society — 

President : Mrs. D. L. McCrea 

Canadian War Contingent Assoclvtion — 

President : Mrs. J. F. Miller 

EAi5TERN St.AR — 

President : Mrs. I. Armstrong " 



254 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Ladies" Hospital ArxiLiARY— ^ , .^ 

President : Mrs. H. Tucker Pincher Creek, Alta 

Rebekah Lodge — 

Preside7it : ISIrs. H. E. Derrett 

Red Cross Society — 

President : Uvs. A. H. Lynch-Staunton 

St. John's Guild — 

President : Mrs. E. Ambrose 

St. John's Women's Auxiliary— 

President : Mrs. A. Wilson 

W.IVLS., United Church— 

President : Mrs. R. D. Allison 



PONOKA, ALTA. 

Organized April, 1917 

President : 

Mrs. George E. Clarke Ponoka, Alta. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-lS) 

Ladies' Aid— Methodist. 

Red Cross. 

Women's Missionarj- Society. 



PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE, MAN. 

Organized February, 1917 
President : 

Mrs. T. B. Millar Portage la Prainc, Man 

Corresponding Secretary : ^_ 

Mrs. Alexander Taylor 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-18) 

Dorcas Society. Ladies' Rest Room Conunittce. 

Home Ecomonics Society— Burnsidc. Mothers' Association. 

" " Edwin. Oakville Grain GrowerR— Women's 

" High Bluff. Auxliary. 

" " Portage St. John's Society. 

■' la Prairie. Star Mi.ssion Circle. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



255 



I.O.D.E.— General Sam. Steele Chap- W.C.T.U. 



ter. 
" Portage Plains Chapter. 
" Prairie Gateway Chapter. 

Ladies' Aid — Baptist Church. 
" Methodist Church. 

" Oakville Methodist Ch. 



W.M.S.— Baptist. 

" High Bluff Methodist. 
" High Bluff Presbyterian. 

" Knox Church. 

" Methodist Church. 

" Prospect. 



PRINCE ALBERT, SASK. 

Organized November, 1916 

President : 

Mrs. M. K. Steeves 25-23rd St. E. . 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. James Wilson 460-19th St. E. 



.Prince Albert, Sask. 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



School — 

. . . .Clouston St Prince Albert, Sask. 



Audubon Club, "The Ridge 

President : Mrs. G. Hilliard 
Collegiate Junior R.C.S. — 

Vice-Pres. : Miss Omee Wright 

Colleston Homemakers' Club — 

President : Miss V. Hutchinson 

Graduate Nurses' Association — 

President : Mrs. D. W. Adam. . . . 109-20th St. . . 

Humane Societt — 

President : Mrs. Savord 328-12th St. . . 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist — 

President : Mrs. David Mitchell Block 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley — 

President : Mrs. F. D. Gulp Sanderson, 

Lady Teachers' Association — 

President : Mrs. E. M. Feeney . . .Avenue Hotel Prmce Albert, 

Returned Soldiers' W. and A. League of Lily Plain— 

President : Mrs. Coombes Lily Plain, 

Soldiers' Wives' and Mothers' League— 

President : Mrs. F. Pells 1st Ave. E Prmce Albert 

W.G. Growers, Red Deer Hill— 

President : Mrs. Gauge 

^SinT; Mrs. E. Fr.th Hth St. E Prince Albert. 



. Red Derr Hill, 



256 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



RED DEER, ALTA. 

Organized March 31, 1916 



President : 



Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. C. H. Huestis Box 640 Red Deer, Alta. 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-18) 



Alexandra Club. 

I.O.D.E. 

Ladies' Aid — Baptist. 

" Methodist. 

" Presbyterian. 

Ladies' Hospital .\id. 



Red Deer Women's Institute. 

Soldiers' Wives' Club. 

Women's Auxiliary. 

W.C T.U. 

W.M.S. — Presbyterian. 



REGINA, SASK. 

Organized October 16, 1895 
President : 

Mrs. J. R. Peverett 2178 Angus St Regina, l-'ask. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. T. D. Brown 21.5.3 Mclntyre St.. . 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Alexandra Club — 

Presidetit : Mrs. E. W. Bull 2112 Rose St Regina, Sas!<. 

Allied Club — 

President : Mrs. O. .1. Nichols 2047 .A.ngus St 

Altar Society, H.R.C. — 

President : Mrs J. E. Wheelan. . .2342 Athol St 

Children'.s Shelter Society — 

President : Mrs. D. P. McCoU . . .2077 Scarth St 

Civic Economics Society— 

President : Mrs. Chas. Eraser .... 1320-15th Ave 

Chonie Oliver Society, Westmin.ster — 

President : Miss McCallum 2155 Robinson St. . . 

FiDELis Class, Baptist — 

President : Miss Lena Sproule 2048 Rose St 

GiKiJ^' Ilo.ME Committee — 

President : Mrs. J. W. McLcod. . .2259 Garnet St 

Graduate Nurses' .V.ssociation — 

President : Miss Cooper 2344 Cornwall St . . . 



WOMEN OP CANADA 



257 



Grey Nuns' Hospital, Patronesses — 

President : Mrs. A. M. Boegel 2320-15th Ave .... 

Homemakers' Club — 

President : Mrs. H. A. Burrows. . .2323 Lome St 

Knox Bible Class — 
Ladies' Aid, Baptist — 

President : Mrs. Palmer 2134 Retallack St.. 

Ladies' Aid, Carmichael — 

President : Mrs. E. B. Stevens . . . 1508 Victoria Ave . 
Ladies' Aid, 14th A\'e. — 

President : Mrs. H. L. Levering. .2071 Cameron St. . 
Ladies' Aid, Knox — 

President : Mrs. G. Forsyth 2078 Hamilton St.. 

Ladies' Aid, Metropolitan — 

President : Mrs. Longworthy 2035 Hamilton St.. 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew's — 

President : Mrs. Crook 1327 Retallack St.. 

Ladies' Bible Class, Baptist — 

President : Mrs. A. N.Hardy. . . . 9 Royal George Apts 
League of Sacred Heart — 

President : Mrs. Acaster 2142 Angus St 

St. John Ambulance Association — 

President : Mrs. A. E. Counsell.. .2049 Elphinstone St 
Settlement House Board — 

President : Mrs. J. W. Peart 2915 Victoria Ave. 

University Club — 

President : Mrs. Stapleford Regina College. 

Westminster Guild — 

President : Mrs. McClelland 227 Angus Crescent 

Women's Auxiliary, Grace — 

President : Mrs. Soohen 2042 Osier St 

Women's Auxiliary, St. Mary's — 

President : Mrs. W. Simpson 2210 Montague St. 

Women's Auxilary, St. Paul's — 

President : Mrs. N. Clarke 1904 Mclntyre St.. 

Women's Auxiliary, Wesley — 

President : Mrs. J. H. Carson 2318 Halifax St. . . 

W.C.T.U., Central— 

President : Mrs. Sinton 1810 Albert St ... . 

W.C.T.U., North— 

President : Mrs. A. S. McDonald. . 1545 Albert St 

W.C.T.U., West— 

President : Mrs. S. J. Nichols . . . .2047 Angus St ... . 
Women's Educational Club — 

President : Mrs. Brown 2530-16th Ave 



Regina, Sask 



25S 



THE NATIONAL CODNXIL OP 



W.M.S., Baptist — . 

President : Mrs. A. S. Lewis 4 Royal George Apt., Regina, Sask. 

W'.M.S., Carmichael— _^ ^^ 

President : Mrs. Boyce 2265 Halifax St ... . 

AV.M.S., 14th Ave.— 

President : Mrs. Howe 2242 Elphin.stone !>t. 

AV.M.S., Knox— 

President : Mrs. J. A. Allan 2352 Smith bt. 

\V M.S., Metropolitan- 

President : Mrs. Wheatley 2126-16th Ave. , 

W.M.S., Rae— 

President : Mrs. L. L. Watson .... 16.56 Athol St. 
W M.S., St. Andrew's — 

President : Mrs. Lockerbie 1317 Retallack St.. 

W.M.S., Wesley — 

President : Mrs. Doxsee 2321 Halifax St . 

W.M.S., Westminster — 

President : Mrs Leitch 2039 Retallack St. 

Young Ladies' B.C., Wesley— 

President : Miss Chambers 2128 Broder St. . 

YoDNG Ladies' Sodality — 

President : Miss McCuske.- 1944 Mclntyre St. 

Y.W.C.A — 

President : Mrs. Hannon 2276 Lome St 



RENFREW, ONT. 

Organized, May, 1909 

President : „ , , ^ . 

Mrs. D. H. McAndrew Renfrew, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : __ _, 

Miss Mabel Wright 71 Elm St 

AFFILI.VTED SOCIETIES 

Baptist Mission Circle — 

Preside,il : Mrs J. A. K. Walke.- Renfrew, Ont. 

Curling Club — ^^ ,, 

President Miss C. I. Barr 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist — ^_ ^_ 

President : Mrs. J. K. Rochester 

Ladies' Aid. St. Andrew's — _^ ,, 

President : Mrs. R. C. Wilson 

■St. Paul's Guild— ^_ ,^ 

President : Mrs H. A. Tofield 

W.C.T.U.- 

President : Mrs. E. A. Smith 



WOMEN OF CANADA 259 

ST. CATHARINES, ONT. 

Organized, 1918 
President : 

Mrs. A. Malcolmson Bellevue Terrace . St. Catharines, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Stevens 27 Duke St 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
G.W.V.A., Ladie's Aid— 

President : Mrs Burgoyne 15 Trafalgar St. Catharines, Ont . 

I.O.D.E., Duchess of Connaught Chapter — 

Regent : Miss McSloy 64 Church St 

Ladies Aid, St. Catharine.? Church — 

President: Miss McNamara 12 Academy St 

Women Teachers' Association — 

President : Miss Jackson 45 Maple St 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. Gardiner 



ST. JOHN, N.B. 
Organized August 14, 1894 
President : 

Mrs. E. Atherton Smith 47 Carleton St St. John, N.B. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Amelia J. Haley 216 Rockland Rd. . 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Alexander Temple of Honor. Natural History Society— Ladies' As- 

Associated Charities. sociation. 

Cathohc Ladies' Benefit Society— Natural History Society— Junior As- 

St. Monica' . sociation. 

Children's Aid Society. Playgi'ounds Association. 

Church of England Institute. Protestant Orphan Asylum. 

Daughters of Israel. St. Vincent's High School Alumnae. 

Educational Humane Society. Seamen's Mission. 

Field Comforts Association. Soldier's Comfort Association. 

Free Kndergarten Association. University Club. 

Girls' High School Alumnae. Victorian Order of Nurses. 

Housewives' League. Wednesday Evening Club. 

King's Daughters' Guild. Woman Suffrage Association. 

Maritime School for Blind— Provin- Women's Canadian Club. 

cial Auxiliary. Y.M.C.A.— Women's Auxihary. 

Y.M.C.A.— Young Ladies' League. 



ST. THOMAS, ONT. 
Organized 1917 

President : 

Mrs. D. J. Hughes 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. D. Lamont "1 Elm St . . . 



.St. Thosma, Ont. 



260 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



.122 Centre St. 



. Edgeware Road . 
. 13 Mclntyre St . 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
Alma Daughters — 

President : Miss Leila Moore East Street St. Thomas, Out 

Benevolent and Temperance Societt^ 

PreMent : Mrs. E. H. Caughell .26 Regent St 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Grand Inter. Aux. — • 

President : Mrs. C. M. Seburn. . .115 Myrtle St 

B.L.F.E., Charity Helpmate Lodge No. 37, Women's Aux. 

President : Mrs. Breston 71 Hiawatha St. . . . 

C.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs. E. A. Smith 42 Roseberry Place. 

Children's Shelter — 

President : Miss MilUe Farley. . 
Eastern Star — 

President : Mrs. R. A. Penhale. 
Humane Society — 

President : Mrs. Chas. Waters. . 
I.O.D.E., AuKiKs.vBEE Chapter — 

Regent : Miss Adeline Carrie 38 Roseberry 

I.O.D.E., Regimental — 

Regent : Mrs. (Dr.) Alex. Turner. .,516 Talbot St 

I.O.D.E., St. Thomas— 

Regent : Miss Leila Moore East Street 

L.ADiEs' Aid, Central Methodist — 

President : Mrs. D. K. Stenton. . .10 Wellington St. . 
Ladies' Aid, Fir.st Methodi.st — 

President : Mrs. S. H. Eby 17 Scott St 

Ladies' .\id, Knox Chukch — 

President : Mrs. R. W. Johnston . . 23 East St 

L.\DiEs' .-\iD, St. John (Anglican) — 

President : Mrs. (Rev.) F. W. Brownlec, 14 Flora St. . 
Nurses' A.ssociation — 

President : Mrs. Chas. Shore 182 Wellington St. 

Order of Railway Contjuctors, Ladies' Aux. — 

President : Mrs. A. Irwin 33 Yarwood St. . . . 

Red Cross Society — 

President : Mrs. C. St.Clair Lcitch . 20 Marg.iret St. . 
St. Thomas Civic Association — 

President : Mrs. St. Thomas Smith . . 85 Stanley St 

Teachers' Guild — 

President : Miss Bertha .\dkin .11 Drake St 

Women's Art .\.s.sociation — 

President : Mrs. Amasa Wood 14 East St 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. Hardcastle Prince ,\lbert St. . . 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



261 



Y.M.C.A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. S. A. Smith 13 John St St. Thomas, Ont. 

y.w.c.A.— 

President : Miss Still 113 Metcalfe " 



SARNIA, ONT. 

Organized February,1913 
President ; 

Mrs. T. W. Nisbet 273 Christina St. N. .Sarnia, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. J. McGibbon 180 Front St " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-18) 
Catholic Benevolent Society. Hospital Aid. 

Children's Aid. Humane Society. 

Historical Society — Women's Can- Ladies' Aid — Central Baptist Ch. 
adian. " Central Methodist Ch. 



SASKATOON, SASK. 

Organized November, 1916 
President : 

Mrs. Walter C. Murray Saskatoon, Sask. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Isa Irvine 500 Bedford Rd " " 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Children's Aid Society — 

Representative : Mrs. C. J. Yorath Saskatoon, Sask 

Citizens' Educational League — 

President : Mrs. A. MacG. Young 

Edith Cavell Nursing Division — 

President : Mrs. 11. Weston 

Fortnightly Club — 

President : Miss A. M. Bennett, M..'^ 

Girl Guides, Council — 

President : Mrs. R. R. Morgan 

Grace Church Red Cross Knitting and Sewing Division — 

President : Mrs. R. B. Irvine 

I.O.D.E., Dr. Robertson Chapter — 

Regent : Miss Daisy Hamilton 



262 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

I.O.D.E., Festubert Chapter — 

Regent : Iklrs. J. A. Balfour Saskatoon, Sask. 

I.O.D.E., Fitzgerald Chapter— 

Regent : Miss Mabel Piokard 

I.O.D.E., Golden West Chapter— 

Representative : Mrs. J. P. Fortescue 

I.O.D.E., La Somme Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. R. M. Harrison 

I.O.D.E., MiLiT.iRY Chapter— 

Regent : Mrs. J. W. Hair 

I.O.D.E., Municipal Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Ira A. MacKay 

Knox Church Literary ant) Social Club — 

President : Mrs. Donald MacLean 

Knox Knitting Club — 

President : Mrs. A. Rutherford 

Ladies' Aid, Gr.\ce Church — ^^ 

President : Mrs. C. B. Miner 

Ladies' Aid, St. Paul's Church — 

President : Mrs. Philion 

Ladies' Aid, Third Ave. Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Cleveland 

Mission Circle, Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. C. B. Freeman 

Mission Circle, Gr.ace Methodist Church — 

President : Miss Ida Smith 

Mission Circle, Third Ave. Methodist Church— 

President : Miss Mabeth Cleveland 

Penta K.u Deka, University — 

President : Miss Hulda Haining 

Red Cross Women's Work Committee — 

President : Mrs. A. F. Lenon 

Returned Soldiers' Welcome and Aid League — 

Representative : Mrs. H. H. Smith 

St. John's Church Chancel Guild — 

Representative : Mrs. D. A. Merrick 

St. Thomas Church Knitti.n'g ant) Sewing Club — 

President : Mrs. John Kerr 

Soldiers' Wives' antj Mothers' League — 

President : Mrs. Joseph Sutton 

University Knitting Club — 

President ; Mrs. A. R. Weir 

University of Sask.\tchewan, Girls' Represent.ative Council — 

President : Miss Harriet Johnson 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. Geo. D. Underwood " ■ 



WOMEN OF CANADA 



263 



Women's Auxiliary, Baptist Church — 

President : Mr?. ;\I. A. Schaffner Saskatoon, Saak 

Women's Auxiliary, Christ Church — 

President : Mrs. W. E. Gamble 

Women's Auxiliary, St. George's Church — 

President : Mrs. T. A. Parrott 

Women's Auxiliary, St. James' Church — 

President : Mrs. Henry Wallace 

Women's Auxiliary, St. John's Church — 

President : Mrs. E. B. Smith 

Women's Auxiliary, Sask.\toon Deanery — 

President : Mrs Jessup 

W.C.T.U., CENTR.AL— 

President : Mrs J. A. BaUour 

W.C.T.U. Cleveland— 

President : Mrs. J. M. Cooper 

W M.S., Grace Methodist Church — 

President : Mr.s . Bejiion 

W.M.S., Knox Church — 

President : Mrs. R. J. MacDonald 

W.M.S., Mayfair Church — 

President : Mrs. John Galloway 

W.M.S., St. Thomas Church — 

President : Mrs. J. L. Nichol 

W.M.S., Wesley Church — 

President : Mrs. J. W. Wilson 

W M.S., Westminster Church — 

President : Mrs. E. H. Oliver 

Women's Musical Club — 

President : Mrs. A. M. Gibb 

Women's Reading Club — 

President : Mrs. C. E. HoUinrake 

Y.W.C.A. Board— 

President : Mrs. James R . Wilson 

Y.W.C.A., University- — 

President : Miss Olive Carpenter 



SAULT STE. MARIE, ONT. 

Organized 1917 

President : 

Miss Gertrude B. Way S. S. Marie, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

^ Miss Margaret A.Baldwin 372 Queen St. E ... . 



264 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



Canadian Okder of Chosen Friends, Council No. (514 — 

f'residfnt : Miss Jessie Baker. . . 142 Wellington St E..S. S. Marie, Ont. 
Canadian Red Cross Society, Girls' Auxiliary — 

Presidertt : Miss Tcna MoPhail. . . 123 Pilgram St. . . . 
Canadian Red Cross Society, S. S. M.a.rie Branch — 

President : Mrs. John O'Boyle . . . Pine St 

Children's Aid Society, L.ujies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs Thomas Eraser . . 180 Alexandra St . . 
Generai, Hospital, Junior Auxiliary — 

President : Miss Tae Sullivan .... 182 Huron St 

General Hospital, L.vdies' Auxiliary' — 

President : Mrs. C. E. Sullivan. . .655 Queen St. E. . . 
I.O.D.E., Sir Garnet Wolsley Chapter — 
Ladies' Aid, Central i\Ibthodi.st Church — 
Ladies' Aid, John St. Methodist Church — 
Ladies' Aid, St. Antjrew's Presbyterian — 

President : Mrs. D. Bole 171 Pine St 

Ladies' Guild, St. Stephen's Mission — 

President : Mrs. W. T. Waddle. . .88 Trelawn Ave. . . 
Ladies' Orange Benevolent Association — 

President : Mrs. Geo. Miller 74 Gore St 

Loyal True Blues, King's Ovrs Lodge — 

President : Mrs. Frank Smith. . . .Lyon's Block 

Needle Work Guild — 

Royal Victoria Hospital, Ladies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. J. H. Pickett 665 Albert St. E. . . 

Royal Victoria Hospital, Young L.^dies' Auxiliary' — 
President : Miss Jean Smith 132 McGregor Ave. . 

A\'lLLING \\'0RKBRS, FlR.ST BaPTIST ChURCH — 

President : Mrs. A. B. Johnson. . 8 Herriet St 

Women's Ba.vner League — 

President : 
W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. H. S. Hull 4 Trelawn Ave 

Women's Mission Circle, First Baptist Church — 

President : Mrs. W. J. Pady 470 Albert St. E. . . . 

Wo.men's Overseas League — 

President : Mrs. T. A. Hand 115 Kohler St 

Young People's Union, First Baptist Church — 

President : Miss Jessie Baker . . . 142 Wellington St. E. . 
Y.M.C.A., Ladies' .Vuxiliary — 

President : Mrs. A. Menzies 107 Lansdowne Ave. 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : Mrs. L. H. Shipman. .21 Summit .\ve. . . . 



.Steelton P O., Ont. 



.S. S. Marie, Ont. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 265 

STRATHROY, ONT. 

Organized 1917 
President : 

Mrs. J. W. Cameron Strathroy, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. William Geddes " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Anglican Working Society — 

President : Miss Pincombe 

Baptist Mission Circle — 

President : Mrs. Murphy 

Helping Society, St. Andrew's — 

President : Mrs. Harry Mihell 

I.O.D.E , Mary Armstrong Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Arthur Smythe 

I.O.D E., Princess Mary Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. A. S. Thompson 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist — 

President : Mrs. Papineau 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew's — 

President : Mrs. John Scott 

Red Cross Society — 

President : Mrs. Jas. Boque 

Women's Christian Association — 

President : Mrs. J. W. Cameron 

Women's Hospital Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. Harry Mihell 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Jas. Boque 



SYtiTJEY, N.S. 

Organized October, 1911 

President : 
Mrs. Ahce M. Cameron Sydney, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
(No list received). 



266 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

TIMISKAMING, ONT. 

Organized 
Presidetit : 

Miss E. J. Taylor Box 223 New Liskeard, Ont. 

Corresponding Secritary : 

Mrs. F. L. Hutchinson Box 651 " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Haileybury Seevice League — • 

President : Mrs. Cadman Haileybury, Ont. 

I.O.D.E., CoB.^LT Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. I. B. Neely Cobalt, Ont. 

Ladies' Aid, Methodist Church, Cobalt — 

President : Mrs. E. Armstrong " " 

Ladies' -\id, Methodist Church, H.\ileybury — 

President : Mrs. H. S. Hennessey Haileybury, Ont. 

Ladies' .\id, Methodist Church, New Liskeard — 

President : Mrs. T. McCamus New Liskeard, Ont. 

Ladies' Aid, Presbyterian Church, New Liskeard — 

President : Mrs. John Cameron " 

St. Paul's Guild, Haileybury — • 

President : Mrs. J. C. Weston Haileybury, Ont. 

Soldiers' Wives' Club, Cobalt — 

President : Mrs. R. P. Rogers Cobalt, Ont. 

Women's Au.xiliary, St. J.vmes' Church, Cobalt — 

President : Mrs. Chas. Weir " " 

W.C.T.U., New Liskeard— 

President : Mrs. Hugh McPhee New Liskeard, Ont. 

Women's Institute, New Liskeard — 

President : Mrs. R. C. Watson " " 

Women's Missionary Society, Presbyterian Church, Cobalt — 

President : Mrs. John McLeod " 

Women's Missionary Society-, Presbyterian Church, Haileybury — 

President : Miss Eva Findlav ? " " 



TORONTO, ONT. 

Organizerl November 3, 1893 
President : 

Mrs. .'\. M. Huestis 10 HomewoodPlace . Toronto, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. M. L. Irvine. . . 10 Aberdeen Club, Bain Ave " " 



WOMEN OF CANADA 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



267 



Alliance of Unitarian Women, Toronto Branch — 

President : Mrs. Y. R. Rosebrugh .92 ^^ 'aimer Road . . .Toronzo, Ont. 
Alma Daughters, Toronto — 

President : Mrs. L. Macaulay. . . .42 Alberta Ave " " 

Beaches Branch of Toronto Women's Patriotic Leagde and Red Cross — ■ 

President : Mrs. R. J. W. Barker. .3.5 Balsam Ave Toronto, Ont. 

Beaches Progressive Club — 

President : Mrs. C. J. Campbell. . .62 Balsam Ave " " 

Big Sister Association — 

President: Mrs. Franklin Johnson.249 Brunswick Ave. " " 

Bishop Strachan School Association — 

Preside7it : Mrs. A. E. DuVernet. .295 Huron St " 

Canadian Business Women's Club — 

Preside?;^; Miss Winnifred Wiseman, Lloyd George Apts. " " 

Canadian Household Economic Association, Housewives' League — 

President : Mrs. A. R. Williams . . .119 Balmoral Ave . . Toronto, Ont. 
Catholic Young Ladies' Literary Association — ' 

President : Miss Hart 359 Dundas St " " 

Club for the Study of Social Science — 

President : Mrs. Sydney Small . . .70 Walmer Road ... " " 

Co-operative Board of Jewish Charities — 

President : Mrs. Loeser 20 Dundonald St . . . " " 

Culture Club — 

President : Mrs. Courtice Balmy Beach CoU'ge " " 

Down Town Church Workers' Association — 

President : Miss McCallum 344 Dundas St " " 

Georgina Houses Association — 

President : Miss Ethel Baldwin.. .50 Lowther Ave " 

Girl Guides, Toronto Local Committee — 

President : Mrs. W. E. Groves . . .36 Albany Ave " " 

Girls' Friendly Society — 

President: Miss Nordheimer 50 Poplar Plains Rd . " " 

Golden Rule Guild — 

President : Mrs. Cadenhead General Hospital. . 

Gradu.ate Nurses' Association of Ontario, Toronto Ch.apter — 

President : Mrs. J. M. Aitkin. . . .429 West Marion St. Toronto, Ont. 
Guild of St. Agath.a — 

President : Miss Cayley 12 Edgedale Rd . . . 

Haven and Prison Gate Mission — 

President : Mrs. Macdonald OxleySS Avenue Rd . . . . 
Hebrew L.adies' M.^ternity Aid and Sewing Circle- 

President : Mrs. J. SeUck 50 Bernard Ave . . . 

I.O.D.E., Union Jack Ch.apter — 

President : Mrs. Forbes Godfrey. . "Stanley" Mimico, Ont. 



208 the national council of 

Infants' Home and Infirmary — 

President : Mrs. Boultbee 73 ^\";llmel■ Hd Toronto, Ont. 

Jewish Women, Junhor Council — 

President : Miss Stella Millar ... .71 Kendal Ave " 

Jewish Women, Local Council — 

President : Mrs Charles Drainien.80 Howland Ave 

King George League — 

Presuient : Mrs. Purcell 80 St. George St. . . . 

King's Daughters and Sons, Toronto City Union — 

President : Mrs. J. E. Austen 14 Leuty Ave " 

Loretto Alumnae Association — 

President : Mrs. L. McLaughlin. .83 Glen Rd 

Montefioke Jewish Benevolent Society, Toronto Ladies — 

President : Mrs. Loeser 20 Duiidonald St . . . 

Mothers' Union, Toronto Diocese — 

Presideid : Mrs. Ogden Jones. ... 126 Carlton St 

Needlework Guild of Canada — 

President : Mrs. Alfred Hoskin. . .438 Avenue Rd " 

Ontahio Woman Citizens' Association— 

President : Mrs. A. B. Ormsby. . . " Orrascliffe " Mimico, Ont. 

Presbyterian Women's Social Service Council — 

President : Mrs. Cringan 633 Church St Toronto, Ont 

Public Health Nurses' Association, Department of Health — 

President : Miss M. Pickett 411 Keele St 

RosEDALE League of School Art — 

President : Mrs. Harton Walker. .12 Edgar Ave 

RosBDALE Travel Club — 

President : Mrs. W. A. Martin .423 Walmer Rd . . . . 
RouNT) Table Club — 

President : Miss Anderson 65 Glen Rd 

RuNT>rrMEDE Travel Club — 

President : Mrs. R. J. Bruce 232 High Park Ave 

St. Hilda's College Alumnae — 

President : Miss E. Waugh 6 Trinity Sq 

St. John Ambulance Corps, College Nursing Division— 

President : Dr. Margaret Patter- 
son 97 AN'almer Rd 

St. Joseph's College Alumnae — 

President : Mrs. Warde 66 Rowan wood Ave. 

Salvation Army Social Workers — 

Preswfeni ; Mrs. J. McMillan 110 Westmins'r Ave. 

Samaritan Club — 

President : Mrs. C. H. Willson . . .8 Beaumont Rd 

Social Service Department, University of Toronto Alumni — 

President : Miss H. Matheson. . . 95 St. Peter St 



women op canada 269 

Toronto Fhoebel Society — 

President : Miss Dent 24 Rowan wood Ave.Toronto, Ont. 

Toronto Horticultural Society — 

President : Mrs. O. St. G. Freer. . 103 Bay St " " 

Toronto Humane Society — 

President : Mrs. S. G. Wood Sussex Court " " 

Toronto Social Study- Club — 

President : Miss E. Busteed 382 Berkeley St " " 

Toronto Suffrage Association — 

Preside/if ; Dr. Margaret JohnstonlOS Avenue Rd " " 

Toronto Travel Club — 

President : Mrs. S. G. Wood Sussex Court " " 

Toronto Western Hospital, Ladies' Board — 

President : Dr. Stowe Gullen 461 Spadina Ave. . . " " 

Trafalgar Daughters, Toronto Chapter — 

President : Mrs. W. O. Forsythe. . 393 Palmerston Blvd. " " 

University College Alumnae Association — 

President : Mrs. A. Willson 637 Spadina Ave. . . " " 

University Women's Club of Toronto — 

President : Miss Stewart Glen Mawr School . . " " 

Victoria College Alumnae Association — 

President : Mrs. L. L. Ocklev .... Household Science 

Bldg 

Victoria Women's Association — 

President : Mrs. J. W. Graham. . . 17 Wells St " " 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. Arthurs 78 Admiral Rd " " 

War Relief Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. A. B. Ormsby ..." Ormseliffe " Mimico, Ont. 

Westbourne College Alitmnae — 

President : Miss Doris Walker.. . .12 Pine Hill Rd Toronto, Ont. 

West End Travel Club — 

President : Mrs. Singer 5 Concord Ave " " 

Weston Sanitarium Club — 

President : Mrs. .J. K. Galbraith. . . 78 Howard Park Ave " " 

Women Members of Home and School Council — 

President : Mrs. A. C. Courtice. . . Balmy Beach Col . . . " " 

Women's Art Association — 

President : Mrs. J. Home Camer- 
on 96 Admiral Rd 

Women's Canadian Historical Society — 

President : Miss S. Mickle 48 Heath St 

Women's College Hospital and Infirmary — 

President : Mrs. Rutherford 1383 King St. W . . . " " 

Women's Institute, East Toronto — 

President : Miss Stephenson 1473 Danforth Ave . " " 



70 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



Women's Medical Association— 

President : Dr. Delia Davis 60 Tranby Ave Toronto. Ont. 

Women Teachers' Association of Toronto— 

PresWfMf .■ Miss Harriette Rogers. Hillcrest School. .. . 
A\'omen's Welcome Hostel — 

Fnnidcnl : Mrs. H. S. Strathy St. George Apts. ... 

Young Women's Christian Association— 

President : Mrs. 11. C. Donald . . .21 McCxiU St 



TRENTON, ONT. 

Organized 1917 
President : 

Mrs. T. S. Farncomb Trenton, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Gertrude Alford 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Bible Class, King St. Methodist Church — 

President : Miss M. :\Ioon Trenton, Ont. 

Dickens' Cll'b — 

President : Miss A. S. Hayes Box 405 

Girls' Society, St. Andrew's Church — 

President : Miss R. Young 

High School P.\triotic Society — 

President : Mrs. A. Pattoo 

Khaki Knitting Klub — 

President : Miss Norma Collins 

Ladies' Aid, King St. Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs. Potts Division St 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew's Church — 

President : Mrs. G. W. Ostrom 

Onward Mission Circle, King St. Methodist Church- 

Presidcnt : Miss Fern Raid 

Patriotic Working Club — 

President : Mrs. A. Whitticr 

St. George's Sewing Club — 

President : Mrs. T. S. Farncomb 

Women's Auxiliary, St. George Church, Girls' Branch — 

PreMenl : Miss A. Hayes 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. Graham Dundas St 

Women's Institute, York Road Branch — 

President : Mrs. Rankin Brighton, < )nt . 



WOMEN OP CANADA 271 

W.M.S., King St. Methodist Church — • 

President : Mrs. W. Curry Trenton, Ont. 

W.M.S., Roman Catholic Church — 

President : Mrs. O. E. Fortune " " 

W.M.S.. St. Andrew's Church — 

President : Mrs. H. Colboum " " 



TRURO, N.S. 

Organized May, 1912 
President : 

Mrs. John Stanfield Truro, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Martin Dickie " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Benevolent Society— First Presby- W.F.M.S. — First Baptist Church. 
terian Church. " First Presbji;erian Ch. 

Girls'Guild — First Presbyterian Ch. " Immanuel Baptist Ch. 

Victorian Order Nurses. " St. Andrew's. 

Women's Auxiliary— St. John's Ch. W.M.S.— Methodist Church. 

W.C.T.U. Y.M.C.A.— Ladies' Auxiliary. 



VANCOUVER, B.C. 

Organized November, 1894 

President : 

Mrs. W. H. Griffin 1194 Thurlow St . . .Vancouver, B.C. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. R. Charles Stoddard 2065 Triumph St .. . 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

American Women's Club — 

President : Mrs. Geo. Beattie Vancouver, B.C. 

American Women's Club, Girls' Auxiliary — 

President : Miss A. Scribner 2549 Scott St 

Anti-Tuberculosis Society — 

Presidetit : Mrs. Frank Harrison. . 1220 Melville St ... . " 
Art, Historic and Scientific Society — 

Presideid : iMrs. :Mellon 1134 West 11th Ave. 



272 the national council of 

Band of Mercv — 

President : Mre. A. Cromer Brucp.2(Ul Maple St Vancouver, B.C. 

British and Fokeign Sailors' Society — 

President : Mrs. Davison 1234 West 15th Ave . " " 

Central Mission Board — 

President : Mrs. J. A. Gillespie. . . 1996 West 15th Ave. 
Children's Aid Society, Women's Auxiliary — 

PrcsidpH? .- Mrs. Robert IMoNair.. 1070 Melville St " " 

Daughters and Maids of England — 

President : Mrs. Milton Clay 1953 West 1st Ave. . 

Graduate Nurses' Association — 

President : Mrs. Johnson Bute St. Hospital.. . " " 

Grandview Congregational Church — ■ 

President : Mrs. A. Robinson ... .123 West 5th Ave. . . " " 

Kindergarten Association — 

President : Mrs. Griffin 1019 Gilford St 

King's Daughters, Princess Circle — 

/'rfsu/raC Mrs. Robert McNair.. 1070 Melville St.... " " 

King's Daughters — 

Presiderd : Mrs. W. H. Steeves. . .354 West 14th Ave. . " " 

Kitchener Club 

President ; Mrs. W. Kitchen 1703 West 17th Ave. 

Ladies' Aid, Chalmer Presbyterian — 

President : Mrs. F. G. Lewis 1504 West 14th Ave. 

Ladies' Aid. First Baptist — 

President : Mrs. H. H. Welch 101 West 10th Ave. . 

Ladies' Aid, First Congregational — 

President : Mrs. H. P. Kerr 1406 Barclay St 

Ladies' Aid, First Presbyterian — 

President Mrs. Robert McXair. . 1070 Melville St " 

Ladies' Aid, Kerrisdale Methodist — 

President : Mrs. C. Marshall Kerrisdale, B.C. 

Ladies' Aid, Kerrisdale Presby'terian — 

President : Mrs. W. A. RjTie 

Ladies' Aid, Kitzilano Bapti.st — 

President : Mrs. O. B. Leslie 2575 West 3rd Ave . .Vancouver, B.C. 

Ladies' Aid, Kitzilano Congregational — 

President : Mrs. Robbins 2735 West Uth Ave. " " 

Ladies' Aid, Kitzilano Methodist — 

President : Mrs. A. Harrison 2106 Trutch St " 

Ladies' Aid, Mt. Pleasant Methodist — 

President : Mrs. G. W. Poole ... .36 East 15th Ave. . . " " 

Ladies' Aid, Robertson Presbyterian — 

President : Mrs. A. W. Barr 1901 Parker St " 

Ladies' Aid, Sixth Ave. Methodlst — 

President : Mrs. J. W. Barwick. . . 1853 West 5th Ave. . " 



women of canada 273 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley Methodist — 

President: Mrs. Montgomery Smith, 2949 Hemlock St., Vancouver, B.C. 
Ladies' Auxiliary of Temple Emanij-El — 

Freside'i( : Mrs. S. Gintzbiirger.. .1075 Harwood St. . . " " 

L.O.T.M., AiEX.\NT)RA RE^^E■w No. 7 — 

President : Mrs. Dalzell 803 East 15th Ave. . 

L.O.T.M., Hollister Review — 

President : Mrs. Wm. Turnbull. . .992 Hornby St 

L.O.T.M., Vancouver RE\aEW, No. 2 — 

President : Mrs. Elizabeth Brown. 777 Burrard St " " 

London Needlework Guild — 

President : Miss Edge 1273 Barclay St ... . 

Methodist Women's Educational Club — 

President : IMrs. J. A. Harvey 1300 Jervis St " 

Mt. PLEAS.4.NT Suffrage League — 

President : Mrs. J. J. Clarke 223 East 13th Ave. . " 

No Surrender Ladies' Orange Bent:volent Association — 

President : Mrs. M. J. Eppinger. . .2820 Scott St 

Presbyterian Women's Social Service — 

President : Miss Maclvor 2831 Cambie St 

P.E.O. Sisterhood, Chapter A — 

President : Mrs. Bearing 2928 Ontario St " " 

Pioneer Political Equality League — 

Presideyit : Mrs. McConkey 739 East 24th Ave. •' " 

RoT.Ax Needlework Guild — 

President : Mrs. Reekie 700 Broughton St.. . '' " 

St. Andrew' Women's Guild — 

President : Mrs. Albert Whj'te . . .3738 Granville St. . . " 
St. John Presby'terian Women's Aid — 

President : ]\Irs. SmeUie 1256 West 12th Ave . " " 

Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals — 

President : Mrs. C. G. Pennock. . . 1759 Haro St 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : Mrs. James Macauley . 1266 Haro St " " 

Westminster H.all Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. 3 . A. 'Log&n 1296 West 12th Ave. " " 

Widows', Mothers' and Wives' of Gre.\t Britain's Heroes Assoc. — 

President : Mrs. J. C. Kemp 23 Broadway West.. Vancouver, B.C. 

Women's Auxiliary to The Church of Engl.vnd in Canada — 

President : Mrs. Wm. Godfrey . . . 1461 Bm-naby St . . . 
W.C.T.U., Central— 

President : Mrs. Fitch 163 Hastmgs St. W. . 

W.C.T.U., District— 

President : Mrs. Gillespie 1996 West 15th Ave . 

W.C.T.U., Grandview— 

President.: Mrs. J. Horner 1839 Parker St " " 



274 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

W.C.T.U., Mt. Pleasant— 

President : Mrs. T. B. Andrews.. .1093 West l.'ith Ave. Vancouver, B.C. 
W.C.T.U., West End— 

President : Mrs. E. E. Crandall . . .884 Bute St 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. C. G. L. Reid Central Park, B.C 

Women's New Era League — 

President : Mrs. J. A. Clarke 223 East 13th Ave. . 



VERNON, B.C. 

Organized October, 1895 
President : 

Mrs. MacKelvie Vernon, B.C. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Rourke 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-18) 

Anglican Guild. Sunshine— L.C.W. Branch. 

Hospital Ladies' .A.id. W.C.T.U. 

Ladies' Aid— Methodist. Women's Institute. 
" Presbyterian. 



VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND, B.C. 

Organized November, 1894 
President : 

Miss S. R. Crease 1201 Fort St Victoria, B.C. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Gavin H. Burns 1720 Denman St . . . " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Anti-Tuberculosis Society, Auxiliary — 

President: MissE. Hannington, Beach Drive, Oak Bay, Victoria, B.C. 
Board Direction and Control, S.S. Com. — 

President : Mrs. McEwen Work St 

Children's Aid Society — ■ 

Present : Mrs. Edwards Hampton Court 

Daughters of St. George — 

President ; Mrs. Reeves Qu'.Vppelle St 

Diocesan Board to Cathedral, .\uxiliary — 

President ; Mrs. Schofield Bishop's Close " 



women of canada 275 

First Baptist Mission Circle — 

President : Mrs. O. Brown Arnold Ave ^Victoiia, B.C. 

Friendly Help Association — 

President : Miss M. Lawson October Mansions. . " " 

Girls' Friendly Society — 

President : Mrs. Norman Lee Monterey Ave Oak Bay " 

Helping Hand, Centennial Methodist — 

President : Mrs. Turnbull Rose Street Victoria " 

I.O.D.E. Agnes D. Cameron Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. E. Wootton Richardson St " " 

I.O.D.E., Allies Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. White Birch Sydney, B.C. 

I.O.D.E., Camosun Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Gilbert Cook October Mansions. .Victoria, B.C. 

I.O.D.E., Esqbimalt Chapter — 

Regent : Miss Pooley Femhill Esquimalt, B.C. 

I.O.D.E., Florence Nightingale Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Beilby Linden Ave Victoria, B.C. 

I.O.D.E., Gonzales Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Stanier Richmond Ave " ' " 

I.O.D.E., Lady Douglas Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. McKee Carberry Gardens . . " " 

I.O.D.E., Municipal Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. Denis Cox Granite St Oak Bay " 

I.O.D.E , Navy League — 

Regent : Mrs. Gordon Smith Medina St Victoria " 

Jubilee Hospital, Women's Auxiliary' — 

President : Mrs. Ferguson Clarence St James Bay, B.C. 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist — 

President : Mrs. Russell Pandora Ave Victoria, B.C. 

Ladies' Aid, Baptist (Immantjel) — 

President : Mrs. Clements Harrison St " " 

Ladies' Aid, Centennial Methodist — 

President : Mrs. Hunt " " 

Ladies' Aid, Congregational — 

President : Mrs. Kinn:y Bank St " " 

Ladies' Aid, Fairfield Methodist — 

President : Mrs. McQuarrie McKenzie St " " 

L.^DiEs' Aid, First Pressbyterian — 

President : Mrs. Schmelk Oscar S " " 

Ladies' Aid, METROPOLiT-iN — 

President : Mrs. W. H. Gee Richmond Ave " 

Ladies' Aid, St. Andrew's — 

President : Mrs. A. H. Currie . . . .Cherry Bank " '' 

Ladies' Aid, Unitarian — 

President : Mrs. Dundas Todd. . .Carnsew St " 



27G 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 



L.O.B.A., Purple Star Order — 

President : Mrs. i;va Doane Victoria, B.C. 

Military Con-^-alescent Hospit.vls, Women's Auxiliary— 

President : Mrs. Hasell OldEsquimalt Rd.. . 

Oriental School — 

President : Miss Smith Cormorant St 

Queen of The Island Lodge — 

President : Mrs. Coleman Princess Ave 

S.P.C.A., Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. Pym James Bay Hotel. . . 

Victoria Club — 

President : Mrs. CoUison Cook Street 

Victoria Ladies' Musical — 

President : Mrs. D. Ross Rockland Ave 

Victoria Literary Society — 

President : Mrs. McMicking Allendale Apts 

Victoria Nurses' Club — 

President : Miss M. Grimmer . . . .Mt. Douglas Apts., . 
Victorian Order — 

President : Mrs Gilbert Christie. .Linden Ave 

Victorian Order, S. S.aanich — 

President : Mrs. D. Williams Gorge Rd 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, B.ucter Review No. 8— 

President : Mrs. G. ElUott Prior St Victoria, B.C. 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, Queen Alexandra 
RE\^EW — 

President : Mrs. Van Sant Gorge Rd Victoria, B, C. 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, Victoria Review 
No. 1— 

President : Mrs. Elice Vancouver St Victoria, B.C. 

W.C.T.U., Central Union— 

President : Mrs. Livingstone 

W.C.TU., Frances Will.\rd — 

President : Mrs. Rodgers 

W.C.T.U., Home— 

President : Mrs. Parsons 

W.C.T.U., Oak Bay— 

President : Mrs. Johnston 

W.C.T.U., Rockland Park— 

President : Mrs. Boydcn 

Women's Institute, Cohvichan — 

President : Mrs. Blackwood Wileman 

Women's Institute, — 

President : Mrs. Coates Garden City, B.C 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Service Lake Hill, B.C. 



women of canada 277 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Gold South Saanich, B.C. 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Violet Maclachlan Tillicum, B.C. 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Parsell West Saanich, B.C. 

Women's Liberal Association — 

President : Mrs. Champeny Victoria, B.C. 

Women's University Club — 

President : Mrs. Clark Summit Ave " " 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : 



VIRDEN, MAN. 
Organized 1918 



President : 

Mrs. H. H. Goulter , .Virden, Man. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss Katharine Higginbothom 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Ladies' Aid — Methodist. Virden Home Economic Society. 

Ladies' Aid — Presbyterian. W'omen's Auxiliary — St. Mar^s 

River Valley Hospital AuxiUary. Church. 



WELLAND, ONT. 

Organized 1918 

President : 

Mrs. E. P. Hunter Welland, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. E. H. Darby Box 762 WeUand, Ont. 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Children's Shelter, Ladies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. S. N. Davis Box 574 Welland, Ont. 

I.O.D.E.— 

Regent: Mrs. L. B. C. Livingstone. .Elgin St 

Women's Auxiliary, Holt Trinity Church — 

President: Miss F. Davis Box 754 



276 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

L.O.B.A.. PunPLE Star Order — 

PrcsideiU : Mrs. Eva Doane Victoria, B.C. 

Military Con^'alescent Hospitals, Women's Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. Hasell Old Esquimalt Rd. . . " " 

Oriental School — 

Pres'dent : Miss Smith Cormorant St 

Queen of The Islant) Lodge — 

Presidtnt : Mrs. Coleman Princess Ave 

S.P.C.A., Women's Auxiliary- — 

President : Mrs. Pym James Bay Hotel. . . " 

Victoria Club — 

President : Mrs. CoUison Cook Street 

Victoria L.U)ies' Musical — 

President : Mrs. D. Ross Rockland .Ave 

Victoria Literary Society — 

President : Mrs. McMicking Allendale Apts 

Victoria Nurses' Club — 

President : Miss M. Grimmer. . . .Mt. Douglas Apts.. . " 
VicTORi.\N Order — ,, 

President : Mrs Gilbert Christie. Linden Ave 

Victorian Order, S. S.ajvnich— 

President : Mrs. D. Williams Gorge Rd 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, Baxter Review No. 8— 

President : Mrs. G. ElUott Prior St Victoria, B.C. 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, Queen Alexandra 
Review — 

President : Mrs. Van Sant Gorge Rd Victoria, B. C. 

Women's Benefit Association of the Maccabees, Victoria Review 
No. 1— 

President : Mrs. Elice Vancouver St Victoria, B.C. 

W.C.T.U., Central Union — 

President : Mrs. Livingstone 

W.C.TU., Frances Willard — 

President : Mrs. Rodgers 

W.C.T.U., Home— 

President : Mrs. Parsons 

W.C.T.U., Oak Bay— 

President : Mrs. Johnston 

W.C.T.U., Rockland Park — 

President : Mrs. Boyden 

Women's Institute, Corvichan — 

President : Mrs. Blackwood Wileman 

Women's Institute, — 

President : Mrs. Coatcs ■ ■ .Garden City, B.C 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Service Lake Hill, B.C. 



women of canada 277 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Gold South Saanich, B.C. 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Violet Maclachlan Tillicum, B.C. 

Women's Institute — 

President : Mrs. Pansell West Saanich, B.C. 

Women's Liberal Association — 

President : Mrs. Champeny Victoria, B.C. 

Women's University Club — 

President : Mrs. Clark Summit Ave " " 

Y.W.C.A.— 

President : 



VIRDEN, MAN. 

Organized 1918 
President : 

Mrs. H. H. Goulter . .Virden, Man. 

Corresponding Sscretary : 

Miss Katharine Higginbothom 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Ladies' Aid— Methodist. Virden Home Economic Society. 

Ladies' Aid — Presbyterian. Women's Auxiliary— St. Mary's 

River Valley Hospital AuxiUary. Church. 



WELLAND, ONT. 

Organized 1918 
President : 

Mrs. E. P. Hunter Welland, Ont. 

Corresponding Secretary : 
Mrs. E. H. Darby Box 762 Welland, Ont. 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Children's Shelter, Ladies' Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. S. N. Davis Box 574 Welland, Ont. 

I.O.D.E.— 

Regent: Mrs. L. B. C. Livingstone. .Elgin St 

Women's Auxiliary, Holy Trinity Church— 

President: Miss F. Davis Box 754 



278 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OK 

WEST ALGOMA, ONT. 

Organized September 4, 1894 

PresidetU : 

Mrs. T. N. Andrew 288 Harrington Ave. Port Arthur, Ont. 

Correspondinrj Secretary : 

Mrs. Peter McKellar 400S. VickersSt . . . .Fort William, Ont. 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Canadian Women's Press Club (District) — 

President : Mrs. F. S. Knight . . . .20 Crown St Port Arthur, Ont. 

Graduate Nurses' Association (District) — 

Preifident : Miss McKinlay General Hospital ... " 

I.O.D.E., John McIntyre Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. A. J. Boreham 321 S. Marks St. . . .Fort William, Ont. 

I.O.D.E., Ladt Grbt Chapter (Junior) — 

Regent : Mrs. Frank Bu-ch 122 S. John St " " 

I.O.D.E., Princess Beatrice Chapter — 

Regent : Mrs. T. N. Andrew 288 Harrington Ave. Port Arthur, Ont 

John McKellar Hospital Ladies' Aid — 

President : Mrs. J. H. Perry 135 S. John St Fort William, Ont. 

King's Daughters — 

President : Mrs. R. G. Spofford. . .322 Van Norman St Port Arthur, Ont. 
L.ADiEs' Aid, First Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. Mapledoram West Fort WilUam. 

Ladies' Aid, Grace Church — 

President : Mrs. W. P. Powers . . 179 E. Frederiea St ... " " 

Ladies' Aid, Knox Pre.sbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. W. J. Muir 403 Wiley St Fort William, Ont. 

L.\DiEs' Aid, St. Paul's Church — 

President : Mrs. T. Delbridge . . . 13S Prospect .\ve. Port Arthur, Ont. 
Ladies' Aid, Trinity Church — 

Presidenf ; Mrs. W.Y. Montgomery, (3Sa Cunili'rl'nd St. S. 

Ladies' Aid, Wesley Church — 

President : Mrs. J. A. McKenzie..Cor. Mylcs St Fort William, Ont. 

Ladies' Aid, Port .\kthur General Hospital — 

President : Mrs. T. N. Andrew. . .288 Harrington .\ve.Port Arthur, Ont. 
Ladies' Aid, St. Joseph's General Hospital — 

President : Mrs. Jas. McTeigue.. .347 Pearl St 

Port .-Vrthur Ladies' Relief Society — 

President : Mrs. Cummins 112 Prospect .\ve. . . 

St. A.vdrbw's Presbyterian Woman's Guild — 

President : Mrs. T. M. Piper 323 S. Syndicate .\v Fort William, Ont. 

St. John's Women's Guild — 

President : Mrs. J. D. McKcnzie. 1(53 Windermere Av.Port Arthur, Ont. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 



279 



TwiK Cities Women's Citizenship League — 

President : Mrs. B. M. Harvey. . .1118 Ridgeway St. .Fort William, Ont 
Women's Auxiliary, St. Paul's Church — 

President : Mrs. J. Lowe 303 Hardisty St. 

Women's Auxiliary, St. Thomas' Church — 

President : Mrs. J. H. Irwin 221 Brock St. E. 

Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. J. L Black.. . . ,.127 S. Marks St. 
Women's Canadian Club — 

President : Mrs. M. W. Bridgeman, 315 Tupper St . 
W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. A. E. Hamilton . .119 Harold St. S. 
W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. \\.3 Trethewey.92 Algoma St. N. . .Port Arthur, Ont 



.West Fort William 
.Fort William, Ont. 
.Port Arthur, Ont. 
.Fort William, Ont. 



WEST PICTOU, N.S. 

Organized June, 1914 
President : 

Miss E. A. Primrose West Pictou, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Mrs. Arthur Box 265 " " 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 
I.O.D.E.— 

Regent : Mrs. E. L. Armstrong West Pictou, N.I 

Prince St. Benevolent Society — 

President : Mrs. Jorston " 

Red Cross — 

President : Mrs. A. S. Stalker ' 

W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. D. W. English " 

W.M.S., Knox— 

President : Mrs. A. W. Thomson " 

W.M.S., Prince St.— 

President : Mrs. A. D. .Archibald " ' 

W.M.S., St. Andrew's— 

President : Mrs. A. C. Baillie " 

W.M.S., St. James'— 

President : Mrs. H. S. Hamilton " 

W.M.S., Stella Maris— 

President : Mrs. Purcell " ' 

W.M.S., Methodi.st — 

President : Miss Wisener " ' 



280 



THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

WETASKIWIN, ALTA. 



President : •,.- ^ , m, , 

Mrs. M. O. Nelson ^^ etask.win, Aha. 

Corresponding Secretary : ^^ ,, 

Mrs. James A. Munn 



AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 



Altar Society — Roman Catholic Ch. 
Hospital Aid— Local. 
Hospital Aid— Scandinavian. 
Ladie.s' Aid — Methodist. 



Red Cross 

Red Cross— Girls'. 

AV.C.T.U. 

Women's Institutes. 



WINNIPEG, MAN. 
Organized February 12, 1S94 

President : m 

Mrs. R. F. McWilliams 209 Devon Com-t . . -W mnipeg, Man. 

Corresponding Secretary : ^^ 

Mrs. J. D. Grant 817 Mulvey Ave. . . 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES (1917-lS) 



All Souls' \\'omen's Alliance. 

.-Vnti-Tuberciilosis Society. 

Catholic \\'omen's ^^'elcome League. 

Central Congregational Young Wo- 
men's Club. 

Children's Aid Society. 

Children's Home. 

Children's Hospital. 

Deaconess' Aid Society. 

Earl of Me.ath Patriotic Association. 

Elmwood Political Educat'l League. 

Girls' Friendly Society. 

Girls' Home of Welcome. 

Household Economics Society — Mor- 
ris. 

H.E.S.— Pilot Mound. 

H.E.S.— Teachers' Branch. 

H.E.S.— Virden. 

H.E.S. — Winnipeg. 

Kindergarten Settlement Association. 

Knowles' Boys' Home — Women's 
-Auxiliary. 



Ladies' .Aid— .All Saints. 

Broadway Methodist. 
Central Congi-egational. 
" " First Baptist. 
" " Fort Rouge Methodist. 
" " Grace Church. 
" " Knox Church. 
" " Nassau Baptist. 
" " St. Andrew's, of Kee- 
watin. 
Ladies' Aid— St. Mary's. 

" " Young Church. 
Ladies' Auxiliary— .A..O.H. 

" " North Winnipeg 

Hospital. 
Lady Heli)crs of the Good Shepherd. 
Ladies' Service League. 
Manitoba Assoc. Graduate Nurses. 
Misericordia League. 
Mothers' Association. 
North End Council of Women. 
Nurses' .\lumnae Association. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 281 

Old Folks' Home. Winnipeg^ Teachers', Club. 

Political Educational League. Women's Association— Home St. Ch. 

St. Boniface Nurses' Alunmae. Women's Canadian Club. 

St. Joseph's Orphanage. W.C.T.U.— District. 

St. Stephen's Ladies' Association. Women's Civic League. 

Social Science Study Club. Women's Exchange. 

Social Workers' Club. Women's Hospital Aid. 

University Women's Club. W.M.S.— Fort Rouge Methodist. 

Victorian Order of Xurses. Women's Rifie Atsociation. 

Wesley Women's Educational As- Women's Volunteer Reserve. 

.sociation. ' Y.W.C.A. 

Western Art Association. Young__Women's Guild— Grace Ch 



YARMOUTH, N.S. 

Organized May 14, 1914 
President : 

Mrs. William D. Ross Yarmouth, N.S. 

Corresponding Secretary : 

Miss M. G. Lovitt Box 339 " " 

AFFILIATED SOCIETIES 

Hebrew Ladies' Benevolent Society — 

President : Mrs. Stein Yarmouth, X S. 

Horticultural and Improvement Society — 

President : Mrs. S. A. Crowell 

Hospital Aid — 

President : Mrs. Wm. Webster " " 

Kritosophian Club — 

President : Mrs. J. H, Ivillam " " 

Red Cross Society — 

President : Mrs. W. D. Ross " " 

S P.C., Auxiliary — 

President : Mrs. B. R. Hilton " " 

Victorian Order of Nurses — 

President : 
W.C.T.U.— 

President : Mrs. L. R. KUlam " " 

W.F M.S., Congregational Church — 

President : Mrs. G. B. Dudman " " 

W.F. M.S., Methodist Church — 

President : Mrs A. P. Stoneman " " 

W.F.M.S , Presbyterian Church — 

President : Mrs. Chas. Pollard " 

W.F.M S., ZioN Church— 

President : Mrs. W. L. Harding ' " 



WOMEN OF CANADA 283 

APPENDIX 



CONSTITUTION 

OP 

The National Council of Women of Canada 



Note. — Unless otherwise specified, the term Federated Associations shall be 
held to include Local Councils and Nationally Organized Societies in Federation. 



PREAMBLE 

We, Women of Canada, sincerely believing that the best good of our 
homes and nation will be advanced by our omi greater unity of thought, 
sympathy and purpose, and that an organized movement of women will best 
conserve the highest good of the Family and the State, do hereby band our- 
selves together to further the application of the Golden Rule to society, custom 
and law. 

That we may successfully prosecute this work, we adopt the following : 

CONSTITUTION 

AKTICLE I. — NAME 

This Federation shall be called The National Council of Women of Canada. 

ARTICLE II. — GENERAL POLICY 

This Council is organized in the interest of no one propaganda, and has 
no power over the organizations which constitute it, beyond that of sugges- 
tion and sympathy ; therefore, no Society voting to enter this Council shall 
render itself liable to be interfered with in respect to its complete organic 
unity, independence, or methods of work, or be committed to any principle or 
method of any other Society, or to any act or utterance of the Council itself, 
beyond compliance with the terms of this Constitution. 

ARTICLE III. — OFFICERS 

Sec. 1. — The officers of the Council shall be an Honorary President (wife 
of the Governor-General), Hon. Vice-Presidents (the wives of the Lieutenant 
Governors), a President, two or more elected Vice-Presidents, a Provincial 
Vice-President for each Province nominated and elected by the Local Councils 
of the Province, ex-officio Vice-Presidents, (the Presidents of Federated 
Associations), a Recording Secretarj', and a Treasurer. 

Sec. 2. — A Corresponding Secretary shall be appointed by the Executive 
Committee and shall be paid a salary, the amount to be fixed by that Commit- 
tee. She shall be ex-officio a member of the Executive Committee, with all 
the privileges of the same, but without a vote. 

Sec. 3. — The first President of the Council shall be Advisory President 
for life with a vote on the Executive Committee. 



284 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Sec 4.— Those Officers and the Conveners of Stanilinj; O^mmittees shall 
constitute the Exei-utive Committee to control and jirovide for the general 
interests of the Council, of which five members shall form a quorum. 

Sec. 5.— The President, the elected Vice-Presiiients, the Corresijonding 
and Recording Secretaries, and the Treasurer, shall form a Sub-Executive 
Committee to deal with matters of emergency. • , c. • x- <■ 

Sec. 6.— .\iiy women representing Nationally Organized Societies ot 
Women, which by reason of internal regulations cannot affiliate, and which 
it is at the same'time desirable to have represented, may be inviteil by the 
President and Executive to join the Executive Committee. 

ARTICLE IV. — MEMBERS 

Sec. 1.— Local Councils formed of Federations of Associations of Women 
(l)rovided that their Constitution be in harmony with the basis of the Con- 
stitution of the National Council) and societies of women nation-dly organized 
mav become members of this National Council by their own vote, with the 
approval of the Executive Committee of the National Council. (See footnote.) 

Skc. 2.— All Local Councils and Societies of Women Nationally Organ- 
ized shall, on affiliation, forward a copy of then- Constitution and Rules to 
the Executive Committee and any time such Constitution is altered, a copy 
of the alteration shall be forwarded for the information of the Executive Com- 
mittee. 

ARTICLE V. — MEETINCiS 

Skc. L — The National Council shall meet annually, or oftener, upon the 
call of the President. ,, , , t^ j.- r^ 

Sec. 2.— The Committee of Arrangement shall be the Executive i^om- 

mittee. , ^ , „ ., , 

gjjc. 3._The President and five Delegates from each Local Council, and 
the President and one Delegate from each Nationally Organized and I'eder- 
ated Societv together with the General Officers and the Conveners of Stand- 
ing Cominittees, or duly apijointed representatives, shall alone have the right 
to vote at meetings of the National Council. 

Sec. 4. — Other members of the Council may attend the meetings ol ttie 
Council anil take part in the discussions, but ma\- not vote. 

Sec. 5.— All new business to be brought before the Annual or other meet- 
ings of the Council must first be submitted to the Executive Committee as a 
notice of motion. 

ARTICLE VI. — FINANCE 

Sec. 1.— Each Nationallv Organized Society or authorized representative 
of an organized communitv, federating in the National Council, shall pay 
an annual fee of .?10.00, and each Local Council shall pay an annual lc>e ot 
So. 00, to the National Council. , . , , i r 

Sec. 2.— All money raised under the auspices of and with the ap])roval ol 
the National Council, "shall be riaid in to the T'reasurer of the Xatmiml Coun- 
cil, and shall be administered by the Executive Committee of the National 
Council. 

ARTICLE VII. — PATRONS, ASSOCI.VrB MEMBERS, AND LIFE .MEMBERS 

Sec. 1.— .Vnv person whose name is acceirted by the Executive Committee 
mav become an Annual Patron of this Council upon the payment of SIO an- 
nually, or may become a Life Patron upon the iiayment of SlDD at one tunc. 

Sec. 2.— Any person whose name is acceptable to the E.xccutive Commit- 
tee may become an Associate Member of the National Council upon the pay- 
ment of an annual fee of So.OO. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 285 

Sec. 3. — Any person whose name is accepted by the Executive Committee 
may be made a Life Member of the National Council on payment of a fee 

of $25. 

Sec. 4. — Annual Patrons, Life Patrons, Associate Members and Life Mem- 
bers may take part in the proceedings and discussions of the public meetings 
of the Council but may not vote. 

ARTICLE VIII. — AMENDMENTS 

This Constitution may be altered or amended only at an Annual Meet- 
ing, and by a two-thirds vote, the vote to be taken on a division, notice of 
the proposed alteration or amendment having been sent to each member of 
the Executive Committee at least three months prior to such meeting ; 
provided always, that a resolution proposing a change in the Constitution 
having been d&cussed and lost at an Annual Meeting, it shall not, nor shall a 
resolution to effect the same object, though expressed in different phrase- 
ology, be proposed agam for two years thereafter. 



FOOTNOTE TO SEC. I, .\RTICLE IV 

The basis of the Constitution of the National Council is uniform repre- 
sentation and uniform fee, together with the endorsation of the General PoUcy 
as expressed in Article IL '1 he fee for a Local Council, whether it is large or 
small, is $5 a year, and each Local Council is entitled to be represented at the 
annual meeting by the President and five delegates. Each Nationally Organ- 
ized Society in Federation pays an annual fee of SlO.OOand is entitled to be 
represented by a President and one delegate at the Annual Meeting. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 287 

STANDING ORDERS 

FOB USE OF 

The National Council of Women of Canada 

I. — -MEETINGS 

1. — The Annual Meeting of the Jsational Council shall be held at such 
time and place as the Executive Committee may select, said Annual Session 
of the Council to last for two days, or longer, as may be required. 

2, — Special meetings of the Council for urgent business may be convened 
by the President at her own discretion, or at the request in writing of five 
of the Executive Committee. 

3. — Conference may be held at the time of the Annual Meeting, or at any 
other time, as may seem advisable to the Executive Committee. 

4. — StandingCommittees and Sub-Committees may be appointed by the 
Council or bv the Executive Committee, as may be found necessary for the 
efficient carrying out of the business of the Council. The Convener of such 
Committee .shall present a report first to her Committee, and to the Execu- 
tive Committee (if desired) for approval before submitting it to the Annual 
Meeting. The President and Correspondiiag Secretary of the National Coun- 
cil shall be ex-officio members of all such Committees. 

5. — At the meetings of the Council the Minute Book of the Executive 
Committee shall be on the Council table for inspection by the members of 
the Executive Committee. 

6. — The agenda of business at the Annual Meeting of Council shall in- 
clude the following : — 
Silent Prayer. 
Roll Call. 

Minutes of Previous Meeting. 
President's Opening Remarks. 
Greetings from Fraternal Delegates. 
Correspondence. 
Appomtment of members of the Council as Returning OflBcers and 

Tellers for the voting. 
Annual Reports and Financial Statement. 
Appomtment of Auditor. 
Reports from Provincial Vice-Presidents. 
Amendments to Constitution and Standing Orders (if any). 
Motions of which due notice has been given to the Executive Com- 
mittee, and by them to each Federated Association, and amend- 
ments relevant to the motions before the meeting. 
Election of Officers. 
Other business. 

Reading and confirmation of the minutes. 
(This agenda of business shall be followed as far as possible at all special 
meetings of the Council.) . 

7._Delegates shall occupy seats allotted by ballot of the Local Council 
in the place where the meeting is held, the delegates from each Federated 
Association to sit together. Each seat shall be numbered to con-espond with 
the number of the ticket of the delegate to whom it is allotted. 

8. —Federated Associations are required to provide each delegate or sub- 
stitute with credentials. . , , , 

9._The responsibility for the appointment and mstruction ot delegates 
rests solely with the bodies appointing, and delegates are required to act in 



290 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

shall draw lots during the Annual Meeting, or at such other time as the Presi- 
dent may direct, to deride the election. 

IV. — RULES OF ORDER 

1. — Every person wlien speaking shall stand and shall address the chair. 

2. — Motions shall be placed on the agenda cither by the Executive Com- 
mittee or by any of the Federated Associations, but no resolution shall be sent 
in by an individual. . . 

"3. — Every motion shall be read by the presiding officer before it is open 
to debate or amendment. Only two amendments shall be proposed at one 
time to a motion or question. In other words, there may be only three ques- 
tions at one time before the Council ; the main motion, and amendment, and 
an amendment thereto ; but when an amendment to the amendment is 
disposed of, another amendment may be jiroposed, provided it is not one simi- 
lar to that ah-eady voted on. A motion for the adjournment of the Council 
or debate is always in order under such circumstances. 

4. — Motions and amendments shall be voted on in the reverse order to 
that in wliich they are submitted, the last amendment being thus voted on 

5. — AH special motions shall be in wTitiiig and shall be seconded before 
being put from the chair ; but motions for adjournment of Council, or of de- 
bate, or for the previous question, or mere routine business, need not be 
WTitten. , , . 

(5. — A motion that is not seconded may not be read from the chair, and no 
entry thereof shall be made in the minutes. 

7. — A motion may be withdrawn with the consent of the whole Council 
present, or, in other words, without a negative voice. 

8. — Xo question or motion can be regularly offered if it is suljstantially 
the same as one on which the judgment of the Council has already been 
expressed dm-ing that meeting of the Council. 

9. — Any member may require the question under discussion to be read at 
anv time of the debate, but not so as to interrupt a speaker. 

10. — A motion to adjourn is always in order and shall be voted on without 
debate, when there is a question under consideration ; when there is no such 
question under discussion, and the motion for adjournment is a substantive 
or main motion, a debate thereon is permissilile, but it must be confined 
to the (juestion of adjournment. A motion to adjourn cannot be amended, 
and must be simply : "That the (council be now adjourned," or "That the 
debate be now adjourned." A motion, "That the Council do adjourn to a 
particular day or hour," or "That a debate be adjourned to a particular day 
or hour," is always amendable with respect to day or hour. 

1 1 . — 1 he ijresiding officer may at any time take the oinnion of the Council 
as to the length of time to be allowed for the discussion of any motion, and 
shall then, at her own (hscretion, limit the time for each s]ieaker. 

12. — No member shall sjK'ak twice to a motion or question, except in 
explanation of a material part of her speech in whicli she may have been 
misconceived, but then she shall not introduce new matter. A member who 
has siioken to a motion may speak again when a new question or an amend- 
ment is proposed to the motion. A reply shall be allowed oidy to the mover 
of a main or substantive motion. 

i:i— A\hen two or more members rise to speak, the Presidmg Officer 
shall call ujjon the member who, in her opinion, first rose in her jilace ; and 
Khould more than one meml>er rise at once, the Presiding Offioer shall deter- 
mine who is entitled to tlie fioor. 

14.— Xo member shall speak to any question after the same has been 
fully put by the Presiding Officer. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 291 

15. — The Presiding Officer or any member of Council may, at the close 
of any speech, propose, without debate, "That the question be now put" ; 
and if the motion he seconded and carried by a majority, the original reso- 
lution, or the resolution as amended, shall at once be put without debate. 

16. — When a debate on a question is conchided, the Presiding Officer 
shall proceed to put the question. If the question has not been heard, she 
shall read it again to the meeting. Having read the question on which the 
decision of the meeting is to be given, she shall take the sense of the members 
by asking for a show of hands for and against it. .\ny member of the Council 
feeling a doubt as to the correctness of the decision may call a division, which 
shall be taken by calling over the roll of Officers, Conveners and Federated 
Associations, the vote of each being given by the delegate or delegates present. 

17. — If a member was not present in the hall and did not hear the question 
read or put by the Presiding Officer, she shall not vote on that question. 

18. — The Presiding Officer shall have a casting vote when there is a tie, 
but shall not otherwise vote as a member of the Council. 

19. — In the event of the full number of delegates from any Federated 
Association not being able to attend, the full number of votes to which each 
such body is entitled shall be given by such delegate or delegates as are 
present. 

20. — The Presiding Officer shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, and in explaining a point of order or procedure, she 
shall state the rule or authority applicable to the case. 

21. — All meetings of Committee shall be private. General meetings of 
the Council, unless otherwise stated, shall be open to the public. A state- 
ment of all matters which have been referred to the Federated Associations 
shall be sent to them by the Corre.spondmg Secretary after the close of the 
Annual Meeting. 

V. — AMENDMENTS 

1. — These Standing Orders may be altered or amended on!}^ at an Annual 
Meeting and by a two-thuds vote, notice of the pi-oposed alterations or amend- 
ments having been sent to each member of the Executive Committee at least 
three months prior to such meeting. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 293 

STANDING ORDERS 

FOR USB OF THE 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

OF 

The National Council of Women of Canada 

I. — MEETINGS 

1, — The meetings of the Executive Committee shall be convened by the 
President, or Acting President, at such times and places as may seem to her 
desirable tor the efficient conduct of the work of the Councd. Not less than 
a fortnight's notice shall be given to each member, imless most urgent business 
compels the Committee being called together at shorter notice. 

2. — Special meetings shall be called by the President at the request in WTit- 
ing of any three members of the Executive Committee. A fortnight's notice 
must be given in such cases, and the place of meeting left to the option of the 
President. The names of the three members requesting the meeting shall be 
mentioned in the notice summoning the meeting. 

3. — The notice calling each Executive ;Meetmg shall contain as full a state- 
ment of the agenda as possible, :md also the terms of any resolution of which 
notice has been given in sufficient time so to do. 

4. — At the ordinary meeting of the Executive Committee the agenda of 
business shall include the following : — 

Silent Praver. 

Roll Call." 

Reading of the Minutes of last fleeting. 

Correspondence. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary. 

Report of Treasm'er. 

Reports of Standing and Sub-Committees (if any). 

Reports from Federated Associations (if desired). 

Any business carried over from last meeting. 

New business. 

Reading and confu'mation of the Minutes. 

5. — If, on special occasions, it be deemed desirable by the President to 
take the votes of the Executive Committee in writing, such votes shall be 
vaUd. In such cases the Corresponding Secretary shall, on the mstructions 
of the President, send out a memorandum to each member of the Executive 
Committee marked, "For the private use of the member of the National Ex- 
ecutive Committee," giving the resolution or other communication to be voted 
on, and anv reasons that may have been stated on either side, for or against. 
If the communication refers to a matter on which the Federated Association 
should be consulted or should take action, the ojiinion of the members of the 
National Executive Committee shall first be obtained as to what steps to take 
or as to the best way of taking action before the subject is brought before the 
said Federated Associations. 

6.— If a two-thu-ds majority of the National Executive Committee deem 
any resolution sent up bv the Federated Associations unsuitable or inadvisable 
for presentation to the "Council, it shall not be placed on the agenda. The 
votes composing the above two-thu'ds majority of the National Executive 
shall be given either personally or in writing by the actual members of the 
said Executive Committee. 



294 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

7. — \A'hen the President of any Federated Association is uiialdr to attend 
a meeting of the National Executive Committee, it ^hall l)e rom])ctent to 
the Executive Committee of such Federated Association to appoint a substi- 
tute to attend in her phice, or to empower the President of tlie National 
Council to appoint a substitute, pro\-ided that such substitute be a member of 
a Federated Association. 

S. — Actual member.s of the National Executive Committee, and substi- 
tutes actually sent by tliem or by Federated Associations, may be left free 
to vote at tlieir own discretion after hearing the discussion at the Executive 
meetings of the National Coimcil. 

9. — ^Local proxies shall vote only upon those questions in regard to which 
they have received siiecific wTitten instructions from the members whom 
they represent. They shall not vote on new business. 

II. RULES OF ORDER 

1. — Every member of the Executive Committee, when speaking, shall 
address the chair only. 

2. — .\11 correspondence received since la-st meeting shall be upon the 
table, properly filed. Such general correspondence as the Executive Com- 
mittee desire to hear shall be read by the Corresponding Secretary before each 
subject conies on for discussion, and any communication rel;Uing thereto 
•which may be considered important shall be read to the meeting. .\ny mem- 
ber shall be entitled to call for the reading of othei communications. 

3. — .\11 important correspondence received by the Corresponding Secre- 
tary, or copies thereof, shall be submitted to the President, and copies of all 
letters sent out by the Secretary shall be kept and produced, if desired by the 
Executive Committee. 

4. — The Corresponding Secretary shall prepare a summary or a copy of 
the minutes to be sent to each member. 

5. — An attendance book shall be kept by the Recording Secretary and 
signed by each niemljer present at the meetings of the Executive Committee, 
also a memorandum of notes sent by absent members, and a summary of 
attendance. 

6. — Every notice of motion for the agenda shall be in writing, and shall 
be signed either by the member of the Executive Committee or by the Secre- 
tary of the Federated .\ssociation sending it in. and shall be in the hands of 
the .Secretary three weeks before the time at which the Executive Committee 
is appointed" to meet. In case of an emergency any resokition sent in at a 
later date may be placed on the agenda with the ajiproval of the President, 
■Secretaries and Treasurer. 

7. — All motions or amendments, other than mere formal ones, shall be 
reduced to writing. 

8. — Motions to rescind resolutions passed within six months, and motions 
to the same effect a.s motions negatived within the previous six months, must 
be pa.sse<l by a majority of two-thirds of the members present. 

9. — Any part of tlie regular business of the meeting may be taken up out 
of its regular order, only when a motion of urgency has been pas,sed by a 
majority of not les.s than two-thirds of the members present. 

10.— The Standing Orders shall not be suspended unless by a unanimous 
vote. 

11. — The Presiding Officer shall have a casting vote in case of a tie, but 
shall not otherwise vote as a member. 

12. — 1 he P'ederation of Lxjcal Councils and Nationally Organized Societies 
shall be accepted on the following terms : 

(1) Receipt of formal letter enclosing copy of resolution passed at 
meeting requesting Federation of Council or Nationally Organ- 
ized Socict}-. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 295 

(2) A copy of the Constitution adopted or of the Rules of the said 
Society. 

(3) Approval of the Executive Committee expressed by resolution. 

(4) Payment of affiliation fee on application of the Treasurer, who 
shall report its receipts to the next meeting of the Executive 
Committee. 

13. — AU matters to be brought before the Provincial Legislatures by 
Local Councils must first receive the endorsation of the Executive Committee 
of the National Council. 

14. — The above Standing Orders shall be observed by the Sub-Committees 
so far as they are applicable. 



WOMEN OF CANADA 297 

CONSTITUTION 

RECOMMENDED FOR 

LOCAL COUNCILS 

IN FEDER.'iTION 'mTH 

The National Council of Women of Canada 

PREAMBLE 
Belie\'ing that the more intimate knowledge of one another's work will 
result in larger mutual svTnpathj' and greater unity of thought, and therefore 
in more effective action, certain Associations of Women, interested in Philan- 
thropy, Religion, Education, Literature, Art and Social Reform, have deter- 
mined to organize Local Councils, and to that end join in the following : 

CONSTITUTION 

ARTICLE I. — NAME 

This Federation shall be called the Local Council of in 

afifiliation with the National Council of Women of Canada. 

ARTICLE II. — POLICY 

The aim of a Local Council is to bring the various Associations of Women 

in into closer relations through an organized union : but 

no Society entering a Local Coimcil shall thereby lose its independence in 
■aim or method, or be committed to any principle or method of any other 
Society in the Council, the object of which is to serve as a medium of communi- 
cation and a means of prosecuting any work of common interest. 

ARTICLE in. — MEMBERS 

Sec. L — Any Society of Women, the nature of whose work is satisfac- 
tory to the Executive Committee of a Local Council, may become members 
of said Local Council bj' its own vote. 

Sec. 2. — The women of any organization, composed of both men and 
women, may associate themselves by their own vote and join said Local 
Council. 

Sec. 3. — Any women representing organized Societies of Women which 
by reason of internal regulations cannot affiliate, and which it is at the same 
time desirable to have represented, may be invited by the President and 
Executive to join the Committee. 

ARTICLE IV. OFFICERS 

The officers of a Local Council shall consist of a President, one or more 
elected Vice-Presidents, ex-officio Vice-Presidents (Presidents of all Societies 
federating in a Local Council), a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording Sec- 
retary and a Treasm-er. 

These officers, together with the Conveners of Standing Committees, 
shall comprise the Executive Committee, whose business it shall Ije to ('ontrol 
and provide for the general interests of the Coimcil. Five members shall 
constitute a quorum of this Committee. 

ARTICLE V. — MEETINGS 

Sec. 1. — A Local Council shall hold Annual Meetings for the election of 
officers and other business. 

Sec. 2. — The Committee of Ai-rangements shall consist of the Executive 
Committee. 



298 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

Sec. 3. — Other meetings of a Ix)cal Council may be held from time to 
timeasmavbest promote the interests of said Omncil. , , „ 

gpp, 4; — At the meetings each Society belonging to the Council sliall 
have three or more votes (exclusive of that cast by the President), as may be 
decided upon by the Local Council, but the number of votes allowed to each 
Societv must be uniform. , , . , ^ 1 

Sec. 5. — Ml other members of any Society belonging to the Council may 
have the privilege of participating in all discussions that may arise at the 
meetings, but may not vote. , , , , . , ,, .■ r 

gee. 6.— .\11 new business to be brought before the Annual Meeting ol 
ii I^cal Council must. first be submitted to the Executive Committee as a 
notice of motion. 

ARTICLE VI. — FINANCE 

Sec. 1. — Each Societv federating in a Local Council shall pay a uniform 

annual fee of S towards the expense fund of the said Council, the sum 

to be decided upon by the Local Council. 

Sec. 2. — All money raised under the auspices of and with the approval 
of the Local Council shall be paid to the Treasurer of the Local Council .and 
shall be administered by the Executive Committee of the said Local Council. 

ARTICLE VII. — PATRONS, ETC. 

Sec. 1. — \i\y person whose name is acceptable to the Executive Com- 
mittee may become a Patron of a Local Council upon the payment of $5 an- 
nuallv, or 850 at one time. 

Sec. 2.— The names of Patrons shall be placed with those of the Executive 
Committee, on all printed documents. 

Sue. 3. — .\jiv person whose name is acceptable to the Executive Commit- 
tee, and who is liot connected with any affiliated society, may become a mem- 
ber of the Local Council on payment of .?1 annually, and may take part in 
the proceedings and discussions" of the public meetings of tlie Councils, but 
is not entitled to vote. Such members shall receive free all literatiu'c publish- 
ed bv the I.flcal Council. . 

Sec. 4. — .\nv person whose name is accepted by the Executive Committee 
may become a Life Member of the Local Council on payment of a fee of .Slo, 
and may take part in the proceedings and discussion of the iniblic meetings 
of the Council, l)ut is not entitled to vote. The names of such Life Members 
shall be printed immediately after those of the Life Patrons of the Local Coun- 
cils and they shall be entitled to receive free all ordinary literature published 
by the liOcal C^ouncil. 

Sec. .5.— The Pi-esident of a Local Council is ex-oflRcio a Vice-President 
of the .National Council and a member of the National Council Executive 
Committee. Each ImcA Council is entitled to five votes at the .Vnnual 
Meeting of the National Council in addition to the vote cast by their Presi- 
dent. The delegates are to be furnished with credentials. 

ARTICLE VIII.— .AMENDMENTS 

This Constitution may be altered or amended by a two-thirds vote of a 
Local Council at any .\nnual Meeting, jjrovided that such alteration be in 
harmony with the Constitution of the National Council, notice of the pro- 
posed change having been sent to the Executive of the National Council two 
months, and to each Society belonging to the Council at least one month, prior 
to such meeting. 

FOOTNOTE— For regulations respecting afliliation with the National 
Council fees for Patrons and .\ssociate Members of the .National Council, 
regulations concerning representation and \-oting at Meetings of the National 
Council, and sending in resolutions to the National Council, see Constitu- 
tion and Standing (Jrders of the National Council in the Year Book. 



WOMEN OP CANADA 299 

STANDING ORDERS 

RECOMMENDED FOR 

LOCAL COUNCILS 

IN FEDERATION WITH 

The National Council of Women of Canada 



NOTE — Unless otherivise specified, Ihe words Council and Executive Com- 
mittee shall be held to mean Local Council and its Executive Committee. 



I. — MEETINGS 

1. — The Annual Meeting of the Council shall be held during January 
of each year, unless an alteration of the date is deemed advisable by the 
Executive Committee. 

2. — The Council shall hold three regular public meetings (exclusive of 
the Annual Meeting) dm-ing the year, and the date of such meetings to be 
left to the Executive Committee to decide. 

3. — Special Meetings of the Coimcil for urgent business may be con- 
vened by the President at her own discretion, or at the request in writing 
of three members of the Executive Committee. 

4. — Standing Committees and Sub-Committees may be appointed by the 
Council as may be found necessary for the efficient can-ying on of the busi- 
ness of the said Council. The Convener or Secretaiy of such Committee 
shall present a report, first to the Executive Committee, and then at one of 
the regidar public meetings. The President and Corresponding Secretary 
shall be ex-officio members of all such Committees. 

5. — The agenda of business at the Annual Meeting of the Council shall 
include the following : — 
Prayer. 
Roll Call. 

Minutes of last Annual Meeting. 
President's opening remarks. 
Corresponden ce . 
Appointment of members of the Council as returning officers and 

tellers for the ballot voting, if necessary. , 

Annual Reports and Financial Statement. 
Appointment of Auditor. 
Reports of Local Societies and Institutions. 
Amendments to Constitution and Standing Orders (if any). 
Motions of which due notice has been given to the Executive Com- 
mittee, and by them to each Affiliated A.ssociation, and amend- 
ments relevant to the motions before the meeting. 
Election of Officers. 
Other business. 

Reading and confirmation of the Minutes. 

(This agenda to be followed as nearly as possible at all meetings.) 
6. — A preliminary agenda for the Annual Meeting shall be sent out to 
each affiliated Society and Institution two months before the Annual Meet- 
ing and shall be laid before each such body for discussion along with the nom- 



300 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL Oh 

inafion jiapers for officers, in order fliat suggestions as to any notice of amend- 
ment alteration, support or witliilrawal may be sent back to the Executive 
Comrnittee three weeks after its receipt. The final ageiuia as amended, shall 
be relumed a month before the Annual Meeting, in order that each Society 
may be able to consider it at their ordinary monthly meeting, and instruct 
their delegates how to vote. , ■ , .- r j i . 

7 The responsibihty for the appomtment and instruction of delegates 

to the Annual Meeting rests solely with the bodies appointing, and delegates 
are required to act in strict accordance with the instructions of the affiliated 
Society or Institution which they represent, and on points which may incident- 
allv arise, as far as they can judge, in accordance with the spirit of that 
organization, and not as individuals. 

S._Ke«olutions from Affiliated Societies and Institutions must be received 
by the Corresponding Secretarv two months before the Annual Meeting, in 
order that thev mav be placed on the preliminary agenda and be sent out for 
the consideration and amendments of the affiliated organizations. Amend- 
ments can be sent in when the prehminary agenda is returned to the Corres- 
ponding Secretary. , . , , , x^ ^- r^ 

9 —Motions shall be placed on the agenda either by the Executive Com- 
mittee or by any of the affiUated bodies, but no resolutions shall be sent in 
by an indi\-idual. . ^ . .i 

10.— Delegates shall occupy seats allotted by previous arrangement to the 
representatives of Affihatcd Societies and Institutions. 

11. — The public is privileged to attend the meetings of the Counca, not 
including the meetings of the Executive Committee. . , , 

12.— If a two-thu-ds majority of the National Executive Committee deem 
any resclution sent up bv the Local Councils or Nationally Organized So- 
cieties in federation unsuitable or inadvisable for presentation to the Council, 
it shall not be placed on the agenda for the Amuial Meeting of said Council. 
The votes composing the two-thii'ds majority shall be given, either person- 
ally or in writing, by the actual members of the said National Executive Com- 
mittee. 

II. — DUTIES OF OFFICERS 

].— The President, or in her absence one of the elected Vice-Presidents, 
shall presi<le at all meetings of the Council and its Executive Committee. 
She shall take a general supervision of all its work. ■ i u 

2. — One of the elected \ice-Presidents of the Council shall act in the ab- 
sence of the President, or the Executive Committee may appoint an Acting 
President. , 

3.— The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct all the correspondence 
of the Council ; she shall present a report at the Annual Meeting and keep a 
complete roll of Affihated Societies and their authorized representatives and 
shall prepare an agenda for all meetings of the Council and its Executive 
Committee. ,. 

4.— The Recording Secretary shall keep careful nnnutes of the proceedings 
of meetings of the Council and of the Executive Committee of the same. 

5.— The Treasurer shall receive, collect and hold all moneys of the Coun- 
cil, disbursing the same by order of the President. She shall iiay out all ac- 
counts by means of cheques, and shall have her book audited by an auditor 
appointed by the Council before presenting her Annual Report. All sub- 
scriptions and fees shall be acknowledged by official receipt, signed by the 
Treasurer. 

III. — ELECTION OF OFFICERS 

1.— Papers for the nomination of the officers and Conveners of Standing 
Committees of the Council shall be sent out by the Executive Committee 
to each Affiliated Society and Institution two months before the Annual 



WOMEN OF CANADA 301 

Meeting, and shall be returned by them within three weeks after receipt 
to the Corresponding Secretary, filled in in accordance with the instructions 
of each Aifihated Society or Institution. 

2. — Nominations for officers and Conveners of Standing Committees of 
the Council may be made by each Affiliated Society or Institution, and by the 
Executive Committee of the Council, but not by individual officers of the same. 

,3. — The election of officers and Conveners of Standing Committees shall 
be by ballot. 

4. — The CoiTesponding Secretary shall make a list of all nominations re- 
ceived, and shall send a copy of such list to each officer of the Coimcil, Convener 
of a Standing Committee, AffiUated Society or Institution of the Council, one 
month before the Annual Meeting, in order that each Affiliated Society or 
Institution may be able to instruct its delegates to vote for the candidates 
which it prefers. 

5. — The ballot papers for the election of the officers and Conveners of 
StancUng Committees shall be supplied to each delegate by the retm-ning offi- 
cers. The voters shall be recjuu-ed to mark their papers and hand them to 
the returning officers. Xo delegate shall receive a second ballot paper ex- 
cept from the returning officers in exchange for the one previously given. 

6. — In the case of the resignation or death of an officer or Convener of a 
Standing Committee diu-ing her term of office, a successor shajl be elected by 
the Executive Committee to serve during the remainder of such term. 

IV. RULES OP ORDER 

1. — Every person when speaking shall stand and shall address the chair. 

2. — Every motion shall be read by the presiding officer before it is open 
to debate or amendment. Only two amendments shall be proposed at one 
time to a motion or question. In other words, there may be only three ques- 
tions at one time before the Council ; the main motion, an amendment, and 
an amendment thereto; but when the amendment to an amendment is dis- 
posed of, another amendment can be proposed, provided, it is not similar to 
that already voted on. A motion for the adjoiu-nment of Council or debate is 
always in order under such cncumstances. 

3. — Amendments must be relevant to the subject matter of the original 
motion. 

4. — Motions and amendments shall be voted on in the reverse order to 
that in which they are submitted, the last amendment being thus voted on first. 

5. — All special motions shall be in WTiting, and shaU be seconded before 
being put from the chau-, but motions for adjournment of Council or of de- 
bate, or for the previous question, or mere routine business, need not be written. 

6. — A motion that is not seconded may not be read from the chair, and no 
entry thereof shall be made in the minutes. 

7. — A motion may be withdi-ami with the consent of the whole Council 
present, or in other words, without a negative voice. 

8. — No question or motion can be regularly offered if it is substantially 
the same as one on which the judgment of the Council has already been 
expressed during the meeting of the Council. 

9. — Any member may require the question under discussion to be read 
at any time of the debate, but not so as to interrupt a speaker. 

10. — A motion to adjourn is always in order, and shall be voted on without 
debate when there is a question under consideration ; when there is no such 
question under discussion, and the motion for adjoui-nment is a substantive 
or main motion, a debate thereon is permissible, but it must be confined to 
the question of adjournment. A motion to adjourn cannot be amended, 
and must be simplv, "That the Council be now adjourned," or."That the de- 
bate be now adjoui-ned." A motion that the Council do adjourn to a partic- 
ular day or hour, or "That the debate be adjourned to a particular day or 
hour," is always amendable with respect to day and hour. 



302 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OP 

1 ] 'ilip proskling officer may at any time take the opinion of the Council 

as to the lengtli of time to be aUowed for the discussion of any motion, and 
shall then, at her discretion, limit the time for the speaker. 

12. No niember shall sjieak twice to a motion or question, except in ex- 
planation of a material part of her speech in which she may have been miscon- 
ceived, but then she shall not introduce new matter. A memtjer who has 
spoken to a motion mav speak again when a new question or an amendment 
is proposed to the motion. A reply shall be allowed only to the mover of the 
main or substantive motion. 

13. — W hen two or more members nse to speak, the presiding otticer shall 
call iijion the member who, in her opinion, first rose in her place ; and should 
more than one member rise at once, the presiding officer shall determine who 
is entitled to the floor. , , , , r ,i 

14. — No member shall speak to any question after the same has been lully 
put bv the presithng officer. . , , , 

15. — The presiding officer, or any member of Conned, may, at the close 
of any speech, propose, without debate, "That the question be now put ;" 
and if the motion be seconded and carried by a majority, the original resolution, 
or the resolution as amended, shall be at once put without debate. 

16.— ■\Vhcn a debate on a question is concluded, the presiding officer shall 
proceed to put the question. If the question has not been heard, she shall read 
it again to the meeting. Having read the question on which the decision of 
the meeting is to be fu-st given, she shall take the sense of the members by say- 
ing, '"Ihose who are in favor of the motion or amendment shall say aye ;" 
"those who are of the contrary opinion shall say no," When the supporters 
or the opponents of the motion have given their voices for and against the 
same, the presiding officer shall say, "1 think the ayes have it," or "I think 
the noes have it," or "I cannot decide," Any member of the Coimcil feeling 
a doubt as to the correctness of the decision may call for a division. 

17 — If a member were not present in the hall and did not hear the ques- 
tion read or "put" by the presiding officer, she shall not vote on that question. 

lS._<")n the general business of the Council, the sense of the delegates 
shall be taken in the usual parhamentary method of asking for ayes and noes 
as prescribed in the foregoing order. In cases where a division is called for, 
the vote shall be taken by calling over the roll of affiliateil bodies, when the 
vote of each body shall be given by the delegate or delegates present. 

19._Xhe presiding officer shall have a casting vote when there is a tie, 
but shall not otherwise vote as a member of the Council. 

20.— In the event of the full number of delegates from any Affihated So- 
ciety or Institution not being able to attend, the uniform number of votes 
allowed by the Council to each such body shall be given by such delegate or 
delegates as are present. 

21.— The presiding officer shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, and in explaining a point of order or procedure, she 
shall state the rule or authority applicable to the case. 

22.— Local Councils shalfnot bring matters before the Provincial Legis- 
latures without first receiving the endorsation of the Executive Committee of 
the National Council. Local Councils may only approach the Dominion 
Government through the National Council or its Executive Committee. 

23.— When any doubt arises on the proper procedure to be followed, re- 
ference shall be made to Dr. Boiirinot's Book on "Parliamentary Procedure 
and Procedure at Public Meetings." 

V. — AMENDMENT OF STA.N'DING ORDERS 

1. — The by-laws may be altered or amended at any time by a two-thirds 
vote of the Council, notice of proposed change having been given at a previous 
meeting. 



WOMEN OF CAN.IDA 303 

STANDING ORDERS 

HECOMMENDED FOR 

Executive Committees of Local Councils 

IN FEDERATION WITH 

The National Council of "Women of Canada 

1. — MEETINGS 

1. — The meetings of the Executive Committee shall be convened by the 
President, or Acting-President, at such times and places as may seem to her 
desirable for the efficient conduct of the work of the Coimcil. Not less than 
a week's notice shall be given to each member, imless most urgent business 
compels the Committee being called together at short notice. 

2. — Special meetings shall be called by the President at the request m 
writing of any thi-ee members of the Executive Committee. A week's notice 
must be given in such cases, and the place of meeting left to the option of the 
President. The names of the three members requesting the meeting shall be 
mentioned in the notice summoning the meeting. 

3. — The notice calUng each Committee shall contain the terms of any im- 
portant resolution or urgent business, of which notice has been given in suf- 
ficient time so to do. 

4. — At the ordinary meetings of the Executive Committee the agenda of 
business shall include the following : 

Praver. 

Roll Call. 

Reading of the Minutes of last meeting. 

Correspondence. 

Report of Corresponding Secretary. 

Report of Treasurer. 

Reports of Committees (if any). 

Any business carried over from last meeting. 

New business. 

Reading and confirmation of the minutes. 

II. RULES OF ORDER 

1. — Every member of the Executive Committee, when speaking, shall ad- 

ch-ess the chair only. . , ,, , »u • ui 

2 —All correspondence received since last meeting shall be upon the table, 
filed according to subject and date. Such general correspondence as the Ex- 
ecutive Committee desire to hear shall be read by the Corresponding Secretary 
before each subject comes on for discussion, and any commumeation relatmg 
thereto which may be considered important shall be read to the meetmg. Any 
member shall be entitled to call for the reading of other commumcations. 

3 —All correspondence of importance received by the Correspondmg bec- 
retary, or copies thereof, shall be submitted to the President, and copies of aU 
letters of moment sent out by the Secretary shall be kept and produced, if 
desired by the Executive Committee. , . ., . j 

4 —The minutes, a memorandum of notes sent by absent members, and 
a record of attendance, shall be kept by the Recording Secretary. 

5 — Everv notice of motion for the agenda shall be sent in to the Cflrres- 
ponding Secretary in miting, and shall be signed by the member of the Com- 
mittee sending it in. 



304 THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF 

6. — All motions or amendments, other than mere formal ones, shall be 
reduced to wTiting. 

7. — Motions to rescind resolutions passed within six months, and tno- 
tions to the same effect as motions negatived within the previous six months, 
must be passed by a majority of two-thirds of the members present. 

8. — Any part of the regular biLsincss of a meeting may be taken up out 
of its regular order, or any special lousiness may be taken without notice, only 
when a motion of urgencj' has been passed by a majority of not less than two- 
thirds of the members present. 

9. — The standing orders shall not be suspended unless by a unanimous 
vote. 

10. — The presiding officer shall have a casting vote in the case of a tie, 
but shall not otherwise vote as a member. 

11. — ^^'hen the President of any Affiliated Society or Institution is unable 
to attend a meeting of the Executive, it shall be competent to the Executive 
Committee of such Affiliated Society or Institution to appoint a substitute to 
attend in her place, or to empower their President or representative to appoint 
a substitute. 

12.^Tho affiliation of Local Societies and Institutions shall be accepted 
on the following terms : — 

1. Receipt of formal letter enclosing copy of resolution passed at 

meeting requesting the affiliation of Local Society or Institu- 
tion. 

2. A statement of the aims and objects of said Society or Institu- 

tion. 

3. Approval of the Executive Committee expressed by resolution. 

4. Payment of affiliation fee. 

13. — The above Stantling Orders shall be observed by the Committees so 
far as they are applicable. 



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BRANCHES .AND CONN'ECTIONS 

THROUGHOUT CANADA 

Head Office and Eight Branches in Toronto 




Cable Address "Rowell, Toronto" 
Western Union Code 



Solicitors for 
The Sterling Bank of Canada 



Rowell. Reid, Wood & Wright 

JSarriStcrsf, ^oUcitoriS, 
j??otaricg. Set. 



N. W RO\fcELU KG. 
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E. c. McMillan 



IHOS REID S CASEY WOOD 

C. W THOMPSON D B SINCLAIR 

E M ROWA.ND M C PURVIS 



Canada Life Building, 44 King St. West 
TORONTO, CANADA 



IN APPRECIATION 

The National Council of Women of Canada beg to acknow- 
ledge their appreciation of the co-operation of the following 
firms and individuals who have contributed towards the adver- 
tising success of their 1918 Year Book: 

Provincial Paper Mills Co., Ltd Toronto, Ont. 

Wood, Gundy & Company " 

Firstbrook Bros., Limited " 

W. R. Brook & Co., Limited 

Otto Higel Co., Limited 

John Macdonald & Co., Limited " 

Gordon C. Edwards " 

Terrv & Gordon " 

W. H. Banfield & Sons, Limited 

G. Goulding & Sons " 

Canadian General Electric Co , Ltd " 

Nineteen Hundred Washer Co " 

Royee, Henderson & Boyd " 

Roden Bros. , Limited " 

Conger Lehigh Coal Co., Limited " 

Shm'ly & Derrett, Limited " 

Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. of Canada, Limited " 

Maple Leaf Milling Co., Limited " 

H. H. Dewart " 

White & Thomas " 

Charcoal Supply Company " 

Angus Sinclair, C.E " 

A. Bradshaw & Sons " 

Canadian General Lumber Co., Limited " 

Dominion Wheel & Foundries, Limited " 

Wm. Croft & Sons, Limited " 

Canada Bread Co., Limited " 

E. R. Wood " 

Reg. N. Boxer Co., Limited 

Canadian Laundry Machine Co., Limited " 

E. R. C. Clarkson " 

Weaver Coal Company 

Wm. R. Perrin, Limited 

Sir Donald Mann 

Bankers Bond Co., Limited 

Dominion Printing Ink & Color Company, Limited 

A. E. Ames & Co 

Thermos Bottle Co , Ltd - [[ 

Beardmore & Company 

Fashion Waists Limited 

Ralph Connable 

Col. F. H. Deacon 

Dodge Mfg. Co., Ltd 

Bennett & Wright Co 

Parkers Dye Works, Ltd 

Thomas Southworth 

H. W. Petrie, Limited 

Harold Van Der Linde " 

Leadlay & Company 

Sherwood Construction Co ]] 

Hart & McDonagh ]\ 

James Robertson & Co., Limited '| 

Crompton Corset Co., Ltd 

Canadian Stewarts Limited 



IN APPRECIATION 

The National Council of Women of Canada beg to acknow- 
ledge their appreciation of the co-operation of the following 
firms and individuals who have contributed towards the adver- 
tising success of their 1918 Year Book: 

Xiitional Iron Works, Ltd Toronto, Ont. 

Dunlop Tiro it Rubber Goods Co 

Proudfoot, Duncan, Grant & Gilday " 

Bohan Bros 

American Hat Mfg. Co 

S. Tidv A: Son 

Uopckii Bros. Co., Ltd 

Eureka Mineral ^\"ool .\sbestos Co., Ltd 

ClulT .\mmunition Co., Ltd 

^L C. Pink & Company 

Thomas Hook, M.P.P " 

James Pearson 

Craig Cowan Co., Limited 

Canadian Canners, Ltd 

B. L. .Anderson Limited 

Plifrni.x Novelty Co 

E. \V. J. Owon.s, ^LP.P 

Hart & McDonagh 

Brown Brotheis, Limited 

Brown Copper it Brass Rolling Mills Limited New Toronto, Ont. 

Fisher Mahor Co., Ltd Orillia, Ont. 

E. Long Mfg. Co., Ltd 

R. B. Angus ' Montreal, Que. 

E. W. Beatty " " 

Palmers Limited 

J. & T. Bell Limited [\ '[ 

Exclusive Ladies ^^'ea^, Ltd 

LTOians Limited 

H. R. Drummond ; . . . . " |_ 

Dominion Textile Co., Ltd 

Geo. M. Mason Ltd Ottawa, Ont. 

Charles Ogilvy Limited 

John ^L Garland & Son Co., Limited 

R. A. Sproule 

McAuliffe, Da\'ies Lumber Co., Limited 

^\■. C. Edwards & Co., Limited 

^L J. O. Brien Limited Renfiew, Ont. 

Imperial Cotton Co. Limited Hamilton, Ont. 

Banwell Hoxie Fence Co., Ltd 

Canadian Drawn Steel Co., Limited 

Laidlaw Bale-Tie Co., Limited 

Kerr-Coombes Foundry Co., Ltd 

Coppley, Xoyes it Randall Limited " |' 

James Dunlop Co.. Limited 

Boston In.solated Wire & Cable Co., Ltd 

C. S. Hyman <t Co., Limited ' London, ()nt. 

Dennis Wire & Iron Works Co., Ltd _" '[ 

C. R. Sommer\'ille - 

E. Leonard & Sons 

The McClary Mfg. Co., Limited \[ [\ 

Ix)ndon Rolling Mills Co., Ltd 

Spraymotor Company 

Empire Mfg. Co., Limited 

Dominion Abrasive Wheel Co., Limited Miinico, Ont. 

Bailey Broom Company Kingston, Ont. 

John Donnelly 




The Soldiers' Aid 
Commission 

has been incorporated by the Province of Ontario for the purpose 
of assisting to reinstate discharged officers and men in civil life. 

EMPLOYMENT 

We cordially invite the co-operation of the public in the important 
work of sec'iring employment for soldiers who have been discharged 
from military service 

VOCATIONAL TRAINING 

Classes for the vocational re-education of soldiers who have 
been so disabled as to prevent them from resuming their former 
occupations are provided free of cost, and in addition the support 
of the soldier and his dependants is provided dtu-ing the period of 
retraining and for one month after. 

Further information as to courses may be obtained from 
W. W. Nichol, Superintendent of Education, 116 College 
Street, Toronto. 

RELIEF FUND 

Donations for the assistance of soldiers' families in temporary 
distress will be thankfully received and acknowledged, and should 
be made payable to the order of the Commission. 

Head Office: 

116 COLLEGE STREET, TORONTO 

TELEPHONE N. 2800 

Office Hours: 9 a.m. — 10 p.m.; Saturdays, 5 p.m. 

W. D. McPHERSON, K.C., M.P.P., Chairnian 
J. WARWICK, Secretary 



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Ogilvie's "Royal Household" 

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United States 



PHONE MAIN 1098 



n 



c 



PI)otograpf)S 

Studio 

06 YONGE STREET 

TORONTO 







FITTINGS, LIMITED 

OSHAWA, ONT. 

Maniifaclurers nf 

MALLEABLE and CAST IRON 
PIPE FITTINGS 








CANADA'S BEST 

BREAD, CAKE AND 

PASTRY ARE BAKED 

FROM 

puRiry 

FLOUR 



Western Canada Flour Mills Co., Limited 

TORONTO 



SicK.Hervbus 

Headaches 




EMERSON'S 

BrqmO' 



FOR 



J^fADACHtS 



-ATS.- 



ryjUlCKLY RELIEVED > 



^M 



SOLD £y£/fyW//£Pt'. M\0 ^ 
Emerson Drut; Co., Spadina Avenue 



AcCormicKs 

P)isC(lits and 

Candy 

London - Canada 



r" 



J 



DELECTO ASSORTMENT 

The rich chocolate coating is delicately flavored to 
harmonize with the flavor of the centre. An unusu- 
ally delightful assortment. 

Qanorgs © CkxTolaies 

"the finest in the land" 




Mappin & Webb 



LIMITED 

MONTREAL 



CANADA'S GIFT HOUSE 



JEWELLERY 

SILVERWARE 

STATIONERY 

FANCY LEATHER GOODS 



WATCHES 

PLATED WARE 

CHINA 

CUT GLASS 



Most every part of the world contributes of its 
exquisite treasures to the stock always carried in 
this beautiful store, making it a simple matter to 
select a gift for any occasion. 

ILLUSTRATED C.^T.ALOGUE SENT FREE ON REQUEST 



HEAT YOUR HOME 



WITH A 



King Boiler 

AND 

Imperial Radiator 




HOT 

'WATER 

HEATING 

SYSTEM 

It will ensure a moist 
even temperature 
throughout the house 
Is clean, safe, easy to 
manage, and is so 
much more economi- 
cal in fuel that there 
is no comparison with 
other methods of 
heating. 



A KING HEATING SYSTEM in your 
home would be such an improvement and give 
so much real comfort and satisfaction that you 
should write us at once and get full particulars 
about this modern method of heating. 

OUR BOOKLETS TELL THE WHOLE STORY 

VRITE FOR FREE COPIES 

Steel & Radiation, Limited 

HEAD OPFICF; PR ASHR AVE., TORONTO 




3 



THE STOVE WITH 3,000,000 
I FRIENDS 

.000,000 housewives have discovered the way to 
better cooking, cooler kitchens and less work. 
They use the New Perfection Oil Cook Stove. 

Ask your neighbor. She knows the New Perfec- 
tion Oil Cook Stove is dependable and easy to 
operate. She knows the Long Blue Chimney gives 
a clean, intense heat — without odor, or smoke. She 
knows the convenience and economy of using oil for 
fuel. _ __„_-.^ 

The New Perfection Oven bakes unusually well 
— makes the stove a complete cooking device. 

The Cabinet adds to the appearance of the stove 
and provides extra room for utensils. 

Royalite Coal Oil gives best results. 

IMPERIAL OIL LIMITED 

BRANCHES IN ALL CITIES 





2£ KODAK Jr. 



i^ utt( 
No 



Price $l.>.oO 
Pictures iij x 4g 

The pictures are of the pleasing 
panel shape, •living the high, narrow 
proportions that are so well suited 
to portraits — and when the earaera 
is lieUl Iiorizontallv, for landscapes 
and the like, it gives a long, narrow 
picture that is almost panoramic in 
elTect. 

.\nd this long, narrow picture 
makes possible a thin, slim camera 
that fits the pocket — a detail that 
:n important, and always <onvenient. 

2i Autographic Kodak, Jr. with meniscus achromulic lens, $lo.50 
AT YOUR DEALERS 

Canadian Kodak Co., Limited 

Toronto, Canada 



McLaren & Dallas 

30 Front St . West TORONTO 

Wholesale Dealers in 

BOOTS, SHOES AND RUBBERS 

"Imperial" and ''Maple Leaf" Brands Leather Footwear 

"Kant Krack" "Dainttj Mode" and "Royal" Brands 
Rubl)er Footwear 



Cumfy-Qut'"^"' 



TS and UNION SUITS 

With "Can"tSlip"' 
Shoulder Straps 



J. I{ MOODIE & SO.\S. LTD. - S H.\MILTOX, O.NT. 



Gundy-Clapperton Co., Limited 

MunufiiituriTs of 

RICHLY CUT GLASS 

61 Albert Street Toronto 



FOOD MUST FOLLOW THE FLAG 




/■> 



At^K"* 






Every household, 
farmer and institution 
should buy a UTILITY 
CANNING OUTFIT 
for the preserving of 
fruits and vegetables at 
home and save what la 
going to waste. 

Guaranteed Outfit 

Positive Results 

Can Be Operated 

by a Child 

Agents Wanted 

(Lailies Invited) 

References Required 

Adarcs^ 



The Canadian Home Canning Association 

97 St. James, Montreal Limit; d 



^McaiJ^^ucdli/ 




3/7 A Gloves 

DOUBLE IIPPED 

All that the name implies. Prices to fit 
every purse, and guaranteed 



Washabl( 




Suede 



"GRIFFIN GLOVED— WELL GLOVED" 

The fabric glove with the fit, wear 
and appearance of the best kid 



r. G. Halliday, Limited 
ANTIQUES 

749=751 Yongc Street, Toronto 



Est. 1884 413 Ryrie Building 

THOMSON BROS. 

GENERAL CONTRACTORS 

Masonry and all kinds of Reinforced Concrete Construction 
Work Carried Out 

MAIN 2453 NIGHTS: P. 538, P. 3304 



PHONE ADELAIDE 1877 

We specialize in Automobile Parts 

The Toronto Welding Co. 

Welding of all Metals and Steel Cutting 

Boiler Repairs done by Competent Workmen, Portable Outfits 

to all parts of Dominion 

Odice and Works; 19--21 Pearl Street Toronto, Ont. 



A Canadian Dcniifriec — 

Corson's Charcoal Tooth Paste 

Will Whiten Your Teeth 

Sold Everywhere in Canada 

SOVEREK.N PERFUMES, LIMITED 

TORONTO 

The only Canadian-owned Company exclusively engaged in the making 

of Perfumes and Toilet Hequisites 



The Canadian Feather & Mattress Co. 
of Ottawa, Limited 

High Grade Bedding Specialists 

Manufacturers of 

KAPOK MATTRESSES 

The lightest and most Sanitary of modern mattress fillers. Kapok 
288-290-292 QUEEN ST. PHONE QUEEN 2241 



Air Tight 



Moisture Proof 



Germ Proof 



Para-Sani Waxed Paper 

The New Sanitary Way of Wrapping Food in the House 

Saves Food Prevents Waste 

Household Rolls supplied in Handsome Cabinet 

Appleford Counter Check Book Co., Limited 

Hamilton, Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, 
Vancouver, Ottawa, Calgary 



PERMANENT WAVE 




Appointments: 
Telephone Main 2275 



The 

^^'^ Pern ben Store 

1 29 Yonge Street 
Toronto 



The Hudson Bay Knitting Co. 

Limiti'd 

MONTREAL 

Canada's Expert 
Glove and INIitt INIakers 



'EMPIRE ' SATIN 
LININGS 

All Colors Wear Fully Guaranteed 

NISBET & AULD, LIMITED, TORONTO 

Sole Wholesale Distributors for Canada 



Kingston Hosiery, Limited 



Established 1880 

KINGSTON, ONT. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 



bram/"'^ Underwear and Hosiery 



Buy jNIatches as you would any other household 
commodity — with an eye to Full Value ! 

Wlien you buy EDDYS Matches 
you receive a generously filled box 
of SURE, SAFE LIGHTS. 

Ask for 

EDDY'S "SILENT PARLOR " ]\L\TCHES 



TORONTO CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC 

Sir Edmund Walker. C.V.O.LL.D.Pres. A. S. Vogt. Mas. Doc, Musical Director 

The Most Splendidly Equipped School of Music in the Dominion 

Unrivalled facilities for the thorough training of professional 

non-professional students 

\ Well-appointed Residence for Young Women Students 

PCPILS MAY ENTER AT ANY TIME „ ^, , 

Send for Year Book. Local Centre Syllabus and Women s Residence Pamphlet 

CONSERVATORY SCHOOL OF EXPRESSION 

SPECIAL CALENDAR F. H, KIRKPATRICK. PhX>.. Principal 

Public Reading. Physical and Vocal Culture. Dramatic Art. and Literature 



KEITHS LIMITED 

HEATING, SANITARY, AUTOMATIC FIRE 

PROTECTION, ENGINEERS 

AND CONTRACTORS 

397 Campbell Avenue - - Toronto 



Phone Adel. lili Long Distance Moving General Trucking 

The Wilder Cartage Co. 

One to Five Ton Motor Trucks 
for hire by hour or contract 

239 QUEEN ST. WEST TORONTO. ONT. 



Canadian Elax Mills, Limited 

1 TORONTO ST., TORONTO 

Producers of High-Class Line Fibre 
Tows and Pulhngs 

Cable Address— "Flaxmills," Toronto Phone M. 4840 



RED CROSS SOCIETIES 



Special Notice 

We specialize on appropriate and suitable Choco- 
late and Cocoa for the Overseas Forces. Many 
unsuitable supplies have been sent to the Front. 
What the boys need is a Chocolate with real food 
nourishment, a concentrated food, capable of re- 
lieving hunger and having all the propensities 
of a substantial and nourishing ration. 
We have this special Chocolate. Write for par- 
ticulars regarding 



Cowan's Active Service Chocolate 



A Few Suggestions to Home-Makers 

Do not waste money buying more Carpets, but DO 
DISCARD your old ones. When you have done this 
put down our HARDWOOD FLOORING in Oak, Birch 
or Maple. Saves Money, Saves Labor. 

Il'.s Sanitary, and also improves the appearance of your room. 
A good floor is half the furnishings. 

Then take down that old verandah and build a new, spacious 
one, with a sleeping porch — you'll enjoy both. 

Better still — Secure a choice building lot and let us help you 
build a cosy New Home. We are well equipped to take care of 
your every requirement. Our experience in the way of suggestion 
is at your service. 

BUILDING MATERIAL 

If you intend building a new residence or renovating your 
present one, it will pay you to get in touch with us. 

Our Prices are Right Our Stock Complete 

J. R. EATON & SONS, Limited 

ORILLIA. ONTARIO 



Christie, Brown 

& Company, Limited 



Biscuit Manufacturers 



XOagdtafk's 

Jams, Jellies and Marmalades, 
Mincemeat, Plum Puddings, 
Candied Peels are the best. 



ASK YOUR GROCER FOR THEM 




ALWAYS USE 

Shirriff s True Vanilla 

The strength and quality of flavor 
will floliiiht you. Ask for it. 



ISBELL, 


PLANT & 


CO. 


Membors St 


anilard Stork Exchange 




MINING 


INVESTMENTS 


Standa 


rd Bank Building 




MONTREAL 


TORONTO 



WALTER WOODS & CO. 

(WHOLESALE) 

Woodou-Ware, Willow-Ware, Brooms, Brushes, 

Wrapping Paper, Twines and Sundries 

HAMILTON. ONT.. ai.d WINNIPEG 



I 



THOMSON, TILLEY & JOHNSON 

iSarrisfterfi anb Solicitors 



D. E. Thomson, K.C. 
Arthur J. Thomson 



Slrachan Johnston, K.C. 
K. II. Parmenter 



W. N. Tilley. K.C. 
W. S. Morlock 



Toronto General Trust.s Huilding 
85 BAY STREET 



"MONTAUK" Ladies' Wrist Watch 



Supplied in a vari- 
ety of cases at a 
range of prices. 

Ask Your Jeweler 

Goldsmith 
Stock Coy 




CLARK MACHINERY CO. 



New and Second-Hand 
Machinery and Supplies 



564-566 Bathurst St. 



London, Ont. 



G. F. REID & CO. 

4 ALEXANDER ST. TORONTO 

Manufacturers of 

Children's and Misses' Dresses, 

Waists and Middies 

SEE OL'R LINE BEFORE PLACING YOLJR ORDER 



The "ADJUSTO" MATTRESS 

Made only of the best material 
Will give bed-time comfort for a lifetime. If your dealer cannot 
supply you, send us his name on a postal 

Ontario Spring Bed & Mattress Co. 

LONDON CANADA 



Murphy-Gamble, Limited 

We Dress a Woman 
For All Occasions 

Clothing is a necessity, but dressing is an 
art. You must spend for one; you invest 
for the other. The best investment you 
could make along sartorial lines is Murphy- 
Gamble raiment. 

We Dress a Woman 
For All Occasions 

Murphy-Gamble, Limited 




.j^ 

///// REFRIGERATOR 

. SOREN BPOS 




"FROST KING" 
REFRIGERATOR 

All metal. Perfectly sani- 
tary. Commodious food 
chamber. Large ice holder. 
Easily cleaned and venti- 
lated . Two sizes — prices 



$10.50 
$16.50 



$11.75 
$18.00 



ALL HARDWARE DEALKRS OR 

SOREN BROS. 

TORONTO ONTARIO 



HOMESTEADS 

In the Banner Home Province of Ontario 

20,000,000 Acres of the Finest Agricultural Land in'^Canada waiting 
for you in the Northern Part of Ontario. 

Think of it ! Homesteads available at oO cents per acre — close to railroads, 
close to markets, dose to civilization and attending advantages. 

Land of opportunity — you can make yourself a home within a short day's 
journey of Toronto. 

Laud lies in one of the best belts of Canada, along the Temiskamtng and 
Northern Ontario Railway, which has connections with the G.T-R.,\C.P.R., 
C.N.R., and C.G. Rys.. thus bringing the settlers within easy reach of the profit- 
able markets of the continent and Europe. 

Prosperous towns, growing into cities ; in this way local markets available 
to the settler for buying and selling. 

You may have a happy home and a fertile farm at 50 cents per acre in your 
own home Province of Ontario. Why, then, go far afield for these ideal conditions ? 

Exhibits of the products and of the possibilities of production of New On- 
tario's land have been shown at Canada's national and other Expositions, so that 
it is now known as Canada's land of production. 

Not only land of agriculture, but embraces large and rich mineral belts from 
which annually millions of dollars of gold and silver are mined. 

Learn more of this Land of Plenty by sending for Free Booklet 
to George W. Lee, Commissioner and General Agent, North 
Bay, Ont. 

Temiskaming 6- Northern'Ontario Railway Commission 
Executive Offices: 56 Church St., Toronto, Ont. 



Save on Your Preserving 

Doubtless, you, like all prudent and patriotic citizens, are doing your share 
of the great work of preser\'ing for future use the different fruits and vegetables 
as they come into season. 

Preserving necessarily means expenditure of fuel and money, to a more or 
less extent depending upon how you go about it. 

GAS is far and away the best fuel for preserving purposes. By its use you 
save time, labor, fuel and money. You also avoid the discomfort usually at- 
tendant upon summer-time preserving. 

Better still, if you use our Dual Gas and Electric Service, you make a 
saving on your Gas also, to the extent of an extra discount of 5%. » During 
preserving time, %vhen gas bills are naturally higher than at any other time through- 
out the year, this is something worth having. 

A telephone call to our Contract Department,' Queen 249, will put you in the 
way of receiving this extra discount on your next bill. 

THE OTTAWA GAS CO, 

THE OTTAWA ELECTKIC CO. 

35 Sparks Street 



MISS TOPLEY THOMAS 

Teacher of Reading, Speaking and Dramatic Art 
Director of Plays and Pageants 

"PLAYERS' CRAFT" 



Telephone North 6124 



565 Sherbourne Street 



T. TOMLINSON k SON 

IRON FOUNDERS 

9-11 Frederick Street, Toronto 
Telephone Alain 8i 



GORRIE 

FOR FORD CARS AND TRUCKS 

CASH OR TIME PAYMENTS 
Expert Ford Mechanics at Your Service — Day or Night 

A. D. GORRIE & CO., LIMITED 



Phone Main 5000 



'20,5-7-9-11-13 Victoria Street 



Ct)c Canabian ^cabemp of JlluSic, Himttcb 

i: SPADINA ROAD, TORONTO 
" The Sclioot with an Artistic Reputation" 

The artistic prestige of the faculty and the brilliant 
success of many students warrants the critical approval 
that has been bestowed on the Academy. Orchestral 
and Ensemble Classes. Choral, Sight Singing and Ear 
Training Classes. 

Descriptive Year Book Mailed on Request 

President — Lt.-Col. A. E. Gooderham 
Musical Directorate — Peter C. Kennedy. Frank S, Welsman. Alfred Bruce 



Compliments of 

The Toronto Plate Glass Mfg. Co. 

TORONTO 



BUY VICTORY BONDS 

TO-DAY 

and ensure for yourself a steady income for years 
to come on CANADA'S PREMIER SECURITY 



MACNEILL & YOUNG 

Traders Bank Building Toronto 



FRANKEL BROTHERS 

METALS 

TORONTO MONTREAL 



Canadian Link-Belt Company 

Limited 

TORONTO 

Original Ewart Link-Belt Link-Belt Silent Chain 

Conveying and Elevating Machinery 

Locomotive Cranes 



The Problem Solved 

Last year's Coat can be made almost 
new hy using 

DIAMOND DYES 

You can do it at home and save ex- 
pense. Get a Diamond Dye Book of 
helps FREE. It will show you how 
to ECONOMIZE. Send your ad- 
dress by letter or post card. 

The Wells & Richardson Co. 

Limited 
200 Mountain Street MONTREAL 




J?^//^ S/ove^ 



No other silk gloves fit and wear so well. They are shaped 
to fit correctly over the back and palm — they settle 
smoothly over the finger tips and the clasps meet at the 
wrist naturally — you don't have to stretch the glove to 
fasten them. 

They are made of pure silk — -nothing else could wash or wear 
so well. I find them unequalled for comfort and economy. 
Insist on genuine Kayser Gloves. Look for the name 
Kayser in the wrist hem. 

Perrin Freres & Cie. 

Distributor* Montreal 



COMPLIMENTS OF 



dominion ^fjiptjuilbins Company 

ILimittb 



Offices, Docks and Yards: 

FOOT OF BATHURST STREET 

TORONTO 




tr 



HE Columbia Grafonola holds the record for melo- 
dious mileage because Columbia Records have 
really put amusement into music. 

Musically up-to-date — that's the Columbia keynote. 
If there's anything in melody that's sparkling new or 
entertaining, you'll surely find it on Columbia Records. 
And of course the Grafonola plays Columbia Records best 

Columljia (^rapfjopftone Co. 

TORONTO 



Grant- H olden-Graham, Limited 

OTTAWA 

fjl Have you bought your Camp Outfit for 

your holiday trip? Tents of ail kinds and 

supplies for outdoor life. Camping, Fishing 

and Hunting Parties equipped. Write for Prices. 



The Photo-Engravers, Limited 

70 Bond Street, Toronto 

DESIGNERS, ILLUSTRATORS 
ENGRAVERS AND ETCHERS 

Positively guarantee the two essentials: QUALITY AND SERVICE 



H. V\'.\TSON. Proprietor Phone Adelaide 5336 

Watson Embroidery Co. 

18 DUNDAS ST. WEST (off Yonge) TORONTO 

Hemstitching, Picot Edging, Hemming, Braiding 

Tucking, Cording, Chainstitch 

Embroidery, Initials 

ALL M.A.IL ORDERS SHIPPED S.AME DAY RECEIVED 



The Old Reliable 

PARKER'S DYE WORKS 

Dyers and Cleaners 

260 Sparks Street OTTAWA Phones 708-709 



"Imperial" Fire Extinguishers 

Are the Best Insurance Policy 

Send for Booklet and Prices 

The Booth-Coulter Copper & Brass Co., Limited 

115 SUMACH STREET, TORONTO 



T. H. Birmingham Company 

Limited 
MAKERS 

WOMEN'S NECKWEAR 
AND RUCHINGS 

93-99 SPADINA AVENUE TORONTO, CANADA 



Pugh Specialty Company 

Limited 

38-42 CLIFFORD STREET 

TORONTO, CANADA 

Makers of Active Service Banners, Pennants, Registra- 
tion Card Cases, Purses, Wallets, Souvenirs, Novelties, 
Patriotic Lines for Patriotic Bazaars, Tag Day Sup- 
plies, etc. 



J. H. Connor & Son, Limited 

OTTAWA, ONTARIO 

CANADA FIRST 

MACHINE CUT GEARS 

Makes Operation Easy, Thorough and Quick in Results 



Rubber Jfoottoear 



Sole \1anufacCurcrs 

GUTTA PERCHA & RUBBER, LIMITED 

HEAD OFFICES: TORONTO 

Branches at Halifax, Montreal. Ottawa, Fort William, Winnipeg, 

Regina, Saskatoon, Lethbridge. Calgary, Edmonton, 

Vancouver. Victoria 



" The Store of No Regrets " 

THE H. J. DALY COMPANY, LIMITED 

CONNAUGHT PLACE OTTAWA 


Ottawa's Largest Departmental Store 
48 Different Stores Under One Roof 





Cfje Eopal panfe of Canaba 

INCORPORATED 18c.>^ 

Capital Authorized - - - $ 25,000,000 

Capital Paid-up - - - - 14,000,000 

Reserve and Undivided Profits - 15,000,000 

Total Assets ----- 360,000,000 

HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL 
Sir Herbert S. Holt, President 
E. L. Pease, Vice-President and Managing Director 
C. E. Neill, General Manager 
518 Branches in Canada, Newfoundland, British West Indies, 
Cuba, Porto Rico, Dominican Republic, 

Costa Rica and Venezuela. 

Barcelona, Spain — Plaza de Cataluna 6 

LONDON, ENGLAND, Bank Bldgs., Princes Street, E.G. 

NEW YORK CITY, Cor. William and Cedar Streets 

Business Accounts Carried upon Favorable Terms. 
Savings Department at all Branches 



Our Business 

is to administer Estates and we have the necessary 
experience and staflE to do it efficiently. 

If you have appointed a friend as your Executor, 
we would suggest that you make a Codicil to your 
Will and name this Company as Managing Ex- 
ecutor to act with him. 

This will relieve your friend of the many details 
connected with the administration of your 
Estate and will insure the strict observance of 
your wishes. 
Consult us about your Will. 

Montreal Trust Company 

SIR HERBERT S, HOLT. President A. J. BROWN, KC, V.ce-Pres, 

1 1 Place d'Armes Square, Montreal 

BRANCHES— TORONTO, WINNIPEG, VANCOUVER AND HALIFAX 



J 1 



'USE MILK 

says the doctor — when the babe cannot be sustained 
sufficiently by its mother. "Use milk," he says again 
when the growing child is none too strong — "Use 
milk" is again his advice when the patient is in a 
fever — and invariably he says 

"OTTAWA DAIRY" 

OTTAWA, CANADA 



John Morrow Screw and 
Nut Co., Limited 

INGERSOLL. CANADA 

Highest Grade Twist Drills (High Speed Carbon), Set 
Screws, Cap Screws, Engine Studs, etc. Always when 
in need use Morrow Products. There is nothing better. 



WHEN in Toronto and wanting 
something totally different in 
Sweets or Ice Cream — Try 

Diana Sweets, Limited 

153 YONGE STREET TORONTO 



The Dominion Savings and 
Investment Society 

LONDON, ONTARIO 

Capital .'---- $1,000,00000 

Reserve Fund ----- 2b{),000.00 

Total Assets 31st Dec, 1917 - 2,334,803.86 

T. H PURDOM. KC. President N.VFHANIEL MILLS, Mcxnager 



FOR 



MEAT PRODUCTS 

that represent the 
utmost in 

Quality and Tastiness 

Always ask yoor 
Dealer for 

^'Davies' Quality Products'' 



1\1U DAVIES £?^rT\^s 



WILL 

TORONTO 



Compliments of 

The Canadian 
Fairbanks-Morse Coy 

Limited 
26 Front St. W. Toronto, Ont. 




The 

True Economy 

of Buying 

Gossard Corsets 



The wearing of Gossard Corsets is 
true economy. Any Gossard, regard- 
less of its price, ft"iU outwear three 
ordinary corsets. Every Gossard will 
economize your time by conserving your 
energies. The scientific body support 
and complete comfort offered by every 
Gossard means added efficiency. In 
these original front-lacing corsets a 
woman under the severe strain of un- 
accustomed work will never know the 
helplessness of three o'clock fatigue. 

Your family physician will tell you 
that a corrcL-tly fitted Gossiird Corset 



will conserve your energy, increase your 
efficiency, and safeguard your health 
by a hygienic body support that can be 
found only in the inimitable design, 
soft, pliable materials and scientific 
boning that characterizes these world- 
famed corsets. 

This name GOSSARD, on the inside 
of the corset, is your guarantee of the 
original front-lacing corset. Insist 
upon it. 

Gossards are priced within the reach 
of all at 



$2.00, $2.50, $2.75, $3.00, $3.50, 
$4.00, $5.50 and up 

FOR SALE AT THE BEST STORES IN CANADA 

The Canadian H. W. Gossard Co., Limited 



284-2ts6 West King Street 



Toronto, Canada 



tfaar' 




Tht^LacQ In Front, 



Foot-wear Reform, which of neces- 
sity means greater efficiency and much 
improved health to our people, is a 
national necessity and the matter is 
altogether of too much importance to 
permit of petty prejudices interfering 
with advancements along this line. 

if "No feet, no horse" is true, it is 
likewise true when we say "No feet, 
no man." 

Whether one likes it or not, low heels 
and wider toes must be made popular 
and with such wonderful organizations 
of splendid women as Canada now 
possesses, there never was a more fitting 
time to carry on for better feet (they 
couldn't be worse) than the present. 
Does this mean an inc^reased sale of 
our " NATUEAL TREAD" and 
SEMI-NATURAL TREAD line of 
scientific shoes ? 

To most people it does, but evidently 

the demand will be so great that others 

will be stepping in and soon the whole 

shoe business will follow in our special 

line — that of protecting and correcting the human foot from the thousand and one 

ills now so common. „ _, . - , t c 

Is this worth while ? And is it necessary ? The American Museum ot 

Safety savs 95 per cent, of feet are deformed. 

The Academy of Medicine, Paris, proclaims against high heels and narrow 
toes and blames these for may ills of the body, and almost every woman and many 
men know this is true. . , r ■ -d * • 

We are footwear specialists and sell nothing that is deforming. Uoots m 
stock in 9 widths and all sizes. ,, , , 

Our 40-page illustrated booklet, "An Exposure, Feet and bhoes — is wortn 
writing for. t^ent free with measurement forms to any address. We are 

NATURAL TREAD SHOES. LIMITED 

10 310 Yonge Street Toronto, Ont. 




Dept 




Get Your Hands In' 

Silk Gloves 

Give perfect freedom of action. 
Wear well and alv^rays look neat. 
Made from the finest quality of silk. 
Exauisitely dainty in form, fit and finish. 
Double tipped and GUARANTEED. 
i~^ m /- Stamped in gold inside 

'ifcs^iit;^^ each pair. 

St. Catharines Silk Milla 

Limited 

ilakrrs of Silk Glares and 
Silk Lingerie 83-D 



The Hand that Knits 



CHEVROLET ^^\°1 

ARE WAR TIME ECONOMIES 

Low in First Cost ; Highest in Efficiency ; 
Cheapest in Upkeep. 

Touring, Roadster, Sedan, and Coupe, in Model "490-A" 

Touring, Roadster, and Sedan, in Model "Baby Grand" 

"Eight Cylinder" Touring 

Made in Canada by Canadian "^'orkmen, on Canadian Capital 

SOLD IN TORONTO AT 589 YONGE ST., BY 

G. E. GOODERHAM & CO. 

Phone North 2740 or Main 2330 for Price List and Catalogue 





The children j 


ust 1 


ove custard. Don't 


c 


<^ aMllii^> 


, deprive them ot it be- 
cause eggs are dear. 

Make it with 




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131 


No eggs are required, 
and its simply delici- 
ous served with stewed 




Try It— 5c. 


pn 
or 


fresh fruit. 



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Oman s 



Bakery 



A. H LEAKE. Propiietor 

Specialists in Catering 

Estimates given for At Homes, Weddings, Receptions, Banquets, .Small 
Dinners, etc. ,t t- - n j n * 

We are ma^cing a large variety of wheatless products — Xut Fruit Bread, Boston 
Fruit Bread, Corn Bread, etc. All kinds of Cooldes, Pastries. Cakes, and Fancies. 

Delicious Pies — an assortment of Fruit, Custard, Pumpkin, Cream, Choco- 
late, etc. — all positively wheatless. 

.VIso a variety of .Sugarless Icings. 

270 COLLEGE ST., at Spadina 430 COLLEGE ST.. at Baihuist 

Phone, College 3057 Phone, College 1401 

MOTOR DELIVEKY 




MAKES"CHILDS PLAY OF WASH DAY' 




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I^Light 1 

I noiirishing = 

= dishes s 



" Spreads « 
like 
Butter 



— to delight your 
family and to offer 
your guests — can be 
inade with 



- ^Cream Qjees^ i 



Our little recipe = 

folder tells you how, z 

S You will enjoy the Z 

15c & 25c S distinctive flavor of s 

a Package S this pure creamy s 

S cheese. S 

Ask your Grocer. S 

The s 

INGERSOLL PACKING CO. - 

Ltd. IngersoU. Ont. "^ - 

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Canada New Zealand .\ustralia 



WILSON 
CANHAM 



Limited 



Head Office: 

36 WeViington St. East 
TORONTO, CANADA 




S^* WorlqrvanV 
Marterpioc 



I^RTRIDCE TIRES 

Macl<? b\) HaT\cl 

%<t FEPsi-rtrid^i? R\ibb<zr Co. Liirvitcd. 
^ G\xglpK- Orv-tario 



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FURS ! 



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C' -.;:i I 111. Furs used 

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